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17-1 (Rev. 8-11-03) 


The following documents appearing in FBI files have been reviewed under the provisions of The Freedom of 
Information Act (FOIA) (Title 5, United States Code, Section 552); Privacy Act of 1974 (PA) (Title 5, United States Code, 
Section 552a); and/or Litigation. 


D Litigation 

□ Executive Order Applied 


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inquires about the FDPS to RIDS Service Request Unit, 202-324-3773. 

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DATE 01-25-2012 


*om : SAC, NEW HAVEN (62-0) 

date: AUGUST 26, 1965 




I 1 ottor lia + aA -Tilly 30, 1965, 

| forwarded to the Hartford, 

Conn., Resident Agency, a. post caxd that contained a group photo- 
graph entitled "A Training School For Commnni sts" On the hack 

of the card which had been addressed to I 

were identifications of four persons sitting in the front of 
the photograph. The card apparently had been prepared by 
"American Opinion, Belmont, Massachusetts, but the sender gave 
the following address: "TA. C.T., Box 1892, Hartford, 

Connecticut", and the card was postmarked July 22, 1965, Hartford, 

The card stated that the picture had been made 
at Highlander Folk School during the Labor Day weekend of 1957, 
and identified the four persons in front as follows: 

1. MARTIN LUTHER KING, Jr., adding that the association 

was not unusual for Dr. KING, "who belongs to several important 
Communist front organizations, and who regularly employs or 
affiliates with known Communists". 



2, of the Central Committee of the CP. 

Conference Education Fund. 

| of the Communist front, the Southern 

4. | | of the Highlander Folk School, "(for 

Communist Training)", Monteagle, Tennessee, This school was 
later abolished by an act of the Legislature of the State of 

< ^B0ST0N 

e Cc- -5 ^73 


Buy U.S. Savings Bonds Regularly on the Payroll Savings Plan 

NH 62-0 

4 ? 


| b7 

I I who -is the nife n-f a Negro 

| advised that she 

could not understand why the card was sent to her and her 

Hartford, Conn, 
was assigned to 

U.S. P net Office 

. advised on Aug. 13. 1965. 



applicati on filed with the Post Office. The name| , 

is carried in the Hartford City Directory at tne apove 

address. The New Haven Indices were negative regarding 

The "Hartford, Connecticut Times", carried an 
article on Aug. 13, 1965, indicating that members of the 
Connecticut Council of Churches are compiling information in an 
effort to identify the senders of cards being distributed by 
American Opinion of Belmont, Mass., "the publishing house of 
the John Birch Society". Maiy clergymen have received cards 
similar to that described above from various post office 
boxes bearing the letters TACT. 



The above information is being furnished to the 
Boston Office for information purposes only. The New Haven 
v_. Office contemplates no further action. 

2 . 

FD-350 (Rev. 7-16-63) 

(Mount Clipping in Space Below) 


The onee-harmless postcard, a handy 
thing for tourists and kids away at camp, 
has become a major weapon of the John 
Birch Society’s . war on the Civil Rights . 
- movement. . . j 

The Bireh cards . are really allege founded the ’ ■ American’ i 
different. . • Civil Rights Movement; 

They cost a nickel, without a Both cards are reportedly i 
stamp * flooding the nation and they sell 

And they don’t bear, photos of 20 for $1 out of Birch head- ; 
local landmarks. They’re not quarters in. Belmont, 
even funny like some of the A lot of people gett ; ng these . 
cards m color. __ cards don’t know who’s sending' i 

One Birch card shows Dr. them because they aren’t ! 
Martin Luther King at the signed. . 

Highlander Folk School in 
Tennessee. * • • ■ 

The other card bears* an 
unflattering sketch and biog- 
raphy of a .dead 
J ogEpl t r Ti!ig any, who, Birchers 

| >But the message is clear, 
[ *t)ey"ond all doubt because 
b Mobert Welch wrote in July that 

qutiflE_y£xposure of- 
known as ‘’civil right; 

Bedonnfrjy Ashapa of 
rth M ain St.. Ravnham . a 

.ins secret society is going all TaMton high schoo 

i ^ Qne the cards the °&er • 

She said it didn’t bother, her 
too much because she knew it 
came from a Bircher. 

; “But I was with a group of 15 
j other teachers the other night 
; and 12 of them said they got 
qards, too. And some had no \ 
idea where they come from.’* • 

School teachers reportedly j 
are a main target in the j 
postcard campaign. 

The card about Dr. King, | 
which ^ has been mudh-pub- j 
licized, is an obvious attempt to I 
link the leadership' of the ,<|pl 

(Indicate page, name of 
newspaper, city and state.) 

Bob ton. Mas*. 

Boston, Mass. 

Boston, Mats. 


Boston, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 

Dat 6-27-65> 

Edition: star Pinal 

Author: (jB«aifl*r 

Editor: David J Parrall 


Classification : 100 

Submitting Office: 

| j Being Investigated 


frei— BOSTON : 

y^OJx , 

! Tcnncsaaa school briefly on the 
j Labor Day weekend of 1957. 

;■ The Birch card, in describing 
King and three other men in the 
j . photo, says “The association 
j indicated here is not unusual for 
j Dr. King, who belongs to 
several^ important Communist 
! front organizations, and who 
regularly employs or affiliates 
i with known Communists.” 

; A headline over the photo 
! alleges: “A Training School For 
; Communists.” 

j In the late 1950s, the U. S. At- 
’ torney General’s office declared 
’ that the school was not Com- 
’ munist. . 

j The photo and wording on the 
j oher Birch card are probably 
not familiar to most Americans, 

! except Birchers. 

It says Pogany came to the ! 
[U.S. in 1922 “as Moscow's agent ! 
I to take charge of the American t 
Communists and that later be j 
issued a pamphlet, American j 
Negro Problems, “through , 
j w hich ,he— an d his boss, Stalin g > 
i esMp^a^the long^ange Oi5!m- ; 

munist program for fermenting 
and using a Negro Revolution- 
ary Movement.” 

“There is also nothing being 
written, preached, or done, 
under the ‘civil rightst’ slogan 
today, which is not in accord- 
ance with the planning and 
instructions laid down by this 
alien Communist nearly 40 
years ago. 

“If enough of the good, 
patriotic, and idealistic Ameri- 
cans, who now constitute at 
least 90 per cent of . the ‘civil 
rights’ movement, could be 

brought to realize the evil 
forces and evil purposes behind 
this, pretense of humanitarian- 
ism, the whole horrible fraud 
would fall to pieces in three 
months,” the card concludes. 

Along with th cug,an,dgrrW elch 
has called for nationwide for- 
mation of hundreds of “Truth 
About Civil Turmoil” (TACT) ; 
committees . . for the 
specific purpose of telling the 
truth about the civil turmoil 
which is now being made so 
unusual and unh anny ^ nart o f 
the whole American scene.” J 

DATE 01 - 25-2012 



In Reply , Please Refer to 
File No. 

nr r i a l 

Newark, New Jersey 

September 2 > 1SS5 



advised that the Poor 

People's Conference met in Cathedral House, 24. Rector Street, 
Newark, New Jersey, on August 22, 1965. A general assembly 
began about 10:00 a.m. and lasted until 2:00 p.ra. 

Those in attendance spent this time getting 
acquainted, Listening to welcoming speeches and making plans 
for the day. estimated that about 300 people 

were in attendance from all over the United States, The 
condition of the poor in the United States occupied only a 
small part of a much wider range of questions considered. 

For example. President of the United States, Lyndon 3, 

Johnson* was severely criticised all through the conference, 
particularly for the United States military effort in Vietnam, 

Lunch began at 2:00 p.ra, followed by workshops 
iii the afternoon. ThPRR viarh ahapK , about ten in number, 
according to | each dealt with a specific 

question; such as, politics, housing, police brutality* 
Vietnam, "freedom schools", and poverty. It appeared that 
most of the Negroes present attended the workshop dealing 
with police brutality, although there were two Negroes 
attending the workshop on Vietnam. The entire Vietnam 
workshop consisted of these two Negroes, plus about 25 
whites of whom three were females and the rest males. 

said the £ 

workshop was a wnxte male named 

A. Group ] 

Excluded froguat 
declas si f i ca’tior 

I A L 


r th e Vietnam 
| (phonetic) 

7 ? " 

I serialized. 

SEP 3- 1965 





Secret Service, Newark 
lOSth INTC Group, Newark 

Baltimore (100-23033) 

1 - 100 - [ 

Boston (100-35472) 


CKicago ( 100-4 0869) 

1 - 100- [— 

Jackson (100-505) 

1 - 100- (MFDP) 

1 - 100 - 

Los Angeles (10U^ J 

1 - 100 - ( 
New York (100-14 
1 - 100 - 

4.0047 i 

(If. E* B. DU BO IS CLUB) 

1 - 100- (NY DU BO IS 

1 - 100 - 

1 - 100- (GIL GREEN) 

Philadelphia ( 100-46556) 

1 ” 100 ~ I 

San Francisco (100-52152) 

1 - 100- (If. E* B. DU 

Washington Field n00«4294fl 
1 - 100 - 


157-1608 (M 
100-47268 1 I 

100-47735 (NS DU BOIS CLUB) 



T I A L 






(phonetic) iron New York, who was 

descnoea as Demg a member of a DuBois Club, 



A characterization of the W, E, B, DuBois Clubs 
of America appears in the appendix attached. 

| said that most people in the Vietnam 

workship agreed that stopping trains transporting troops to 
Vietnam and tearing up draft cards is necessary, but some- be 

thing like a big national movement must be formed to make hie 

the oppositi on to United States policy in Vietnam effective, 
Igathered from the conversations of those present 
that many had already torn up their draft cards. At the 
beginning of the Vietnam workshop everyone was talking 
about their intention to refuse to do military service in 
Vietnam, and gradually, one by one, several admitted having 
destroyed their draft cards. 

One speaker spoke of a poll taken recently as 
reported in a communist paper,, which stated that 50 per cent 
of the American people do not want war, but only about 25 per 
cent will not go to war. The speaker said that he and most 
Americans want a Viet Cong victory in Vietnam, He also 
said the problem today is how to make people not go to war. 

It was said the American cinema, news media, educational 
system, and so forth, all have the American public hating 
the Communist Party (CP), yet the CP is so split internally 
it can never organize on any one point and is, therefore, 
no threat. 

It was feared that "segregationists", mistakenly 
invited to the conference, woul d cause troubl e, A few 

arrived for the 
They attended 

from Boston (names not known to 
conference on the evening of August 27, 1955, 
a film showing that very evening and indicated their dis- 
agreement v/ith the "socialist" theme of the film, but their 
disagreement caused no disruptions. 



| I said a near disruption occurred on the^, 

morning of August 28, 1965, when an unidentified Negro male 
got to the microphone and began speaking about the need for 
self-help among Negroes. He said that improvement of the 
Negro must begin with each individual helping himself. His 

2 - 



society — p-e-iFi? A XFbh^-jljla l 

She said from the NCUP attended the 

conference. He was accompanied by other NCU P members, 

including one l i Iwhn recently 

had been in Philadelphia, 

A source, who has furnished reliable information 
in the past, advised on February 27, 1964, that 
several days previously Carl Uittman had stated 
that he was planning to hold a seminar on Marxism 
in the spring of 1934 at S war th more College, 
Swarthmore, Pennsylvania, r/ittmah felt he was 
competent to lead the seminar, T.'ittman identified 
himself with the orthodox pro-Soviet position as 
regards Marxism and stated he is from the back- 
ground and tradition of old line Marxists, T/ittman 
stated that he was respectful of the thinking of 
Lenin during his generation and of Mao Tse Tung 
in the present generation, 

also mentioned that | was 

accompanied oy a woman said to be his aunt, who exhibited 
a hatred of police authority in the United States and who 
commented angrily on police brutality. 



Comments overhea rd by 

and several oti 

the London School of Economics, 

| indicated that 

iers from the NCUP 
not further des~ 

On August 30, 1965, advised that the 

Poor People’s Conference, Newark, New Jersey, began on 
August 29, 1935, with general attendance at church, followed 
by a film on the anti-poverty projects in Newark, N,J. 

The film was done by a person named Norman Fructer from New 
York, Fructer has apparently made several films of various 
projects about the country. Someone said he travels to 
projects all over the country, and he also publishes a very 
"radical” paper, not further described. 

Following the film there was more discussion about 
uniting all future conferences like this one under one name, 
but no name was agreed upon, A discussion was held s>hout 
sending two people from each "project" in various cities to an 
"ERAP" conference. Someone was heard to say that "ERAP" 
members attending this conference had a closed meeting on 
the morning of August 29 to discuss plans for a future con- 
ference of their own, 


opinions were so unacceptable to those present that they 
asked him to step down* When he refused, several from 
the audience converged on him and forced the microphone 
from him. Upon leaving the speaker's location, he circulated 
among the audience expounding his ideas* Later, several 
of the men present cornered him in a hall and threatened 
him if he did not stop his talking* 

said the conference voted to establish 
for future conferences one national name so when they hold 
demonstrations they will be more effective. Many present 
spoke of a demonstration in two or three weeks in 
Washington, D.C, by 500 to 1,000 people from Mississippi, 
members of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) , 
who will converge on Washington in an effort to unseat the 
Mississippi delegates to Congress, In general, there was a 
feeling that if the MFDP did not get what it v/ants this 
time, they would cause “trouble” in Washington, Some said 
President Johnson i s trying to ad .iourn Congress before the 
MFDP people arrive, said she was very surprised 

to see so much hatred xor wesraent Johnson exhibited by 
those attending the conference* She said the MFDP people 
plan to see President Johnson when they are in Washington, 

She said many present also expressed a strong fear of the 
John Birch Society, and they described members of the 
Birch Society as being ”kooks" and people with mental blocks* 

| | said a demonstration march was held, 

beginning about 5:15 p.m., August 28, 1965* The march 
left the Cathedral House, Newark, and moved south on Broad 
Street through the heart of Newark to Lincoln Park where 
speeches were made. After the speech es the march returned 
to Cathedral House via Broad Street. | | said many 

placards were carried, but the ones she saw seemed to deal 
only with anti-poverty slogans. The conference broke up 
for supper immediately after the march. Later in the 
evening, a party was held at the offices of the Newark 
Community Union Project (NCUP) , Newark, New Jersey. 

was of the opinion that the conference 
was sympathetic to the CP and promoted the CP line* She 
said some people at the conference recommended that she 
read ”The Worker”. 

’’The Worker” is an east coast communist newspaper. 

- 3 - 

♦ ♦ 



SOCIETY C 0 W i' 1 ! 1) ii U I 1 1 A-L 

NS T-2, who has furnished reliable information in 
the past, advised on August 28, 1935, that the Poor People , s 
Conference was underway in Newark, New Jersey, and most of 
those at tending loo ked like "beatniks", NIC T-2 said he 
observedl Hn attendanc e; also, another person named 

On nar.emhpr IS. 1 QM - l~ I 

sejLX-aanuxxec memners or xne luewaric, jsiew jersey 
Branch of th e Socialis t Workers Party (SUP) 
advised that| was known to them as a member 

of the Newark Branca, SWP, from July, 1933, to 
October, 1933, 





The SWP has been designated by the Attorney General 
of the United States pursuant to Executive Order 10450, 

A characterization of the Newark Branch, SWP, 
appears in the appendix attached. 

NIC T-3, who had furnished reliable info rmatio n 
in thq past, advised on April IS, 1964, that | | 

| was considered a member of the W. E, 3 . du B 
Club of New Jersey, 




A characterization of the W. E, B, Du Bois Club 
of New Jersey appears in the appendix attached, 

NIC T-4, who has furnished reliable information in 
the past* advised on August 23, 1965, that Gil Green, in 
New York City, inquired when the conference of the Poor, not 
otherwise described, would be held and what was expected to be 
there. He was told the conference would open Saturday 
morning (presumably August 28, 1965) and it would be a 
meeting mostly of community people — the poor — from as 
far south as Mississippi and as far west as California. 

They would come from a number of Students For A Democratic 
Society projects and a couple of Student Non-Violent Co- 
ordinating Committee projects. When asked if visitors would 
be permitted, Green was told that as far as was known the 
policy was to limit the number of those who were not 
"authentic community people". 

- 6 - 

♦ i 


NIC T-5, who has furnished reliable infor mation in 
the past advised on April 20, 1964, that | " 

was elected to the Secretariat of the CP, USA, on 
April 5, 1964. 

On August 28, 1965, NIC T-6, who has furnished 
reliable information in the past, advised that four civil 
rights workers from Mississippi had arrived in Newark, 

New Jersey, on August 27, 1965, to attend the Poor People’s 

This document contains neither recommendations nor 
conclusions of the FBI, It is the property of the FBI and is 
loaned to your agency; it and its contents are not to be dis~ 
tributed outside your agency. 



- 7 - 


» ^ . ^ ?0urce advised^a October 14; 

Newark Branch of the SOCIALIST WORKERS PA] 

'Tfinn^M) •• '4 i|' l OQ Q l> •- ««■>< V» - ;v> vr ;■ 

I960, tlrntthd 

; v . » •' •*,.;•• •• r :. . • -‘V"'- ‘ ... 

. . ; Another sourceadvised ©a Hay Xi 

. •»■;, - -j,.. v;y.v\\ - -,<ii. ; f . 

' : f©ll©ws^ Jtib^ 

:. * v Y . 'V* * M ,: * V.fcV’J'- •" 

r:'T A-V 

>>'■»'. :/«•/.; -j . ■ *■ ■, ..-,• ; * v^s $* ;• 

■\ ■ j. v A- ■"; 1 i\ ; ; ‘ 4-AvA :< 


:'v "A K> ' ^ 

" j , \ - 1 '■ *’ : ? ", *. *.vV. V v-''-' '*> 

A %* ;A; A}; ; : §-0i$£ 

* ;• . "i . '•- V* ^ ’• * V .. ( * •' l »;^ "Vvl - > _ < • ,!;■ .- .'■• Y*. 

• y ■.- _*f j-.' ^ v , v V;”!' ^ '* ^ r 

I t . ; _ i ,‘. ‘I, 1 ’’ (■■' ' tt .:♦ '. 

V ;' V^' U '■ •"• , 

v.- 'fV '1 ■ ■ ' 

_ ■ \ :r 

’ ' ’ -‘ '; ’-)» ,;!. 1,^! ; •*> V . 

: ’ **f!^v*:* /.• 

- -v -'Tv-i- ■ 



A source advised on October 26-27, 1963 ,.. a conference 
of members of the Communist Party, USA (CP, USA), including . 
national f unctionaries, met in Chicago , Illinois , for the: ' • 

purpose of Setting in motion forces for , the establishment: of. : 
anewnationalMarxist-oriented youth organization ^ wl^ChA^uid. ; : 
hunt for the most peaceful' transition to. socialism. ^ 

delegates to this meeting were cautioned against the germ'qf 
anti-Soviet and anti-CP ideologies . These delegates were also 
told that it would be reasonable to assume, that the young / 
socialists attracted into this new organization would eventual ly 
pass into the CP itself. v - 

;A second conference of ;ov©r:'-2Q, ; persons 
on December 28-29, 1963 ; for the purpose of initiating a "call M 
to the new youth organization and planning for a founding; . : 
convention to be held in June, 1964'. 

vA seepnd source i*as adyised that the Founding : ; 

Conventibn: for the new youth organization was hel d dur ing the * 
period of June .19-21, 19(64; at 150 Golden Gate AvenUe, San : 
Francisco , California at which time the name W .E ,B . Du Bois v ■ 
Clubs of America was adopted.’ Approximately 500delegates f rbm ■ 
throughout -the United. States attended this convention. The 
aims of; this organization^ /.as set forth in . the preamble to • V. 
the constitution, are* ’'It is our belief that this nation ' 

Can best solve its problemsin anatmosphere of peaceful .i ; . 
co-existence, completedisarmament and true freedom for all 
peoples of the world, add that these solutions • T rehche4;-> 

mainly through the united efforts' Of all democratic elements 
in our country , composed essentially of the working people . / , 
allied in the unity of Negroes and Mother minorities 
We further fully rehognise • that the -greatest threat t o r . c : 
Ameri can democracy comes from the : racist and right , wing forces; • 
in coalition with the most •;r©ictibhnt i ^.'S©.cfions.i-of the economic ' 
power structure , using the tool of :anti-communismv to divide 
and destroy the unified ■ struggle of; the working 'people .. ; ■ 

As ypuhg people in the forces Strug for democracy, we { 

shall actively strive . to defeat these reactionary and neo-fascist 
elements - and to achieve complete freedom and democracy for 
Americans, thus enabling each individual to freely, choose and * V' 
build the society he would wish to , live in. Thrpughthese 
struggles we feel the American people will realizethe viability 
of the .socialist .alternatives. " - "'v ; 




The constitution. further states this new organization 
shall be a membership organization open to individuals or," if 
five or more people so desire, a chapter can be formed which 
shall in turn be guided by the policies and principles of the > v 
■parent.- Crganizatipn. . . - ' ■ ,~;o ; ;• r-.; ^ vV 

The second SoufOe advised in April , 1965, the., 
headquarters of the organization continues to , be * located at 
1053 $ Mo Allister Street^ San I^abcisco, California^ 

Both sources have advised that at the Founding 
Convention two Officers were elected : Philip Chapin Davis - 

President ; Carl El longer Bio ice - Publ icat ions Chairman . 

A third source advised on: October 26, 1962,. Philip 
Davis attended a CP recruiting class held at 1579 Scenic 
Avenue , Berkeley , California. ' V. • ' - , : 5 : > 

> A fourth source advised that Carl Bioiee, reporter 
for the "People 's World, was, on. April 3, 1964, elected to v 
the newly organized San Francisco County Committee of the CP. 

The ’’People's World” is a west coast communist » - 

newspaper published weekly in Sah Francisco, California . : 


r A kourCb“bn\\Api$l>;^ ' ; A‘;$®py,£p^^ ■ . 

=■ by-l|ws ;! qi theff.E. B. . Du Bo is Club of NesJersey, ; Thqse: by flaws /.rf ; ; £ 
state in^strt as; follows 2;; y’;.\ f v >f-V ’% ■ i -fyy y-y;>v'd ?■ : fy ! y.; u : : ' 

members of the W . Ei‘B. Du , Bois Club . ■ .• : ; f : : 

: of N.jf. are members of the W.E^ifDb Bois y;yy;^;.^ '. 

Clubs ; of America, of ; Which the ; W .B.B. Du : Bois . r ' 

ciu^^ '•- ' 

' The same source advised on May 18, ; 4965,that y;y-y; 
hea^liar ters o^f ^ the W. E. B y Du Bois Club ■ of New Jersey; is; IbcAt^ed * ■: .. ;• •- • • 

' at 152 Clinton Ay enue * Newarky New Jersey, and usqs Beuc 12J : , :/.&£■. , 
Newark , • Nbw jersey , ':^‘-ayna^ ;>*■ ' *< 

';> ■ ■ .A character izatioii ; qfthe W.E.B, Du Dots Clpbslo’f . 
America appears in ; the appendix heretbo ‘ ■':•• ' ■ f 

•vvf ;r-4 V 


ftP -3 6 (gev. 5-2 2-64) 

DATE 01-Z5-201Z 

Transmit the following in 

F B I 

Da,e: 9/2/65 

(Type in plaintext or code ) MAIL 





DIRECTOR, FBI (100-439048) 

SAC, NEWARK (100-47873) 

IS - C 

(00: CHICAGO) 

RE: Newark teletype G/29/S5 and Newark LQM, 8/28/65, 

3 - Bureau (Enc, 8) (RM) 

2 - Baltimore ( 100-23033) (Enc 2) (RM) jf' 

1 “ 10 °- I ~1 / 

2 -Boston (100-35472) (Enc. 2) (RM) yf f° 

■^1/- 100- (JOHN BIRCH SOCIETY) v 

2 - Chicago (10 0-408691(7!^ (Fnc. 2) (RM) 

1 - 100- I | 

3 - Jackson (100-509) (Enc. 3) (.RM) 

1 - 100- (MFDP) 

1 - 100- r 

2 - Los Angeles (100- ) (Enc, 2) (RM) 

1 - 100- ("PACIFIC SCENE") 

1 - 100 - 





TWO \ 


1 - 100- (NY DU HOIS CLUB) 

1 - 100- (CP. USA) 

1 - 100 - 

1 - 100-13472 (GIL GREEN) 

2 - Philadelphi a (1QQ-465561 (Enc. 2 1 (RM) 

1 _ 100- \ ^ —i 

2 - San Francisco UUU-b2152) (Enc, 2) (RM) 

1 - 100- (W, E. B, DU BO IS CLUBS) 

2 - Washington Field (100-42240) (Enc. 2) (R2 

1 - 100 - 

6 - Newark 

1 - 100-47808 
1 - 100-48095 

- 157-1608 (HCUP) 

1 - 100-47268 
1 - 100-47735 '(M DU BUIS CLUB) 

Appi©AQ:spa : Sent M 

(32) Special Agent in Charge 



SEP 3- 1365 


.M Per 


NX 100-47873 

Enclosed for the Bureau are eight copies of a 
LHM concerning SDS sponsored Poor People’s Conference, 
Newark, N.J., 8/27-20/65. 

Sources used in LHM are as follows: 

NX T-l 

NX T-2 
NX T-3 
NX T-4 
NX T-5 




LHM classified confidential because data reported 
by NX T-2 through NX T-6 could result in the identification 
of confidential informants of continuing value and compro- 
mise their future effectiveness. 

I | mentioned in LHM, may be the wife of 

| Several months ago, she was working in 
Mississippi with civil rights groups. A copy of this LHM 
is, therefore, furnished to Jackson, 


Nev/ark’s fi les contain no ref erences identifiable 

I Newark LHM, G/12/65, 

captioned as above regarding Poor People’s Conference at 
Ne>ivar?c. 11 atari nnal 

c onsequently u ncago as iven as umj has 

a copy designated for 

One copy each of the LHM furnished Secret Service, 
Newark, and 108th INTC Group, Newark. 



Newark has no characterizations for individuals, 
publications, or organisations mentioned in LHM which are 
not characterized. 

- 2 - 

NK 100-47873 


Newark will reinterview| |in an 

effort to obtain more specific details concerning des- 
truction of draft cards. If more specific information is 
available, appropriate investigation will be conducted 
under the Selective Service Act, 1948, 


DATE 01-25-2012 


Subject : 



SAC, BOSTON date: 10/11/65 

SAC, PHILADELPHIA/ (100-45661) 

IS - X V 

marked PhiladelDhia. Pa., which was se 

int to 


postcard solicits 

addressee to write to American Opinion, Belmont, Mass., 

2jf Boston (RM) 7 

3r- Philadelphia (100-45*61) 








Buy U.S. Savings Bonds Regularly on the Payroll Savings Plan 




DATE 01-25-2012 


date : 10/13/65 


SAC, SAN DIEGO (100-2797) 


Enclosed herewith for Boston is a postcard entitled 
"A Training School for Communists". This postcard was 
received by a resident in the San Diego area and reflects 
the name of the American Opinion, Belmont, Massachusetts 
02178. This is being furnished to Boston at this time for 
informational purposes. 

CgV Boston (Enclosure 
1 - San Diego 

- 1) ' 

l A 


/ xi* 



JFBI — BOSTON - h-" 








Anti- Defamation League of B’nai B’rith 


Telephone LI berty 2-4977 

Comm/ffee V/co-Chairmen 


Civil Rights 


Community Service 
Area Vice-Chairmen 

Southern Massachusetts 


Western Massachusetts 

New Hampshire 

Rhode Island 

Central Massachusetts 


November 10, 1965 

Mr, John Noonan 

470 Atlantic Avenue 
Boston, Massachusetts 

Dear John: 

The latest telephone number to be added to the growing 
list of "Let Freedom Ring” telephones in this area has 
been established at Gloucester, Mass* The telephone 
number being used is 283-5043 and the voice is that of 

avowed member 01 

ie John Birch Society. 



Associate Treasurer 

Isadore Zack 

Honorary Chairman 

Now England Regional Director 


National Chairman 

National Director 

New England Members 
of National Commission 



lit &&$&** * 


?. %/ . vj4 










AC, PHILADELPHIA (100-45661) 

IS l 

On 11/30/65 Chie: 
Pa., advised SA 

DATE 01~25~20JL2: 

DATE : 12/10/65 

3H (Nf 
rat a I 


%andgB8 -Printer 

enclosed pam phlet. Chxei 

Informed thatl 

that | may not v 

she desired to rent or pi 

graph machine . I 

going to sellp 

which he no longer neeae( 

recen tly contracted with a local pr inter. 

erv. owned bv I 

|for several thousand copies of th$ 
hlet . Chief WALS H advised thatf 

| |was concerned with the fact 

may not wish to print such material, and 
o rent or purc hase a printing press or mimeo- 
. I I adv ised Chief WALSH that he was 

landold mimeograph machine 

his business. 

A review of the enclosed pamphlet indicates that 
it is anti -United Nations and is apparently a reprint of 
material printed by "The Fearful Master by G. EDWARD GRIFFIN," 
Western Islands, 395 Concord Avenue, Belmont, Mass., 


Phi.ladplnhia Indices contain no identifiable t 

references to| I This pamphlet and k 

above information is being furnished to the Boston Office 
for its evaluation. 

Boston (Enc. 1 
1- 100-45661 
1- 157-1345 

) (RM^^ 



Buy US. Savings Bonds Regularly on the Payroll Savings Plan 




DATE 01-25-2012 

SAC (100-32899) 

date: 12/13/65 

IS - X 

advised as follows 

■Electrical Transmission and Distribution Equipment 
Business at tihe salne address is apprently a member of 
or close ly asso ciated with the John Birch Society. 

Revere nd l basis this conclusion on the fac t that 

recently appeared at his home and invited 
to attend a film showing which featured the history, 
aims and purposes nf tbs Jo hn Birch Society. In connection 
with thi s invita tion [appeared at the home of 

gave t he latter a 
of the | 

&2Q0 ♦ 0 0 check payable 
| Church . Inasmuch 

zer been any close relationship between 

first time that 
is convinced that 

|and. si nee this was the .first time that 

ever: visited| |home,| | is convinced that 

00.00 check was in consideration for his attending 
,1m showing and a prelude to a possible request for 
to join the John Birch Society. 

Reverend | |wanted to call the attention of 

the FBI to this possible method of recruitment on the 
part of John Birch Society . v. rA c : ? . 


0LC 13 1965 


JEK : pd 

(!) , 

Buy U.S. Savings Bonds Regularly on the Payroll Savings Plan 


Indices Search Slip 

FD-16# (Rev. 10-1-59) 

Subject I 

Exact Spelling 
All References , 

Main Subversive Case Files Only 

Birth Date Birthplace 

1Z i Main Criminal Case Files Only L_J Restrict to 

1. i Criminal References Only - ; — 

L ■ [ Main Subversive (If no 'Main, list all Subversive References) 


CD Male 
1 1 F eraale 

Restrict to Locality of 







OPTIONAL FORM NO. 10 5010-100 




DATE 01-2S-2012 

DIRECTOR, FBI date: 2/17/66 

SAC, SPRINGFIELD (62-1626) (C) 





February 15, 
gprl'ngfTe 1 d7 

16, 1966 



Re SAC letter 59-13, dated 3/10/59, 


telephonically advised 

that she had received in the mail a postcard which she 
thought the FBI should know about. She stated that this 
card had a picture of MARTIN LUTHER KING with some 
other people, with a statement at the top of this 
postcatd "A training school for Communists." This 
card was mailed from Springfield, Illinois, and the 
return address was the American Opinion, Belmont, 
Massachusetts. On this card was a hand printed note 
which read, "Call 525-1717." 

was received. f 

A f ew minutes after the above telephone cal l 



] furnished the following informati on 

you will 


advised that if you call 525-1717, 
a recording which defames MAR TIN LUTHER 

advised that 


KING and calls him a Communist, 
something should be done about stopping inis recording, 
and that he was going to call the telephone company 
and make a complaint. 

3 - Bureau 

2: (100-Robert H. W. Welch, Jr.) (Enc. 2) 
1: (100-106670) 

Atlanta (100-5586) (Enc. 2) (RM) 

Boston (Enc. 2) (RM) 

1: (157-298) 

1: (157-188) 

1: (62-1626) 

1: (100-10392) 



4 - Springfield 



SI 62-1626 

On 2/15/66 

a liaison source of 

a copy of the above-mentioned postcard. He stated . 
this is causing some concern among members of the 
Negro race in Springfield, and wanted to bring 
this card to the attention of the authorities in an 
effort to get it stopped. He said the postcard need 
not be returned. He said this matter of sending 
out the postcard, and of the telephone recording 
will be obviously discussed at the next meeting of 
the NAACP . 

On 2/16/66, appeared 

at the Springfield office and furnished the above- 
mentioned postcard, and stated that it need not be 
returned to him. 

SA WILLIAM C. RITT determined from the 
telephone company that telephone nnmher $ 25=1211 

Qn 11/10/65, one| appeared at the 

Springfielid Office of the FBI and introduced himself 

as the coordinator of. the .TOHN RTRPH Snriet.v He 

ndvi sed he resides at 

. and that he 

The above is being furnished for the 
information of the Bureau, and no investigation 
being conducted UACB. 

- 2 - 



The John Birch 


The middle of 1964 to the present has been a period of. 
continued growth and expansion for the American Radical 
Right in general and for the John Birch Society in particu- 
lar. In the seven years since it was founded at Indianapolis 
early in December, 1958, the Birch Society has emerged as 
the spearhead of the Radical Right. It is the only group 
on the Far Right which is permanently organized all across 
the country at the grass-roots level. It alone plans now to 
spend a million dollars a month. 

Among the major organizations of the Radical Right, only 
the John Birch Society has a nationwide paid staff of 
organizers and public relations men, a membership active 
and activated, a permanent recruiting program, a tightly 
controlled and generally efficient centralized direction, and 
a financial income which enables it to continue to expand 
its nationwide organizational structure. 

Starting from scratch at the beginning of 1959, the Society 
has grown to a membership of about 80,000 in some 5,000 
chapters across the country, and at the end of 1965, was 
f , pushing toward the 100,000 mark. Since 1963 its member- 
4 ' ship has almost doubled; its cash income more than quad- 

The 80,000 membership, directed by Founder Robert 
Welch from the Belmont, Mass., headquarters of the Society, 
just about equals the membership of the Communist, Party 
when the Communists were at the peak of their strength 
in the United States in 1944. The Society is, in fact, a 
movement and a propaganda and recruitment “apparatus” 
on the Far Right that is comparable to the Communist 
“apparatus” on the Far Left in the 1930s and 1940s, The 
earlier movement of the Radical Left preached Communism 
while today’s Birch Society, on the Radical Right, claims to 
preach anti-Communism.. But in terms of organizational 
concept, structure, and tactics, the similarities between the 
two operations often appear more persuasive than the dif- 

Infiltration Tactics 

The Birchers, like the Communists of 20 and 30 years ago, 
are burrowing their way into the fabric and the grass-roots 
of American life and it is already clear that it will take a 
major effort by responsible forces to root them out. 

The overwhelming majority of Birch members still conceal 
their membership in the Society. 

The Birch Society today has spawned scores of front 
groups, formed to lure unsuspecting Americans into the 
£ Birch orbit and to ripen them up for eventual recruitment 
into the Society by enlisting their support for limited and 
high-sounding causes with whose slogans, at least, few would 

Society — 1966 

The Birchers have already infiltrated the American politi- 
cal party structure and in some areas have secured footholds 
at the precinct level and a measurable degree of influence 
in various arms of the political party apparatus. 

Like the Communists, the Birchers have been establishing 
local book stores all across the country which serve as dis- 
tribution centers for Birchite and other Radical Right prop- 
aganda, as gathering places for Radical Rightists, and as 
focal points for Birchite activity, much as Communist book- 
stores in the 1930s and 1940s served a similar function. 

The Birchers have available a large stable of speakers, 
ready, willing and able to travel anywhere in the country 
to address local meetings, sponsored not only by Birch 
groups, but by local civic, political and service organizations 
as well. 

Like the Communists, the Birchers have set up their own 
publishing house and are not only pumping their own books 
and pamphlets into the nation’s ideological bloodstream, 
but are reprinting the propaganda of like-minded Radical 
Rightists for wholesale distribution to their own network 
of bookstores and to bookstores operated by other Far Right- 
ists as^well. 

Cell Structure 

The Birchers are organized into small units designed to 
operate as isolated islands, impervious to penetration by 
outsiders. The Communists called these units “cells”; the 
Birchers call them chapters. 

The Birch membership is., supervised and directed by 
paid professional organizers, set up on an area, state and 
local basis. These professionals were called “organizers” by 
the Communists; the Birchers call them “coordinators.” ' 

Like the Communists, the Birchers get their official “line” 
from a central headquarters. The Communists got their 
“line” from Moscow, via National Party headquarters; the 
Birchers get their line from Founder Welch via Birch head- 
quarters in Belmont. 

Like the Communists, the Birchers brook no deviation 
from the “line.” The Communists expelled deviationists ; the 
Birchers do the same, careful as always to refund pre-paid 
dues on a pro-rata basis. 

(Bircher applicants abjectly fill out a membership form 
that is a resignation signed in advance, agreeing when they 
join that the Society can drop them at any time and without 
any necessary explanation for doing so.) 

Like the Communists, Birchers are urged to take an active 
role in political and community organizations. For instance, 
Robert Welch, in 1960, urged his followers to join their 
local PTAs at the start of the school year, to get their “con- 
servative friends to do likewise,” and to “go to work” to 
take the PTAs over. 

FACTS — 349 

If 14 

An Ideological Cadre \ 

The Birchers seek to accomplish their purposes by enlist- 
ing the support of a dedicated, zealous, disciplined and 
thoroughly-indoctrinated ideological cadre of workers — 
distinctly a minority in their areas of operation, whether 
local, regional or national. 

The Birch Society is not designed to mobilize anything 
close to a majority of the American national population. Like 
Lenin, Robert Welch of the John Birch Society believes that 
a dedicated minority, which knows what it wants, can move 

The Birchers 1 target is the American mind. Like the 
Communists, their aim is to change — and eventually to con- 
trol — American political thinking. Their ultimate goal is 
political influence and political power. 

The Communists of two and three decades ago pointed to 
the growing and — to them — extremist activities of Big Cap- 
ital. According to the Communists, Capitalism, then in its 
“last stages/’ was evolving into fascism and imperialism. In 
the same spirit, Robert Welch analyzed, in mid- 1965, the 
development of the forces against which he has allegedly 
aligned his Society: 

“(1) The Communist conspiratorial apparatus is now 
closing in, with every conceivable pressure and deception, 
on all remaining resistance to the establishment of its 
police state over our country; (2) the only existing force 
that has any possible chance of preventing the completion 
of these Communist plans is The John Birch Society; 
(3) we have no chance of stopping and reversing the long 
patient progress of this conspiracy except — exactly as 
stated in the Blue Book six years ago — by measures which 
are fantastic enough to be realistic in proportion to the 
danger . . 

“Fantastic” measures — some of them admitted by Welch 
to be “mean and dirty” — have become the trademark of 
Birch Society activity. And 'the wheels now are spinning. 
The active search for new members, after an initial policy of 
quiet recruitment, has been pushed with increasingly high 
pressure since 1963. All during which time the Birchers have 
worked to clean up their public image while Welch engaged 
in some hard-headed planning for future political influence. 


The membership “explosion” that has vastly increased 
Birch membership rolls since the 1964 national political con- 
ventions was the result of many factors. Most of them were 
related to the Presidential election campaign in which 
Birchers and other such extremists were active, welcomed, 
defended and, to a certain extent, triumphant. At the Repub- 
lican convention, the Birch Society covered itself with a 
kind of respectability. Birchers misused the campaign as a 
vehicle to spread their own political propaganda and to 
recruit new members. 

Many Americans were swept into the Birch ranks on the 

emotional tide of tf4 /tmpaign period. Many others joined 
after Election Day, when the frustration of defeat made them 
ripe for recruitment and when the Birch Society’s post- 
election appeal to this group was summed up in the simple 
slogan: “Now Will You Join The John Birch Society?” 

From August through December, 1964, the Society set 
new membership records and early in 1965, the growth was 
described by a jubilant Welch as having been of “geometric” 

In 1965 membership growth continued, even though other 
factors were at work. For example: 

• Many who joined during the exciting days of the 1964 
campaign found the Society demanded too .much, of their 
time, energy and dedication. They either drifted away or 
were dropped from membership by the Society itself, for like 
the Communists, the Birch Society does not tolerate “dead 
wood” for long. 

• Some of the 1964 recruits — especially Goldwater en- 
thusiasts frustrated by the defeat of their champion — found 
the Society too radical for their basically conservative view- 
points. They walked away along with still others who found 
it too “moderate” or too “educational.” 

Those who remained faithful to Welch’s leadership as 
1965 turned to 1966 were, for the most part, the zealous, 
the dedicated, and the indoctrinated — eager to carry out 
the monthly instructions sent to them by Welch from the 
Society’s headquarters in Massachusetts. 

The California Reports 

The Birch Society continues to distribute (in packets 
designed for the indoctrination of prospective members) the 
report of a 1963 investigation by the California Senate Fact- 
Finding Subcommittee on Un-American Activities. It found ^ 
the organization to be neither secret, subversive nor anti- 
Semitic. Apparently because of the wide circulation of this 
1963 report by the Birch Society, a second report was issued 
by the same committee in 1965. For understandable reasons, 
it has been ignored by the Birch Society. 

The more recent report found that Robert Welch’s or- 
ganization “has attracted a lunatic fringe that is now as- 
suming serious proportions” and has been “beset by an 
influx of emotionally unstable people, some of whom have 
been prosecuted in the courts for their hoodlum tactics in 
disrupting meetings, and heckling speakers .with whom they 

The committee’s 1965 report concluded: 

“We are more critical of the Society now than we were 
then for the reason that it has, in our opinion, merited 
such criticism by reason of its activities exemplified by 
the irresponsible acticles by a member of its National 
Council, the re-publication of “The Politician,” the in- 
excusable actions of its minority of irresponsible mem- 
bers, and a dangerous increase of anti-Semitism among 
a minority of its membership.” 

is a periodic report by the Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith, 315 Lexington Ave., New York 16, N.Y. 

Officers: Dore Schary, chairman; Henry E. Schultz, Meier Steinbrink, honorary chairmen; Leonard Abess, Barney 
Balaban, Harry Brandt, Samuel Daroff, Jacob K. Javits,. Philip M. Klutzniek, Leon Lowenstein, William Sachs, Melvin 
H. Schlesinger, honorary vice-chairmen; William P. Bloom, David Coleman, Maurice M. Dannenbaum, David H. Litter, Max 
J. Schneider, Louis Zara, life members; Edward Goldberger, Moe Kudler, Alan K. Morse, Norman Newhouse, Burnett Roth, 
Mrs. Charles D. Solovich, vice-chairmen; Benjamin Greenberg, treasurer; Herbert Levy, secretary; Richard M, Lederer, Jr., 
assistant secretary; Benjamin R, Epstein, national director; Paul H. Sampliner, chairman, executive committee; David A. 
Rose, vice-chairman, executive committee; Dr. William A. Wexler, president, B’nai B’rith; Mrs. Arthur G. Rosenbluth, 
president, B’nai B’rith Women; Bernard Nath, chairman of civil rights committee; Arnold Forster, general counsel and 
civil rights director. 

Domestic Report issues of FACTS are edited by Jerome Bakst, director of the Research and Evaluation Dept. 


FACTS — 350 

The members of the Birch SociJ lire believers in the 
“conspiracy theory” of history and in absolute political 
truth which they alone claim to possess. It is through the 
Conspiracy Theory of recent American history that fear is 
aroused — fear, the essential ingredient of extremist strength. 
The operating premise of the John Birch Society, like that 
of the Communists, is that over all of our lives and over all 
the events of our time, there rules a powerful and protected 
Establishment, perpetuated by a secret conspiracy of vast 
dimensions. To the Birchers it is Communism — by which 
they mean the “establishment” of the last thirty years, includ- 
ing the American Government, whether controlled by Re- 

■ 1 " ™ 

publicans or Deil v .rats, whether directed by liberals or 

To each extreme, whether of the Far Left or the Far 
Right — to each “out” the other is “in.” 

The John Birch Society has grown in direct proportion to 
the growth which its Founder sees in the power and influ- 
ence of “the enemy.” Welch has said his organization’s 
chances of success in saving the country increased from 1 
in 10 in 1958 to 1 in 4 today. Yet, paradoxically, he and 
his Society claim that in the same period, “Communist 
influence and control” in the United States increased from 
20-40% in 1958 to 60-80% today. 

FACTS — 351 

m # # f% m 

The Mar Against Civil Mights 

The major development in the John Birch Society’s cen- 
trally-directed program during 1965 was the launching of 
an all-out drive against the civil rights movement. 

The assault started in May, with the publication of a 
pamphlet by Welch himself which laid down the ideological 
line. Five hundred thousand copies of a 16-page document 
called Two Revolutions At Once were distributed to the 
Birch army across the country —100 copies to every Birch 
Society cell. 

In mobilizing his troops, Welch made it crystal-clear that 
the campaign upon which they were embarking was the 
single most important undertaking of the John Birch Society 
in its entire seven-year history. 

“Fully expose the ‘civil rights 5 fraud, 55 said Welch in 
May, 1965, “and you will break the back of the Communist 

In Two Revolutions At Once , Welch set forth his view 
that the Negro civil rights movement in America was part 
of a world-wide, Communist-dominated, anti-colonialism 
revolution that used the slogans of freedom, independence 
and self-determination. At the same time, he said, it was 
part of the Communist-led revolutionary movement against 
capitalism in the United States itself. 

In his analysis, Welch likened the Negro rights movement 
in the United States to various “national liberation fronts” 
in Asia and Africa which in his view have been sparked 
by Communist terror tactics. He claimed that Algeria’s 
“murderous guerilla band . . . given the high-sounding title 
of the ‘Federation of National Liberation’— or FLN” was 
merely “a preview of what the NRM — the Negro Revolu- 
tionary Movement — will do to the people of the South.” 

Old Communist Booklets 

The relationship between the allegedly Communist-led 
national liberation movements abroad and the Negro Rev- 
olutionary Movement in the United States was revealed, 
Welch said, in a booklet published by the American Com- 
munists in 1928. Called American Negro Problems , it re- 
ferred to the Southern Negroes as “virtually a colony within 
the body of the United States of America,” and called for 
the establishment of a “Negro Soviet Republic” in the South. 

In fact, this 37-year-old Red propaganda line was repudi- 
ated by the Communist Party’s 1959 convention — because 
it had already died in the Red failure to win the American 
Negro to the Communist cause. 

The Birch Society, nevertheless, continues to distribute 
thousands of copies of the 1928 Communist booklet to sup- 
port its theme — that the efforts for civil rights equality and 
for racial desegregation are Communist-inspired and sub- 

Another Red booklet — published in 1935 and entitled 
Negroes in a Soviet America — is also being distributed by 
the Birch Society. It was originally reprinted by the National 
Economic Council under its late founder, Merwin K. Hart, 
a well-known American anti-Semite. Before his death a few 
years ago, Hart was the leader of Birch Society Chapter 26 
in New York; his publications were recommended by Welch 
to Birch Society members in its early days. 

In the June Bulletin , Welch said: 

“Our task must be simply to make clear that the move- 

ment known as ‘civil rights’ is Communist-plotted, Com- 
munist-controlled, and in fact . . . serves only Communist 
purposes. So let’s keep our activities and efforts concen- 
trated on this central undertaking.” 

He added: 

“Make yourself as much of an authority on the whole 
‘civil rights’ segment of the total conspiracy as you can . . . 
We are asking for, and counting on, a very heavy concen- 
tration of effort by our total membership during the next 
few months, to support our belief that the Civil Rights 
Drive and the parallel Negro Revolutionary Movement 
constitute the most vulnerable point for attack. . . .” 

Ideological Weapons 

There were many weapons which Welch mobilized for 
the ideological warfare against the civil rights movement to 
which he had committed his propaganda army. For example, 
there were published materials. One was a book published 
by the Birchers 1 own Western Islands Company. It was 
written by Alan Stang of the Birch stable of writers, was 
called Ifs Very Simple , and was essentially a popularized 
version of the Welch ideology on the Communist character of 
the civil rights movement. The book had an initial printing 
of 100,000 copies and sold out in the first few weeks. An 
additional 200,000 were printed soon thereafter, and more 
were on order as 1965 drew to a close. 

Stang wrote that America’s race problem and the effort 
of the civil rights movement to end it were both planned by 
the Communists, built up by the Communists and, most 
important, conducted by the Communists. Describing the 
Negro movement as a “social revolution” aimed at destroying 
capitalism, and the Civil Rights Act of 1964 as a major step 
toward a Washington dictatorship, Stang concluded his 
polemic by declaring: 

“I accuse the Rev. Dr. (Martin Luther) King of being 
in effect one of the country’s most influential workers for 
Communism against the Negroes ... I accuse President 
Kennedy and President Johnson of knowing this but 
nevertheless, not only closing their eyes to it, but lending a 
hand ... I therefore accuse them of having betrayed their 
oath of office.” 

There were also printed flyers (suitable for use as full- 
page newspaper ads) asking “What’s Wrong With Civil 
Rights?”, followed by: “The answer is, nothing! But there 
is a great deal wrong with what is being done today in 
the name of civil rights.” 

Birch ads declared that the Negroes’ problem was exag- 
gerated, that the civil rights movement was not simply “in- 
filtrated” by Communists, but actually “created” by them. 
Birch postal cards were distributed. One showed Martin 
Luther King at the Highlander Folk School, in Tennessee, 
which the Birchers and Radical Rightists have branded as 
a Communist training school. (King appeared there briefly 
on Labor Day weekend, 1957, to make a speech.) 

Another postcard pictured a man identified by the Birch- 
ers as the founder of the civil rights movement. They 
described him as a Hungarian Communist who used such 
names as Joseph Pogany, John Schwartz, Joseph Lang and 
John Pepper. They said he arrived in the United States in 
1922 and in 1928 wrote the pamphlet, American Negro 

FACTS — 352 

Problems , which laid down the Red'' ^ for establishment 
of the Negro Revolutionary Movement. Aside from the 
dubious Welchian history, the drawing of Pogany-Schwartz- 
Lang-Pepper was reminiscent of some of the viciously anti- 
Jewish caricatures that appeared in Der Stuermer during 
the Nazi era in Germany and of similar caricatures that have 
been circulated in anti-Semitic ideological circles in the 
United States. 

These recent materials were added to the arsenal of anti- 
civil rights propaganda which the Birch Society had been 
using for some time. Its “Civil Rights Packet” already in- 
cluded Color , Communism and Common Sense by the late 
Negro ex-Communist, Manning Johnson, and Welch's Let- 
ter to The South which first appeared some years ago. Also 
available were various reprints, all hewing to the Birch line 
that the civil rights movement is a Communist manifesta- 
tion, lock, stock and barrel. 

The TACT Committees 

The campaign for this nationwide attack was created 
by Welch in July, 1965, with a proposed new and major 
approach to exposure of the “fraud” known as “civil rights.” 
He called for “the setting up throughout the country of 
hundreds of local or regional ad hoc committees for the 
specific purpose of telling the truth about the civil turmoil.” 
Anticipating that they would come to be known as TACT — 
Truth About Civil Turmoil — he gave the shorthand name 
his blessing. 

TACT front groups sprang up and swung immediately 
into high gear, distributing literature, holding meetings, 
sponsoring lectures by American Opinion speakers, buying 
full-page ads in local newspapers, and peppering the letters- 
to-the-editor columns with Birch propaganda exposing the 
“truth about civil turmoil.” 

Welch’s choice of the Communist-style front-group tech- 
nique worked admirably. Many non-Birchite rightists and 
conservatives were lured into making common cause with 
the Birchers against the civil rights movement. In many 
localities, even the newspapers and other media of public 
information were at first unaware that the TACT commit- 
tees were Birch fronts. For example: 

• In Fort Wayne, Ind., the News Sentinel reported the 
formation of the local TACT Committee and merely noted 
that it had “been formed to provide information about 
past instances of civil turmoil in order to prevent recur- 
rences.” There was not a hint in the news report of the 
TACT group’s real sponsorship. 

• In the suburban Glenview-Northbrook area of Chi- 
cago, where a TACT Committee was formed, the local 
newspaper reported that the committee chairman had said 
“that the group, conservative in nature, is not connected with 
any organization.” Yet the group’s own newspaper advertise- 
ment was signed: “The TACT Committee of Northbrook 
& Glenbrook Division of the John Birch Society.” 

But the TACT Committees around the country were not 
the only fronts spearheading the Birch Society’s ideological 
warfare against Civil Rights: 

• The “Detroit Committee for the Prevention of Racial 
Disorder” listed the same post office box number as the 
local Birchite “Support Your Local Police” organization, and 
the same individual was listed as chairman of both. 

• In La Puente, Calif., “Citizens for the Support of 
Law and Order” seized on the Watts riots in Los Angeles, in 

the Summer of I Jt JPto distribute a flyer captioned “Now 
Will You Believe?”""' it was, in effect, an advertisement for 
Stang’s book and bore the “Support Your Local Police” em- 

• A woman in Whittier, Calif., received a letter from the 
‘ Committee for Better Understanding” which listed a post 
office box in racially-troubled Selma, Ala. The letter ended 
with: Yours for less government, more individual respon- 

sibility and a better world”— the slogan of the John Birch 

While waging war against the civil rights movement, the 
John Birch Society has, at the same time, diligently sought 
to create a public image of itself as friendly to Negroes. A 
mainstay of the Birch Speakers Bureau during 1965 was 
Mrs. Julia Brown, a Negro lady who had once been a 
Communist and later an informant for the government. 
More recently, the American Opinion Speakers Bureau listed 
conservative Negro newspaper columnist George Schuyler as 
one of its lecturers. Birch spokesmen go out of their way to 
make it clear that the Society has Negro members. As part 
of the campaign to rid itself of any anti-Negro stigma, the 
Society has established a Manning Johnson Scholarship for 
deserving Negro students. 

Exploiting Racial Tensions 

Nevertheless; the Birchers seek to exploit racial tensions, 
unrest and disorders for their own purposes. Forty-eight 
hours after the Watts riots in Los Angeles in the summer 
of 1965, Birch chapters were mobilized — via a directive 
to all area chapter leaders — for an intensive anti-civil rights 
propaganda drive to exploit the white reaction to the out- 
burst of violence and disorder, 

It is inevitable that, like the Communists, the Birchers 
will seek, in this way, to exploit racial tensions and outbursts 
of violence. During 1965, Birch propaganda had much to 
say about the Selma Civil Rights March — some of it in- 
distinguishable from the outpourings of openly racist organi- 
zations in the Deep South. 

In the June, 1965, issue of American Opinion , writer Jim 
Lucier described the Selma march as having been “organized 
by the International Conspiracy of Evil.” An unsigned article 
in the July issue purported to describe what happened “when 
a horde of termites from all over the country, led by half- 
crazed ministers and professors, swarmed over the small town 
of Selma, Ala., in a typical demonstration of Communist 

It would be hard to finger such explosive “educational” 
prose as a direct cause of violence in the South but it is 
equally difficult to see in it any indication of an attempt to 
restore the racial harmony which Robert Welch, born and 
raised on a North Carolina farm, claims existed in the past. 

JVelch’s Happy Vision 

Welch has described such visions. In the June, 1965, Bul- 
letin , he wrote of “that huge reservoir of good will between 
the races that was such a happy circumstance of American 
life only two decades ago.” And in a recent television inter- 
view he saw that period (a time of Negro second-class citi- 
zenship and enforced Jim Crow vassalage) as having 
included “a very, very tiny amount of injustice.” 

Such may be the cornerstone of the racial attitudes the 
John Birch Society is building; the “happy circumstance” 
was one of segregation and inequality. 

FACTS— 353 

The quarrel of the Birch Societ^^th the concept of 
Negro equality goes far deeper than mere questions of poli- 
tics and methods, or even of the alleged Communist char- 
acter of the civil rights movement itself. 

• In The Blue Boo A: of the Society, Welch decried 
democracy as “merely a deceptive phrase, a weapon of 
demagoguery, and a perennial fraud.” In a footnote he 
added that democracy was “the worst of all forms of gov- 

• Jim Lucier, a frequent contributor to American Opin - 
ion , argued in the June, 1965, issue that (1) Voting is not 
one of the basic rights of a human being; (2) There is no 
direct relationship between voting and freedom; and (3) 
The doctrine of majority rule is alien to American political 
tradition and ideals. 

• In the November, 1964, issue, National Council mem- 
ber Revilo P. Oliver, described by Welch as “quite possibly 
the world’s greatest living scholar,” wrote that it was a lie 
that the races are equal. 

• In the February, 1965, issue, National Council mem- 
ber Tom Anderson wrote that “the right to discriminate is 
the right to choose and the right to choose is the essence of 

Tainted Sources 

Welch and those who wage war at his side are not always 
careful about the sources they cite to back up their con- 
tentions : 

In the June, 1965, Birch Bulletin , for instance, Welch 
quoted “the long and prophetically accurate December, 
1956 Special Report of the American Flag Committee.” The 
American Flag Committee had predicted nine years earlier, 

. he said, that 1965 was marked by the Communists as the 
target year for . agitation for Negro voting rights. Welch 
devoted five full pages of the Bulletin to this report, and 
cited the American Flag Committee in five separate refer- 


The American Flag Committee was, in fact, a small-time 
/propaganda outfit run by W. Henry MacFarland, Jr., of 
Philadelphia, an outspoken anti-Semite who toured the 
country some years ago with Gerald Smith, the anti- Jewish 
rabble-rouser. MacFarland cooperated with the late Conde 
McGinley, Jew-baiting publisher of Common Sense 3 and 
with the gutter-level, racist and anti-Semitic National Ren- 
aissance Party, headed by James Madole of New York, a 
minor pamphleteer and street corner agitator. , 

Welch’s members had no way of knowing that two of the 
organizations founded by MacFarland before he created the 
American Flag Committee were included in the U. S. At- 
torney General’s so-called list of subversive organizations. 
One was MacFar land’s Nationalist Action League; the 
other, the Committee for Nationalist Action. 

The July-August, 1965, issue of American Opinion gave 
source credit, in an evaluation of racial questions, to The 
Councilor , a blatantly racist and openly anti-Semitic pub- 
lication edited in Shreveport, La., by Ned Touchstone. The 

Councilor is the 

of the White Citizens Councils of 

What of the John Birch Society and the Ku Klux Klans, 
now waging guerrilla race warfare in the American South? 
Welch and Society Public Relations Director John Rousselot 
have made it clear that Klan members are not welcome, in 
the John Birch Society. 

However, take the case of Dr. John R. Andrew of Stone 
Mountain, Ga. Andrew was the leader of the Birch Society’s 
Emory (Atlanta) chapter until he resigned the position early 
in 1965 to run for political office. He is still a member of 
the Society, and the Emory chapter still meets in his home. 
On August 23, 1965, Dr. Andrew addressed a rally of the Ku 
Klux Klan (United Klans of America) in Atlanta. He told 
the assembled Klansmen that he had been defeated in the 
special election for the reapportioned state legislature by 
the international banking conspiracy. Later, Andrew told 
a reporter for the Atlanta Journal that he was not actually 
a Klan member but would like to help the organization 
if he could. i 

Andrew was present on September 13, 1965, at the Henry 
Grady Hotel in Atlanta — : as were. Mr. and Mrs. George 
Birch (parents of John Birch) and other local Society 
luminaries — to hear a. speech by former Major General 
Edwin A. Walker. During the Question period, Walker, 
always proudly a Birch Society member, told a cheering 
audience : 

“There will be a KKK in the USA longer than there will 
be an LBJ.” 

When, on August 10, 1965, at Long Beach, Calif., Walker 
told his hearers of the Red plot aimed at “you, the white 
race — just ninety miles from Florida,” he was giving perhaps 
the ultimate expression to the politico-racial fears that have 
emerged as the wellspring of John Birch Society activity. 


The stated purpose of the Society’s anti-civil rights cam- 
paign was set forth by Welch in a July, 1965, pamphlet en- 
titled A Stick of Dynamite . The Society, he wrote, was not 
strong enough to fight a war, but it was strong enough to 
fight a battle and have a chance of success if it concentrate^ 
its forces on one front. j 

What are the true purposes of the Society’s all-out attack 
on the civil rights movement? 

• It is a convenient instrument for exploiting whatever 
white backlash exists in the nation as the result of the Negro 
thrust for equality. 

• The propaganda campaign is a logical preliminary to 
Welch’s plan for a Birch Society effort in 1966 to influence 
the Congressional elections. 

• The campaign offers an opportunity for nationwide 
activity by Birchers, using TACT and other front groups, 
and for recruiting new members into the Society’s ranks. 

In short, like the Communists, the John Birch Society is 
seeking to exploit the nation’s racial tensions for its own 
propaganda and recruitment purposes, and for its deeper 
political goals. And it is using the Communist technique of 
the front group as a propaganda and recruiting instrument. 

FACTS— 354 

The Birch 

The Society’s extreme view of the civil rights struggle — 
that it is directed by an “International Communist Con- 
spiracy” or, more mysteriously, by an “International Con- 
spiracy of Evil”— represents only a portion of the standard 
Birch line on the origin and nature of the nation’s problems. 

Behind this theme stands a whole philosophy — the Con- 
spiracy Theory of History — based on the belief that there 
exists an historic, unbroken, secret, and thoroughly commit- 
ted succession of inter-related human beings dedicated with 
perverse monomania to evil purposes. “It is clear,” to the 
Birch Society’s Revilo P. Oliver (in American Opinion , De- 
cember, 1964), “that there is in the human species some 
biological strain of either atavism or degeneracy that mani- 
fests itself in a hatred of mankind and a lust for evil for its 
own sake.” The proponents of this hatred and lust are The 

In the Birch view, the Conspiracy involves the very lead- 
ership of the United States Government for three decades 
and the present-day thrust of American policy at home and 

A Communist America? 

The Birch Society’s latest evaluation of the United States 
(in the July-August “Scoreboard” issue of Welch’s maga- 
zine) is that it is 60% to 80% under Communist influence 
and control. And the term “influence” must not be inter- 
preted too softly, for the magazine’s explanatory notes are 
more explicit : 

“Americans can expect only defeat so long as they are 
commanded by their enemies.” 

In explaining their reasons for announcing an increase 
in the percentage of Communist control in the U. S. over 
1964, the editors wrote: 

“Although some believe that the bracket of 50% to 
70% could be retained, there is substantial agreement that 
the percentage of control is now more than 60%, and no 
analysis supported a lower estimate.” 

And they added a built-in defense: 

“It is not too much to say that the Conspiracy’s greatest 
single asset in the world today is the- fact that our score will 
seem utterly unbelievable and preposterous to so large a 
part of the American people.” 

And yet, from the same article : “Communist domination 
of many of the departments of the federal government is too 
obvious to require much comment.” 

Target: State Department 

One particular government department was singled out 
for especially violent attack — the State Department. It was 
branded as “Communist s headquarters in Washington . . 
And the policies of that department were seen as clear signs 
of conspiracy. The editors recalled “a vigorous action 
against the Communists in Korea, which traitors in Wash- 
ington quickly transformed- into a very successful device for 
getting Americans killed, squandering American money, sub- 
jecting the United States to a humiliating defeat ...” 

And they apply The Conspiracy Theory to more recent 
events, such as those in the Dominican Republic, where “the 
State Department is now busily installing another Commu- 

nist base,” or in Vietnam where the extent of Viet Gong 
penetration led correspondent Eric Butler ( American Opin- 
ion , June, 1965) to write that “the only reasonable conclu- 
sion” was “that the situation was deliberately produced 
through treachery in Washington. . . . There has been no 
indication that American policymakers have any other in- 
tention ...” 

The Enemies in Washington ... 

We are, in the eyes of the Birch Society, commanded by 
our enemies. Hence, say the editors of American Opinion: 
“As for Vietnam, one thing is certain: No action really 
detrimental to the Communists is conceivable, or even 
possible, so long as Rusk, McNamara, and Katzenbach re- 
main in power.” 

Robert Welch leveled the same accusation of treason at 
the top in an interview at Boston in August, 1964. “The 
Communists have absolutely no 1 : worry about bombs,” he 
said, because “they control the meh on both sides who would 
give the order to march — not the generals, but the politicians 
here and abroad.” ; ■ 

The hunt for what Welch’s magazine has referred to as 
“these secret forces” can lead, at| worst, to the acceptance of 
awful imaginings as views of reality. Revilo P. Oliver, writ- 
ing in the December, 1964, issue of American Opinion, said: 
“In the mid- 1930s . . . there' were reports that experi- 
mental stations in Asiatic Russia had pens of human 
women whom the research workers were trying to breed 
with male apes in the hope of producing a species better 
adapted to life under Socialism than human beings.” 

The same obsession with conspiracy leads, at best, to a 
divisive propaganda, creating fear and suspicion that belie 
claims of patriotism. 

The Birch Society’s charges of treason levied against 
America’s national leadership, undiminished since Welch’s 
accusation that President Eisenhower was a Communist 
agent, expanded into a litany of wild indictments against 
President Johnson after the most recent Presidential election. 
In a melodramatic throwaway headlined “If you are one 
of the 27,000,000 then read this . . .’’ the Society found |not 
one, but rather 42,000,000 traitors, brainwashed by the Cbm- 
munist conspiracy: 

“In November, 1964 forty-two million supporters of 
Lyndon Johnson voted for repeal of our Declaration of 
Independence ... 

“voted for scrapping the United States Constitution en- ' 
tirely ... 

“voted for encouragement and support by the Federal' 
Government of racial agitators to instigate more riots . . . 

“voted for governmental steps and policies which will 
gradually wipe out the value of all of their savings . . % 
“Our forty-two million Johnson camp followers . . . 
voted, to condone and accept the gradual destruction 
of all moral principles ... 

“Forty-two million Americans voted for communizing 
our nation .. .” 

The Birch line on such institutions as the United Nations 
and the Supreme Court of the United States provides ample 
explanation of why “Get the US out of the UN” and 

FACTS*— 355 

“Impeach Earl Warren” have been ma^a^nportant national 
programs of the Society. The 1965 Scoreboard in American 
Opinion spoke of the international organization’s peace- 
keeping machinery as the “Soviet-United Nations forces” 
and warned of “ruin wrought, by the Bolsheviks . . . through 
their ‘United Nations’ front.” 

And it leveled at the Supreme Court an astounding 

“The efforts of the Warren Gang to produce a tidal wave 
of violence and crime are accomplishing their purpose.” 
The editors traced the efforts of the Chief Justice’s “gang” 
throughout our juridical system, speaking of “the criminals 
whom the Conspiracy has slipped into lower courts, wherever 
they had an opportunity.” 

. • . And Those Elsewhere 

The Birchers see the hand of the “conspiracy” in areas 
other than civil rights (“to instigate riots”) and foreign 
policy (“getting Americans killed”) . They view local police 
review boards as part of the secret plot; the income tax 
as a Marxist means of national suicide; the fluoridation of 
water as a means to produce a generation of “Mongolian 
idiots” (Oliver). 

“Liberal intellectuals” are, in the view of Jim Lucier, 
in Welch’s magazine, “inherently subversive.” 

Foreign aid, said the 1965 Scoreboard issue, “was naturally 
used to finance the Communist takeover of nation after na- 
tion [although] the ultimate purpose was to destroy our cur- 

Birch Council member Tom Anderson, one of the most 
popular speakers before Birch audiences, speaks in the 

“We’ve got to take a stand against becoming a dic- 
tatorship. It’s not the comrade I’m worried about, it’s the 
' liberal rat he is nesting with. 

“If we have morality and courage we can destroy the 
diabolical conspiracy of communism. Every communist 
and every pro-communist ought to be arrested, deported 
and hung.” 

' Robert Welch, taking a broad look at the national picture 
in a recent speech, declared : 

“The United States is an insane asylum run by its worst 

And yet, the Birchers offer no hope for the “insane,” for 
they view mental health programs as another Communist 

Sanity and Revilo P. Oliver 

“The Communists,” according to the Scoreboard editors, 
“in a very considerable number of states . . . have induced 
the legislatures to enact ‘mental health’ laws to facilitate the 
incarceration of troublesome Americans.” Americans first 
became aware of this, they added, on October 1, 1962, 
“when, in obedience to the specific demands of the Com- 
munist Party, a gang under the direction of Nicholas Katz- 
enbach (now Attorney General of the United States) kid- 
napped General Edwin A. Walker in Oxford, Miss. . . .” 
Oliver took this line in an American Opinion article pub- 
lished in November, 1964, claiming that “ ‘mental health’ 
prisons are being increasingly used for the kidnapping and 
mental, if not physical, murder of patriotic Americans.” 

It is Revilo Oliver of the Society’s National Council who 
rides at the apogee of the Birch flight of mind. A classics 

FACTS— 356 

professor at the Urfl^i&uty of Illinois, Oliver magnifies the 
terrors seen by the Right in triphammer prose, evoking 
from the members of the Birch Society greater acclaim than 
any other single spokesman. A tireless speaker on the Birch 
circuit, Oliver is also an official book reviewer for Welch’s 
magazine — and as such, he recently gave a laudatory review 
to a blatantly anti-Semitic book, World Revolution . 

The “Conspiracy” becomes Satanic in Revilo P. Oliver’s 
eyes. It is he who claimed to see a strain of degeneracy in 
human beings which prompts them to form conspiracies of 
hate. And now, he writes, “the power of government is being 
used, with a consistency and efficiency that must be inten- 
tional, to accelerate our deterioration and hasten our dis- 
appearance as a people by every means short of mass mas- 
sacre . . .” 

Oliver declared in a 1959 speech that Cuba is “an island 
largely populated by mongrels,” and, in a January, 1965, 
American Opinion article, that Washington, D.C. is popu- 
lated by “hordes of thieves, perverts, and traitors.” He main- 
tained, in November, 1964, that ft is a lie that the races are 
equal, and a month later declared that “the United States 
is now engaged in an insane, but terribly effective, effort to 
destroy the American people arid Western civilization by 
subsidizing, both at home and abroad, the breeding of the 
intellectually, physically, and morally unfit ...” 

In the November, 1964, American Opinion , Oliver con- 
tended that it is a lie that the Nazis killed six million Jews. 
(This, too, was an aspect of the secret plots for which Oliver 
has a practiced eye.) 

In January, 1965, he wrote: “More than once, the direc- 
tors of what calls itself the National Council of Churches 
have been caught in the very act of importing into the United 
States and escorting about the country identified agents of 
the Soviet Secret Police . . .” And in May, he accused the 
churches of spreading “confusion, fanaticism, and immor- 

Oliver on Kennedy 

In discussing the work of the old Dies Committee (former 
Congressman Martin Dies, in American Opinion , has 
pointed with pride to his investigations of fascists) , Oliver 
wrote in April, 1965, that the Dies Committee “also investi- 
gated a number of small American groups that the Com- 
munists called ‘Fascist’ because they were opposing in various 
ways Franklin D. Roosevelt’s stealthy efforts to squander 
the lives and the money of the American people on a great 
Crusade to Save the Soviet.” 

It was Revilo P. Oliver who wrote the notorious “Marx- J 
manship in Dallas,” an American Opinion article charging 
that President Kennedy had been assassinated by Communist \ 
plotters because he was about to “turn American.” 

The man who pours out these fantasies is no mere Birch • 
ally or hanger-on; he is a member of the John Birch Society’s 
National Council and an associate editor of its magazine. ’ 
Robert Welch has referred to him as “an authentic genius 
of the first water, and quite possibly the world's greatest liv- 
ing scholar ” 

And 1965’s unsigned “Notes on the Scoreboard,” in as- 
sessing the United States to be 60% to 80% in Communist 
control, drew this preliminary comment from editor Scott 

“We are especially grateful to Associate Editor Revilo 

P. Oliver for his hundreds of hours of examination, com- 


pilation, and microanalysis, whicnM&p to make the cen- 
tral editorial section of this issue one of the finest ever.” 
The Birch ideology holds that the United States today 
suffers from a cancerous disease called collectivism which 
stems in large measure from a huge plot. “Where there is 
no poverty,” says Birch Council member Tom Anderson, 
“there is no freedom.” 

Human social progress is found to be degenerate, as 
well as conspiratorial, in the “microanalysis” of the 1965 
American Opinion Scoreboard : 

“Only when one looks closely does one see that the 
progress in every field ... is ‘progress’ toward barbarism, 
designed to weaken and destroy our moral instincts and 
our capacity for self-respect — designed, in short, to kill 
loyalty to the United States, respect for the white race, 
comprehension of Western civilization, and veneration 
of God. That simultaneous movement in a hundred sup- 
posedly unrelated segments of our national life cannot be 
mere coincidence.” 

The Conservative Awakening 

After the appearance, of the American Opinion 1965 
Scoreboard issue, some American conservatives, including 
William F. Buckley, Jr., editor of National Review — blind 
for so long, and doggedly so — began to catch glimpses of 
the fact that many Birchers live in the same fantasy world 
as does Mr. Welch. Buckley and the others in his circle 
apparently realized — finally — that there is, indeed, a Radi- 
cal Right in America, that Birch members agree with the 
Birch leader, and that they are not merely misled conserva- 
tives, following a misguided leader. 

Three of Buckley’s syndicated columns in August, 1965, 
dealt with the Birch Society. In the first, on August 5, he 
enumerated the enormities contained in the Scoreboard 
issue of American Opinion . In the second, on August 17, he 
reprinted some of the indignant mail he had received from 
Birch members about his first column. In the third, on 
August 22, he finally reached the conclusion that there was 
no great ideological gap between Welch and those who 
march behind him in the Birch Society and who believe 
/ what Buckley called the Society’s “paranoid and unpatriotic 

Welch himself had already supplied the best answer about 
his followers years ago, in The Blue Book, when he declared: 
“The men and women who join the John Birch Society 
during the next few months or few years are going to do 
so primarily because they believe in me and what I am 
doing and are willing to accept my leadership anyway ” 
More recently, Welch declared in a televised interview 
that “loyalty to an individual leader is harder to break down 
and tear to pieces than are a set of policy rules or princi- 
ples . . 

A Major Attack 

Nevertheless, toward the end of 1965, the extremism of 
the Birch movement produced the beginnings of a significant 
split between the Birch radicals and the ultra-conservatives ' 
for whom Buckley is the most articulate spokesman. 

The split, first signalled by Buckley’s three syndicated col- 
umns, was then marked by a major attack in the form of 
a special six-part section in the October 19, 1965, issue of 
Buckley’s National Review, and titled: “The John Birch 
Society and The Conservative Movement.” 

The essential tK^fiEt of the expose by the editors of Na- 
tional Review — Buckley, James Burnham and Frank S. 
Meyer — was that the Welchian concept of a United States 
in the grip of an internal Communist conspiracy holding 
60 to 80% control over United States affairs and permeating 
the government itself, was a threat to the conservative 
movement; the more so because most, if not all, Birch mem- 
bers believe the Welchian mythology. 

National Review last October quoted at length from 
Buckley’s now-famous 1962 editorial in which he had crit- 
icized Welch, but not the Society members who follow 
Welch’s leadership. National Review then pointed out: 

“In the ensuing three years,” three things had become 
clear: First, that Welch’s views had not changed but on 
the contrary, had become “more virulent.” Second, that 
there was no effective movement from within the Society 
“to contain Mr. Welch’s utterances, or to remove him as 
the Society’s leader.” Third, that “Mr. Welch succeeds in 
influencing his membership to believe those surrealisms 
which he first ventilated in The Politician; and that as the 
membership comes to believe the ‘Welch analysis, it ceases 
to be effectively anti-Communist.” / 

Meyer’s article, entitled “Principles and Heresies — The . 
Birch Malady,” concluded : : 

“The false analysis and conspiratorial mania of the 
John Birch Society has moved beyond diversion and waste 
of the devotion of its members to the mobilization of that 
devotion in ways directly anti-conservative and dangerous 
to the interests of the United States. It is no longer possible 
to consider the Society merely as moving towards legiti- 
mate objectives in a misguided way. However worthy the 
original motivations of those who have joined it and who 
apologize for it, it is time for them to recognize that the 
John Birch Society is rapidly losing whatever it had in 
common with patriotism or conservatism — and to do so 
before their own minds become warped by adherence to 
its unrolling psychosis of conspiracy.” 

Birchers and Vietnam 

The article by James Burnham emphasized that on Viet- 
nam* the Birch Society was “lined up with its supposedly 
diametric opposite, the Left, in support of Getting Out, nit 
Standing Firm.” Burnham said that the Birch stand an 
Vietnam, which found it on the same side as the Radical 
Left, stemmed from the Birch belief that for all intents and 
purposes today, the United States is a Communist nation 
and has a Communist government. Burnham concluded: 
“Responsible conservatives have long tried to believe 
that the JBS, though ‘misguided,’ was ‘going in the same 
direction’ and therefore an ‘ally.’ Certainly this is the 
case with many, perhaps even most, individual JBS mem- 
bers. But unfortunately, under the years of brainwashing 
and organizational control by Robert Welch, the Society 
as a collective body has taken off in directions where no 
conservative can prudently venture, and has become a 
suitable ally only for confusion and sterility. Its stand on 
Vietnam confirms, not for the first time, that any Ameri- 
can who seriously wants to contribute to his country’s 
security and well-being and to oppose Communism will 
have to stay clear of the JBS;” 

In demolishing the over-simplifications of the Welchian 
and Birchite “Conspiratorial” view of history and events, 

FACTS— -357 

and noting that “human reality is ignoj\^,. . in the outlook 
of the John Birch Society,” Meyer paused to deal with the 
Birch line that the civil rights movement in America is part 
of a Communist plot. He wrote: 

“The sources of the civil rights movement are manifold. 
Certain just, if limited, grievances of the Negro people 
have been magnified, and have been extended to a chal- 
lenge of our whole constitutional structure, primarily as 
a result of the operation of Liberal ideology. It is true that 
here (as everywhere it profits them) Communist groups 
are active, seeking to take advantage of the turmoil, and 

are sometimes suiy^ful in penetrating sections of the 
leadership of the movement. But the movement is not 
a Communist movement, as the John Birch Society im- 
plies with every device of rhetoric, with pictures, with 
innuendo, and often with straight-forward statement. 
There is, of course, much in the civil rights movement 
which conservatives should oppose ; but when it is attacked 
in the Birch manner, on the basis of an obsessed insistence 
on conspiracy (‘it’s all a Communist plot’), sober oppo- 
sition is discredited and great positive harm done the 
conservative cause.” 



FACTS— -358 

In 1965, Welch gave a three-day seminar for a small group 
at. a private home in the Midwest. His whole presentation 
was recorded and the 2 2 -hour monologue was then edited 
down to 18 hours and issued by the Society as “One Dozen 
Trumpets” — twelve record albums of four sides each. 
Price: $50. 

At one point in his marathon seminar, Welch touched 
on the subject of anti-Semitism. He said in part: 

“Anti-Semitism has been the most powerful weapon 
the Communists have had at different times. In my opin- 
ion — I think you could prove it — anti-Semitism was 
created by the Communists for them to be able to use 
both sides. There was some hatred or dislike for Jews 
still left in Europe in the latter part of the 19th Century 
but not much. In America, practically none. 

“. . . the whole anti-Semitic thing had practically dis- 
appeared in the United States, as it had largely in Europe, 
’til the Communists brought it back. They began to bring 
it back in the 1890s very strong. 

“I have not the slightest doubt that ‘The Protocols of 
the Elders of Zion,’ which has been used so extensively 
and disastrously to create trouble, was written either by 
Lenin or for Lenin deliberately to serve their purposes in 
many \yays. 

“There is no doubt, in my opinion, that it was a Com- 
munist who twisted Henry Ford, Sr., into making such a 
dope of himself in his book and so forth, and creating 
situations that would make him so angry and cause him 
to do these things. And the Communists used that. . . . 

“In my opinion — and I don’t know whether I’ll leave 
this in this tape or not — maybe not — because I want 
to write a book about it — but the greatest creator of anti- 
Semitism for the last generation has been, of course, the 
Anti-Defamation League. Done more to create anti- 
Semitism, under the guise of stopping it and preventing 
it, than all other organizations put together. But what’s 
/ more important — in my opinion — that’s what it was 
founded for; that was its purpose — was to create anti- 
Semitism. Just as so many other things that the Com- 
munists have had a hand in behind the scenes are created 
for the exact opposite of what they appear to be created 
for. And the ADL has done an incredibly good job of 
creating anti-Semitism. ... 

“Thus the first of the great splits. Communists use both 
sides of it. We have members resign every week because 
we won’t come out and fight the Jews. ‘You must know 
it’s all the Jews — the whole conspiracy is Jewish — and 
of course Welch knows it, too, but he hasn’t got the 
courage and he hasn’t got the guts and he won’t do it so 
why bother with the John Birch Society. Let’s come on 
boys and fight the real enemy.’ 

“We have them resigning every week on that basis ’cause 
we won’t fight the Jews and on the other side we’re being 
smeared every week by at least two or three speeches by 
ADL on the grounds that we are anti-Semitic. Because 
it’s Communists on both sides. Not that our members are 
Communists — they’re being misled by Communists. 
They’re playing both sides of the street as they do all 
streets, everywhere, all the time. Just as in Germany they 

created Hitler — the evidence is that he didn’t know it — 
but they did — they created the whole Nazi Party and 
they drugged Hitler and the Nazi Party — which was not 
part of the original Hitler plan at all — into persecution 
of the Jews. There’s no doubt that was planned and put 
into effect in Germany, by Stalin ’cause it served their 
purposes there.” 

‘Let’s Suppose . . 

In seeking to warn his members against anti-Semitism — 
which he has done repeatedly — Welch expanded on the 
whole theme in the November, 1965, Bulletin: 

“Let’s suppose you happen to believe, for instance, that 
the Anti-Defamation League, always under the guise of 
protecting the Jews from anti-Semitism — and certainly 
with that intention on the part of many of its leaders — 
has actually done more to cause, apd promote anti-Semi- 
tism than any other group or foi*C£ in America. Suppose 
you even go further — as do some of my Jewish friends — 
and believe that the ADL was originally designed by Com- 
munists for that very purpose . . then why on earth help 
them, and the Communists behind them, to carry out this 
nefarious scheme, by yourself reacting in exactly the way 
the Communists have planned and wanted?” 

Welch also wrote in the same Bulletin: 

“. . . there came a period of some forty years when an 
abnormal percentage of the visible leadership of the Com- 
munist Conspiracy was of Jewish ancestry. . . . And these 
traitors to their race — as well as to all mankind — worked 
and schemed and plotted to have themselves hated, not as 
Communists , but as Jews ” 

That Welch could imagine so fiendish a conspiracy is 
hardly surprising after one has read the first sentence quoted 
just above — an echo of the oldest anti-Semitic canards. 

A JBS Problem 

Welch has, in recent years, written several pieces that 
could be described as anti - anti-Semitic, manifestly in an 
effort to keep his organization free of anti- Jewish taint. Bui 
the Society has had a chronic problem with the instigators 
of religious hate it seems to attract and whom Welch brands 
as Communist agents provocateurs . And the Society has 
been less than successful in dealing with the problem. 

The Society’s trouble with anti-Semites is illustrated by 
the cases of Californians Richard Cotten and James Oviatt, 
Cotten, a radio propagandist who preaches that Commu- 
nism was financed by “those people” in New York and that 
the U. S. State Department is run by Jews, has gathered 
adherents from among Birch Society members in the Far 
West — to whom he has recommended the publications of 
such hate mongers as Gerald Smith, Don Bell and Conde 
McGinley. He thus became a major cause of controversy 
and dissension within Welch’s organization. The trouble 
became so acute by the spring of 1965 that Welch sent to 
every chapter leader in the United States a special, printed - 
memorandum warning Birchers away from Cotten and his 
teachings. It was also Gotten’ s fondness for armed “anti- 
Communism” (such as that of the Minutemen) and for a 
particular Korean prophet Welch considered pro-Red, be- 

F ACTS— 359 

sides Gotten’ s blatant anti-Semitism, 

aroused Welch’s 


James Oviatt, a Los Angeles haberdasher who had been 
a member of the Society, was a patron of Wesley Swift, a 
notorious anti-Semite. Oviatt mailed to his store’s clients 
packets of hate literature including material based on the 
classic fraud of anti-Semitica, “The Protocols of the Learned 
Elders of Zion.” Oviatt was dropped by Welch from mem- 
bership after the Anti-Defamation League made his activi- 
ties public. In August, 1965, William F. Buckley, Jr., pub- 
lished a letter he had received from Oviatt after a previous 
Buckley blast against Welch and his Society’s extremism. 
Oviatt wrote: 

“I am just wondering what Zionist Jew wrote this 
article? Could it have been Lippmann, or Goldberg, or 
even Abe — Johnson’s attorney? ... I have known Bob 
Welch for over 15 years. I think he told the truth about 

At about the time of its expose of Oviatt, the ADL pub- 
lished an analysis of the anti-Semitism in articles written for 
Welch’s magazine by Westbrook Pegler. Welch wrote the 
League: “We were already becoming unhappy ourselves 
with some of the attitudes in Mr. Pegler’s writings.” 

In the meantime, American Opinion had dropped Pegler 
who, went on to grace the platform of Gerald Smith. Late 
in 1965, he began writing a column for The Councilor , the 
racist, anti-Semitic organ of the Louisiana White Citizens 
Councils. It is worthy of note, however, that while Welch 
dropped Oviatt and Pegler, a Boston woman who has made 
financial contributions to Smith’s anti-Jewish “Christian 
Nationalist Crusade,” Olive Simes, is still listed as a stock- 
holder in American Opinion magazine. 

The Anti-Semitic Background 

The appearance of such persons as Olive Simes and 
Richard Cotten in the Birch apparatus are not isolated 
incidents — nor are they especially surprising. Welch and 
his Society have a lack of alertness — a kind of blind spot — 
about the activities in which such people have been engaged, 
even when such activities have been carefully made a matter 
of public knowledge. 

As early as 1952, Welch cited a pamphlet by Joseph Kamp 
as source material for his book, May God Forgive Us. (Kamp 
is a long-time extremist pamphleteer whose writings have 
been filled with ill-concealed anti-Semitic innuendo.) Later, 
Welch paid Kamp $100 to check the manuscript of his 1954 
book, The Life of John Birch. Still later, sections of Welch’s 
infamous book on Eisenhower, The Politician, appeared to 
have been taken almost verbatim from the March 15, 1952, 
issue of Kamp’s Headlines. (Welch later wrote he had not 
been aware that many considered Kamp to be an extremist 
pamphleteer and declared he would never allow the Birch 
Society to become a haven for anti-Semites so long as he 
was at its helm) . 

In The Politician, Lucille Miller of Bethel, Vt., was de- 
scribed by Welch as “a patriotic but not too cautious Ver- 
mont woman.” Actually, she was a blatant anti-Semite, and 
had been so identified quite publicly. 

Still another authority cited by Welch in his “Black Book” 
was Merwin Hart, who had been one of America’s most pro- 
lific voices of anti-Semitism through almost three decades. 

Hart, who died in 1962, had been active in Coughlinite 
and isolationist causes during the pre- World War II days. 

His association witlr^gnert Welch first came to public view 
in 1958, when he was listed on the advisory board of the 
first Birch Society front group, the “Committee Against 
Summit Entanglements.” Later, Hart appeared in the Birch 
apparatus as a Society chapter leader. At least two sup- 
porters of Hart’s National Economic Council have served 
as members of the National Council of the Birch Society. 

In spite of Welch’s periodic admonitions, the tendency of 
the John Birch Society to attract anti-Semites has persisted, 
and plagues the organization. Welch again recognized the 
problem when, in 1963, he issued a pamphlet called The 
Neutralizers, criticizing and warning against those who 
“neutralized” the Birch Society’s program with fits of irrele- 
vant anti-Semitism or with “tangentitis” (fanatical support 
for Right Wing causes other than those canonized by the 
Society itself) . 

The pamphlet assailed some of the fundamental tenets 
of the Jew-haters and singled out bigot Wesley Swift and 
the “British-Israel” cult of Anglo-Saxon racism for criti- 
cism. It did not mention Merwin Hart or Joe Kamp. What 
is perhaps most significant in The Neutralizers is the fact 
that it had to be written at all and that Welch found it 
necessary to devote 16 pages fo the task of proving to the 
membership of his Society that Communism is not a Jewish 
conspiracy. f 

The Anti-Semitic Foreground 

The attraction of anti-Semites to the John Birch Society 
has not gone un-noticed. As pointed out earlier, the Society 
made wide and exhaustive use of the report of the first in- 
vestigation of the Society by California’s Senate Fact-Find- 
ing Sub-Committee on Un-American Activities in 1963, 
although understandably saying little or nothing about a 
more recent report by the same body in June, 1965. The ( 
1965 report found “an influx of emotionally unstable people” 
into the Society and a “dangerous increase of anti-Semitism 
among a minority of its membership.” 

Rousselot was quoted at that time by the Associated Press 
as explaining: “We have been concerned with the problem 
of anti-Semitic infiltrators.” (By thus labeling anti-Semites 
as outside “infiltrators,” he apparently sought to avoid what 
is actually an inherent problem of the Society and to podge 
its implications.) Rousselot added: “We have dealt very 
decisively with the problem.” 

On the other hand, in the Bulletin for November, 1965, 
Welch suggests that the ADL stirs up the problem “by un- 
justly accusing people of anti-Semitism.” 

Recent events and activities make it possible to judge 
whether “unjust” accusations are involved, and to evaluate 
just how “decisively” Robert Welch has dealt with the prob- 
lem of keeping the Birch Society free of anti-Semitic taint. 
These specifics represent a sampling of the available evi- 

Item: “The Patriot’s Book Shelf and American Opini6n 
Library” in San Bernardino, Calif., has had available the 
material of several anti-Semitic propagandists — Marilyn 
Allen, Richard Cotten, Myron Fagan, Kenneth Goff and 
Wickliffe Vennard. 

Item: The same store has stocked “De Gaulle — Roths- . 
child’s Pawn,” published by the Christian Educational Asso- ^ 
ciation, of Union, N. J. (which also publishes the viciously 
anti-Jewish Common Sense). The pamphlet offered in the 
San Bernardino store — which has the official recommenda- 

FACtS 360 

tion of the Society’s . West Coast hjjlj^buarters as a Birch 
book outlet — finds that “officials appointed by De Gaulle 
from 1940 to date have included at least TWENTY- FOUR 
TO JEWESSES!” (Capitals and exclamation in the origi- 
nal) . 

Item : The American Opinion Bookstore in Mobile, Ala., 
has distributed a flyer advertising The Other Side of the 
Coin , by Alfred Lilienthal. The flyer quotes a passage from 
the book explaining that anti-Semitism is not the product 
of anti-Semites, but rather “the conspiracy of the rabbinate, 
Jewish nationalists and other leaders of organized Jewry. ...” 

Item: The American Opinion Library in Stratford, Conn., 
has sold a booklet entitled Parents Are Puppets of the P-TA, 
published by the right-wing Tarrant County Public Affairs 
Forum in Fort Worth, Texas. The booklet bore a sticker stat- 
ing: “Order from Christian Educational Assn., Union, New 
Jersey” — the publisher, as noted, of the notoriously anti- 
Semitic periodical Common Sense and a purveyor of various 
anti-Jewish reprints. An examination of a number of these 
booklets available at the Stratford Birch store showed 
that many bore the same sticker. The booklet itself contained 
a sly reference to Dr. Leo Pasvolsky, active in the formation 
of the United Nations, as “a Russian-born Zionist who was 
Assistant U.S. Secretary of State from 1936-1946.” 

Item: The American Opinion Bookstore in Seattle, 
Wash., has sold an “anti-Communist” booklet by Kenneth 
Goff, an ex-lieutenant of Gerald Smith’s, and a notorious 
anti-Semite for almost 20 years. 

Item: Poor Richard’s Book Shop of Hamilton, Mont., 
(formerly of Los Angeles), whose proprietor has been 
identified as a Birch member, has openly advertised anti- 
Semitic and racist books in its catalogue, and (less openly, 
from under its own counter) has sold Pawns in the Game , 
a rehash of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion , 

Item : The American Opinion Library of Syracuse (N.Y.) , 
Inc., one of the East’s major suppliers for Birch Society 
^bookstores (it wholesales to other bookstores) , has sold 
Nesta H. Webster’s World Revolution — The Plot Against 
Civilization , a book originally published in England forty- 
four years ago, which attempts to portray a conspiratorial 
Jewish power lurking behind Communism. The author 
quotes copiously from what she calls “the amazing Protocols 
of the Elders of Zion 

Item: Mrs. Webster’s malicious book has also been sold 
in the Birchers’ bookstores in Freeport, L. I. (N.Y.) ; Albany, 
Calif., and Stamford, Conn. The Stamford store, moreover, 
has displayed pamphlets by Joseph Kamp and copies of the 
Economic Council Letter. 

Item: Mrs. Webster’s book was reviewed very favorably 
by Revilo P. Oliver in the January, 1965, issue of American 
Opinion . Oliver called the anti-Semitic book “simply in- 
dispensable” to students of the “conspiracy.” He also found 
its author, who had been an admirer of fascism, to be “one 
of the most gracious and charming of Englishwomen.” 
Oliver, who likes to remind his readers that Jack Ruby’s 
name once had been Rubenstein, was once a featured speaker 
at a convention of the “Soldiers of the Cross,” the organiza- 
tion headed by Kenneth Goff, the notorious anti-Semite. 

Item : A second, and equally anti-Semitic book by Mrs. 
Webster, entitled Secret Societies and Subversive Move- 

ments , was sold {fifte. Albany, Calif., American Opinion 

(Mrs. Webster’s book on world revolution was reprinted 
by the Owen Publishing Co., Waco, Texas, and was adver- 
tised in American Opinion magazine of January, 1965, — 
the same issue in which Oliver praised it in his review. 
Mrs. Webster’s book on secret societies was reprinted by 
Omni Publications, Hawthorne, Calif., which advertised it 
in the February, 1965, issue of the Birch periodical. Owen 
Publishing Co. is owned by Homer L. Owen, formerly editor 
of “The Fighting American” in which he reprinted mate- 
rial from anti-Semitic sources during 1960 and 1961.) 

Item: A pamphlet written by Joseph Kamp, attacking 
Jewish leaders, was, one of the pieces offered for sale at the 
1965 Rally for God, Family, and Country (Boston, July 4) 
— a rally run by several members of the Birch Society head- 
quarters staff and traditionally including a testimonial din- 
ner to Robert Welch. 

Item: Earlier in 1965, a letter, was circulated in Farm- 
land, Ind., attacking the Anti-Defamation League as “a 
secret police . . . (an) atom-powered Communist front.” 
The description was admittedly quoted from a leaflet by a 
notorious anti-Jewish propagandist of the 1950s — Major 
Robert H. Williams. The letter; was signed, “Farmland 
Members of the John Birch Society.” 

Item: Benjamin Freedman, an apostate Jew, pro- Arab 
and anti-Zionist propagandist, financial backer of anti- 
Semites, addressed a series of three very secret meetings 
arranged on their own by several Birch members on Long 
Island (N.Y.) early in 1965. Invitation to the three sessions 
of anti-Jewish invective was by word of mouth only, and 
extended only to Birchers and their close friends. 

A Voice Near the Top 

Birch Society officials may insist that .even such anti- 
Semitic weeds as these grow only on the lower fringes of 
their domain, where they cannot easily be seen and plucked 
out — ignoring the supposed tight control and efficiency of 
their monolithic system, and excusing the blindness and in- 
effectiveness that has characterized their handling of the 
problem over the whole of the Society’s seven years, j 
Such a defense by Society officers is, however, irrelevant 
in view of at least one manifestation of its know-nothing 
posture : a man recognized for over a quarter of a century 
as one of Australia’s leading anti-Semites is now a regular 
correspondent of the John Birch Society’s magazine — and 
this position is far from the lower fringes of the apparatus. 

“Eric D. Butler,” says his biographical sketch in American 
Opinion , “is National Director of The League of Rights, 
Australia’s most significant anti-Communist organization.” 
The adjective significant has been used elsewhere, however, 
to describe the League of Rights as “the most significant 
organized anti-Semitic group” in that country. 

Eric Butler founded the League of Rights and has edited 
its publication, the New Times _ , in which he himself wrote, 
on September 26, 1947 : 

“Ever since their active participation in the crucifixion 
of Christ, the Jewish leaders have worked ceaselessly to 
undermine and destroy the Christian faith. They have 
always believed and still believe in the Chosen Race idea; 
that the Jewish leaders are destined to rule the world.” 

FACTS — 361 

Anti-Jewish Book 

In that same year, Butler wrote his own version of the 
notorious Protocols , a 166-page book entitled, The Inter- 
national Jew — The Truth About the Protocols of Zion. 
A spokesman for the Catholic archdiocese of Sydney called 
Butler’s work “a childish exhibition of anti-Semitism at its 
worst ... a disgraceful and mischievous production which 
is calculated to do harm to its readers ...” 

But the book won the praise of the hate press in the 
United States. It was cheered and quoted, for example, by 
bigots Elizabeth Dilling and Lyrl Van Hyning in their hate 

Eric Butler’s views showed no change through the years. 
In the September 12, 1958 issue of the New Times, the 
following appeared : 

“What is meant by the word gentleman does not exist 
among Jews. The genuine Jew fails in this innate good 
breeding . . .” 

In 1960, Butler wrote a pamphlet in which he declared: 
“. . . the constant repetition of the statement that the 
Germans murdered six million Jews is without doubt one 
of the most frightening examples of the successful use of 
the big lie technique ... to exaggerate the number of Jews 
murdered in order to make it easier for the Political 
Zionists to try and justify their own murderous and totali- 
tarian policies . . .” 

A New Times editorial on June 16, 1962, spoke of “the 
vital role played by Jews in the Communist espionage sys- 
tems,” and then warned: 

“People who attempt to discuss national and interna- 
tional politics as if this Jewish power does not exist, are 
either very naive or they are very frightened.” 

Butler 9 s Book Shop 

While he published such views, Butler’s own Heritage 
Bookshop sold a variety of anti- Jewish standards, including 
Col. John O. Beaty’s The Iron Curtain Over America , which 
makes exhaustive use of the Protocols , Benjamin Freedman’s 
Facts Are Facts , and Louis Marschalko’s The World Con- 
querors . 

Eric Butler came to the United States in January, 1964, 
and on the 19th of that month, addressed a meeting of the 
“Citizens’ Congressional Committee” in Los Angeles. The 
meeting was held under the chairmanship of Gerald Smith. 
A. few months later, “Christian Youth Against Commu- 

nism,” a front gro’^Lf Gerald Smith’s organization, pub- 
lished Butler’s speecrias a 30-page pamphlet. 

Later that spring, Butler made a tour of Canadian cities 
under the sponsorship of Ron Gostick, publisher of the anti- 
Semitic Canadian Intelligence Service and long an admirer 
of Butler. At about the same time, Butler’s latest booklet, 
The Red Pattern of World Conquest , appeared on the 
American scene. Butler briefly injected (on page 65) his 
usual anti- Jewish thinking: 

“The reasons why so many Jews have been prepared to 
act as espionage agents are understandable, but we need 
not go into this highly emotional subject in this story . . .” 
In the spring of 1965 some disturbing anonymous mailings 
began to emanate from the State of Washington and from 
British Columbia, containing . reprints of some 32 pages of 
Butler’s The International Jew. At the bottom of the final 
page, the following note appeared: 

“In printing this work on behalf of Mr. E. D. Butler; 
the printers, R. M. Osborne'Limited, of 95 Currie Street, 
Adelaide, desire it to be known that the views expressed 
therein are those of the author and do not necessarily 
represent their views.” 

T or East Cor res pondent 9 , 

It was at about the same tifne — April, 1965 — that Eric 
Butler’s first article in American Opinion appeared. Others 
have been published regularly, since then, and the Birch 
Society publication describes Butler as its “regular Far East 

In the 1965 Scoreboard issue — wherein “Communist” 
influence in each nation of the world is judged annually — 
Butler was assigned, ironically, to cover the area of Arab- 
Israel tensions. On Israel he reported: “This country’s 
politics must be assessed against its pro-Gommunist back- 
ground.” This view may, perhaps, be “assessed” against the 
author’s own background. 

In October, 1965, a report was made at a synod of the 
Australian Anglican Church by its Vicar, the Rev. D. J. 
Pope, alleging that an anti-Semitic group was engaged in 
secret infiltration of the churches. He charged that the group 
was spreading the lie “that the Jews are trying to seize control 
of the world,” and that it was “reviving old techniques used 
against the Jews.” The Vicar identified the infiltrating group 
as the “League of Rights” — the organization founded and 
directed by Robert Welch’s own Far East “expert.” 

FACTS — 362 

'gram and Activmes 


The peculiar John Birch view of reality — the United 
States seen as 60-80% Communist-con trolled, of 19th Cen- 
tury America as some sort of idyllic pinnacle of civilization, 
and most subsequent American history as the disastrous re- 
sult of diabolical conspiracies — has attracted significant 
numbers of . Right Wing radicals. It has produced, neces- 
sarily, a program to satisfy needs that have obviously led 
to successful organization. Officially, action is limited to the 
dissemination of a barrage of propaganda — books, flyers, 
tapes, films, rally speeches, petitions, and bumper stickers — 
to the infiltration of various civic, political, church, and 
school organizations, to the formation of front committees 
and to the writing of letters. But often action has taken 
more subtle and disturbing forms under the traditional 
Birch mantle of secrecy and the Welch dictum that justifies 
the use at times of “mean and dirty” tactics. 

The National Activities 


Some analysts have suggested that the Society’s national 
program amounts to little more than the hard recruiting of 
new members — that all else is propaganda developed for 
recruitment purposes. In any event, the Society’s basic biases 
have spawned certain causes and crusades which form the 
framework of its national effort. To this framework are 
hung the local front groups, the flood of pseudo-educational 
materials disseminated through a network of bookstores, and 
the loyalties of the members themselves. 

The Society’s early scattered shots at enemies far and wide 
have been gradually narrowed down to selected targets de- 
scribed in the Standard Agenda in the September, 1963, 
Bulletin . It is into this agenda, with only slight variations, 
that the national program has been jelled : 

I. Recruiting ... 

II. The Movement to Impeach Warren . . . 

III. The United Nations — Get US Out . . . 

IV. Civil Rights ... 

V. The Liberty Amendment ... 

(abolish income tax) 

VI. Support Your Local Police ... 

VII. American Opinion . . . 

VIII. American Opinion Libraries . . . 

IX. American Opinion Speakers Bureau . . . 

X. Conduct Study Clubs ... 

XI. The Review of the News . . . 

XII. Your Own Reading . . . 

The Bulletin urges support for some of the above items 
(e.g., Liberty Amendment) and damnation for others (e.g., 
Civil Rights) . A series of Temporary Projects often follows 
— a torrent of letters to some unsuspecting senator, perhaps, 
or greeting cards to a Welch hero. 

The Attack on the VN 

“There are more Communists in the United Nations 
building in New York than there are in the Kremlin.” So 
wrote Robert Welch in the Society’s Bulletin for May, 1965. 
As Public Relations Director Rousselot states it: 

“The UN was originally designed and planned by key 
Communist sympathizers, and today the organization is 
controlled and administered by the Communists.” 

When Rousselot made this charge in a speech at the Birch- 

dominated 1965 Rally for God and Country in Boston, 
G, Edward Griffin, a Society .official from California, turned 
to the Eastern Public Relations Director, Tom Davis, and 
commented: “He’s read my book.” 

Griffin’s book, The Fearful Master , has recently been the 
Birch Society’s chief weapon in the propaganda assault 
against the United Nations. 

The author, comparing Americans to suicidal lemmings^ 
writes that in supporting the United Nations, the United 
States “abandoned the secure ground of national strength 
and independence to leap into the boiling waters of inter- 
nationalism.” He sees the UN itself as a nest of spies and 
Communist murderers; says that loyalty to the UN is being 
designed to supplant loyalty to the United States, and that 
the loyalty eventually demanded will be to world Commu- 
nism. These facts, he concludes, are all hidden from the 
American people because the UN, dike all enemies of the 
Birch Society, is secret and conspiratorial. 

Other anti-UN materials of the Society include postcards 
(a picture of the UN building labeled “The House That 
Hiss Built”), stickers of various sizes with the slogan “The 
UN — Get US Out” which are Available for envelopes or 
auto bumpers, a special $2 packet of propaganda which 
includes the Griffin book and a purported expose of the 
World Health Organization by J. B. Matthews. 

In Michigan, a group of Birchers added a wrinkle of their 
own when they flew over the stadium at the 1964 Michigan- 
Minnesota football game in a helicopter dragging a 50-foot 
“Get US Out” trailer. 

Mass Letter W riting 

The Society’s national anti-UN campaign has included 
several massive letter- writing efforts. In his November, 1964, 
Bulletin , Welch requested all Birch members to bombard 
Mrs. Norman Chandler, Walt Disney, and other directors 
of the new Los Angeles Music Center with mail protesting 
a decision to fly the UN flag over the project. For whatever 
reason, the flag did not fly, and Welch crowed of a victory. 

In 1964, the John Birch Society declared war on the Xerfrx 
Corporation — after the company had announced its spdn- 
sorship of a projected series of television specials on the 
United Nations. Robert Welch immediately urged his., mem- 
bers to send “a veritable flood” of letters to the corporation. 

Xerox received 29,500 pieces of adverse mail even before 
the first broadcast reached the screen. A tabulation revealed 
that the 29,500 letters had been sent by only 6,000 individu- 
als! During the next six months, in which Welch wrote several • 
reminders, the company received another 15,700 letters, 
analyzed as having come from only 5,500 individuals. (Dur- ■ 
ing the same period Xerox received 4,400 pro-UN letters 
from about 4,400 individuals.) j 

The Movement to Impeach Earl Warren 

Visitors to the Indianapolis Speedway on Memorial Day, 
1965, could not miss the huge outdoor billboard opposite 
the entrance. It advised : 

“Save Our Republic. Impeach Earl Warren!” 

The mammoth advertising space had been contracted by 
a local group calling itself the “Committee for Outdoor 
Advertising to Save Our Republic.” A similar sign greeted 

FACTS— 363 

the civil rights marchers just outside trinity of Selma,; Ala., 
during their famous march early in 1965. There, the bill- 
board was signed “The John Birch Society.” There are 
hundreds of “Impeach Earl Warren” billboards on streets, 
roads and highways ail across the country. The campaign 
is a Birch project. 

The Buchers’ appeal in the Selma area was, intentionally 
or not, to certain obvious emotions. But the official purposes 
of their now-famous “Movement to Impeach Earl Warren” 
are much broader. Welch wrote in the March, 1965, Bulletin 
that the proposal to impeach the Chief Justice of the United 
States was intended “to make men behave, not to give them 
more laws to distort and ignore. And the way to make the 
Justices on the present Supreme Court behave is to impeach 
the ringleader in their judicial crimes . . 

In May, Welch assessed the effort: “If and when we can 
make enough good citizens informed enough and aroused 
enough to force the impeachment of Warren, we shall have 
won a battle of tremendous importance in the total war.” 
In short, the Society wants to persuade “good citizens” that 
the court of ultimate appeal in this country today is be- 
smirched by terrible treason. The idea was expressed in an 
unsigned article in the July- August, 1965, issue of American 
Opinion : 

“The theory that the Warren Court is working for a 
domestic, as distinct from foreign, dictatorship becomes 
less tenable every day.” 

To advance the idea of such infamy in high places the 
Birch Society sells a Warren Impeachment Packet — a $2.45 
bundle of propaganda for $1, which includes the Robert 
Welch leaflet, Republics and Democracies (condemning 
democracy), and two pamphlets by Mississippi’s Senator 
James O. Eastland (one entitled Is the Supreme Court Pro- 
Communist ?). 

Welch continually urges circulation of the packet, of a 
series of Dan Smoot Reports on the same subject, and of a 
one-page compendium entitled Why Warren Should Be 
Impeached — all explanations of “the role played by Earl 
r Warren in the destruction of our republic.” The large bill- 
board posters displayed at Selma and elsewhere across the 
land are available through Society headquarters at $20. 

An Aborted Plan 

A group of avid Birchers in the New York metropolitan 
area, encouraged by the Society’s huge local growth during 
the election campaign, began secretly to plan an Impeach 
Warren saturation drive in the spring of 1965. It was to 
burst upon the tri-state area of New York, New Jersey, and 
Connecticut like an unexpected comet on April 1 — with 
airplane trailers and motor cavalcades, spot advertising, 
sound trucks, rallies, and thousands of posters and billboards. 
But Belmont was never consulted on the plan. This was, in 
Welch’s words, “due to the worst failure, or lapse, of com- 
munication within our staff organization itself, in the history 
of the Society.” The result was the sacking of the local co- 
ordinator and a wrist-slapping for the New York Birchers 
who were guilty of straying from the proper authority within 
the Society monolith. Welch softened the blow by stating 
that most of their plans and materials could be “used to 
full advantage at a later date.” 

In the June, 1965, Birch Bulletin , Welch aimed the im- 
peachment campaign in a frankly political direction. He 

reported the Society^^announced intention of making the 
question of Warren’s impeachment a very important cri- 
terion by which to judge Congressional candidates in the 
Summer of 1966.” Many on the American Right have been 
disturbed by Welch’s goal of impeachment for the Chief 
Justice of the United States. They ask, why impeachment, 
instead of remedial legislation proposed by some ultra- 

Welch’s- answer: it is “simply that not enough people 
understand, or will get excited about, amendments to limit 
the appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court. . . . While 
anybody and everybody can understand, and quickly acquire 
very strong feelings about, the impeachment of Earl War- 

The Community Level 

The influence of the John Birch Society — and of the 
Radical Right in general — is often most effective, most eas- 
ily seen, and most keenly felt at the grass-roots level of 
American life. It is in the community that their political 
plans and their hopes to reverse the direction of American 
life and government — and even of world affairs — must in- 
evitably begin. It is at the local level — in hundreds of cities, 
suburbs, towns and hamlets — th£t the 5,000 Birch chapters 
and the 80,000 or so Birch members have been feverishly 
toiling in recent years. 

Robert Welch fully understands the importance of local 
community groups, civic organizations and voluntary com- 
mittees in American life. He knows full well that the Birchers 
must penetrate and influence these vital sinews of American 
life if the Society is to achieve the counter-thrust it seeks 
at the national level — to repeal the last thirty years of 
American political, social and economic history since 1933. 

The vital need for effective strength at the local level 
is obvious : 

• Infiltration and the capture of positions of influence 
are more easily accomplished, and ultimately more effective, 
at the local level. The position of public librarian in the 
town of Boxford, Mass., for example, was held by a Birch 
member who had done public recruiting and organizing 
work for the Society. She lost her job after using it /to 
promote the distribution of Birch literature through the 

• The apathy of moderates is more in evidence, and 
offers more potent an opportunity for an extremist minority, 
at the local level. Turnouts for community or school board 
elections, for example, are notoriously low almost every- 

• There is a greater emotional pull on issues that “hit > 
home” — particularly when the emotions can be buttressed 
with a manufactured fear, or where neighborhoods are split . 
in bitterness. 

• Greater political pressure, concentrated and personal, * 
can be brought to bear on local, county and state officials, 
and on local businessmen. 

• Pressures can be tightly organized, and it is easy to 
mount saturation propaganda drives reaching great per-, 
centages of the local population. 

In the Washington, D.G. -Maryland area, where substan- 
tial Birch Society growth has recently taken place, activity 
is energetic and well-financed. A heavy volume of Birchite 
propaganda is distributed through six local book outlets. 
The membership has influential friends at state and county 

FACTS — 364 

legislative levels. In the Baltimore^ra, Birchers and their 
allies were instrumental in campaigns to kill an urban 
renewal program and various poverty program projects. In 
several Maryland counties they have been able to distribute 
Society materials to teachers in the schools. This is typical of 
Birch effectiveness on the local community level, 

6 Front 9 Groups 

A major Birch activity in communities from coast to 
coast has been the establishment of front groups — often used 
as cloaks of respectability or anonymity — through which 
the national programs of the Society can be adapted to the 
local scene and new members lured into cooperation first 
and recruitment later. Very often these are committees 
named as being in “support of the police,” or of “law and 
order,” or of “God in our schools.” Many have been called 
the “Committee to get the US Out of the UN”— although 
under the Birch drive for respectability, a New England 
group of that name became the “Committee to Promote 
Understanding of the United Nations.” There are, likewise, 
many “Committees to Impeach Earl Warren”— but one in 
California’s San Gabriel Valley has become the “Committee 
for Judicial Re-Education.” 

The “Southeastern Massachusetts Educational Commit- 
tee” apparently has but one educational activity — it shows 
the new Birch Society recruiting film in and around the 
city of Taunton. 

In newspaper advertisements, the Wakefield (Mass.) 
Forum not long ago announced a lecture series under its 
sponsorship at the Wakefield Memorial High School. The 
Forum did not identify itself as a Birch operation. But 
a local citizen, whose only Far Right link had been his regis- 
tration on July 4, 1965, at Boston’s “Rally for God and 
Country” (which itself had officially denied Birch Society 
affiliation) , received a mailing from the Society’s national 
headquarters in September. It included a handful of Birch 
literature, an application for tickets to the Wakefield Forum, 
and a map showing routes to the Wakefield High School. 

/ The American Opinion Forum of Long Island (N.Y.), 
which also sponsored a series of “conservative” speakers, 
was more obvious. Its usherettes wore uniforms emblazoned 
with a gold-embroidered “JBS.” 

The purpose of such Committees and Forums is to expose 
the public to Birch ideology with the aim of recruitment — 
usually under the cloak of some righteous-sounding cause. 
The chairman of Connecticut’s “Christian Committee for 
Prayers in Schools,” for example, is the John Birch Society’s 
paid state coordinator. 

By infiltrating community organizations — school, civic, 
and church groups — and by harassing those it cannot dom- 
inate, or those of an opposing viewpoint (such as those fos- 
tering Civil Rights, civil liberties or the UN) , the local Birch 
apparatus seeks to gain that measure of grass-roots control 
that is the necessary base of power. 

Attempted Takeovers 

When a number of residents in Mount Prospect, 111., called 
a preliminary meeting for the formation of a human relations 
council, the local Birch chapter leader (Chapter QRKJ) 
alerted all Society members in the area to the potential 
danger of “left-wingers.” The Birchers showed up in strength 
at an organizational meeting of the new anti-bias group, 
packing its membership. They managed to have their own 

people elected tdjjmce — some of whom had opposed for- 
mation of the council in the first place — and appointed 
to draft the proposed by-laws. They made it clear they 
wanted the organization to take a strong stand against 
race-mixing, (“mongrelizing”) , to watch out for Commu- 
nists, and perhaps to dissolve itself. Thus, a genuine com- 
munity effort to improve relations between the races, and 
between persons of different religions, was to be made a 
shambles by the infiltration and tactics of John Birch So- 
ciety members. 

Late in November, 1965, a public meeting was called in 
Saratoga, Calif., to discuss ways to establish an Advisory 
Board of Directors for an Area Center of the Poverty Pro- 
gram. Establishment of the Board was a necessary step 
toward setting up the Area Center and the meeting had 
been called by an ad hoc committee for the district which 
included more than a half-dozen communities. Close to 
250 persons were present, including several prominent mem- 
bers of the John Birch Society in tfie area, and when the 
voting came, it appeared that at least two-thirds of the 
audience were Birchers or their fellow-travelers. The Birchers 
elected all 18 members of the Advisory Board. 

A Local Front Group t, 

The Birchers and their allies attempted takeovers, both 
in Mount prospect and at Saratoga. In other communities 
across the nation, they have attacked on wider fronts. A 
case in point: Nashua, N.H. There the local Birchers oper- 
ate through a front organization called the Southern New 
Hampshire Forum for American Opinion, Inc., which has 
helped fan the ideological fires by bringing to town a parade 
of speakers from the Birch bureau including Tom Anderson 
of the Birch Society Council, Julia Brown, Willis Stone, and 
Harold Lord Varney. They have been aided in their activ- 
ities by the presence of a Nashua outlet of the “Let Freedom 
Ring” telephone message service which, during 1965, was 
warning about “treason right in the White House” and 
charging that the “National Council of Churches is openly 
promoting bloodshed through armed revolution by Negroes.” 

Another local outlet for the Birch line has been the 
Letters-to-the-Editor columns of the Manchester Union j 
Leader , which have seen long essays in thousands of wordS 
contributed by local Society members and coordinators. 
Even the Rightist-oriented editorial column of Union- 
Leader editor William Loeb, however, penetrated what it 
called the “sham” of the Southern New Hampshire Forum’s 
name, declaring: “This is the John Birch Society. That’s 
a fact, not our opinion.” 

But another fact, not so plainly noted, was that the Young 
Republican organization had been infiltrated and was under 
Birch control. This organization, rather than the front group, 
brought another of the Birch bureau’s speakers into the 
Nashua area. He was Samuel Blumenfeld, now a Western 
Islands editor and one of Robert Welch’s “international 
experts,” who believes that democracy is all wrong and 
promises it will be replaced “when and if the John Birch 
Society becomes a dominant political force in America.” 

Blumenfeld’s prophecy is in words; others act. A Catholic 
priest in North Attleboro, Mass., who advised his parishion- 
ers not to attend a lecture by Father Francis Fenton, a mem- 
ber of the Birch National Council, became the target of 
abusive telephone calls and a whispering campaign. In 



Santa Barbara, Calif., a reporter whd^&d exposed local 
Birch Society activities had his automobile tires slashed. 
The culprit is unknown. 

Schools and PTA’s 

Birch members and other extremists use the democratic 
processes to harass local school boards and municipal gov- 

A campaign begun by religious organizations in New Jer- 
sey to persuade schools and other municipal buildings to 
fly a pennant reading “One Nation Under God,” together 
with the American Flag, aroused bitter controversies in some 
communities. It was seen by some as an effort to circumvent 
— or even to thumb the community nose at — rulings of the 
Supreme Court on questions of the separation of church 
and state. The Bergen (NJ.) Record disclosed that the sale 
of the “religious” pennants was a major local operation of 
Birch Society units, netting a new American Opinion book- 
store in Bergen County some $200 weekly. 

School boards and parent-teacher associations have been 
a prime target of other Radical Rightist pressures on the 
community level in the last year or two. The National 
Education Association has estimated that one school district 
in every 30 “experienced some sort of attack, opposition or 
attempt to infiltrate the schools by the extremists and dissi- 
dent critics ” 

In Carmichael, Calif., a local Birch Society member pre- 
sented a petition to the school board demanding that a cer- 
tain American history textbook be withdrawn as “subver- 
sive.” She cited American Opinion poet E. Merrill Root as 
her expert authority. The Carmichael Courier reported that 
after her speech before the board, the lady — representing a 
“Committee for the Return of Morality”— screamed at the 
president of the local teachers 5 association that she would 
see him “burn in hell” because of his opposition to extremist 

In 1960, Welch advised his followers to “join your local 
PTA at the beginning of the school year, get your conserva- 
tive friends to do likewise, and go to work to take it over.’ 5 
Birchers around the country have been doing so, and the 
Society has reaped a whirlwind of adverse publicity and 
public hostility from mothers across the land who devote 
countless hours to sincere PTA work. 

Rousselot 9 s Denial 

When the adverse publicity mounted, Rousselot — in 
February, 1965 — wrote to the Christian Science Monitor 
which had published an Associated Press dispatch under the 
headline “PTA Tells of Extremist Pressures.” Blandly ignor- 
ing Welch’s September, 1960, plea that Birchers should take 
over local PTAs, Rousselot admitted that members were 
encouraged to join PTAs, but “not because the society has 
any intention of taking over . . 

Rousselot said that the Birchers wanted only to expose 
the PTA “to conservative thinking.” He argued that “liberal 
elements within the PTA should welcome the ideological 
competition which results from contact with conservatives.” 
Adding that the Society had “never encouraged society 
members to foment discord within the PTA,” he said, mem- 
bers were counselled at all times to be “morally correct and 
in every way decent ” 

Exactly how loeaffidrehers carried out these strictures 
was, perhaps, exemplified in Upper Saddle River, N.J., 
where Birchers, in the face of public indifference, seized 

control of the local PTA. While there was some indication 
that clashing personalities may have been involved, it was 
also a fact that the man who had been nominated for PTA 
President had been active in inter-racial activities. As the 
PTA election approached, he was made the subject of a 
whispering campaign — that he was a “nigger-lover.” At 
the election meeting, a large proportion of Birchers and 
their allies were present; most PTA members were not. The 
Presidency and the Vice-Presidency went to Birch Society 
members. Happily, the publicity alerted indifferent PTA 
members who, in the year the Birchers held office, effectively 
restrained them. 

Threat to PTA 

This episode suggests that the Birchers can be successful 
not only in capturing other PTAs,, .but even in taking them 
out of the PTA national organization, as has, in fact, hap- 

The Birch view of the PTA was, perhaps, spelled out in 
recorded telephone messages broadcast by the “Let Freedom 
Ring” stations often run by lockl Birch Society members. 
LFR said that the PTA was Communist-infiltrated. 

National PTA President Mrs. Jennelle Moorhead reported 
that by early 1965, tactics of intimidation, coercion, and 
misrepresentation by Birchers and other extremists had be- 
come commonplace. She said that in her opinion, “these 
extremists are not really after the PTA but are attempting 
to gain control of it to get at their real objective — the edu- 
cational system.” 

UNICEF — the UN Children Fund — is also a target 
of the Birchers, who have zeroed in on the Halloweein 
“trick or treat” collections which school children make to 
bring in coins for UNICEF. In Neeflham, Mass., a local 
Bircher gave some children boxes of candy with a telephone 
number on a sticker affixed to the boxes. The number was 
for the local “Let Freedom Ring” Radical Right telephone 
message propaganda operation; those who called the num- 
ber heard an attack on UNICEF and a plug for the Birch 
book on the UN by Griffin. 


At Falmouth, Mass., on Cape Cod, a local Birch leader 
persuaded the Pilgrim Youth Fellowship of the First Con- 
gregational Church, consisting of high school students, to 
vote against supporting the 1965 UNICEF drive in the 

Another effort by the Birchers to reach American youth 
took place on a national scale in the Fall of 1965. Each 
of the 5,000 Society chapters was asked to distribute — to 
college freshmen — 25 copies of None Dare Call It Treason , 
the paperback book by John Stormer, charging the national 
administrations of the last 30 years with treason. (The book 
was distributed by the millions during the 1964 Presidential 
election campaign by Birchers and other Radical Rightists. ) 
In line with Welch’s suggestion, Society members sent a 
personal note to each freshman recipient, urging that he 
read the Stormer book “to get some idea ... of the true 
state of affairs in the world and his own country as against 
optimistic and deceptive twaddle he is so likely to be fed 
in most of the academic halls of today.” 

FACTS— 366 

Attacks on the Press 

Another American institution which has been the target 
of Birchers and other Radical Rightists is the nation’s free 
press. In November 1964, the California Newspaper Pub- 
lishers Association found it necessary to launch a long-range 
campaign against “right-wing and left-wing attempts to 
discredit newspapers and other news media.” 

A report by a CNPA committee which studied the prob- 
lem said in part : 

“Members of the John Birch Society and other extreme 
right-wing groups have joined the long list of left-wing 
extremist groups which have, for at least a generation, 
vigorously and viciously attacked the integrity of the 
reporting in the press, have attempted to discredit and 
damage economically newspapers with which they dis- 
agree and have sought to bring into being more news 
media which will be subservient in reflecting their own 

The report said the attacks were particularly acute during 
the 1964 Presidential campaign, but added that there was 
“abundant evidence that the derogation of newspapers will 
not end after the election. . . 

Two months earlier, publishers H. H. Ridder of the 
Long Beach Independent and L. Finder of the Sacramento 
Union told the Publishers Association of anti-press efforts by 
both extremes, but characterized the campaign of the ultra- 
right John Birch Society and Birch-connected affiliates as 
most effective and most dangerous. Jack Baldwin of the 
Long Beach Independent confirmed their findings in his 
report on a nationwide investigation he and a colleague had 
conducted over a period of eight months. 

Ridder, Finder and Baldwin said the attack on the press 
was in two parts. First, Editor & Publisher reported, “is a 
general attack on all of the press that is not under the control 
of the John Birch Society. Second is the picking off of one 
paper at a time and attempted intimidation to force sub- 
mission to the organization’s dictation.” 

The three newsmen cited wide-ranging tactics used by 
extremists against the press. These included: “vituperative 
letters, threatening boycotts of advertisers, picketing, loading 
of a newspaper’s mail to the point where it is unmanageable, 
jamming classified advertising telephone lines, and tele- 
phoned midnight threats of bodily harm to publishers, edi- 
tors and their families.” 

Late in 1965, there began to be evidence that Birchers 
and other Radical Rightists in California were buying sub- 
urban dailies and weeklies, and shopping news “throwa- 
ways,” in what appeared to be the beginning of an effort 
to build a Birchite radical rightist press network in the 
myriad California suburbs. In mid- 1965, for example, the 
Downey (Calif.) Live Wire was sold to a group that included 
a John Birch Society coordinator. 

Calling All Cars 9 

One of the most persistent Birch Society campaigns of 
the last few years — and to some, one of the more alarming 
ones — is wrapped up in the Birch slogan, “Support Your 
Local Police.” It is both a part of the national Birch pro- 
gram and an intensive local activity; it involves infiltration 
and it makes use of front groups; it is a holding maneuver 
against the enemy, a Society recruiting device, a propaganda 
slogan and a hullabaloo of buttons and bumper-stickers. 

The campaign, originally in the Society’s Bulletin of 
July, 1963, was obviously designed to exploit the so-called 
white backlash and to win friends for Welch’s movement — 
and more particularly, to draw recruits wearing blue uni- 
forms into the Birch chapters. 

As it began, Welch declared policemen to be “the best 
friends everywhere of anti-Communists, like overselves.” 
The question that immediately arose stemmed from the 
Welch-Birch view of all-pervading Communism in Ameri- 
can life. Just how would friendship with the Birch sort of 
“anti-Communist” affect the required neutrality and ob- 
jectivity of law enforcement officers? For example, with 
respect to police handling of civil rights problems? The 
Birch drive had been kicked off in that first Bulletin with 
a paragraph of generous praise for the handling of Negro 
demonstrations by the police of Birmingham, Ala. — in- 
cluding their use of police dogs against peaceful demon- 

Hundreds of Committees . 

Within a year, hundreds of Committees to Support Your 
Local Police were established in communities all over the 
country. They have since distributed, literally tons of Society 
literature and served as recruitment teams. 

Through such local efforts the Bijxh Society has enlisted, 
according to publicity chief Rousselot, “growing number of 
police and personnel in sheriffs’ departments throughout the 
country.” Such recruitment has been pressed vigorously; 
in many cities its success, and the possibilities of police-Birch 
alliances, have become matters of deep concern. 

In Santa Ana, Calif. — a city of 100,000 lying 30 miles 
southeast of Los Angeles — the membership of the Birch 
Society’s Chapter QXTZ was composed of 23 city police 
officers. A private detective assigned by the city manager to 
investigate a mysterious campaign of harassment against 
Police Chief Edward Allen (such as anonymous telephone 
calls at night; an unsigned pamphlet questioning his honesty; 
the theft of his badges at headquarters and false alarms that 
dispatched fire trucks to his home) reported that the inci- 
dents had been perpetrated by members of QXTZ as a power 
play to get rid of a chief they did not like. 

The John Birch chapter controlled the Santa Ana Police^ 
Benevolent Association, all of its officials but one being 
QXTZ members, and under this controlling majority the 
PBA by-laws were changed to enable a grievance committee 
to hear secret testimony against Chief Allen. One lieutenant 
was later dismissed from the force for engaging in Birch 
recruiting while on duty and for misappropriating a police 
vehicle. He allegedly used it while on a secret snooping mis- 
sion aimed at discrediting the chief. 

Other communities have witnessed what may be the be- 
ginning of a process that tears at departmental loyalties, and 
community unity. For example: 

• Two police officers in Minneapolis, one of them a 
deputy inspector, openly criticized the nation’s courts in 
addresses delivered before a meeting of Birch Society mem- 

• In Salisbury, Mass., all persons attending the 1965 
Police Association banquet on June 23 were given copies 
of a “Support Your Local Police” pamphlet published by 
the Birch Society. 

• The police chief of Trenton, N. J., quoted the Society’s 

FA€TS— 307 

monthly Bulletin verbatim in a departn&ntal memo, sent to 
all his men. T ” ' 

• James J. Allman, director of community relations for 
the St. Louis Police Department, resigned his position re- 
cently to become the Birch Society’s paid coordinator for 
the state of Missouri. 

• In New Jersey, State Trooper George Demetry re- 
signed from the force to take a full-time job as a Society 
organizer. The State Police Superintendent said that a con- 
ference with Demetry indicated the trooper had allowed his 
personal philosophy to influence his professional behavior. 

• In Newark, N.J., a policeman was given a three-month 
leave of absence to conduct Birch recruiting activities. He 
later went to work permanently as a Society coordinator. 

• In Los Angeles, Rousselot claimed, in the Fall of 1965, 
that at least three district attorney’s investigators, more than 
25 policemen, about 15 sheriff’s deputies and other law en- 
forcement personnel were members of the Society. 

• Official Birch material has been placed on the police 
bulletin board in Rockford, 111., and on at least one precinct 
bulletin board in New York City. 

• A large number of city policemen attended a rally at 
New York’s Town Hall auditorium in July, 1965; the rally 
was sponsored by the Birch Society’s American Opinion 
Speakers Bureau. A New York Post reporter judged that the 
officers, identifiable by their Police Benevolent Association 
badges, made up a majority of the audience. One of the 
speakers, a Birch Society Section Leader, declared: “Some 
people hate the police. The Birch Society has the answer — 
it is the only hope for the world.” 

• Mayor James H. J. Tate of Philadelphia, Pa., in plac- 
ing 15 city policemen on limited duty because of their Birch 
Society recruiting activities, explained: “They have limited 
their capacity and usefulness to the Police Department.” He 
added that Birch members are, by their very membership, 
“against certain groups in the big cities.” 

Chief William H. Parker of Los Angeles, on the other 
hand, is not concerned about Society membership among his 
men because the organization is “not on the subversive 
list.” A young patrolman, suspended by Parker last June for 
his off-duty participation in the activities of the Congress of 
Racial Equality (which also is not on the subversive list) 
charged that the department had “given tacit endorsement” 
to the recruiting of police officers into the Right Wing ranks. 
On May 30, Chief Parker himself had appeared for an inter- 
view on the Manion Forum, the weekly radio broadcast 

of Clarence Manionj%'member of the Birch Society- s Na- 
tional Council. During that interview Parker vehemently 
attacked the courts and decried a “socialistic trend” in 

American life which, he charged, “involves an increased 
emphasis on the rights of the individual.” 


The John Birch Society, is similarly concerned about the 
enlargement of individual rights, especially those that have 
been termed civil rights. The Society believes the civil rights 
movement to have been conceived by Communists, carried 
out by Communists, and controlled by Communists. This 
Birch line on civil rights is one of the potential dangers of 
police membership in the Birch Society. 

Another danger in Birchite influence in the field of law 
enforcement is the Society’s view of American law itself: 
it preaches that much of existing law is unconstitutional 
and perhaps even subversive, and that the courts of the 
country are serving a Communist conspiracy. 

Hidden Membership 

Still another danger lies in the possible manipulation of 
the police power itself by a quasi-political force that sub- 
scribes to a strange, extremist creed and whose members 
take direction from a leader wjto controls their monolithic 
organization. Most important is the fact that membership 
in the John Birch Society (like membership in the Commu- 
nist Party) , is not open and above-board. It is most often 
secret — which means that local police departments cannot 
know whether any particular officer is a Society member, 
and whether he may therefore have divided loyalties. 

Commenting on police membership in the Birch Society, 
Mayor Tate remarked: “This is the way the Nazi Party 

Though the Society has had only limited success in 
infiltration so far, the value of the “Support your Local 
Police” campaign for purposes of public image, and as an 
aid in general recruiting, should not be underestimated. 

The real significance of the campaign, however, lies per- 
haps in its implication for the civil rights movement. For 
Welch began it — at least in the pages of the Birch Society 
Bulletin — with the situation in Birmingham, where jthe 
police and civil rights workers were clearly squared ' off 
against each other. The implication was that civil rights 
activity was a lawless cause, quite aside from the Birch 
charge that it is controlled by Communists. 

facts: — 368 

Public Relation 


During the period of its recent membership growth the 
Society began to use modern public relations techniques to 
change its public image. The Society is seeking to lose the 
flavor of secrecy and irresponsible extremism and to develop 
an aura of respectability. It is striving to portray itself as a 
group of conservative, patriotic citizens, dedicated to saving 
the Republic from the Communist influence it says pervades 
all aspects of American life, an influence aided and abetted 
by five Presidents, by cabinet members, judges and other 
national leaders. 

Sen. Goldwater’s ringing defense of extremism at the 
1964 Republican National Convention helped start the 
image change, giving to extremists of the Radical Right a 
degree of respectability which aided their growth in the 
months that followed. And the Society itself began a major 
effort that very same summer with the establishment of its 
own Public Relations Department. 

To head the campaign, Welch chose former Rep. John 
H. Rousselot, a California Republican and a personable 
public relations man, who had served for almost two years 
as the Society’s Western States “Governor” following his 
1962 defeat in a bid for re-election to Congress as one of the 
two known Birchers in the lower House. 

Rousselot, whose “Beliefs and Principles of the John 
Birch Society” — after being entered into the Congressional 
Record — became a standard Society leaflet, is assisted by 
Regional Public Relations Managers — one in the East, one 
in the Midwest, one in the Southwest, and one in Wash- 
ington, D.C. Thomas Davis, a former major coordinator, is 
the Eastern Manager for public relations, working out of the 
IF recently-established Society office in White Plains, N.Y. 
Roger Morrison, an attractive young man, is Midwest Man- 
ager and makes his headquarters at the new Society office 
at Glenview, 111., just outside Chicago. Rex Westerfield is 
in charge of the Southwest and is based in Dallas. Reed 
Benson, the Society’s Washington, D.C. representative, han- 
dles public relations in the Capital, working out of the new 
Society office there. 

Rousselot’s headquarters is at San Marino, Calif., a 
wealthy Los Angeles suburb, but he makes frequent trips to 
oversee the regional offices, and spends a good deal of time 
at Belmont, just as Welch spends increasing time in Cali- 

Birch Society public relations ranges from the sublime — 
the colorful and thoroughly professional Sunday news sup- 
plement— to the ridiculous, the Society’s telephone num- 
ber at its Washington office being “1984.” 

The Birch Sunday Supplement 

The expensive, multi-colored 16-page Sunday Supple- 
ment was Rousselot’s first major project as Public Relations 
Director of the Society. Printed by rotogravure with nega- 
tives supplied by Birch headquarters itself, the Supplement 
soft-pedals Welch’s wild charges against President Eisen- 
hower and other American leaders of the last three decades. 
Ignoring the more extreme Birch positions on public affairs, 
the Supplement portrays the Society as a polished, respon- 
sible, advisory council of dedicated, prominent, patriotic 
citizens of conservative viewpoint whose only aim is to 

fight Communism and to restore high moral, civic and 
religious idealism to America. 

While the Supplement was written by the Society’s head- 
quarters under Rousselot’s supervision, it is printed locally 
and the cost in each city is borne by local Birch members 
and wealthy supporters who often make their contributions 

The Supplement first appeared in September, 1964, in the 
Los Angeles Times and the Los Angeles Herald Examiner. 
The cost was about $75,000. An additional $25,000 report- 
edly was spent on radio and other promotion — a total cost 
of almost $100,000, contributed by a wealthy Californian. 

The Supplement was placed in some 16 leading news- 
papers such as the Chicago T ribune } the Detroit Free Press , 
the Boston Herald (which gave the proceeds to charity while 
criticizing the Society), the Pittsburgh Press, the St. Louis 
Globe-Democrat , the Milwaukee Journal , the Indianapolis 
Times , and the Dallas Morning News. In Houston, copies 
of the Supplement were mailed directly to individual homes, 
addressed merely to “Occupant.” 

The authoritative Advertising Age reported that during 
1964, the John Birch Society spend <(>305,475 for advertising 

Words of Praise 

In its effort to create a more respectable image, one page 
in the Supplement carries photographs of well-known 
Americans, quoting each in a few good words for the 
Birch organization. Included are Sen. Strom Thurmond (R., 
S.C.) ; Tom Anderson, a member of the Society’s own Na- 
tional Council; Rev. J. L. Ward, a Negro Birch ally; and 
former Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Taft Benson, who 
served in the Eisenhower Cabinet and whose son, Reed, is 
the Society’s Washington, D.C. representative. 

On the following page there appears the picture and a 
laudatory quote from an “ordinary” member — the only one 
so honored. She is identified as Mrs. Beth Cleminson of San 
Gabriel, Calif., who explains in the quotation why she joinedj 
the Society. Persons who have corresponded with the SoJ 
ciety’s office in San Marino, Calif., recognize Mrs. Clemin- 
son’s name. She is secretary to Rousselot. 

Indicative of the techniques employed in the Society’s 
public relations project for 1964 was the use — in the original 
Los Angeles version of the Supplement — of the pictures of 
Dwight Eisenhower and J. Edgar Hoover, each accompanied 
by a quotation apparently praising the John Birch Society. 
Welch’s characterization of Gen. Eisenhower as “a dedi- 
cated, conscious agent of the Communist conspiracy” was 
by that time a matter of public knowledge all across the 
country. The former President’s public expression of distaste 
for the Society, and its attempt to use his name, forced a 
change in the Supplement. All reference to him was deleted. 
Said Eisenhower: 

“I have no respect whatsoever for that individual or 
for anyone else who associates himself with such uncon- 
scionable practices.” 

As for FBI Director Hoover, the anti-Communist quota- 
tion attributed to him had been made many years earlier 
in a statement to a Congressional committee. Later versions 
of the Supplement indicated that the Hoover quotation 

FACTS-— 369 

should not be viewed as an endorsemei^<of the Birch So- 
ciety; apparently protests must have been registered here too. 

6 The Politician 5 Problem 

Welch’s charge that President Eisenhower was an agent 
of Communism has been one of the most serious problems 
that has faced the Society. It has caused considerable cha- 
grin to its constituency, some of whom have stated publicly 
that they do not agree on that point with the man whose 
leadership they follow dutifully and who runs the monolithic 
Society with a firm hand. 

Rousselot was quoted in the Sacramento Bee of April 11, 
1965 as stating publicly that Welch had been right about 
Eisenhower. .On the other hand, he has tried to disassociate 
the Society from the extremist views of Welch on the subject 
of President Eisenhower, Milton Eisenhower, the late John 
Foster Dulles, and ex-CIA Chief Allen Dulles, all of whom 
were branded as agents of Communism by Welch in his 
notorious book, The Politician. 

In a June 22, 1965, press release, Rousselot quoted Welch 
as stating: 

“Neither The John Birch Society nor its members have 

ever had any connection with The Politician in any 

way. ...” 

The statement was less than completely candid. The Poli- 
tician , expurgated, has received widespread distribution 
through the organized efforts of Society officials and Society 
members ever since Welch published it. The cleansed version 
which appeared in early 1963 contained softer language 
about President Eisenhower. But it did not alter the basic 
thrust that the former President was a Communist agent. 
(Society members were never explicitly told that the pub- 
lished version differed in its text from the original, although 
an explanation was included in the revised text. Instead 
they — and the public — were told to “Read It and Judge 
For Yourself”— as if the readers were getting the original 

Not only are y individual Birchers active in distributing 
The Politician. It is sold in every American Opinion book- 
store. It is advertised in Birch Society publications. It is 
loaned to new members by the chapters, each of which re- 
ceives a free copy. It has been recommended in the Birch 
Bulletin as a tool for recruiting, and it is promoted at Birch 
meetings and rallies. 

A Measure of Success 

Recently, Welch described the United States as “an in- 
sane asylum, run by its worst patients.” Yet the Society has 
had a measure of success in its efforts to improve its image 
and achieve a measure of respectability. Rousselot, Davis 
and the other public relations men — clean-cut, conservative- 
looking, button-down shirt types — have made themselves 
more easily accessible and available to the press, to radio and 
to TV. When they do not have to debate well-informed 
opponents, and can expound dedicated patriotism and anti- 
Gommunism without having to cope with the problem of 
Welch’s extremism, they come across to the average listener 
as mere conservatives. When pressed, however, they are the 
prisoners of the real Birch line that the nation is well down 
the road to Communism and that the whole American society 
is heavily infested with Communistic influences. 

A stable of Birchite speakers has brought the Birch line 

to college campuses, >Lcal civic associations, service clubs 
and veterans’ organizations. The Birchers take booths at 
state and county fairs. There was a Birch booth at the 10- 
day Illinois State Fair in 1965, and at some dozen county 
fairs in that state alone. Local chapters have entered patriotic 
floats in many a holiday parade; some have even won prizes. 

In at least one California community, the Chamber of 
Commerce lists the Birch cell as a recognized community 
organization. National Council member Tom Anderson 
spoke at the Americanism program of the DeMotte, Ind., 
American Legion post, in April, 1965, and Council member 
Clarence Manion was a featured speaker at the convention of 
the California Real Estate Association in September, 1965. 
When an American Opinion bookstore was opened last year 
in the Milwaukee suburb of Wauwatosa, its Mayor, Ervin 
A. Meier, personally cut the tape at a formal ceremony 
attended by Welch. 

Continuing Problems S 

Yet the Society remains trapped, in its efforts to build a 
better image, by its own extremism, by the activities already 
mentioned of some of its members an making anti-Semitic 
materials available at American Opinion bookstores, and 
by a lack of public relations sense on the part of some of its 
officials. I 

For example, although Welch announced back in 1963 
that he had revoked the membership of Robert De Pugh, 
gun-toting leader of the para-military Minutemen, the Kan- 
sas City Star reported on September 16, 1965 that when 
De Pugh addressed a local “conservative” group in August, 
he had been introduced by James Kernodle, a Kansas City 
section leader of the Birch Society. 

Again, when Reed Benson opened the Washington, D.C. 
office in September, 1965, reporters asked whether he 
thought President Johnson to be guilty of treasonable acts. 
Benson replied : 

“The Constitution defines treason as giving aid and 
comfort to the enemy, and I believe we are giving aid 
and comfort to the enemy. What do you call it?” 

An Embarrassing Episode j 

Toward the end of 1965, the Birch Society was confronted 
with an embarrassing public relations problem — right in 
its own New England back yard. A local Birch leader in 
Middleboro, Mass., inserted an ad in a local paper, an- 
nouncing a Society meeting. The ad quoted six lines from 
a letter written some years ago by Richard Cardinal Cush- 
ing of Boston in which he had praised Welch and endorsed 
the Society — a letter whose content the Cardinal had later 

When Cardinal Cushing learned that his old letter was 
again being used by Birch Society members, he wrote Welch 
to protest: 

“It is happening again and again. Your field agents . . . 
use a letter I sent years ago. . . . 

“What am I to do with regard to having my name 
misused in this fashion? You know that I have absolutely * 
nothing to do with the John Birch Society — I was never 
a member of it and I simply cannot understand the means 
this organization uses in recruiting members. . . . 

“If I had had this, ad in my hands last Saturday, I 
would have had every Catholic Church in the neighbor- 

FACTS— !-370 

hood announce on the following^^lfy that they were to 
disregard this publicity in its entirety and at the same time 
advise the Catholic people that I have no respect for or 
confidence in those behind the Middleboro Branch of the 
John Birch Society. 

”1 have yet to find a member of the Society whom I 
would trust as a result of the way its leaders have used a 
letter I sent years ago to some one in California in which 
I paid you a high personal tribute. What a fool I was , 
to put in writing my one time admiration and affection 
for you.” 

Leo Kahian, the Middleboro Birch leader responsible for 
the ad, said later he had made a mistake in quoting the old 
letter by the Cardinal and that he had not known that the 
Society warned all chapters in May, 1964, not to use it. 

The Boston Sunday Herald reported that Welch had sent 
a letter of apology to Cardinal Cushing, but the publication 
in the same paper of the Cardinal’s sharp letter to Welch 
did nothing to enhance the Society’s image in the heavily 
Catholic areas of New England. 

Public Relations and Recruiting 

Public relations techniques aid Birch Society recruiting, 

, % 

but are not a substitute for the actual, continuing, recruit- 
ment program being carried out by the Society. The 75 co- 
ordinators in the field, backstopped by a team at headquar- 
ters who supervise various geographical areas of the country, 
are the heart of the Birch Society’s organizing apparatus. 
They are the key to keeping existing chapters hewing to the 
Birch line and working full blast on Society projects, and 
to organizing new chapters as well. 

It costs the Society roughly $15,000 to put a new coordi- 
nator into the field, including his first year’s salary and the 
books and equipment he needs, such as films, projectors, and 
tape recorders. The 35 coordinators who have been added 
to the Society’s staff in the last 18-24 months, therefore, 
represent an investment by the Society of about half-a- 
million dollars. But to put new salesmen into the field re- 
quires a steady and growing reservoir of capital to sustain 
them during the training and initial period of work — until 
they organize enough new chapters to achieve a kind of 
self-supporting status through the dollar inflow which new 
members supply. Which is why Welch, Rousselot and the 
Society’s professional staff, aided by National Council mem- 
bers and key supporters across the country, devote a major 
part of their time to fund-raising. ' 

■ i 


FACTS — 371 

) ) 

Political Crash Progrdm 

Immediately after the 1964 election campaign, Welch 
began looking ahead to the needs and goals of the Society 
for 1965 and 1966. The focus — and the target — was to 
be 1966 which offered the convenient horizon of another 
nationwide march to the polls to elect members of Congress. 

In March, 1965, Welch sought to launch a crash program 
of massive fund-raising which he outlined in a 24-page 
booklet entitled Looking Ahead. Its target audience was 
wealthy business men who had previously helped the Society 
with contributions. The appeal was “hard sell” and Welch 
set forth his goals plainly. He proposed to double the 
Society’s size in 1965 as he had in 1964, and to redouble 
it in 1966. The reason: to influence the outcome of the 
1966 Congressional elections. The method: the placement 
of 1000 Birch members — 50 chapters — in each of 325, 
Congressional Districts to act as “ideological salesmen” 
and to help elect “conservative” candidates. Needed to do 
the job: working capital in the amount of $6 million for 
1965 and $12 million in 1966. 

In setting the target of doubling in 1965 and redoubling 
in 1966, Welch wrote that “there is nothing to prevent our 
achieving this rate of growth during both years except 
the money to finance it. But a geometric expansion of our 
size and influence requires a geometric expansion of income 
running ahead of it.” 

New Capital Needed 

New capital was needed also for an increase in publish- 
ing activities, for new films and projectors, for the whole- 
sale service to bookstores, for expansion of American 
Opinion and the speakers’ bureau, and for “more super- 
visory help than we have ever had before.” 

Welch pleaded for a prompt influx of big money 
“through the following sources or channels: 

“1. Direct contributions to the John Birch Society . . . 
“2. Purchases of our publications, to be distributed 
/ either by the purchaser or by ourselves in accordance 
with the purchaser’s specifications . . . 

“3. Loans to American Opinion at five percent inter- 
est, with either a three-year or a five-year maturity . . 
“We are facing up squarely to a . . . supremely impor- 
tant undertaking,” Welch continued. “So we are talking 
about a lot of money, and the sums now required may seem 
frighteningly large.” 

That was March, 1965. By July, Welch had to admit 
the crash fund-raising was — at least temporarily — a fail- 
ure. And to all the members then came a nine-page letter, 
originally intended for a mere 50 persons in the “big 
money” class, and printed under the title, A Stick of Dyna- 
mite (to blast “apathetic minds”). The new appeal put a 
frank $3 million “price tag” on the Birch program for the 
immediate future. “Or, in simple language,” Welch wrote 
in July, “we have to raise three million dollars, over and 
above the normal flow of money from our membership at 
large — ■ and we have to raise it now.” 

Concerning his Looking Ahead appeal four months 
earlier, Welch wrote that “for whatever reason we do not 
know, that pamphlet brought us very little of the ‘big 
money’ needed to carry out its projected accomplishment.” 
Now, the “big money” was to be blasted out by Welch’s 

dynamite “with great regret but no apology” — and po- 
tential contributors were informed - plainly that “checks 
may be made out to The John Birch Society, or to 
American Opinion , or to Correction , Please /, or to Escrow 
Account No. 78. They may be sent as straight contribu- 
tions or, if preferred in the case of larger amounts, as five- 
year loans to American Opinion at five percent interest to 
serve our urgent need for working capital.” 

(The Escrow Account No. 78 is probably an account 
maintained by the Society for contributors who do not 
wish to draw their checks openly to the order of an identi- 
fiable Birch Society operation. The “78” apparently was 
taken from the Society’s old postal zone number — Belmont 
78, Mass.”) 

Circumstantial Evidence 

There is no certain way of telling exactly how successful 
Welch was with his second “Stick Of Dynamite” appeal for 
big money. But circumstantial evidence clearly indicates 
that it achieved enough to make possible the expansion of 
the Society in the second half of 1965. One source of money 
which the Society tapped with apparent success was the 
Testimonial Dinner for Founder Welch himself. At least 
five such affairs were held in various cities — Los Angeles, 
Phoenix, Dallas, New York and Chicago — and the gross 
was more than $200,000. The charge was $25 a plate in 
Phoenix, Dallas and Chicago; and $50 a plate in Los 
Angeles and New York. 

Phoenix drew 1100 persons, Dallas, 1000, Los Angeles, 
1700, New York, 1100, and Chicago, 750 — which adds up 
to a total of $211,250. 

Birchers in New York were under the most intense pres- 
sure to attend. Because of the high price per plate, credit 
was extended to members — a kind of “testimonial dine 
now and pay later” plan that made it hard for members 
to say no. 

The best evidence that Welch’s hard-sell fund-raising 
appeals of March and July, 1965, and the testimonial 
dinners, brought in the necessary funds can be seen ih 
just a few financial details he disclosed. By year’s end, he 
was boasting that the Society was spending $125,000 a 
month for printing* alone — up $40,000 a month. New co- 
ordinators were added to the Birch staff — ten or twelve 
men. Other arms of the apparatus, such as Western Islands 
and the Research Dept., appeared to be operating with 
more personnel. The payroll, which Welch put at the 
$30,000-a-week level in March, climbed to $40,000 by 
year’s end — an approximate annual increase of more than 
half-a-million dollars. 

Quite aside from operating expenditures, the Society has 
problems of* capital outlay — for miscellaneous office and 
shipping room machinery, for new office equipment, for 
new films and projectors for the army of coordinators and 
section leaders. What it all added up to was a need — and 
a drive — to raise an additional $3,000,000 during 1965. 
By the end of the year, it seemed clear that the Birchers 
were spending $6,000,000 a year — -or almost — and in 
November, Welch was running an operation spending more 
than $100,000 a week. 

But even more significant was the openly political pur- 



FACTS — -372 

pose for which the fund-raising and^'jISensified recruitment 
drives were mounted. The target was the 1966 Congres- 
sional elections. Welch is aiming at nothing less than 
changing the political complexion of the United States 
Congress by mobilizing local Birch power to influence 
voting results at the local level. The whole crash program 
of fund-raising is, in fact, tied to the need for more recruit- 
ing, and the need for recruiting is tied by Welch to the 
political goal. 

He spelled it out plainly in Looking Ahead : 

“There are 435 Congressional Districts in the United 
States. Except in extremely rare instances and under the 
most unusual circumstances, there is no doubt that one 
hundred chapters of The John Birch Society, in any 
Congressional District, can exercise enough influence over 
political thinking within that district to control the 
political action there. And this would be done, without 
the Society itself ever endorsing a candidate, or taking 
any direct action in politics; but simply by our members 
proceeding on their own initiative from the basic prin- 
ciples and purposes of the Society, and persuading others 
to do the same ... 

“As a practical matter, therefore, let’s consider what 
we could do with 50 chapters per district in 75% of the 
Congressional Districts in the whole United States , . . 

“Now our chapters average about twenty members 
each. This means that we are talking about a working 
force of one thousand members for each Congressional 
District ... 

“Think of your own Congressional District and imag- 
ine one thousand truly informed and deeply dedicated 
neighborhood, community, and regional leaders, cease- 
lessly at work — nights as well as days, and weekends as 
well as nights — to inform and convince their fellow 

The transparently political goal tended to surprise those 
who had listened for several years to the bland assurances 
of Welch, Rousselot and other Birch spokesmen, protesting 
that the John Birch Society was a non-political organiza- 
tion, and that its members were free to support whomever 
, they wished in elections. 

The Political Cadre 

But it should not be forgotten that the Society is a politi- 
cal cadre of thoroughly indoctrinated, zealous and dedi- 
cated activists. As the Communists considered themselves 
the vanguard of the proletariat — of the Radical Left — so 
Robert Welch views his body of men and women as the 
vanguard and the elite leadership corps of the Radical 
Right. And just as the Communist goal was — and is — 
political power, so too, the ultimate goal of the Birch 
Society is political power. 

Both concentrate on propaganda and recruitment, on 
getting their message to enough people to recruit a strong 
cadre to their ranks. This is called “education,” whether it 
is carried out by the Radical Left or the Radical Right. But 
when the cadre is built, and as it keeps growing, the process 
of infiltration and penetration into the vital organs of the 

target society be^^tp take place. Sometimes candidates 
are nominated, arid a few even elected. But the cadre does 
not really expect to win many contests at the polls. Politi- 
cal activity is a vehicle for propaganda and recruitment, 
and an -instrument for building the movement to larger 
proportions. Years ago, Welch had this to say — as the 
tenth point in his program for launching the Society: 

“Finally, and probably most important of all these 
courses of action, we would put our weight into the politi- 
cal scales in this country just as fast and far as we could. 
For unless we can eventually, and in time, reverse by 
political action the gradual surrender of the United 
States to Communism, the ultimate alternative of re- 
versal by military uprising is fearful to contemplate.” 
Welch went on to explain why the country could not be 
saved by the Republican Party alone, or by political leaders 
(including Barry Gold water) in the Republican Party. The 
Republican Party, he said, could not win “ unless it has 
strong help and backing from forces^ outside of the straight 
political organization — such as the: Democratic Party has 
on the other side in Walter Reuther’s Committee on 
Political Education.” 

Welch added (and repeated in the Fall of 1964 — after 
the Presidential election) : 

“We are at a stage, gentlemejn, where the only sure 
political victories are achieved by non-political organi- 
zation; by organization which has a surer, more positive, 
and more permanent purpose than the immediate politi- 
cal goals that are only a means to an end; by organiza- 
tion which has a backbone, and cohesiveness and strength, 
and definiteness of direction which are impossible for the 
old-style political party organization ... 

“We would have to move into this field, gentlemen, 
with a body of our own. . . . But with a million men 
and the resources consistent with the dedication of those 
men which we are presupposing, we could move in on 
the elections thereafter with both more man power and 
more resources than Reuther will be able to marshal by 
that time.” 

There is little doubt that when Welch formed the Birch 
Society at Indianapolis in 1958, he believed he would have; 
no special problem in mobilizing a million members in duel 
course — and certainly far before 1966. Today, he is still 
struggling below the 100,000 mark. But this obvious failure 
should blind no one to the essential and ultimate goal of 
the Society — political influence and power. That fight the 
Birch Society has not yet lost. 

All Birch activity since 1958 has been, then, a necessary 
prelude to the achievement of political influence and 
power. The 1966 objectives of the Society — short run 
objectives, in plain fact — are merely a step on a longer 
road. And despite the unprecedented volume of criticism 
that has been directed at Welch and his Society in recent 
years — dating back to 1960 when Welch’s manuscript 
on Eisenhower was exposed by the American press — the 
John Birch Society has come a good piece down the road 
its Founder has set for it. 

FACTS— 373 

The JBS and the GOP 

In the Birch Society’s penetration of American Society, 
the single most important step , has been the infiltration of 
the Republican Party by Welch’s dedicated and indoctrin- 
ated cadres. 

The ordeal of the Republican Party in its struggle with 
the intrusion of extremism in its ranks has been a matter 
of public record since the 1964 GOP convention at the 
Cow Palace in San Francisco. The problem existed when 
the delegates convened. (The Birchers claim that some 100 
delegates and alternates in San Francisco were Birch 
Society members.) It grew during the campaign period 
when the Birchers, on the heels of Sen. Goldwater’s ringing 
defense of extremism, moved into the campaign and used 
it as a vehicle for their own special purposes of propa- 
ganda and recruitment. Birchers moved into the Party in 
increasing numbers, and some party members moved into 
the Birch Society in a cross-fertilization whose results have 
been apparent ever since: fattened Society strength and 
greater Birchite influence at the grass-roots levels of the 
GOP itself. 

The event that apparently led to a move, late in 1965, 
for a Republican Party repudiation of the John Birch 
Society was the entry of Bircher Richard Murphy into the 
Republican primary against incumbent Sen. Karl Mundt, 
of South Dakota, a staunch Republican conservative. 
Murphy announced he would challenge Mundt for the 
nomination on September 8, 1965. He conceded that Mundt 
was a conservative, but said the Senator had been far too 
liberal in his votes supporting farm price support programs, 
civil rights, foreign aid, and federal aid to education. 

The Morton Statement 

Less than a month later, Sen. Thruston Morton of Ken- 
tucky, former GOP National Chairman and himself a mod- 
erate conservative, declared in Washington: 

“As a partisan Republican, I am concerned by the 
fact that the John Birch Society has picked my party 
... as the vehicle to promulgate its monolithic philosophy. 

“There are three organizations in this country which 
give me grave doubts as a citizen : the Communist Party, 
the Ku Klux Klan, and the John Birch Society. Although 
their goals differ, they have one thing in common, and 
that is secrecy ... 

“During the 1940s, the Communist Party tried to in- 
filtrate the great Democratic Party. They didn’t do it . . . 

“What really concerns me is that a secret society 
should threaten and attempt to destroy one of our two 
great political parties. The Birchites label the late John 
Foster Dulles and Dr. Milton Eisenhower as Com- 
munists, They label General Dwight Eisenhower as a 
Communist sympathizer. They imply that Barry Gold- 
water is a Socialist. In my book, these men are great 
Americans. I don’t think we have any room in the Re- 
publican Party for a clandestine organization engaged in 
character assassination.” 

Morton was also quoted as saying that “it’s not the Birch 
membership I’m aiming at. Most of the members would 
be welcome into the Republican Party. But the leadership 
takes over the party at the precinct level. This is a threat to 
our party . . . you have to' think their way — or you are 

out. They take, over the precinct organization and if you 
are not with them, you are out.” 

The Kentucky Senator gave an example of what scared 

“I was talking to a John Bircher out in Illinois, He 
asked me, ‘How are we going to get rid of Percy (Charles 
Percy, GOP candidate for Governor of Illinois in 1964 
and chairman of Bell and Howell), that Communist, and 
Dirksen, that Socialist?’ Have you ever heard such non- 

“So I asked him: ‘What are you doing to get rid of 
Mayor Richard Daley (of Chicago) and other Demo- 
cratic leaders?’ He answered: ‘I’m not worrried about 
them. I just want to get Percy and Dirksen out of the 

A day later, Morton was joined in his denunciation by 
Dirksen, the Senate minority leader, and by Rep. Gerald 
Ford, the House minority leader. A number of other Re- 
publican leaders issued statements — Gov. Mark Hatfield 
of Oregon, Sen. Jacob Javits of New York, Sen. Leverett 
Saltonstall of Massachusetts and others. 

The Bliss Statement * 

On November 5, 1965, at an Albuquerque news confer- 
ence, Republican National Chairman Ray Bliss called on all 
Republicans to “reject membership in any radical organiza- 
tion which attempts to use the Republican Party for its 
own ends.” Mr. Bliss did not identify the groups he referred 
to, but he specifically berated Welch in expressing concern 
about “extremism of the radical right.” He said “honest, 
patriotic and conscientious conservatives may be misjudged 
because of irresponsible radicals such as Robert Welch.” 

The reaction of the Birch leaders was predictable. The 
attacks, they said, were part of the Communist conspiracy. 
Welch strongly implied that Morton, Dirksen, Ford and 
the other GOP spokesmen were victims of Red plotting. 
When asked specifically if they were, he replied to news- 
men : 

“Through three or four removed developments — abso- 
lutely.” He observed that “Lenin said Communism had been 
made successful by non-Communist hands” and added that 
95% of those who carry out the Communist goals “don’t 
even know it.” 

(On several other occasions, Welch wisecracked that 
when the Birchers were accused of “stealing the Republi- 
can Party” they were in fact being charged with “petty 

c Bilderbergers 9 

Rousselot stated darkly that Rep. Ford was a member 
of “one of the most highly active left-wing groups in the , 
country — the DeBilderberger (sic) group — which meets 
clandestinely.” He said that Ford, generally considered a 
conservative, should be asked about the group, 

(The Bilderberger group is sponsored by Crown Prince 
Bernhard of The Netherlands and is an unofficial, changing 
assemblage of leaders from Atlantic Community nations 
who meet twice a year to discuss world problems. They 
first met in 1954 and took their name from their first meet- 
ing place, the Bilderberg Hotel at Oosterbeek, The Nether- : 

FACTS— 374 

lands. Leaders who join in the dii|^ions don’t belong to 
the group, but are invited by Bernhard to attend. Radical 
Right propagandists view the Bilderberger group as “secret 
kingmakers” and as “a little clique of powerful men (who) 
meet secretly and plan events that appear to have ‘just 
happened.’ ’’ They see it as the heart, so to speak, of some 
secret and clandestine international conspiracy for a “one 
world government” in which the powerful “Eastern Estab- 
lishment” in the United States plays a leading role. Some 
of those, besides Congressman Ford, who have attended 
include former Secretary of State Christian Herter, Secre- 
tary of State Dean Rusk, Gen. Alfred Gruenther, Gen. 
Lyman Lemnitzer, Paul-Henri Spaak of Belgium, Guy Mol- 
let of France, Hugh Gaitskell of Great Britain, and Per 
Jacobsson, world-famous Swedish economist. As Rep. Ford 
pointed out, “they don’t put out any releases” and he added, 
they don’t do anything but talk. They make no decisions, 
he said, cast no votes, and have no power or standing.) 

Rousselot’ s Statement 

On October 29, in Washington, as the tide of criticism 
against the Birch Society mounted in Republican circles, 
Rousselot held a news conference at which he denied that 
the Society was trying to take over the Republican Party. 
“We have no program of infiltration,” he said. “We leave 
that up to individual members.” He said he was glad the 
Republican critics of the Society had made it clear that 
the John Birch Society “is not part of the Republican 
Party because we are not.” 

Rousselot added the standard Birch Society line: 

“We are not a part of any political party, and we are 
not a political party ourselves. We don’t endorse candi- 
dates and we don’t make campaign contributions. We are 
primarily an educational institution. But we do encourage 
our members to take an active interest in the party of 
their choice.” 

He said that “while we have no program of taking over 
either party, both parties are beginning to feel the impact 
of our program.” 

/ Rousselot said the Society’s membership was about evenly 
divided between Republicans and Democrats and that about 
20% of the Democratic members lived in the South. (Some 
time later, the New York Herald Tribune tartly com- 
mented that “it may be true that half, more or less, of the 
John Birch Society are Democrats, but the Republican 
Party is still the one hung with the Birch albatross.” The 
newspaper added: “Whether fairly or not, the GOP is the 
one that has to dissociate itself specifically and unequivo- 
cally from the paranoid idiocies of the Boston candy-maker 
and his misled followers.”) 

Welch’s Statement 

The Rousselot news conference delineated the Birch 
public relations position, but in the November, 1965, 
monthly Bulletin of the Society, Welch charged that the 
outbreak of “Birch-baiting” was Communist-inspired. Re- 
calling his standard line — that the Communists on orders 
from Moscow had been trying to destroy the Society since 
I960 — Welch wrote that “the Communists have now in- 
spired, initiated, created and unleashed a campaign of 
attack against The John Birch Society that makes all earlier 
attacks look like mere pilot operations.” 

He added: 

“Lenin said, Communism must always be advanced 
primarily by hon-Communist hands. The Communists 
have always followed . . . that principle. So most of 
the attack against us, which is now in a crescendo move- 
ment, is by good people who have no idea that some- 
how they have been beguiled into carrying the ball for 
the Communists and doing the comrades’ dirty work. 
Some who add their contributions to the campaign are 
simply opportunists: And there is no doubt that most 
politicians certainly do wish we would go away, and let 
them have the political field to play games according to 
their own rules of expediency.” 

(A New York Times report on the conflict between the 
GOP and the Society compared the Birch reaction to that 
of the Communists in the 1930s who cried “red-baiting” 
whenever their role in the liberal movement of that day 
was exposed.) 

Welch advised his followers not to “get bogged down, 
and waste our time and our energy,. in defending ourselves; 
in refuting this falsehood and explaining that distortion 
and answering some malicious accusation — for that is 
exactly what the Communists want us to do!” He told 
his followers to leave it to Rousselot and the PR depart- 
ment to handle the job of setting the record straight and 
not fall into the trap. He reminded them that “it is because 
we have never fallen into this trap, but have gone right 
ahead working on our own plans and purposes, that we 
have grown steadily through such a ceaseless continuum of 
vicious attacks, to reach our present size, effectiveness — 
and a position to endanger a major plank in the foundation 
of the Communist program.” 

A Full-Page Ad 

The attacks from Republican sources jolted the Society 
enough for the leaders of the Birch movement to produce 
a full-page advertisement, intended for insertion by local 
Birchers around the country, which bore the headline: ' 
“What Is The John Birch Society? — The Truth May 
Surprise You!” 

The ad reviewed the history of the Society, told of its 
growth, claimed that this growth had led to a Communist 
decision to destroy the Society, and had stirred up “thje 
politicians” who were, in effect, “running interference for 
the Communists.” It reviewed the accomplishments of the 
Society, pointing with pride to the obsolete 1963 report of 
the California Senate’s Fact-Finding Committee on Un- 
American Activities, and denied any similarity between the 
Society and the Communists in aims or tactics. It ended 
with an appeal to readers to “join us now in our epic 

There were two significant aspects to the Birch ad. The 
first was that Welch’s name did not appear in it. Instead, 
it was signed by the four-man Executive Committee of the 
Society — William J. Grede, chairman, of Milwaukee, 
Laurence Bunker of Wellesley, Mass., A. G. Heinsohn, Jr., 
of Sevier ville, Tenn., and Robert W. Stoddard of Worcester, 

The second significant aspect of the ad was its timing. ' 

T iming 

Mailed out on glossy paper, suitable for photo-engraving 
on short notice, with the December, 1965, issue of the 
Birch Bulletin in the first week of that month, the ad was 

FACTS— 375 

rh . 

timed. for publication around the county at the very junc- 
ture when the Republican Coordinating Committee was to 
meet in Washington on December 13, to consider, among 
other things, a resolution repudiating the Society. 

In the Bulletin , Welch described the ad as a “report to 
the nation” on the Society’s seventh anniversary. He said he 
hoped it could be published in papers around the country, 
“preferably on Thursday, December 9th . . .” Welch told 
his members that if that could be done, “it would be quite 
effective as a constructive presentation of the Society to the 
public view,” adding “And we know that it would serve 
some other very important purposes which would take too 
long to explain fully here.” 

The ad quickly appeared in the Chicago Tribune , the St. 
Louis Globe-Democrat , and many other papers in various 
parts of the country. Welch urged that no money ear- 
marked for direct contribution to the Society be diverted to 
the cost of publishing the ad. 

When the GOP Coordinating Committee met in Wash- 
ington on December 13, it adopted a resolution which did 
not name the John Birch Society specifically but which 
endorsed the position taken by Bliss at Albuquerque. It 
called on all Republicans to “reject membership in any 
radical or extremist organization including any which at- 
tempts to use the Republican party for its own ends or any 
which seeks to undermine the basic principles of American 
freedom and constitutional government.” 

Rousselot quickly announced the Society was “pleased” 
by the GOP stand. He said it was “wise of the Republican 
Party to make it clear that it doesn’t seem to be influenced 
by extremist groups such as the Communist party or the 
Ku Klux Klan.” The Birch spokesman said it would have 
been a mistake to include the Birch Society in the resolution 
“because the Society wants to strengthen constitutional 
government and in no way has attempted to use the Repub- 
lican Party for its own ends,” 

Republican Answers 

This brought reaction from key members of the GOP 
group. Congressman Ford said Rousselot hadn’t understood 
the meaning of the resolution. Gov. Robert Smylie of Idaho, 
who had pressed for a stronger resolution specifically nam- 
ing ;the Birch Society, said the framers had intended that 
the Birch Society would be covered by the wording. So did 
Gov. George Romney of Michigan who, with Gov. John A. 
Love of Colorado, had at the last minute reportedly opposed 
naming the Society. 

The New York Times , quoting “informed sources” on 
the subject, said the compromise resolution was proposed 
after Bliss had warned Smylie and others favoring stronger 
wording that the language they sought would antagonize 
a number of major contributors. 

The New York Herald Tribune , in an editorial cap- 
tioned “Sparing The Birch Rod” commented on December 
15, that the GOP Coordinating Committee had “fum- 
bled.” It called the resolution “patently futile” and de- 
clared : “The responsibility of political leaders is not merely 
to denounce sin, but to identify the sinners — or at least 
specify the sin.” 

It added that it was not so much “the outside activities 
of individual Republicans” with which the GOP unit should 
have been concerned, as it was “the outside (i.e. Birch) 

FACTS— 376 

organizational effpr^^to penetrate, capture and subvert 
the party.” • 

The Herald Tribune concluded that “the committee’s 
retreat was an abject failure of leadership, and dismal 
evidence that the lessons of 1964 have still not been 

California Problem 

The party’s difficulties are both national and local. Pene- 
tration by Birchers into the vital organs of the Republican 
organization at the grass-roots level has created problems 
in a number of states. The penetration of the party by 
Birchers was most acute in California where it has rocked 
the GOP organization for many months and still colors 
much of the political picture in the nation’s biggest state. 
The loosely-structured Republican organization in Califor- 
nia made penetration by the Birchers relatively easy and 
also gave them an influence far out of proportion to their 
numbers. This was especially .true because they are an 
ideologically-united faction which knows what it wants, 
which has a single-minded purpose and outlook, and which 
faces a divided and somewhat confused opposition of 
Republican conservatives, moderates arid liberals.. 

In the contest for the GQP gubernatorial nomination 
that was shaping up all during 1965, with Ronald Reagan, 
a Goldwater Republican, as a leading contender, the Birch 
issue was Topic A through most of the year. In California: 

• Local Republican clubs from time to time invite Birch- 
ite speakers to address them. 

• Rousselot, himself, perhaps the Number Two profes- 
sional Bircher in the country, held a seat on the Los 
Angeles County Central Republican Committee. (There 
were moves by anti-Birch Republicans to oust him. ) 

• An official of the United Republicans of California, 
composed mostly of traditional conservative Republicans, 
said the group included in its membership 10% to 15% 
who were either Birch members or Birch sympathizers*. 

• The 13,500 member California Young Republican 
organization, early in 1965, adopted a resolution attacking 
Chief Justice Earl Warren and the Supreme Court and, 
while the resolution did not call for Warren’s impeach- 
ment, it did call on the Congress to take “corrective action.” 

I • In October, 1965, the Los Angeles County Young Re- 
publicans went on record in defense of the Birch Society, 
shouting approval of a resolution which expressed “confi- 
dence that the John Birch Society is composed of loyal and 
concerned Americans.” (The action came only a few days 
after national Republican leaders Morton, Dirksen, and 
Ford criticized the Birchers and urged repudiation of the 
Society by the National GOP leadership. At the same 
time, the President of the California Republican Assembly ‘ 
defended the Birchers against the attacks by the national 
GOP leaders.) ' 

Some at the meeting of the Los Angeles Young Republi- 
can group argued that the pro-Birch resolution was an act 
of “political suicide.” Likewise, the President of the Cali- 
fornia Federation of Republican Women accused the 
Birchers of pursuing “divisive tactics” within the GOP and 
the women’s organization. 

By the end of 1965, the Republicans in California were 
still tom and divided by the Birch issue, and it was causing 
leaders and candidates there — not to mention the party 

itself — a major headache. It also-ICemed clear that the 
issue itself would figure heavily in the 1966 state campaign. 

North Dakota and Washington 

In North Dakota, Bircher Martin Vaaler was already 
campaigning in the Fall of 1965 for the Republican Con- 
gressional nomination to oppose incumbent Democrat Rep. 
Roland Redlin. North Dakota Birchers were, moreover, in 
a noisy quarrel with Republican Sen. Milton Young 
and Republican State Chairman T. L. Secrest. 

In the State of Washington the problem of Birch pene- 
tration in the GOP became, during 1965, serious enough 
for Republican Gov* Dan Evans to levy a major attack on 
the Society at a meeting of the State’s Republican Central 
Committee, held in September at Port Angeles. The Gov- 
ernor’s attack formed the basis for a resolution, repudiating 
the Birchers. But shortly after the resolution was adopted, 
it became clear that there was to be no mass ouster of 
Birch members from Republican ranks, even though the 
Society had been a bone sticking in the throat of the party 
and the Governor’s administration for a full year. The 
Seattle Times of September 22, 1965, quoted GOP State 
Chairman C* Montgomery Johnson as saying: 

“We intend that spokesmen for the Republicans can 
express conservative views without being labeled ex- 
tremists. It shouldn’t be necessary for conservatives to 
preface their remarks by stating that they are not 

Johnson said the Washington State GOP had no inten- 
tion of purging Birch members from its ranks and that the 
resolution at Port Angeles was designed to inform the 
general public that the Republican Party could not and 
would not be held responsible for positions taken by the 
Birch Society leadership. (In Spokane, meantime, the 
Spokane Women’s Republican Club voted to defy the State 
Federation of Women’s Republican Clubs and show a 
Birch Society film “if the opportunity presents itself.”) 
The Republican Party’s problem in Washington was 
Birch infiltration in 10 or more of the State’s 39 counties. 
In recent years there have been reports of some degree of 
Birch penetration in Republican organizations in such 
states as Michigan, Texas, Indiana, Illinois, Nebraska, the 
Dakotas, Arizona, Maryland and the District of Columbia, 
and throughout much of the South. 

The South 

In Dixie, where the Birch Society has 19 full-time paid 
coordinators, the growth of the Society closely parallels 
the growth of the new Republican Party which sprang 
full-blown on the Southern scene in the 1964 election on 
the crest of the Goldwater tide. Birchers have made them- 
selves a factor in the new Republican strength in at least 
six of the 11 states of the Old Confederacy — Alabama, 
Georgia, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi and Louisiana. All 
went for Goldwater in 1964 except Florida. 

Birch members have insinuated themselves into a num- 
ber of local GOP positions in Alabama and Georgia and 
have close ties to the party in the other four states. 

Some GOP leaders in the South have personally en- 
couraged the support of the Society because, as Los Angeles 
Times reporter Jack Nelson noted in a September, 1965, 
survey, “the party of Lincoln has become the party of the 

white man in mu&Pof Dixie.” Elements of the new Repub- 
lican Party in the South and the Birch Society have 
emerged as a major anti-civil rights and pro-segregationist 
force on the Southern scene, replacing the declining White 
Citizens Councils as the spearhead of the non-violent oppo- 
sition to civil rights. 

Of all the Southern states, the Birch Society is strongest 
in Alabama. J. W. (Red) Gandy, an influential Republi- 
can and a volunteer coordinator for the Society, was quoted 
by Nelson of the Los Angeles Times as declaring: “The 
Birch Society is the strongest conservative organization in 
the State — stronger than both political parties.” 

Gandy denied — as too high — reports that there are sev- 
eral hundred Birch chapters in Alabama. But, he said, there 
are some 95 chapters in Birmingham which had signed a 
full-page ad in the Birmingham News and pointed to other 
Birchite strength in Mobile, Montgomery and Huntsville. 

John Grenier, executive director of the GOP National 
Committee in the 1964 campaign and a Republican leader 
in Alabama, acknowledged the strength of the Birch Society 
and declared: V, 

“They worked for the Republican Party in the past 
and I trust they’ll work for the Republican Party in the 
future. But I have told them that their first allegiance is 
to the party’s principles rather |han to the John Birch 
Society and they understand the wisdom erf that.” 

Craig Knowles, finance director of the Alabama GOP, 
paid tribute to the zealousness and dedication of Birchites 
in the party: “You get a Birch member who’s loyal to 
the party and he’ll donate money and work for the party 
day and night.” 

N. Floyd McGowin, Sr., a wealthy lumber dealer from 
Chapman, is a member of the Birch Society National 
Council and was an alternate delegate to the 1964 Repub- 
lican National Convention. 

Despite the strength of the Birchers in Alabama, and 
the role they fixed for themselves in the GOP there, Grenier 
said the number of Society members holding positions of 
power in the state party organization was “not substantial.” 
The Los Angeles Times survey also reported that in 
several Georgia counties, the leadership of the Republican ; 
Party and that of the John Birch Society are almost identi- j 
cal, and that a number of physicians took leadership roles 
in both groups during 1964 as a means of fighting Medi- 
care. The Society is especially strong in South Georgia 
where Goldwater ran up huge margins in 1964, and where 
young Howard Callaway became the first Georgia Republi- 
can Congressman since the Reconstruction. 

The Georgia Chairman’s Statement 

G. Paul Jones, Jr., Georgia State GOP Chairman, said 
last October that the GOP there cannot afford to spurn 
the support of the John Birch Society. Jones made his state- 
ment at a news conference, a scant week after Morton, 
Dirksen and Rep. Ford declared in Washington that there 
was no place in the GOP for Society members. 

Jones said that “instead of trying to run people out, we 
ought to try to bring them in. We’re going to try to take care 
of everybody who wants to vote Republican.” He said 
that as a minority party in Georgia — and throughout the 
nation — the GOP could not afford to do without any of 
the support it has. He added that no Birch members held 
state GOP leadership positions in Georgia, but explained: 

FACTS-— 377 

“There may be some serving as county v^irmen.” 

Jones was also quoted as having declared : 

“Although there are active and loyal workers in Re- 
publican politics who also belong to the Birch Society, 
there have been no indications that Republican activities 
have been in any way adversely affected by their mem- 
bership in any other organization. Tm equally sure that 
their membership in other organizations have not been 
adversely affected by their Republican participation.” 

In Louisiana and Mississippi, Birch Society members are 
also working in the Republican Party. 

Rousselot commented to the Los Angeles Times on the 
Birchite position in the South : 

“We’re very st/T^' in Florida, Alabama, Georgia, the 
Carolinas, Louisiana and Texas. We have strength in 
Arkansas and Virginia. We’re not so strong in Tennessee.” 

In short, the Birch Society has made inroads into the 
new Republican Party in Dixie and their gains there con- 
tain the seeds of a first-class dilemma for the national 
Republican Party. Reading Birchers out of the Republican 
Party would come just at the time when the Republicans 
are challenging the long-entrenched Democrats for the 
first time in the South. A Republican stand for civil rights, 
that would help in the North and West, would damage the 
party in the South. 


FACTS— 378 

The Birch Map 


By January, 1966, the estimated Birch membership in 
California stood at some 12,000 to 15,000, organized in per- 
haps 1200 chapters — a substantial gain from the estimated 
700 chapters and 10,000 members which the Society could 
boast in California in mid-1964, just before the Republican 
national convention. With 16 paid, full-time organizers and 
some 200 section leaders, California has remained the 
banner Birchite state. 

In 1965, New Jersey membership quadrupled with well 
over 100 chapters,' serviced by four full-time coordinators. 
Indiana reported 40 chapters in the Indianapolis area, 15 
in the Evansville area, substantial strength in Fort Wayne, 
and a network of chapters functioning in surrounding areas. 
In the area of Atlanta, Georgia, the Society jumped from 
15 chapters in 1964 to perhaps 35 or 40 late in 1965, with 
Birch chapters functioning in all major cities of the state. 
Birchers, likewise, were active at the community level in 
Georgia. They sponsored numerous public meetings, often 
through front groups, at which Radical Rightist speakers 
were featured. And they sought positions of influence in 

Birchite growth in Alabama, with three full-time organ- 
izers, was likewise substantial, with a reported 100 chapters 
in the Birmingham area and pockets of strength in Mobile, 
Montgomery and Huntsville. In Arizona, Birch strength 
grew to about 100 chapters — enough to boast three full- 
time coordinators. In Texas, Birch membership continued 
at a high level, with several thousand members reported 
in the Houston area, another 1500 in Dallas and a pocket 
of Panhandle strength in Amarillo. Texas boasts a unique 
Birch phenomenon — several teen-age chapters in five 
Houston high schools. 

In the Maryland-District of Columbia area, the Birch 
Society made marked gains during 1965 and members are 
now operating four bookstores, two “bookmobiles,” a 
speakers bureau, and at least three stations of “Let 
Freedom Ring,” the Radical Rightist telephone propaganda 

Late in 1965, North Dakota suddenly emerged as a 
center of great growth and intensive recruiting by the 
Society. Elsewhere across the country, there are other areas 
of expansion: Philadelphia and vicinity; Detroit; suburban 
Chicago; and Spokane, among them. 

Greater New York, especially Long Island and West- 
chester, also shows substantial gains during 1965, spreading 
into nearby Bergen and Passaic counties in New Jersey, 
Rockland County, N.Y., and Fairfield County, Conn. — 
all further evidence of the strongly suburban character of 
the Birch membership. 

A glance at the Birch map shows the distribution of So- 
ciety strength across the country. 

New England 

• In New England, where the Society has its national 
headquarters, the number of chapters has grown to perhaps 
70 or 75 — more than triple the number at the start of 

Massachusetts grew from four or five chapters in 1964 to 
more than 30 by the end of 1965. Major strength was 

centered in the southeastern part of the state and in the 
suburbs of Greater Boston. 

Rhode Island has doubled the number of its chapters — 
to twelve — since January, 1965. 

In Connecticut, where membership jumped 20% in the 
two weeks following Election Day, 1964, there are at least 
a dozen chapters. What the Society lacks numerically in 
the Nutmeg State is more than made up by the intense 
activity of the members. They have opened several Birch 
bookstores and hold frequent meetings where the public is 
invited to hear Birch and Radical Right speakers. Many 
of these meetings are held under the auspices of Birch 
Society front groups, which have grown rapidly in 

New Hampshire is the scene of intense Birch Society 
activity — mainly centered, as already described, around 
Nashua and the nearby communities of Hudson, Derry, 
Hollis, Milford and Amherst. ' 

Maine and Vermont have hardly been dented by the 
Society but Maine is a prime target of the Society’s organ- 
izing efforts. 

The South j' 

• In the South, aside from the Society’s growth in 
Georgia and Alabama, there is solid strength in Florida. 
It is centered mainly in the Jacksonville, Palm Beach, Day- 
tona, St. Petersburg and St. Augustine areas, and in Sara- 
sota. In Sarasota, which is the headquarters of “Let Free- 
dom Ring,” the telephone operation, Birchers . have had an 
impact on local school affairs, changing a moderate school 
board and sparking a movement that cost the Superin- 
tendent of Schools his job. There were also perhaps 15 
Birch chapters strung out along Florida’s northern 

The Society has grown slightly in Virginia, especially 
in the Richmond area, has lagged a little in North Caro- 
lina, but has sharply increased its strength in South Caro- 
lina where assiduous recruiting activity has been under way. 

In Louisiana and Mississippi, long strongholds of the 
now-declining White Citizens Councils, the Birch Society 
has made some headway. But both states appear to be 
fertile fields for Birch recruiting as Councils disintegrate. 
There are Birch chapters in several Louisiana cities and 
in all major cities of Arkansas, with several in the Little 
Rock area. 

In general, Birch organization in the Deep South has 
been concentrated in the smaller towns and villages. Else- 
where, Tennessee has scattered strength with a concentra- 
tion of perhaps 15 chapters in the Memphis area and organ- 
izing going forward in Oak Ridge. In Oklahoma, the 
Society is recruiting intensively and has made some impact. 

The Midwest 

* In the Midwest, the Birch Society has retained pockets 
of strength. Indiana, Ohio, Michigan and Wisconsin have 
for severed years had enough chapters to make their pres- 
ence known. In Michigan, Gov. George Romney fought 
a pitched battle with Birchers in 1962. While the Society’s 
adherents there did not make banner headlines in the 
intervening years, there was little question that they were 

FACTS— 379 

. . • . Q 

active. The same is true in Wisconsin, ,,aere Birch chapters 
are strung out along the shores of Lake Michigan north- 
ward from Milwaukee. In Ohio, the number of public 
Birch meetings rose sharply during 1965 and there are 
Birch bookstores in Cleveland, Toledo, Youngstown and 

Chicago, with 15 chapters, has been an area of dis- 
appointment to the Society. But recruitment has gone much 
better in such North Shore suburbs as Glenview, Evanston, 
Mt. Prospect, and Northbrook. Yet, there are four Birch 
bookstores in greater Chicago and a fifth in Rockford, 111., 
which, with some 20 chapters, has for several years been 
a Birch stronghold. Early in 1965, the Society opened its 
Midwest headquarters in Glenview. There has been little 
Birch strength downstate. 

In Minnesota, St. Paul shows vigor with some 14 chap- 
ters. In South Dakota, as noted, the Society made head- 
lines when a Bircher challenged incumbent — and con- 
servative — Sen. Karl Mundt for the Republican Senatorial 

In Missouri, the Birchers claim a 100% increase in 
membership in the St. Louis area since the 1964 election. 
Birch strength until then had been estimated at perhaps 
40 chapters. There are two Birch bookstores there. Other 
evidences of Birch activity in St. Louis are such front 
operations as “The America Wake Up Committee,” “The 

Discussion Club” Cjll an American Opinion Speakers 
Forum. There are also centers of Birch strength in Missouri 
at Columbia, home of the University of Missouri, and 
Centralia, the home of F. Gano Chance, a Birch Society 
National Council member and headquarters of the A. B. 
Chance Co. which exerts a powerful, if not dominating, 
influence in community life. 

In the Plains States of Kansas and Nebraska, the Society, 
with 60 chapters, has tripled its strength since early 1964. 
Wichita, the home city of two National Council members 
— Fred Koch and Robert Love — is a center of strength 
and the home of a new Birch book store. Kansas City 
jumped to more than a dozen chapters. Birchers are active 
in some 30 cities in the two states. 

The Society has pockets of strength in Iowa. 

• In the Rocky Mountain States and the Pacific North- 
west, the Birchers have made ..gains in the last year or two. 
Montana has perhaps 30 chapters. Las Vegas has about 15 
chapters. Colorado and Wyoming have not shown any 
great growth but the members there tend to have an impact 
out of proportion to their limited numbers. Not much is 
heard of Birch activity in Utah and Oregon. 

In Washington, however, 5 the Society is strong, with 
chapters concentrated in Spokane and in Seattle which have 
about 25 each. 

FACTS— 380 

The Apparatus 

Staff ? Plant and Finances 

The John Birch Society continues to enlarge its staff 
m organization, its operation, and its plant facilities. The 
™ Society employs some 220 persons — more than 120 at its 
Belmont headquarters, some 20 in other area offices and 
some 75 field coordinators from coast to coast. Founder 
Welch, at the end of 1965, was meeting a weekly payroll of 
$40,000 — more than $2 million a year. 

In two years, the Society’s two area offices (in San 
Marino, Calif., and in Houston) have grown to five; a 
Midwest regional office in Glenview, 111., just outside Chi- 
cago; an Eastern office in White Plains, N. Y., just outside 
New York City; and a special office in Washington, D.C. 
Late in 1965, the Houston headquarters was transferred to 
Dallas. The San Marino Western headquarters has tripled 
its office space. Late in 1964, the Society acquired the old 
Boston and Maine railroad station in Belmont — its national 
headquarters- — for the storage of books. It has doubled 
its floor space. 

By the end of 1965 the Society was spending well over 
$5 million a year. Add items for capital outlay and for 
local Society activity, such as full-page newspaper advertise- 
ments, and it is clear that Robert Welch achieved his goal 
of a total Society cash flow of $6 million for 1965. The 
Society grossed $1.6 million in 1963 and $3.2 million in 
1964. Robert Welch’s financial goal for 1966 is $12 million. 

The Complex 

The national organization which has already established 
itself as a unique apparatus on the usually-splintered Right 
is a vast complex of local chapters, hierarchies, chains of 
command, public relations men, publishing companies, local 
organizations, discussion groups, fund-raisers. Red-hunters, 
book stores, magazines, pressure groups and movies for 
recruiting purposes. 

Under the Birch Society’s upper hierarchy — the Founder, 
the Executive Committee, the National Council, and the 
coordinators — there exists a volunteer hierarchy of section 
and chapter leaders. Monthly, in the chapter leaders’ 
homes, in quiet little cells of from 6 to 25 members (the 
average group is 10 or 15), the broad and busy base of 
- the monolith meets. 

Behind its efforts lies a corporate structure in which are 
found Robert Welch, Inc., The John Birch Society, Inc., 
the Belmont and Western Islands Publishing Companies, 
and the various enterprises bearing the name, “American 

There also exists a practical, energetic and permanent 
apparatus for recruiting and for the production and mar- 
keting of propaganda, and a nation-wide system of loosely- 
organized but tightly-orthodox front groups. There is a 
vast library of avowedly patriotic books, two Society- 
published magazines, a speakers’ bureau, and hundreds of 
“American Opinion” bookstores. 

The Magazine 

American Opinion , the monthly magazine published by 
Robert Welch and the John Birch Society, sells for $1 a 
copy and now claims a larger circulation than any other 
political “review” in America. It is intended to be a molder 

of “Americanist” thinking, to instill in its readers a pro- 
found consciousness of the all-pervading Communist con- 
spiracy allegedly stretching from the. White House all the 
way down to the local town council, the school board, the 
town public library and the local pulpit. The monolithic 
orthodoxy of the Society itself does not extend to American 
Opinion and its writers are given some latitude to express 
varying and sometimes contradictory opinions. 

The latest official statement of American Opinion’s cir- 
culation and ownership was published in the December, 
1965, issue. It showed a press run of 50,000 and a paid 
circulation of 39,605. The growth of the Birch magazine 
in the course of a single year can readily be recognized 
when the circulation figures are compared with those on 
October 1, 1964, when the press run was 32,000 and paid 
circulation was 25,761. 

American Opinion magazine is Robert Welch, 
Inc.; The John Birch Society, Inc.;, Miss Olive Simes of 
Boston; the Excelsior Housing Corp. of New York; Miss 
Ellen Lovett, of Needham, Mass.; Jbhn Rousselot of Ar- 
cadia, Calif.; Thomas N. Hill of Gloucester, Mass.; Robert 
Welch of Belmont, Mass.; Willar^ S. Voit of Balboa, 
Calif. ; and N. B. Hunt of Dallas, Te?J. 

Robert Welch, Inc., is controlled by the John Birch So- 
ciety, Inc. and has been ever since Welch gave his stock 
in Robert Welch, Inc. to the Society in 1960. The Society 
is a Massachusetts corporation of which Robert Welch 
himself is President. Miss Olive Simes is a wealthy Boston 
spinster who has for some time been a supporter of Birch 
activities and who, for many years, has been listed as a 
contributor to the Christian Nationalist Crusade, headed 
by Gerald Smith. 

The Excelsior Housing Corp. is a South Carolina cor- 
poration which is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Deering 
Milliken Inc., the well-known textile firm. Miss Ellen Lovett 
is Robert Welch’s long-time personal secretary. Rousselot 
is the Birch Society’s Public Relations Director, and Thomas 
N. Hill is Field Director of the Society. 

Willard S. Voit is the official in charge of the Birch j 
Society publications depot at Newport Beach, Calif. N. B. j 
Hunt is a son of H. L. Hunt, the multi-millionaire whose 
fortune was amassed as an independent oil producer and 
who is the founder of the Far Rightist Life Line Founda- 
tion Inc. propaganda operation which conducts the Life 
Line broadcasts heard on some 400 radio stations. 

Robert Welch is the editor of American Opinion , the 
magazine he founded almost ten years ago and which he 
formerly called One Man’s Opinion . Scott Stanley, Jr., a 
young man active in Rightist causes before joining the 
magazine, is the Managing Editor. The Associate Editors 
are Slobodan Draskovich and Professor Revilo P. Oliver, 
who are members of the Birch Society’s National Council; 
Francis X, Gannon, the Society’s Research Director, and 
E. Merrill Root, long a well-known name in Rightist 

The Contributing Editors are Martin Dies, Sr., the 
former member of Congress from Texas who achieved 
national prominence as the head of the old Dies Committee 
which investigated un-American activities in the 1930s and 
1940s; Medford Evans, who is also an official of the White 


Citizens Councils, and Professor Hails Sennholz, an ex- 
Luftwaffe pilot who now teaches economics at Grove City 
(Pa.) College, an institution of higher learning heavily 
endowed by the Pew family who are principals in the Sun 
Oil Co. (J. Howard Pew, a leading supporter of Rightist 
causes in the United States, serves on the Editorial Advisory 
Committee of American Opinion magazine. ) 

The Assistant Managing Editor is Marian Probert Welch, 
who is Mrs. Robert Welch and who devotes much of her 
.time to helping her husband run the multi-faceted affairs 
of the John Birch Society and its related activities. 

Besides Pew, the other members of the magazine’s 17-man 
Editorial Advisory Committee include Robert Dresser, a 
Providence, R.I. lawyer; Charles Edison, former Secretary 
of the Navy and Governor of New Jersey; J. Bracken Lee, 
former Governor of Utah; and Ludwig Von Mises, the 
prominent Austrian economist who is a leading prophet 
of 19th century laissez-faire economics. 

The Birch monthly is a glossy and well- written periodical, 
and nurtured by advertisements, mostly from corporations 
which support the Far Right or in which Birch leaders have 
a substantial interest. These include the Allen-Bradley Go., 
of Milwaukee, which repeatedly purchases a multi-colored 
back-page ad in American Opinion; the Rock Island Oil 
& Refining Co., Inc., of Wichita, whose principal is Fred 
Koch, a Society National Council member, and Spindale 
Mills, Spindale, N. C., in which Council member A. G. 
Heinsohn, Jr., is a principal. 

Other advertising is purchased by organizations and pub- 
lishing companies of the Far Right, and from time to time, 
by respected book publishers. But noteworthy is the sub- 
stantial proportion of “house ads” trumpeting books pub- 
lished by Western Islands, the Birch publishing house. 

On the cover of American Opinion each month, there 
shines forth a commercially slick portrait of an “American- 
ist” hero such as the late Syngman Rhee, the late Sen, 
Joseph McCarthy, or Ezra Taft Benson, or an American 
Opinion regular such as Dean Manion, Martin Dies, or 
Taylor Caldwell. 

American Opinion has, Welch hopes, some 80,000 sales- 
men —all members of the Birch Society being constantly 
pressed to sell subscriptions and to persuade local news- 
stands and drug stores to stock a few copies each month. 
An offer is made of a handsome profit of 40tf-50tf a copy, 
made possible by the magazine’s high retail price. 

Welch tries to shrug off Birch Society responsibility for 
the Society-controlled magazine whenever a writer runs to 
an embarrassing extreme. Welch claims he allows writers 
a sort of intellectual “freedom.” 

The Printed Word 

Unlike many of the Society’s allies on the Far Right — 
such as Billy James Hargis, Dan Smoot, Carl Mclntire, H. 
L. Hunt and Clarence Manion — Robert Welch has put 
little faith in radio broadcasting for his “educational” pro- 
grams. “From the very beginning,” he wrote in the No- 
vember, 1964, Bulletin , “we have depended on the surer, 
harder road of education through the printed word.” And 
Welch’s conviction is reflected in statistics : 

By late 1965, the Society’s printing bill was $l r 5 million 
a year. It was publishing and selling books with a retail 
value of more than $2 million annually.. 

Welch also publi^^s a new pocket-sized weekly, Review 
of the News , a magazine containing a day-by-day summary 
of world news without comment and with little slant, ex- 
cept in the choice of items. Presumably subscribers can use 
the magazine as a substitute for daily newspapers, which 
the Birch Society views as heavily penetrated by the Com- 
munist conspiracy anyway. Review of the News includes a 
section titled “ Correction , Please!” — items in the news, 
followed by the editors’ slanted answers to alleged “false- 
hoods, distortions, and more subtle Communist propaganda 
of infinite variety, in newspapers, magazines and over , the 

With book publishing fast becoming the major activity 
in Belmont, the dollar-a-copy “American Opinion Reprint 
Series” is being replaced by “The Americanist Library,” 
glossy paperbacks published by Western Islands, “The 
Americanist Library” includes “One Dozen Candles,” a 
group of books viewed by the Society as “Americanist” 
classics and as essential introductory reading for recruits 
or applicants. The books, which, come attractively pack- 
aged and boxed, are sold on a sliding scale : one to nine 
sets are $8 each; 1000 sets or more are $5 a set. 

An insight into the size of the publishing operation can 
be gained from the fact tha| the minimum printing of 
each title in the “Americanist Library” series is 100,000 

Titles in the “One Dozen Candles” series indicate the 
kind of required reading expected of Birch members before 
they are considered properly indoctrinated : 

— “While You Slept” by the late John T. Flynn. 

— “Seeds of Treason” by Ralph deToledano. 

— “America’s Retreat From Victory” by the late Sen. 

Joseph R. McCarthy. C 

— “The Whole of Their Lives” by the late Benjamin 
Gitlow, a Communist leader of the 1920s who broke with 
the Party. 

— “Shanghai Conspiracy” by retired Maj. Gen. Charles 

A. Willoughby, Gen. Douglas MacArthur’s Intelligence 
chief in World War II, and a leading figure on the Ameri- 
can Far Right. j 

— “From Major Jordan’s Diaries” by George Raicey 
Jordan which tells of the author’s belief that American 
secrets were handed over to Soviet Russia during World 
War II. 

— “I Saw Poland Betrayed” by former Ambassador 
Arthur Bliss Lane- — purporting to tell how American 
money, prestige and productive might were used by the ' 
Communists to enslave Eastern Europe. 

— “The People’s Pottage” by Garet Garrett on “the 
Communist-inspired conversion of America from a constitu- 
tional republic of self-reliant people into an unbridled ' 
democracy of handout-seeking whiners.” 

— “The Kohler Strike” by Sylvester Petro — “the part 
played by labor bosses, whom the Communists love, in 
gradually destroying our great inheritance.” 

— “The Invisible Government” by Dan Smoot, the story 
of the Council on Foreign Relations which, the Birchers 
claim is the “invisible government” seeking to convert the ,, 

U. S. into a Socialist state, and then to make it a part of jW), 
a one-world Communist system 

“France, The Tragic Years” by Sisley Huddleston - — : 

“de Gaulle’s role in the Communist program,” and “why 



the Communists and their allies ^^ar to be the only 
stable group in French politics.” 

— “Nine Men Against America” by Rosalie M. Gordon, 
described by the Birchers as “perhaps the most important 
on the list” because it purports to tell how the Supreme 
Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren has been “destroy- 
ing every safeguard which might prevent the Communists 
from carrying out their plans” in the United States. 

The Birch list of titles by Western Islands or other Birch 
publishing arms, plus books printed elsewhere but available 
through the Society, is a thick pamphlet. Besides “stand- 
ards” of Far Right literature, the list includes some books 
by responsible conservatives, others by little-known ex- 
tremists, and some legitimate classics such as works by 
John Stuart Mill, Adam Smith and Frederic Bastiat. In- 
cluded, too, are standard Birch Society documents — the 
Society’s “introductory packet,” one on civil rights, a 
“special” Society packet, and a “Warren Impeachment 

Of interest also is the availability, through the Society, 
of the “McGuffey Readers;” a line of children’s books — 
“Living American Stories,” “Childhood of Famous Ameri- 
can Series,” and “Beginning-to-Read Books” — all of which 
suggests that Birch parents are intent upon grooming a 
new generation of Birch moppets to carry on the fight 
years from now. 

The Spoken Word 

Although Welch has put his faith in the printed word, 
in January, 1966, he announced that the Society was 
launching a weekly 15-minute radio program to be entitled 
The Birch Report. He told his members that the time had 
come when, “with our emphasis on the printed word still 
unabated, we need at least a limited but periodical use of 
broadcasting media, even if for no other reason than the 
direct purposes of our Public Relations Department.” Welch 
said Rousselot would supervise the program which , was to 
be paid for by multiple local sponsorships, and Welch 
added, “in plain language, we are counting on our members 
throughout the country, especially those with businesses 
that can use local radio advertising to advantage, to spon- 
sor this program in their respective areas.” The program was 
to be pre-taped and mailed to sponsors or stations at $5 
a tape. Welch said leading Birch spokesmen and occasional 
invited guests would be featured. 

Because to a great many on the Far Right, hearing is 
believing, the Society was making a number of “American- 
ist” voices available to listening audiences even before the 
radio program was announced. Increasingly, the Society 
made audio-visual materials available and members were 
continually urged to start forums, lecture series, and study 
clubs. The following are relevant sections of that apparatus: 

The American Opinion Speakers Bureau was started 
four years ago and is now directed from the Society’s Bel- 
mont home office. This service, which Welch sees as “a 
powerful medium for reaching audiences throughout the 
nation,” offers Birch Society speakers such as Rousselot, 
Tom Anderson, Revilo Oliver, Reed Benson, and allies on 
the Far Right such as Harold Lord Varney, Willis Stone of 
the Liberty Amendment Committee, W. Cleon Skousen, 
and George Schuyler, the . conservative Negro newspaper 

A more recent Addition to the roster of speakers was 
Sheriff Jim Clark of Selma, Ala. 

. Target organizations to which the services of these 
speakers are offered include, not only Birch groups and 
fronts, but other Right Wing forums and, wherever possible, 
established civic, church, veterans and school groups. 

Birchers had been urged, when joining PTAs, politi- 
cal clubs and other community groups, to seek the position 
of program chairman to control the selection of speakers. 

Speakers provided by the AOSB are filling about 100 
appearances a month, addressing audiences at meetings 
that spread from Nashua, N.H., to Pasadena, Calif. 

The voices of Clarence Manion, Tom Anderson and 
Revilo Oliver, as well as Robert Welch himself, are familiar 
sounds at Birch meetings, study and discussion groups — 
via albums and tapes sold at Society bookstores. “One 
Dozen Trumpets” makes ; it possible for members to hear 
a full 18 hours of Founder Welch himself. 

The Society provides a study nfianual and a suggested 
reading list for discussion groups and study clubs to enrich 
the curriculum provided by the recorded materials. Exhor- 
tations to form such study groups Have become a standard 
item on the Society’s monthly agenda of projects and the 
groups have become a growing manifestation in hundreds 
of American communities. Welch* has also recommended 
the study-guide material available from the Cardinal Minds- 
zenty Foundation in St. Louis. 

The Birch Bookstores 

The John Birch Society has found it advantageous to 
establish its own outlets for published materials. Robert 
Welch’s “reading rooms that sell books” — generally called 
American Opinion Bookstore, or American Opinion Li- 
brary — have served as local headquarters for Right Wing 
books, flyers, films, rally tickets, and bumper stickers; as 
meeting-places for Birch members, chapters and front 
groups; and as convenient recruiting depots for new mem- 
bers, The stores also serve in some places as local “stations” 
for “Let Freedom Ring.” 

In 1963, the Society’s peak pre-election year, there were 
about 100 of these shops; today there are about 350. Thesq 
outlets handle the standard Society materials as well as the 
output of Billy James Hargis, Dr. Fred Schwarz, Kent and 
Phoebe Courtney, the Circuit Riders, the Rev. Carl Mcln- 
tire, Dan Smoot, and the Church League of America. 

A development of recent years is the introduction of 
“mobile libraries” — Volkswagen buses which can be 
parked at street corners or outside Right Wing rallies. A 
New Yorker named Fred Lawrence, for example, brings 
his book-laden VW into the Wall Street area and carries 
“the truth to the heathen” armed with Birch propaganda 
and a New York City peddler’s license. 

Robert Welch has been proud of his Reading Rooms, 
but Society officials sometimes deny their connection with 
the official apparatus when faced with embarrassment over 
the appearance of anti-Semitic materials in the stores or a 
revelation concerning an unsavory individual managing , 
one. (In a Boston store in 1962, an associate of American 
Nazi Party leader George Rockwell managed the enterprise.) 

Nevertheless, the connections between the individually- 
owned bookstores and the . Society itself are firm. The stores 


stock “recommended” materials, ancT^hany of these are 
ordered directly through Belmont headquarters — on 
credit. Robert Welch and John Rousselot have attended 
many a bookstore opening. 

Carmine Saccardo, of Milford, Mass., a non-Bircher who 
took the. “no-official-connection” claim seriously, told his 
story to reporter Bob Creamer of the Boston Traveler. Sac- 
cardo took over the ownership of Milford’s Paul Revere 
Book Shop, and soon thereafter removed most of the 
Birch material from the shelves because it wasn’t selling. 
Local Society members had tried to tell Saccardo what to 
order, and later boycotted his shop in protest against his 
displaying a picture of the late President Kennedy. Torn 
from his only market and saddled with a $4,000 debt, the 
well-meaning Saccardo closed up shop. 

“My own friends were calling me a Communist,” he de- 
clared, “and no matter what I said I couldn’t make people 

Recruiting for Holy War 

The John Birch Society is little interested in trying to 
understand the viewpoints of others. Birchers apparently 
find it more satisfying and less time-consuming to call them 
“Communists” and have done with it. The Society is quite 
energetic, however, in trying to make others understand its 
point of view. 

One such effort was the release during 1965 of a new 
motion picture. “Presentation Film #2,” produced at a 
cost of about $70,000, relates the history, aims, and opera- 
tions of the Birch organization. It is not meant to replace 
the original “Presentation Film #1,” a 150-minute Welch 
monologue condensing the Society’s Blue Book into a far- 
reaching view of a conspiratorial, Communist-controlled 
world. Rather the new film is a supplement to the old, 
designed for prospects who have shown understanding and 
serious interest after viewing the original film. 

“Presentation Film #2” runs 90 minutes and it looks at 
the world, both technically and philosophically, in sharp 
black and white. It insists that while Americans were danc- 
ing (Fred Astaire is shown) and golfing (President Eisen- 
hower is shown), the Communist conspiracy was eating 
away at the foundations of the Republic. Then, Robert 
Welch, the hero, decides to mobilize resistance into a vast, 
patriotic organization to save the country. The resulting 

operations of the Bh^a Society are thereupon presented — 
from the headquarters in Belmont to the neighborhood 
chapter meeting. 

During the summer of 1965, members and prospects were 
invited to pay one dollar to attend local “premieres” of the 
new recruiting film. Now, a free presentation is scheduled 
almost every night in the stronger Birch areas. The 5,000 
chapters are each expected to hold at least one such presen- 
tation a month. Sessions are usually conducted by a paid 
coordinator or by a volunteer section leader who generally 
supervises anywhere from two to twelve chapters. After the 
film has been shown, they deliver a practiced pitch for 
membership. Birch staffers .generally expect to sign up — - 
sooner or later — about 25% of those who attend a 

The new recruitment film has also been shown to audi- 
ences whose members might never consider attending a 
formal Society presentation. Showings of the film have been 
arranged before such non-Birch organizations as Republican 
clubs, and on local TV stations; as an educational film on 
Communism. In many cases, of course, the offer of the film 
is declined by a target organization or an alert TV station 
manager. ^ 

Another device increasingly used in recent Birch Society 
recruiting drives is the newspaper advertisement Birch 
Society ads are written and produced at headquarters in 
Belmont for placement by local Birch groups at their own 
expense. The ads, usually designed for a full page, appeal 
to good citizenship via the headline “Support Your Local 
Police”; to fear, via the message “What’s Wrong With 
Civil Rights?,” or to curiosity, via the caption “What Is 
The John Birch Society? — The Truth May Surprise 
You,” The ads are usually a solid block of type. 

The Society, however, has never solicited just anyone 
for membership. Welch seeks recruits with a potential for 
zeal, dedication and indoctrination to serve as a cadre for 
missionary work at the grass roots. The films and the adver- 
tisements are aids to recruiting along with the specially- 
designed recruiting packets. These contain samples of So- 
ciety literature, a copy of the Birch Bulletin , a copy of the 
Society’s much heralded multi-colored . Sunday supplement 
which has appeared in newspapers in major cities across 
the country and, to be sure, an application for membership 
in the Society. 



The John Birch Society today appears to be a permanent 
fixture on the American political scene — at least for the 
foreseeable future. 

Whether it can be quarantined on the fringe of the 
American political spectrum depends in large measure on 
American conservatives. If they have the desire — and the 
will — to do the job, a housecleaning can be carried out 
pn the American Right that would separate the conserva- 
tive wheat from the Radical Rightist chaff. 

If the task is undertaken, the job will not be easy, The 
Birch penetration of American life has already progressed 
into many communities and into the political party 

Its radical extremism, rooted in a conspiratorial concept 
of American history and of current events, threatens the 
democratic process and the democratic climate. 

It claims to be the only effective anti-Communist force 
in the nation, but its leaders cannot tell a Republican from 
a Red and have forfeited all credentials and any claim 
whatsoever to anti-Communist expertise. 

It aids Communism by concentrating on a fancied inter- 
nal Communist conspiracy, thus diverting public attention 
from the real internal and foreign Communist threat. 

It divides the nation by charging those who oppose it — 
and those whom it opposes — with being Communist dupes 
at best and Communist agents at worst. ' 

It wages all-out war against remedies seeking justice and 
equality for Negroes, and it seeks to exploit, for its own 
propaganda and recruitment purposes, the fears, the ten- 
sions and the anxieties of Americans. 

Its aim is political influence and power. Its ultimate pur- 
pose is to stop the forward march of American develop- 
ment and to repeal, if it can, the last thirty years of Ameri- 
can history. 

Its members have already begun to appear on the politi- 
cal scene. A few already hold office. Some are candidates. 
Its followers bore into the vital organs of political parties. 

It has penetrated and influences some public agencies 
such as the police, local governments and the administra- 
tion of public schools. 

It seeks, through its members, influence in voluntary 
groups, civic organizations and other bodies which play a 
vital role in a free society. 

It sucks in, each year, increasing millions of dollars for 
its divisive activities. 

It is an apparatus, a radical apparatus, comparable in 
size and impact to the Communist apparatus at the peak 
of its power in the United States twenty years ago. 

It uses subterfuge and semi-secrecy — including front 
groups — to carry out its work. 

It has not yet tapped its full potential nor mobilized that 
segment of the American population which thinks as it does, 

It is likely to continue, its growth in the years that lie 
immediately ahead — until its actions produce firm re- 
actions on the part of concerned Americans, consciously 
convinced that it is a menace to the nation and ready to 
defeat it in their own communities and in the political 

It is a by-product of the fears and frustrations of a nation 
in transition at home and in a protracted struggle with 
Communism abroad — a by-product of the “long twilight 
struggle, year in and year out” of which the late President 
Kennedy spoke in his Inaugural Address. 

The American nation has survived and rejected the false 
counsels of radicalism and extremism in the past, and will 
reject the false counsels of the Birch Society because the 
overwhelming majority of the American people are neither 
radicals nor extremists — whether or not they agree with 
prevailing national policies of the moment. 

What is of concern in 1966, and in the years ahead, is 
the damage the Birch Society can do to the democratic 
climate and process before the good sense and sober mod- 
eration of the American people lay it to rest and render it a 
mere footnote in the history books of the future. 

FACTS— 385 

Ire you 
of rage ? 
Then read 

T T ere, in the first comprehensive treatment of its kind, you will 
come face-to-face with the forces on the Far Right. 

You will come to know such principal organizers of ultra-rightism 
as Robert Welch, leading propagandist for the Radical Right, 
Frederick C. Schwarz, Billy James Hargis, Dan Smoot and Kent 
and Phoebe Courtney. You will learn how they operate, 
what they stand for, whom they attract, who supports them. 

You will read the actual names of the foundations, corporations 
(including some of American industry’s most illustrious blue chips), 
and individuals who contribute the money that permits 
the Radical Right to spend a minimum of $14,000,000 annually 
in its assault on our democratic system. 

Arnold Forster and Benjamin Epstein have spfent four years 
compiling the facts. Now it is published — a document of 
fundamental importance for every American concerned about 
preserving the health of our democracy. The facts will disturb and 
anger you, but they must be faced. 

As The New York Times said about this book in an editorial on 
September 21: “Its real value . . . lies in its assembly of a vast store 
of information on the programs and personnel, the interconnections 
and divergences, of a movement aimed at influencing the course of 
American politics ... In a democracy the best antidote to such 
extremists is not suppression but maximum exposure. 

That is the worth of . the Anti-Defamation League’s study.” j 

I — " 


| or your nearest ADL Regional Office 

Please send me hard cover copies of DANGER ON 

THE RIGHT at the special price of $3.95, or soft 

cover copies at the special price of $2.35. 

Payment enclosed 






A Cumulative Index for the Anti-Defamation League publication FACTS has 
been compiled for the years 1946 to 1964 inclusive* Single copies are avail- 
able to regular recipients of FACTS and to libraries which request this Index 
by mailing this coupon to ADL. The price is 50# a copy, supply is limited, 
and orders will be filled on a first come* first served, basisi A remittance 
with each order is required. 

Miss Marjorie Schloss, Librarian 
Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith 

315 Lexington Avenue 

New York, N. Y* 10016 

Enclosed is 50#. Please send one copy of the Cumulative Index (1946-1964) 

NAME ... . .. _ 

G) ~ 



(please print or use typewriter) 


l: ‘ ■ | 




| | stated she received a newspaper clipping 

from a newspaper in Bottlesville* Oklahoma* which was an 
editorial giving support to the Minute Men. 


| wrote 

a letter stating he wisned she lived m Ml s s is sippi* 

in oraer vnav sne coma see me way the Ky Klux Klan operated,, 

stated she thought this might be in connection with 

a letter she had written concerning the Klan. 

stated she received a post card from a 
lawyer* whose name sne did not recall* from New York City* New 
York* asking her whether she wanted'him as her legal counsel 
In any court action which might arise from her writings . 

idvised she has received literature 
from American opinion, Belmont* Massachusetts* which gives, 
information on the American civil rights movement and facts _ 
concerning Martin Luther King* and his alleged Communist I 
affiliation* and other Such information from an unknown soiree 
in Tampa, Florida. 

reiterated that none of the literature 
or cards has mace any threat against heri however* she was 
becoming concerned oyer the mail she had been receiving aia^f,',.* 
for that reason wanted the FBI to be cognizant. 

This document contains neither recommendations nor 
conclusions of the FBI. It is the property of the FBI and is 
loaned to your agencyi It and its eohtfnt.s are not to be 
distributed outside your agency. j 


tr fcr 

FD-36 (Rev. 12-13-56) 

DATE 01-25-2012 

Transmit the following in 


Date: 3/12/66 

(Type in plain text or code) 

(Priority or Method of Mailing) 


Enclosed for the Bureau are eight copies of an 

« # fc If* Vv I 

Local dissemination has been made to the U. S, 
Secret Service , San Antonio, and Austin, Texas) San Antonio 
Region Office, 112th INTO) 10 th District OSI) and ONI A 

Information copies are being furnished the Boston 
Little Rock, Memphis, New Ydrk, Oklahoma City, and Tampp 
Offices „ ' ' 

3 . » Bureau (Enc. 8 ) 
y - Boston (Enc« l)(Ihfo) 

1 - Little Rock (EnCo l)(lnfo) 
1 - Memphis (Ene. l)t|nfo). 


Special AgCntin Charge 

GSA FPMR (41 CFW 101-11.4 





"fei autohat I c declassification guide 

DATE 01-ZS-Z01Z 




SAC, Boston (100-32899) 
Director, FBI (62-104^1) 

date: 5/11/66 



Information has been received by the Bureau that 
The John Birch Society's publication, "American Opinion," 
is reportedly preparing an article concerning the Director. 

Any information concerning this matter coming to 
the attest ioi* of your office is to be promptly furnished 
the Bureau. If possible, through established sources, a 
copy of the proposed article should be obtained prior to 
publication and immediately forwarded to the Bureau. No 
action should be taken by your office that would alert 
The Bohn Birch Society to the Bureau's interest in this 
proposed article. 


Buy US. Savings Bonds Regularly on the Payroll Savings Plan 

FD-350 (Rev. 7-16-63) 

When amair gets -his ears pinned badK - every 
day all over the country, he tends to pull his 
head in. 

Robert Welch of . Belmont, founder and chief 
of The John Birch Society, does this. But not 

He has generally taken the stand of the political 
candidate— don’t mention your opponent’s name 
unless you absolutely must. 

A former candy maker, Welch obviously can 
stand the heat of the kitchen. He’s been belted long 
and hard but gives no signs of quitting. 

But in his latest bulletin, after an urgent plea 
for more money and members, he indicates there’s 
a burr under his saddle. 

He asks the question, “What Hit the John 
Birch Society?” and then gives this answer; 

' *‘A lot of things. During the last 12 months or 

more, the efforts to destroy or damage the Society 
j reached a whole new level. It may surprise you to 
read a very brief review of just some of the major 

' nation^ de attacks we have survived,’ ’ ‘he ) tells" 
the members. 

He then proceeds to blast away at B’nai 
B’rith and its Anti-Datamation League, TV Chan- 
nel Z, the Boston Traveler, arch-conservative 
William F. Buckley Jr., Democratic and Re- 
publicn leaders, labor leader Walter Reuther, the 
National Council of Churches, entertainer Steve 
Allen and Gordon Hall* 

And, he adds, “there continue to be some 1,000 
items per day about us in the American press, an 
appreciable percentage of ' them offering clear 
grounds for libel, suits if we were unwise enough 
to bog ourselves down completely and spend our 
lives as plaintiffs at law.” 

Welch traces Birch problems back to Dr. Arthur 
Larson’s National Council for Civic Responsibility 
“which had accepted $50,000 from the Democratic 
National Committee” to destroyer damage the 

Then he cites the wave of anti-Birch literature, 
singling out the ADL’s “Danger on the Right” by 
Epstein and Forster which created “utterly false 
impressions” throughout the nation. ’ 

(Indicate page, name of 
newspaper, city and state.) 

Boston, Mass. 

Boston, Uass. 

Boston, Uass. 


Boston, Mass. 
Boston, Mass/ 

Date; 5 / 11/66 / / 

Edition: Lftte SyOCk 6 

Author-' Bob ■•e^an/r 
Editor: H ornery Jeraks 
Tuie: John siren Society 


Submitting Office: 

| | Being Investigated 



MAfTB 19651 


“One of the most ambitious and most brazen 
of these nationwide attacks on the Society was 
carefully prepared and shamelessly carried out by 
the National Educational Television’s 92-station 

Much of this NET documentary^ shown here on 
Ch. 2, was filmed in Belmont and at a rehearsed 
Birch chapter meeting in Needham. 


“We had collaborated carefully and cordially 
with the production crew of NET for several 
months. Then on the very Wednesday afternoon - 
before the first showing of the, film that night, its 
^producer, Miss Sharon Pucker, gave a^long inter* 
view in the Boston Traveler,” Welch writes. 

“She boasted of having set out to damage us all 
she could, and of having tricked us into co- 
operating with her towards our own destruction. 

“The fact that neither the original showing, nor 
a later viciously slanted rehash, were as decisively 
damaging as Miss Pucker had hoped, was due 
entirely to the common sense of the public, the 
straightforward honesty of our members before 

on' Dec. 13, that the Attorney General 
free, without any' public investigation whatsoeverT 
to take any official position with regard to the 
Society that he might wish. 

“The basic idea, apparently, was to tie us to 
the Ku Kiux Klans, which were kept very much in 
the puDlic eye during the next several weeks by an 
- official investigation.” 

HoweVer, Welch recalls, the GOP committee 
came out with a mild statement about “ex- 
hemi&ts,” not mentioning the Birch Society. 

Welch’s attack on his critics continues on for 
several pages, labelling his detractors as “Com- 
symps” and declaring that the Communists are 
really turning on. the heat to smear his society. 

“If we are not to have a worldwide horror, 
engulfing' the United States . . . Welch con- 
cludes, his society “must live and grow and spear- 
head the resistance, right through all these attacks 
and smears— until the revulsion finally sets in and 
the tide has turned.” 

Judging from the latest Birch bulletin, it is 
difficulty to determine which way the “tide ’ has s 
■tinned : 1 

the cameras, and other forces entirely beyond her 

' Welch accuses Buckley of using his magazine 
National Review and his syndicated newspaper 
column to “spark a series of widely publicized 
criticism? of the Society” by leading moderate 
and “not so moderate” Republicans. 

“An excellent girl in our accounting depart- 
ment, for instance, who had been with us for two 
years, quit the day after Sen. Dirksen issued his 
blast -against us because her father would not 
let her work any longer for an organization 
which Sen. Dirksen condemned,” Welch discloses. 

.All of this; however, Welch says, “was merely 
background and preparation for the far more 
vicious atlack which was intended.” 

Through an informer, Welch says the Society 
learned last October of a Washington meeting 
“attended” by leaders of the Democratic adminis- 
tration, key GOP senators and governors and the 
attorney general. 

“The purpose of the meeting was to plan for 
such a devastating attack on us by the so-called 
Republican Co-ordinating Committee when it met 

DATE 01-25-2Q12 





ftn'g- IQ* ^966. 

F.B. I. 

federal BUILDING 
BOSTON, MASS., 02203 

Attention Mr^ Dick Blasser*. 

DOaI Hil not call ^ last W, — X -tel to set 

j-v. ttdq Horo is tlio story i 
tiio whole story about the JBS. ■ 

(Walworth ©nployoe) told no that| 

| ( ■ 

^a ttended 



leuitins «etin S - - doth Bine, Society at the — 

V on duly 25, MM. Ho learned of this »ootin E *««* * * _ 

• lo Others on the street also recievod 

that was loft at his hooe. Otnors on 

the sano fly or. 

o-hont 15 people there with only 
Ee said that there wore about 15 P 

, They were shown a fili^ 

about 5 or 6 who were not nenbors. 7 

4 -o.t i i nc all that the JBS was a good 
with Ezra Taft Benson telling all 

. , a , oin The speaker or loader of the group 
organization to 30 m. The sp 

Baid that there were — s of the police and the 

the JBS* - Soveral of thopresontjsonbors adaittod on 

\ ~ H said that the leader came 

members of the Boston foliccy | . 

fron Aahnont s treet but cannot renter the ^r^orto f ^ 




lives atl 

After tho O-oe tin g the loader and 
nan tried to get^^° 3 01 * 1 and to c 


como to 

— ngnjftDEXED 


r* 1 

( ] Joafon" folico 

the Ashnont 

air... to see ,ero movies, Beth he and his .other refused. 

b / -,-d - 4 - v. a wv work ing bey. )_ 

no th© - 1 nin 7 - J Qu: \ 0 v na — 

Your s ./ 

lknows oe and . 




SAC (100-32899) 

DATE 01-25-2012 

date: 8/26/66 


IS - 

Attached here 
8 / 10 / 66 . 


I tree ted to SA RICHA RD H. 

I dated 

Bureau advised by separate airtel 
All necessary action taken. 

RHB : cm 


JW'lxrffr-1 7 / 


AUG 26195$ si 



Cover Sheet lor Informant Report or Material 
FD-306 (3-21*58) 

TO : SAG ( 100 - 5990 ) 



4 / 20/66 

Date received 

3 / 24/66 

Received from (name or symbol number) 

Received by 


Method of delivery (check appropriate blocks) 

SH in person 1,7 I by telephone C l by mail L_J orally CD recording device lXJ written by Informant 

Date of Report 

2 / 22/66 

, If orally furnished and reduced to 

writing by Agent: 



in . _ ■ - - ' 



r' ..V \ 

by Informant 

/ l 

Brief description of activity or material 

Various activity 


File where original is located tf not attached 


J has furnished reliable information In the 
sect not protect his identity. ; Characterize as 
having been a former member of the CP who voluntarily 

furnished information to the FBI. •/ 

- ■ • // 

•// - 

Informant’s report follows: 

2 - Miami (RM) 

2 - New Haven (RM) 

2 - New York (RM) 

2 - San Francisco (RM) 
2 - Pittsburgh (RM) 

P- Boston ( 100 - 5990 ) ■ 










DATE s yi j y 5r 2- 

ACTION Ujt ,/ 







# . • 

BS 100-5990 

"To bring you up to date, I inclose my -report on 
my trip to Miami Fla. On unfinished business —— 
lookat pictured 000148 — -first male on the left is 

fr f Unitarian 

Universalist Churches . He was active in Civil 
Rights in the state of Ala.-- — First male to the 
left, 000216 and center of picture 000219 -was seen 
Tuesday Feb. 8, I966 at Arlington Street Church for 
lecture on NEW LEFT AND N EW RIGHT LECTURE’ . He was 
driving car no ^ 

"The male w ith glasses ne xt to the above in both 
pictures is | 

"Car plate numbers near meeting of Peoples Jewish 
Forum when Victor Perlo was the speaker. 

"Have pictures of group passing out material on 

Boston Common Boston Committee for Non-Violent 

Action P .0 . Box 323 Boston University Station, 
Boston, Mass, 02215, 

"Next big pusfy on March 25 and 26, 

"See THE NEWSLETTER PO Box 317 Harvard Square 

Cambridge, Mass, 02138 

f • # 

BS 100-5990 

"Woman with car NO | was in South Braintree, 

Jennings News Standi SHe was there to collect for 
6 American Opinions left with owner. She talked him 
into carrying the book hut he got so many comments 
that he refused to continue.. Woman in big car with 

"Outside 295' Huhington Ave. YSA meeting. Oar driven 
by Negro man and Negro woman got, hut, of, car. , .Plat e 

No . | 1 Woman talked with | for 

about 5 minutes. They were joined by another Negro 
who had beared like writer Jones of NY. 

"TRIP TO MIAMI FLA, FROM Dec. 24, 1965 to Jan. 2, 1966 


"Challenge Publishing House 
4646 NW 2nd Ave. 7583635 

"Visited I I It is part of the New Testament b6 ^ 


I b7D 

church and religious groups • He had- strong objections 
to be included in a ’RIGHT WING' listing but said that 
once he had reprinted some of the material of J LI Smith, 

142 Glenridge Road 
Key Biscayne Fla. 

5390 Banyan Dr. 33156 


- 3 - 

BS 100-5990 


57 SE 6th St Did not exist — -ho building but | 

1 said that it was a part of the Dean Manion 



above address 

J Visited |_ 
.s his home, 

ives m 

and the 
lis wife. 



"Gave me Sept , . 1965 WALLACE, LIBERTY .LOBBY, issue 

"He had 

"Boon oh 'Race ????????' book bn records to prove 
that Negro was inferior two authors Poss 

"He was. very interest, in the,: ' race .issue ' and , said, he 
was not a racist but that facts prove that: the. Negro 
■was an inferior .person, Washington, D.C is - now 
Africanized. He feels that US is headed for, a 
dictorship and federal control. He asked me how people 
feel about race question in Boston. I referred him to 
Harris on Boston. It was then that he said that he 
had the paper. He said he gave money to the Liberty 
Lobby when they needed help . 

- k - 

BS 100-5990 

80 NW 6l Ave. 

Hialeah, Fla, 

(spoke on phone to her in 1964 

At that time she would not let me see Book Store 
because of reasons that she called security,) 


"She has withdrawn from the John Birch Society because 
she says that program offered were programs that, could 
not be carried to a conclusion such as » Free Cuba in 
63’. This caused many who had workeed hard on the 
project to quit. Welch has make work proje cts. She 
went to Summit in COLO. I I and heard 

•Walker* who said that ihdy (CPJ WdUld tftk4 over now 
if they were sure of the masses of voters. Said . 

EASTERN BLACKOUT was a part of a plan to take over US. 
CONSERTIVES are only fighting a delaying action against 
liberal - communist take over. 50# of Cubans may be 
Communist. US Person in charge of letting in Cubans is a 
Communist — —Major Wise arid I said' |A Jew? 1 

"She replied ‘What else?’ 

"She gave me two leaflets. 

80 West 6Tst St. 

Hialeah, Fla. 33012 


Meadowland Baptist Church 
Palmettp by Pass at ll4th St. 

Rt 1 Box 741 
Hialeah, Fla, 

"said that Christian Crusade Book Store 7936 NE 2 Ave 
has 1 been closed and declared bankruptcy. I checked 
store but found no trace. 

- 5 - 

BS 100-5990 

765 N1 138 St 


PO Box 1 

North Miami, Fla., not used now. 

"60 years old, gray bald man — brown eyes. 120#, 

5« 2"-— shake in hand and has heart condition. Lives 
with wife and 16 year old son. 

"Showed me a copy of Women's voice— Chicago 111. Nov, 


"Room 800 

537 S. Dearborn St. — - 
Author Lyrl Clark Van Hyning 

"This article proves that the 'do nothing' John Birch 
Society was set up by one person who is 'international 
banker' and another that is a member of the 'National 
Council of Churches' and the JBS is designed to quiet the 
anti-communist. Pospisil said that Kent Courtrney and 
Dean Manlon always stay away from 3rd party which he said he 
is trying to form. He supported Strum Thurman's third 
party. Showed me a long letter called 

''CURRENTE CALAMO' by Catholic Layman' s> Council 
PO Box 725 
Union Town, Pa. 


"Told me to contact 



"Said she worked in New England on Const* Parties. 
"Said to send money to Pa. and to him. 

- 6 - 

# • 

BS 3-00^5990 

"Said Jews control Masonic order. 

Speaks against -i-Swartz, Welsh, Courtney and Field 
Two party system is controlled by international Jews 
and bankers . 

"J. H. Keathley— - retired building December 31# 19^5 
4250 NW 22nd Ave car plate No Fla. 1W-9407 
Miami, Fla. 

"Also on door names of Reigler and Nicks with Keathley 

"Florida States Rights Inc. (building in Negro section 


"Said two of his men were sent to jail and that for all 
intents the Florida States Rights, Inc. was dead. These 
two who were also members of 'Minutemen' and he disclaimed 
any knowledge of bombing. (The bombed home of editor of 
Miami paper.) one got 20 years and the other got 5* 

"Said ’Freedom Press 221-6767 
1468 NW 36 th 
Miami, 42, Fla 

"Is run by Dickson who is a Baptist minister and is a 
good guy. He objected to my statement about John Birch 
Society and Robert Welsh. He said Welsh is the greatest 
man in the world. He claims to be a Goldwater 
Republican. He did not object to my statements about 
fighting the Jews and gave me a copy of 

’'The Cross and the Flag’ 

’The American Mercury’; 

’Common Sense’ said that these people fight 
Jews but Common Sense was supported by Jew. 

"Conserative Book Club Ommibus Vol. 5 

"The Augusta Courier' 

book ’Invasion Alert' Mary B. Ert— Liberty Lobby — 

"Said that he spent $75*000 
Gives support to liberty Lobby 
Said that he is not prat of the National States 
Rights Party. 

- 7 - 

• • 

BS 100- 5990 

"His small office is full of all sorts of books. 

He buys all consertive publications and keeps many 
of them. He liked the old AMERICAN MERCURY and 
claimed that he was one of GoldwateB biggest 
supporters in Miami. 



1468 NW 36 St. Miami Fla. Next door to radio station 


was in charge at the time, 

"He said bumper stickers were ’RIGHT WING’ 

' EXTREAMIST ’ ’SUBVERSIVE’ and the winked. Said that 
local TV station had included the store in Extreamist 

"' Lincoln was killed because he wanted a seg society' 

"A new bumper sticker 'WHAT'S WRONG IN BEING WHITE' is 
now being printed 

"Gave 10 bumper stickers for $1.00 


'14 B 

"'The Committee— Anti Reynolds tobacco Co 
Miami Shores Fla 33153 

"GOD'S POWER Box 7265 Miami Rev. Wyrick Jr. 

"CONGRESSIONAL RECORD April 27, 1965 Dickerson Report 
"Shoppers Guide to Communist imports 

- 8 - 

• • • 

BS 100-5990 

"Said | heads group THE COMMITTEE TO WARN 

BUSINESS SCENE Chriopractic Doctor Little River 
8124 NE 2 Av 754-3595 

"copy MANION FORUM — Questionnaire to Congressional 

"letter to Editor Lawrence A Collins 
Independant Press Telegram 
Longbeach Calif 


"LET FREEDOM RING' 22 I -6767 3541 SW 32 Terrace 

"Said that this phone set up in a private home on 
SW section and is in a room with its own air 
conditioner. It goes day and night. Can get in 
600 calls per day. I said that the John Birch 
Society handled it up home. He said it is supposed 
to be separate but every JBS chapter contribute to 
its support. 

said that he came form | Lives 

here about 8 years. Most of the rubber stamps are 
consertive like 'THIS IS A REFUTUC' etc. 

¥ WMIE is called the Religious voice of Miami. One 
half of the day is given to religion and the last 
half to Spanish programs. Most of the programs are 
Consertive Bible Christian programs. Two programs 
to convert the Jew to Christ. 


two non-religious programs 

"LIFE LINE H. L. H. PRODUCTS Gas-tro-magis Pills 

"COHSERTIVE VIEW POINT Dec. 29/ 1965. Part of nation 
wide program. 

- 9 - 

BS 100-5990 

"Programs 3H and 312 are two programs designed to tell 
all consertives that they can elect racist congressmen 

in 1966. 

"He claims that Boston 

an IgfiTita q£. 

I sen 


• I 


oves that the people will vot e 

_ ror tnese two programs,; 

Could make good story if more Known about group and 

their strength. 



who said that the Vet 

Nam War 

is controled by the United Nations and SEATO 
Executive officer of US and UN fo rces is a Communist 

V P SS U Taunt and 

in control. 

;■ f; ' 

bs 100-5990 



WiH.. Identify .holders of following Massachusetts registrations: 

AH' necessary action has been 



DATE 01-25-2012 

5 - 19-66 

DIRECTOR, FBI (62-104403 

FROM s SAC, BOSTON ( 100- 


Re Bureau]* t ter dated 5-11-66, advising an article 
concerning the Director is reportedly to be published in 
"American Opinion." 

to 5-19-66, Sullivan 

Brothers Printers, Lowell, Massachusetts, which firm prints 
90 per cent of American Opinion, made available proofs of 
an artiole which reviews a new book "FBI Man* A Personal 
History" by LOUIS COCHRAN. This comments on the^FBI and 
the Director and is believed to be tha/article^f erred to 
in referenced letter. / 

The proofs are enclosed. 

(4) y,. 

u ' V 

\ IV y 

g a 

7 / 

sy a 

/ ft 

Cover Sheet for Informant Report or Material 
FD-306 (3-21-58) 

TO:’ SAC, BOSTON (100-32899) (C) 









_ _ _ ' :h7n 

-Date received 

Received from (name or symbtj 

Received by 



Method of deliver/ (check appropriate blocks) 

. L J in person f ~ I by telephone 1^7.1 by mail. (HZ] p rally LZJ recording device J i written by Informant 

If orally furnished and reduced to writing by Agent: 

Date of Report 


Dictated _ 

Transcribed _ 

by Informant _ 

Date(s) of activity 

Brief description of activity or material 

Trip to Texas 

File where original is locdted if not attached 


Information froi 
He Has test if ie 


reliable information in the past 
follows : 

need not be concealed, 
ana is cnaracterized as having furnished 

Informant's report 




1 - Miami (RM) 

1 - San Antonio (RM) 

1 - El Paso (RM) 
1 - Buffalo (RM) 



BS 100-32899 



AA to Dallas and by Gray Hound Bus to 
Laredo, Texas. 




712 Brazes St. GR. 6-1488 

Store in down-town section of town. Two women, 
one 60 year old. 

Other — 

(late 40’ s). 

"They publish ’Freedom Views' PO Box 983 Austin Texas 
which is also part of Austin Anti-Communist Leagu^. 

"One half of m aterial was JBS. 4/9 material was 
Christian Anti-Communist Crusade. 


were works of 

and American Mercury 
talks with hiiji by phone. Says he is 
wonaerrux and that ha is getting ready to go. to b6 


Christian Crusade. 

"Bought 2 books 
"Will Russia Conouer the World” bv I th ought 


by it is byT 
Institute. 9 


00 N.W. 30 th Street, Miami , FI or Ida .- 

of Mi 


- 2 - 

"June 1965 American Mercury 
also Pin ’Great Society* 


BS 100-32899 



"They sold ’Truth about Selma’ She said, ’In 
Birmingham I could pick up true story. Gave me copy 
of 'Night Riders' 100% Klan book. Showed me 
picture of Negro and White in ' act ' . Said that 
these pictures were not censored. 

"Says Lobe 'Manchester Guardian' like local paper 
' Borger Texas News-Hera ld* . Both often pri nt 
same letters to editor. I | letter 

in one. I 

"There are several local chapters . New drive for 
membership. Did not do well with 'Support Your 
Local Police' Said membership will pick up with 
comniing of 'We linn ninkers 1 strike (looking for $1.25) b7c 

of JBS 

in Dallas charges C.P. support 
Thur, July 21, 1966 page 5B 
The Wace News Tribune 

"She gave me copy of the 'The Agusta Courier' said 
she supports this paper. 

"She said, 'Human Events' on 18th Congressional District 
of Texas tells about a strip of land 1 mile X 60 miles 
of Texas to be given to Mexican 'Government by Johnson. 


American Publishing Company 806-7 Travis Bldg. 
Constitutional Party 4519 Rimrock 

Both addresses were not in telephone book and operator 
could not give me any other phorie number. 



Pastor First Baptist Church of West Dallas 
corner Toronto and Parvia Streets over the bridge from 
downtown Dallas 

His home is about 5 miles West of Church 





BS 100-32899 

"Went to part of Bible Class and all of morning service. 

"He asked if I would lead in prayer but I declined. 

Wanted to know what Right wing organization I belonged 
to. (Am. Institute) . 

He said he wished I would move down here because we 

need more Right Wingers down here . I showed him 

copy of First Nat. Directory and he said that he had one , 

| He sold me $1.50 

business out side the Church because Jesus might throw 
him out. 

" TEMPATATI ON S OF GAMBLING Christian Life Commission 
THE BIBLE JUDGES COMMUNISM Southern Baptist Convention 

|member says she belonged to church for 

long time 

| a good man and in many things (Questioned about 
White Citizens Council) 

3812 Gaston Ave. 


"Had a complete store of Religious Books. Consertive - 
and f undermental religion. Store statement of belief. 
Established in 1957. All material 'screened 1 for 
Biblical truth, sound doctrine.' 
had same Wm. H. Walker book I bought in AUSTIN. 

American Council of Churches 



The Presbyterian Journal 
Weaverville, N.C. 

- 4 - 

BS 100-32899 

2018 Bennett Ave. 

"No answer at this home. Was near to where Speck 
used to live. 11:30 AM 



6930 Snider Plaza Rug weavers hobie shop new at this addres 

"Called AMERICAN BOOK CO 411 Elm St. Not the Same outfit. 


1401 Elm St. Dallas Texas 
First National Bank Building 

on the 29th floor of new building 
over looks square where Kennedy killed. 

"Was given bundle of ’Life Line Material’ 

Went on mailing list as 
Malcolm: Mosher 
Rout_ 2 
PO Box 93 
Union, Maine 




8711 McKinney Ave. Dallas Texas 

TA7-5741 also the home of John Birch Society 

"Took pictures. In a new building on bus rout to 
Love Air Field. Book store plus office. There were 
two young women working therein A.M. 


"Dallas County Committee 
Support Your Local Police 
PO Box 30383 
Dallas Texas 75230 


BS 100-32899 

"Notice of 

speaking oh sUb]6dT JSWISft 
the John Birch Society 
Aug. 10, 1958 BAKER HOTEL 
and attack on ADL 


iity and 

"’GOLD SWINDLE by George Lacey Jordan 
Bumper sticker DOES POLITICS PAY:? ASK L.B.J, 

"Almost all the material was on list of JBS 
but not the Jordan book. They also had the 
book ’Truth of Selma’. 


26W. Mockingbird Lane 
Freedom Press, Inc. 
F12-9422 PO Box 20113 

"Nashville, Tenn. 37202 
PO Box 128 


"He gave me a whole box full of material without 
cost. I promised to take material into Maine. 

He did not ask for my name and address. He also gave 
me a copy of "THE ROCK’s anti-Roman Catholic newspaper 
from Sydney, Australia. 

'’Roman Catholic church is the chief foe. 
he said that 'RCC has not changed only the proper ganda 
has changed. The RCC is a bigger threat today than 
ever.’ Material on the desk shows letters from all 
over the country. 




1621. Main Street in down town Dallas 


i # 

BS 100-32899 

"I could not find name in lobby and I was forced to 
ask Negro starter. He said ’Is this like a law 
firm'. I said 'No, more like an association.' 

(He knew but would not help;) He sent me to room 
612 to women accountants. They sent me to 
building manager. He said that he had no record 
or knowledge. He sent me to room 723. 


No one at home . 

"Visited Kennedy shooting park. Took pictures 
and talked with two men. One from SF and other 
a native. 

"Bought book 'Dallas' by Warren Leslie 

"She looked like 
checks and other 

not find any material for me but 
CHARTER and two membership cards. 

There were 1954 and and 1958 copi 
ON THE table with other papers. 

"She tried to get me an appointment with GENERAL 
EDWARD A. WALKER but could not because he was 
getting ready to go to other meetings 
4011 Turtle Circle Lai- 4115 

"She is active as a person in John Birch Society. 
She gave me KKK name and thinks Walker is great. - 

She gave me the following names.* 


BS 100-32899 

1125 Davis Bldg, 

Dallas 2, Texas. 

| Citizens Council 
R1 2-5200 Listed in Davis Bldg, 
she gave me Adolphis Tower 

he is member of KKK 



Provisional Government of Confederate States of America 

"Proclamation dated Feb. 9, 1966 13 Southern States, 



All necessary action taken. Indexing is being left to 
the discretion of offices receiving a copy of this 
memorandum as it. is not known on what persons their 
offices may have files, 

I - 9 - 


June 25 9 1966 

Federal Bureau of Investigation 
Washington, D 0 C 0 

Dear Sir: 

In your register of Right Wing organizations, do you 
have a listing for - ~ ~ 

American Opinion Library 
1014 Post Road 
Darien, Connecticut 

Assuming information is for public use, 1 would 
appreciate any details you may havGo 

I bring to your attention a full page advertisement 
by the American Opinion Library in the Darien (Conn) 

Review under the date of Thursday, June 16, 1966 « The 
title of the editorial style advertisement is: ’’What's 

Wrong with Civil Rights” 0 

V^rv truly yours. 


FP-350 (Rev. 7-16-63) 

(Mount Clipping in Space Below) 

The United States should 
pull out of the United Nations 
•and set up another ■ interna- 
tional agency that excludes 
^Communist nations, a mem- 
ber of the John Birch Society 
said here. 


!; The U.N., according to 
■ ! Samuel L. Blumenfeld, was 
created by an “international 
clique whose goal it is to 
impose by force over all of 
mankind, a totalitarian - 
world government.” 

| Mr. Blumenfeld is editor of 
■the weekly publication ‘‘Re- 
view of the News” and a 
founder of the Jewish Society 
'of Americanists. 

He made his comments 
prior to a speech last night on 
the United Nations at the 
Hilton Hotel, sponsored by the 
American Opinion Forum of 
Allegheny County. 

He said because both the 
r United States and the Com- 
munists want a world order 
there is a battle within the 
' United Nations to see whose 
terms prevail. 

He warned that the : Com- 
munist nationals have the 
upper hand because they “con : 
trol the secretariat from with- 

The United States, he said, 
went into the United Nations 
for collective security and we 
can't have that as long as 
Communist nations belong 
and can't have a world gov- 
ernment with the Communists 
; in it 

“The U. S. is basically at 
; wa& with the Communists,” 

* Mr. Blumenfeld noted. “We 
, are ‘their number one enemy 
. /that’s what they tell their 

He said becaiise we cannot 

18 SS 

; • 


mmm m 

: ss- ’■ 

0 ||| 

Speaks on U. N. 

kick the Communists out of 
the U.N. , we should set up 
another organization, of na- 
tions with the 1 same, ideology 
for the purpose of collective 
security.. v „ 

He said if a constitution 
for world government draft- 
ed by Grenville Clark and 
Louis B. Sohn, of the Har- 
vai\i Law School, were to be 
adopted it would be the end 
of national security and 
“individual 1 freedom would 
be greatly curtailed. 0 

The United Nations serves 
a purpose as ‘ a center for 
gathering information and for 
debates, Mr. Blumenfeld p ad- 
mitted,- but when one nation, 
wants to use force against 
another it does it despite* the 
U.N. . : . b *; 

He also , charged ^ that, the. 

U.N. has been used to wage 
war against neutrals, notably 

The writer said the U. S. 
State Department is in 
V agreement with what the 
United Nations is doing to 
lead toward a world govern- 
ment. > 

The speaker also was criti-. 
eal of Sen. Joseph Clark, who 
he said is violating his oaj?h 
of office . by advocating that 
the United States give up its 
sovereignty in favor of |a 
world government. v | / 1 

(Indicate page, name of 
newspaper, city and state.) 

Pittsburgh Press 
Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Date: 9 / 8/66 

Edition: l^ngl 

ritr !*• WfflBIER 

'Uohkj ""HiRc h 

IVf?0 <2: 


Submitting Office^* . . . 


| I Being Investigated 

/ & JZH l 

otrflP rum ^ INDEXED 



Pdl — ^OofUNl 

FD*>35<* (Rev* 7-16-63) 

(Mount Clipping in Space Below) 

■ The United States should 
' . \ . PuH out of the United Nations 1 

...because it is a vehicle for 
' world government which will' 
reduce the sovereignty and. 
> freedoms of the American 
. £ people, a Boston publisher 

; J said here last night. 

• ; f presi- 

dent otpoleFidge Press and 

■ r a memberrSTffiir^SSS^irch'' 

‘ ’ ; Society, gave his anti*UN 

/views to about 300 attending 
first lecture, of the Amerv 
can Opinion Forum of Alle- 
gheny County, a conservative 
. organization, at the Hilton 
,< Hotel. . . ( .. , j 

What the United States 
should do is align with nations I 
sympathetic with it and not' 
have its power diluted by the 

UN, Blumenield said in an in- 
terview. ; 

Defining the UN “as it is- 
presently constituted,’,’ he ; 

“It’s a socialistic -oriented, 

■ quasi-world government con-] 
celved by an international'; 

, • clique (and run by a coalition, 

of polftical criminals, western: 
socialists and statists whose, 
goal ill, is to impose by force 
over all of mankind a \&>rld 


DATE 01 - 25-2012 

Juae It, 1990 


Your letter of June 25th has been received. 

fit response to your inquiry, information contained 
In enr files must be maintained as confidential In accordance with 
regulations of the Department of Justice. I am sere you will 
understand toe reason tor this policy and why I am enable to 
furnish the data you requested. 

Sincerely yours, 

J* Edgar Hoover 

/ 1 - Boston - Enclosure 


76 h 1966 

The Spirit of independence 
calls you back 

New England My 


Cod, Family 5 Country 

Box 598, Dedham, Massachusetts 02026 
Telephone: (617) 326-6776 


Col, Laurence Eliot Bunker 


Mrs. Harold N. McKinney 

Executive Secretary 

Thomas J, Anderson 
Samue L. Blumeneeld 
Dr. Russell S. Boles, Jr, 
Julius W. Butler 
Arthur R. Daly 
Robert B. Dresser 
Herman Dykema, Jr, 
Richard C. Evarts 
Raymond Gorman 
Donald R. Gray 
Rev. Ferrell Griswold 
MacDonald Hays 
Dr. George J, Hess 
W. Joseph Hotin 

Paul J. Horn 
Robert W. Hotin 
John A. McCarty 
James McElligott 
Robert H. Montgomery 
Dr. Hardgrove S. Norris 
Frederick L. Perkins 
Lispenard B, Phister 
Col. W. Bruce Pirnie 
Archibald B. Roosevelt 
Edgar A. Scheubert 
Stephen M. Weld 
Bradford A. Whittemore 
Glenn 0, Young 

Conservative Americans 

July 2,U 1966 

9:00 AM.- 10:00 PM. Statler-Hilton Hotel 


Bay State Room 

1:00 P.M.- 10:00 P.M.— Registration 
1:00 P.M. -5:00 P.M.— Tours 

* * * 

8:00 P.M.— Informal reception to which all attending the 
Rally are invited. 


Bay State Room 

10:00 • 12:00— Law Enforcement Seminar 


Grand Ballroom 

Grand Ballroom 

2:00 — Reed Benson, Moderator 

Washington representative of The John Birch Society 

Frank Flick, Bensenville, Illinois 
President and board chairman of Flick-Reedy Corporation. Outstanding in- 
dustrialist, philanthropist and leader in the field of education. 

'Topic: The Businessman's Image Today 

3:00— Dr. ¥illiam C. Douglass, Moderator 
President of Let Freedom Ring 

:Rev. Cecil Todd, Joplin, Missouri 
Executive head of the Christian Evangelizers Association. Producer of T.V. 
and Radio Program “Revival Fires.” 

Topic: Blue Print For Slavery 

4:00 — Dr. George J. Hess, Moderator 
Past President of the Association of American Physicians and Surgeons 

Gordon M, Browning, Los Angeles, California 
Chief of the Speakers Bureau for the Los Angeles Fire and Police Reserve 

Topic: Subversive Tactics in Education 

7:30— Scott Stanley, Moderator 
Managing Editor of American Opinion and The Review of the News 

Dr. Revilo P, Oliver, Vrbana, III, 

Professor, Classical Languages and Literature, University of Illinois. Scholar 
of international reputation, Member of 15 learned societies in United States 
and Europe, including American Historical Association, 

; Topic: Conspiracy or Degeneracy 


8:30-t-Kenneth ¥. Ingwalson, Moderator 
Publisher of Crestwood Books 

Clyde J. Watts, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 
Brig. Gen. USAR (ret.). Lawyer who recently won libel awards of 
$3,000,000 agains: the Associated Press for General Walker who was falsely 
charged with leading a riot in Oxford, Mississippi. National Vice-Com- 
mander of Pilots for the American Republic, Chairman of Military Affairs 
Committee of the Chamber of Commerce, 

Topic: Fourth Dimensional Warfare 

10:00— Frank A. Capell, Moderator 
Editor, Publisher of The Herald of Freedom 

Rev, Ferrell Griswold, Birmingham, Alabama 
Nationally known lecturer, author and clergyman, 

Topic: Communism, A Conspiracy Against God 

Father Andrew Van Groll, Appleton, Wisconsin 
Retreat Master, lecturer and teacher. Insists on styling himself as a “pick- 
and shovel” priest. 

Topic: The story of my conversion 

2:00 — Robert Dilley, Moderator 
Publisher of True News 

Honorable Glenn 0. Young, Sapulpa, Oklahoma 
Lawyer, judge, author, editor, publisher and lecturer, Member of the Bar 
of the Supreme Court of the United States and of the State of Oklahoma. 

Topic: LB.J.'s Warren Reporters: Were They Investigating 
or Compounding Crime 1 / 

3:30— Kent Courtney, Moderator 

Publisher of the Independent American 

Father Francis E, Fenton, Bridgeport, Connecticut 
Pastor, Blessed Sacrament Church, Bridgeport. M.A. degree in philosophy 
Catholic University 1910. S.T.L. degree in theology Catholic University 1911, 

Topic: Nothing But the Truth 

si si * 

7:30— E. Merrill Root, Moderator 
Author and Lecturer 

Dean Clarence E. Manion, South Bend, Indiana 
Former Dean, Notre Dame School of Law. His “Manion Forum of the Air” 
reaches huge nationwide T.V, and radio audiences, Author of many books, 

Topic: Freedom and Slavery 

8:30— Revilo P, Oliver, Panel Moderator 

Clyde J. Watts - Dean Clarence E, Manion - Major Arch E, 

Roberts - Robert S. Adickes 

Topic: Black Out on Communications 


| 1 Grand Ballroom 

10 : 00 - 12:00 

Dean Richards and Jim Stewart in "Joe Flubbit Sells Freedom,” 

Dean Richards, son of Vincent Richards, former Olympic and Davis Cup 
tennis champion, brings with him a wealth of knowledge in the fields of 
organizational methods and teaching experience. Mr. Richards will be joined 
by Jim Stewart in a satirical parody. Immediately followed by “Techniques,” 
an audio-visual presentation by Dean Richards, depicting the technology of 
winning friends and influencing people in the Salesmanship of Freedom. 

» * * 

2:00— George J. Thomas, Moderator 
Executive Director of the Congress of Freedom 

Mrs, Mary Dawson Cain, Summit, Mismbpi 
Editor and owner of the Summit Sun. Nationally known author and lecturer, 

Topic: Where Do We Go From Here 

3:30— Devin A. Garrity, Moderator 
Lecturer and Publisher of Devin-Adair Books 

Ezra Taft Benson, Salt Lake City, Utah 

Internationally honored Apostle and Member of the Council of Twelve of 
the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. Secretary of Agriculture 
under President Eisenhower, 1953-1961; receiver of Scouting’s highest honor 
in recognition of distinguished service to the boyhood of America. 

Topic: Stand Up hi Be Countei 

i * * * 


| 7:00— Dinner 

Honoring Mr, Thomas J. Anderson of Nashville, Tennessee 
Editor of Farm and Ranch Publications 

Introduction by Mr. Robert Welch, founder of The John Birch Society. 
Program will indude music by A1 Tobias of Boston, vocal solos by Luigi 
Vena of Boston ^nd Wini Beatty of Los Angeles, and surprises provided by 
Vick Knight and Ed Griffin of Los Angeles, There will be dancing from 
10:30 to It I 


The New England Rally belongs to you, Its purpose is three-fold: 
to give you the opportunity to celebrate our nation’s most impor- 
tant holiday, Independence Day, by rededicating ourselves to the 
concepts embodied in the Constitution and Declaration of Inde- 
pendence; to present the finest of modern-day patriots who, ex- 
perts in their respective fields, will give in-depth analyses of cur- 
rent conditions affecting all phases of American life; and to give 
workable and realistic solutions to problems facing our nation, 
The Rally has gathered Americanists of exceptional ability and 
integrity, from across the country who will alert, inform and 
inspire you, We are confident that this will be the most rewarding 
July 4th weekend you have ever spent. 

* * * 

There will he mid the clock babysitting service available 

* * * 


FILM PRESENTATIONS and Exclusive documentaries to be 
shown almost continuously throughout the three days, 

* * * 

All talks will be recorded by the Rally Committee only. 


Laurence Eliot Bunker, Chairman 
Write — Rally, Box 598, Dedham, Massachusetts 
Call-326-6776 or at the door 

$5.00 for the full three days 

$2.00 per day per person 




American Opinion 
American Opinion Speakers Bureau 
Arlington House, Publishers 
Birmingham Independent 
Cardinal Mindszenty Foundation 
Caxton Printers, Publishers 
Christian Crusade 
Circuit Riders 

Citizens Anti-Communist Committee of Connecticut 

Congress of Freedom 

Conservative Book Club 

Conservative Society of America 

Constitutional Alliance 

Crestwood Books, Publishers 

Cross Publications 

Dan Smoot Report 

Devin-Adair, Publishers 

Flick-Reedy Education Association 

Friends of Rhodesia 

God and Country Books 

Greater New York Committee Opposed to Fluoridation 
Green Mountain Catamount Films 
Herald of Freedom, Publishers 
Human Events 

Independent American, Publishers 
The John Birch Society 
Key Records 
Let Freedom Ring 

Liberty Amendment Committee of the U.S.A. 

Liberty Lobby 

MacArthur Freedom Association 
Manchester Union Leader 
Manion Forum 
Martyr Church and Atheism 
Nathan Hale Society 
National Education Program 
National Right to Work Committee 
Network of Patriotic Letter Writers. 

1976 Committee 

Patriotic Women’s Clubs of America 

Prince of Peace Good Will Movement 

Publius and Associates 

Major Arch E. Roberts 

Southern States Industrial Council 

State Booths, “Maine, New Hampshire,” etc. 

Support Your Local Police 

To Restore American Independence Now 

True News 

Truth About Civil Turmoil 
United Republicans of America 
Vera Vanderlaan 
The Wanderer 
Western Islands, Publishers 
Young Americans for Freedom 

DATE 01-25-2012 




DATE: 3/18/66 



SA JOHN C. SEATON (#[}.2) 


NOa£fU~*tlCH INC 



•« 1 

li£i avftf 0 

On 3/^/66 
information in the past, i'urnlshed 

who has furnished reliable 
the current mailing list of 

the Weekend Edition of "The Worker". "The Worker" is an east 
coast Communist newspaper. 

The name and address of the individual shown above were 
on this list. 


GSAFPMR (41 CFR) 101-11.6 






DATE 01-25-2012 

Subject's Army intelligence investigative file 
made available by a representative of the U.S. 

Army Investigative Records Repository ( USAIRR] . Fort 
was reviewed on 10 A/66 bv SAl 

has Social Security No. 


Thip file 


1 A background investi- 

gation, requested on 4/rj/bb by the Chief, Defense Industrial 
Security Clearance Office (DISCO), Defense Supply Agency, 
Columbus, Ohio, was c omplet ed by, DSC OPS, Port Holabird, on 
8/17/66. On 8/31/66,1 I was issued a Secret clearance by 



Enclosed for information and assistance of Boston, 
New Haven and New York are copies of the following documents 
reflecting background and investigative information developed 
by the Army: 

1. Personnel Security Questionnaire (DD Form 48), 3/23/66. 

2. Ten Agent Reports, dated 7/1/66 through 8/9/66. 

Above is furnished for information of the offices 
concerned and no further action will tie taken by Baltimore. 

O^T)- Boston 
2 - New Haven 
2 - New York 
1 - Baltimore 


[Ends. 11] 
Ends. 11 
[Ends. 11] 



Buy U.S. Savings Bonds Regularly on the Payroll Savings 








DIRECTOR, FBI (62~1044Q1) 


SAC, BOSTON <100-328^ ( c ) 


Attached heriwith is a Xerox copy of a letta^ 4it«d 8/10/66 
and race i ved f / 18/66 , addressed to SA RT CHARD H. BLASStjR .j|gp& 
which i« self -texplasatory. 




Discreet efforts Will he made to identify th« "*pea)cer r ' or 
"leader” in the evont the Bure|nt. -4e8ii^''-to, 'diye co1l|jiideration 
to interviewing him. 

Bureau will .be advised. 

DATE 01-25-2O12 



TOi DIRECTOR, FBI (62-104401) 

mm sac, Boston { 100 - 32899 ) ( 0 ) 



3-Bure*u (62-104401) (RM) 

1-^Boston ( 100 - 32899 ) - >- 7-7 

p f 

To the Director 
Office of F.B.I. 
Boston, Mass. 

Dear Sir, 

I am I 

Ivears old, married and the fathaj 

? of 1 L 

Twork as 

b 6 


| for [T 



ass. , where they make their 

I have been becoming more and more aisturoea ^or pernaps 
alarms would be better), at what I have been reading in the 
newspapers and hearing on t.v. that doesn't make sense. Our 
foreign policys and overseas economic agreements seem to be 
greatly helping the spread of Communism throughout the world. 

I see more and more the influence , of what appears to me, to 
be the effect of Communist infiltration in this country; 

Supreme Court decisions, breakdown of morals, generally 
introduction of what evidentally is Communist propaganda in the 
childrens section 0 f our local library, to the extent that my 

wife and I have to screen all Fairy tale books , and others 
that our children bring home for reading at bedtime, also 
Church sermonsseem to be going along with the slackening of 

I have talked to many peole about these things ; some are 
concerned because of having experienced some of this themselves 
but most seem to disbelieve the seriousness of this or they 
realize it to a certain extent but don't really care to try and 
do anything about it. I couldn't just take an attitude like this. 

I decided to go into it deeper. I read some books put out by the 
John Birch Society, 'None Dare Call it Treason", "It's very Simple" 
by Alan Stang,and am now reading "Masters of Deceit". As a result 
of all this, I have become suspicious and distrustful of every- 
thing and feel greatly frustrated because df# SifttSfftg I want to try 
and/do something about all this if it is true, but don't re ally 
knovr what I could do, being, just 

I would like to know if the Joflft Birin SddiSCy IS Cleared 

by the F.B.I. and if what they say^that these books indicate about 

Communist infiltration from within is true. I would like to know • 

also if you would send me any literature that would help me to 

recognize and understand Communists propaganda when I see it and 
and also what they are trying to do and how they do it. I would 
like if possible a copy of the F.B.I.'s list of Communist front 
organizations and infiltrated organizations. I would like to 
know also if you think the John Birch Society is a good organ- 
ization to associate myself with to do something about all this. 

If there is anything I can do or help with to try and stop all 
this please let me know, as I can't just sit and let all this go- /Dj 
by without trying to do something. ^ ' 




August 15# 19 66 

eaployees were atenibers of the John Birch Society. Mo 
wot very interested in the activity hut is net a member. 

Bo Indicated he would like to etay the full three days 
hut had to ho elsewhere. 

Source advised that the above was on the occasion 
of the God, faaily and Country Bally* Boston. Massachusetts, 
on July 2, 3 and 1966* sponsored by the John Birch 

■ I ' . 

* t 

SAC, BALTIMORE (100-22382) 10/2.8/66 

SAC, BOSTOX (100-32899-) 

Re BatUSme letter to Boetoa dated lO/U^/66, 
captioned aa above. 

Poor the infograation of recipient offices, the 
Bureau has previously inetruoted that no insect igatioaa be 
eondnoted concerning the John Blyeh Society , 

Per theftorther information of Baltlnore, Boston 
files contain no reference to captioned Individual. 

a - Baltinore (RM) 

1 - tfOWHaren (InfoMRM) 
X -/&tfjXoefc (MeHRH) 



l? r " 
c ’ ■ 


^ A) , 
0 ^ - 


DATE 01-ZG-Z01Z 

8 / 13/66 



DIRECTOR, FBI ( 62-104401 ) 
SAC# BOSTOK ( 100-32899) (C) 



Attached hereto is the original and 
aorandum dated 8/13/66 and captioned 

The Bureau may desire to disseminate the memorandum 
to the U, S. Post Office# Mashington, D. C* 

.The source is 

I mhose identity is being dOnoealed in view of the — 
conditions unde? which the information mas received . 

3 * Bureau (62-10440i 
/f p- Boat< p 

irr — ' 

l(Sne*. 5)(m) 

/ ir? '> 'J- k "! 1 

J3 >Y 


director, mi ( 62 - 104401 ) 


'SAP, BOSTON (100-32899) (£) 


On 10/26/66, Mr. ISADORE ZACK, New England Director, 
Anti-Defamation League , 72 FrankllngSt . , Boat an. Mass., 
made available the enclosed circular which is a reprint 
of an article appearing in the Boston Herald of July 13» 1986. 
Mr. ZACK advised that this reprint was prepared and is 
beig circularized by the John Birch Society. 

The Boston Herald is a morning newspaper published 
daily in Boston, 

DATE 01-26-2012 

John Fitzgerald Kennedy Federal Bui ld i n g 
Government Center, Boat on, Haas. 02203 
August 17, 1966 

Dear Sir: 

Your letter dated August 10, 1966 has been 


Please be advised that the FBI is strictly an 
investigative agency and information in our files is 
confidential and available for official use only* The 
FBI makes no evaluations or recommendations concerning 
the character or integrity of any organisation, individual 
or publication. Our inability to furnish any comment should 
not be interpreted as implying that we do or do not have 
information in our files concerning the subject of your 

Far your information, you may obtain a list of 
organizations designated under Executive Order 10li£0 by 
directing a request to the Department of Justice, Washington, 
D. C. # attention of Subversive Organisations Section, 

Internal Security Division. 

The interest which prompted your coiammi cation 
is indeed appreciated. 

Very truly yours. 


100 - 328 ! 


( 2 ) A 

FD-350 (Rev. 7-16-63) 

(Mount Clipping in Space Below) 

.Controlled By Re3s 

PRINCETON, N.J. — Robert is “60 to 80 per cent Communist 
Welch of Belmont, Mass., who controlled.” 

f ounded the John Birch Society, 
sditriasnSght the United States 

the hate and the dissension it 
can stir up.” . ,J “ 

Welch said only about 2 per 
cent of the U.S. population is 
Communist, but he warned, 
“they have insinuated into posi- 
tions of power.” 

Welch said the Sino-Soviet rift 
is “a fraud and a hotx.” 

“It is a stage managed show 
planned since 1952 and designed 
to lead to World War III” he 
told a Princeton University au- 

He said once again that the 
Birch Society is not a political 

“If we tried to dictate to the 
membership how to vote, the so- 
ciety would be destroyed,” he 
said. “If the John Birch Society 
should achieve political power 
it might be dictatorial just like 
any other group.” 

Welch opened the meeting by 
saying, “I’m sorry to disappoint 
you, but my wife forgot to pack 
my brown shirt and black arm 

He said of the exclusion of 
Adam Clayton Powell from Con- 
gress: “If the Communists can 
convince the Negroes that Pow- 
ell was hurt because he was a 
Negro, they have succeeded in 
stirring- up hate, “The Commu- 
nists are involved in the civil 

(Indicate page, name of 
newspaper, city and state.) 

Boston, Mass. 


j Edition OLate Stocks 


Editor: Homer Jenks 
; Title: Security Matter 


Classi fication: 100 - 

Submitting Office: Boston 

1 " ] Being Investigated 

/dV-32fff; / 




ttAY 1962 EDITION 

GOA OEM. SB0. WO. tt 





DATE 01-26-2012 

SAC (157-32) (P) DATE: 3/8/67 


The American Nazi Party* 

American Nazis* 

The World Union of Free Enterprise 
National Socialists* 

The George Lincoln Rockwell Party 


Attached hereto for New Haven is a copy of a report 
dated 1/9/67* furnished by the Boston Police Department 
on 1/2.6/67* and which sets forth information concerning 
Mid-Town Motor Inn* Boston* Mass., on 1/7/67* 

Philadelphia and Baltimore have been advised separately. 

A copy of the report is being retained in the Boston files. 




Will identify holder of Conn, registration 

New Haven (157- (ANP) (ends. 1} (RM) 
/10 - 



157 - 407 ) 


157 -dead' 

157-dead ' 


157 -dead 7 l \ rafASURER) 

100-32899) (JOHN BIRCH SOCIETY) 
157-121) (RAGE RIOTS) 


( 12 ) - 



BS 157-32 



Will identify holder of Mass, registration 




2 . 

iW ii 




<■? ^ / /?,^/y 

»T«.rrm Four \ /Januar 

> /> DISTRICT OR UNIT. . . \ /<7a . n ^ a .^ .? J , 

r\(n f C 7 ^ /~v^ ''i '7 

Journal iSato 

Central Complaint No* 






_ , . h 6 

Captain b7( 

Commanding Dlstriot Four 

Subject: Meeting of Amerloan Nazi Party at Mid-Town Motor Inn. 


In compliance with direotive reoelved from the Office of Super- 
intendent Herbert F. Mulloney, Chief, Bureau of Field Operations, dated 
January 6, 1967, relative to the American Nazi Party holding a meeting 
at the Mid-Town Motor Inn, 220 Huntington . Avenue . on Saturday , January 7, 
1967, I respeotfully report that Sergeant | paade obser- 

vations at this meeting. 

b 6 

About 1*00 A.M. , Saturday, January 7» 1967# Sergeant I b7( 

checked the registrar of the Inn and found no reoord of a person named 
Hookwell registered here. A sign in the lobby advertised the meeting of 
the Parker Publications Sales in the North Beaoon Hoo rn at . fiiOO P . M . on 

January 7, 1967. About 6*45 A.M. same date. Sergeant ! | ma&o 

a similar inspection at the Inn and found Hookwell non re gist ere a. 

About 5 i^Q P.M. Saturd ay. January 7, 1967 » 1 Sergeant I . 

with Detective end Special Of fioers | and|_ ^ 

| went to the Mid-Town Motor Inn and conducted an investigation which 
dlsdlbSe d that a I | had contacted the Inn and made reserva- 
tions for the North Beaoon Room for a I I Publications » 

Nashua Hoad, East Pepperell, Massachusetts, for 0*uu p.m. tms date. He b6 
requested a speakers table, a lectern and theatre-style ohairs. b7c 

Although the above officers were not able to obtain a vlsua*. \ low 
of the North Beaoon Room they were able to ascertain from conversation 

therein that the meeting was in oharge of l |k® bLi 

principal speaker and that there were fifteen 115) males present. - . 

1 stated that Mr. Hookwell would not be present, but that in t.y . .ture 
if enough people were interested enough to come to a meeting Mr. Rcc~. *—l 
would also oome. That enough Interest would have to be shorn before -rty 
Hoadqusbots would send a couple of of floors to help in organizing 
meetings. The foll owing names. f~~ 

| [Were also mentioned as attending these mootings. 

S« ‘-'CHLD 

btKIALlZLD._. FJi 

Form 16A 

Pago No 2_ 


J anuary 9» 196? 


One unldetnlfled man then talked about his union newspaper and 
how he Is able to slip nows Items Into the paper by going Into the 
news room when the workers there are on their coffee break and giving the 
Items to a friend of his. 

police force 

Another man stated that he had| 

In Quincy. Also stated that there was some activity in Qulnoy and that 
a lot of people believe as we do but are afraid to say so.^ , “““ K * 



Another man then said he bet 100 to 1 that the room they were 
In waa hTirnrpd ( g eneral laught er). Some one else wanted to know where 



then said that they would have had a much 



larger orowd, but tne threatening weather held It down. Another said 
that they should not deviate from the party line for any reason and 
that we need a dlotator like Hitler because we oannot get along with 
the democrat lo prooess. 

From the eon var nation it was deduced thatl 

of the Boston area and that 

was the treasurer. 

|was In oharge 

A collection was 



then taken up to defray the expenses of the meeting. 

Beference made to a Storm Trooper; who At the present time Is In 
the U.S. Army and unluoky enough to have a C.O. who Is a jew and a 
first Sergeant who Is a nigger, but that he will be discharged shortly and 
be able to come to Boston. 

Qotlon made by member that radio station WEEI should be pick- 
eted beoause It's the most subversive station In the country. Station 
WXBT was mentioned as another. 


then stated that P.0. Box 1363jwas the new mailing 
x or wa sningtpn D, C.^, b7c 

then asked how many were Interested In starting a 
Headquarters and app arently twel ve of the flteen men present answered 

In the affirmative. 

| seemed Irritated by the response and 
complained that he had just spent $1,000.00 during the past month for 
office equipment and that he did not want to start spending further 
money on a Headquarters if there wasn't enough interest shown. 

Mention made that more good Nazis were coming out of the John 
Birch Society than any other outfit. Also that a group would be going 
to the Headquarters in Arlington, Virginia in a oouple of weeks. 



also stated that they could expect ^nlggorf, rlots_ 
and demonst rations in Boston during the oomlng year. He" - stated that| 

had five fooal points ploked out for such Incidents during 
this year and they inoludedJBoston, Baltimore and Philadelphia. 

Form Q6A 

Page Nn. ^ 



January 9, 19 67 

I | then told his audlenoo that ho had picked out the 

town of Hollis, New Hampshire as the alto for their new Hea dquarters . 

This site was chosen beo'ause~lt Is. In New Hampshire where the laws 
and restrictions arejnot as numerous and as tough as they are In Massa- 
chusetts. That they wiTl be able to travel back and forth to Boston 
fairly easily* That Hollis has only one (1) regular police offloer and 
two (2 )..speclal offloers. and they should expect ho trouble from that 
endTihiother member then metnioned that it was easy to- get firearms 
oheap in New Hampshire. 

| | stated that anyone who didn't think that Rockwell 

could be elected President of the U.S. was orazy* That If a man like 
Lester Maddox could be elected Governor of his state, a man like Rook- 
well could very well bo elected President. That vrhen people really 
learned the truth about things they would be all for Rockwell. 

He further said that there wasn't much that the Party could 
do during the winter months , but that when spring came they would be 
able to hold meetings on the Boston Common, make speeohes, pass out 
literature, make use of tape recorders and in general obtain some pub- 
licity which Is something that Is badly needed at the present time. 

That Headquarters would probably send a few storm troopers to help out 
at these meetings. - - . 

I | then instructed two of the members present to writs 1: 

him letters on some subject (unable to ascertain this) and heJ 

would see that they were published. ' — 

A great deal of time was spent in playing Mi At -were apparently 
tape recordings of debates botween Rookwell and colored persons during 
which Rockwell attacked and orltloized the oolored raoe and his oppo- 
site number in this debate defended them. 

During the entelre meeting the "niggers" "Jews" and communists 
came under constant attack by the members attending this meeting. 

’ ' Jo 6 

: meeting then disbanded at about Si JO at which tla@ 

| advised those present to keep in touch and they would have 

another meeting in a months time. No mention was made of a place, 
time or date. 

The offloers then attempted to obtain the registrations of auto- 
mobiles used by the members of this meeting as they left the Motor Inn, 
but were only able to observe them entering and leaving by vehlolo s bear- 
ing th e following registrations. Connecticut Massachusetts] 

I Unable to obtain listing on ~the sV'riumb vr s uu d ie™ present "timbi 


Page No.l 



January 9» 1967 

i 1 

The rest of the party left the Kotor Inn on foot and went off 
In various directions. 

Before and after this meeting tho officers were able to observe 
some ,of the members attending this meeting'. There were seven youths all 
in their early twenties, all average build, long hair and all wearing 
either black leather jackets or oar ooats. These seven youths were among 
those who left the building on foot. 

is described as 40-45 years, 5-10# 140 lbs, thin 
build with gray hair. 

The above offic ers receiv ed the utmost cooper ation and assistance 

and without suoh 
: investigation. 

he | 

from the| |Motor Inn, 

aid, would not haVe been able to mdke a suon oompato 

, ( . 

Respectfully submitted, 

Captain Commanding District Pc 

Cover Sheet for Informant Report or Material 

FM306 (3-3S.58) 

10 s SAC (100-4704) 



IS - C 

Date received | n 1 1 f 1 11 


DATE 01-26-2012 

DATE: 8/22/66 

I ceived by 


Method of delivery (check appropriate blocks) 

CZD in person CZH by telephone 1% 1 by mail I 1 orally 1 1 recording device L?J written by Informant 

If orally furnished and reduced to writing by Agents 



by Informant 

Brief description of activity or material 

Date of Report 


Date(s) of activity 

’Rotes" of 

concerning captioned 

natter and John Birch Society 

File where original is located if not attached 


The identity of need not be concealed aa he has 

taatified openly* In LHMC6 Bureau cap cloned I 

| identity was concealed because of the circumstances under received. 

Informant’s report follows: 

INDEXED TO SS 100-4704: 


RHB I cm 

i A ? f -3 So*- 

Block Stamp 


AU622 1966 a 


BS 100-4704 


"Letter from 


dated July 1* 1966 


"We have received your letter, of June 22, 1966, and are 
pleased by your appreciation of our Material* As you 
request, we will keep you on our walling list. 

"We agree that visits to the Socialist nations would 
be of great value in our reports on International communism. 
We are already printing in the PEOPLE’S VOICE ARTICLES (the 
articles are sent to us by ’China Features’). We, of course, 
seek to inprove our accuracy and first hand knowledge of 
the international affairs we report. 

"As regard your offer to distribute some of our 
literature to some people now active in the PLP, we find 
your suggestion excellent. Beginning with the next issue of 
the PEOPLE'S VOICE, we will send you five (5) copies of 
each issue in order to see what success you have. Please 
let us know how the distribution of the five issues goes, 
and see if you can form a PEOPLE'S VOICE readers' circle to 
meet and study the newspaper. 

"Hoping to hear from you soon, we remain, 

"Since rly yours, 


"P.S.: Any donations you might be able to make or receive 

from your friends on behalf of the newspaper or the Party 
would be most welcoln . 



- 2 - 

BS 100-4704 



’’On July 2, 1966 

business with hie by phone. He said that several of the 
Postal employees were members of the John Birch Society. 
He vas very Interested in the activity but not a member. 
He would like to stay the full three days but oust be 

"At this address: 

"The person attending was young therefore 

Los Angeles and Bureau have been advised by separate 


All necessary action has been taken In connection with 
information furnished as above .. 


DATE 01-26-2012 

John. F. Kennedy Federal Building 
Government Center 
Beaten, Massachusetts 02203 
March II 4 . , 1967 



Your letter dated March 9, 1967 haabeen 
received and the interest Which prompted your communi ca- 
tion is indeed appreciated. 

While I would like to be of assistance, the 
function of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, as a fact- 
gathering agency, does not extend to furaiihing evaluations 
or comifentts concerning the character or integrity of any 
individual, organisation or publication. I regret, 
therefore, that I; a» iinable to comply with yt>ur request 
for information. 

Very truly yours. 

Special Agent in Charge 



' a ' a 

<J<*> “ 

. ^ .''-A M~ * ' /5 ”~ 

'yi^r , 


*. ^ wvl 

j -^- fcjy«i ii Juwfi' 




GSA FPMR (41 CFRj 101-11.6 



DATE 01-26-2012 


aJ*H^ r‘ 

’ 1 

|S£fi/^££^___ F/L g e >Q 


_£Si~ BOSTON ' 

Buy U.S. Savings Bonds Regularly on the Payroll Savings Plan 

Cover Sheet for Informant Report or Material 
FD-306 (3-21-58) 

TOs SAC (100-32899) (P) 

DATE 01-Z6-Z012 

DATES 6 / 26,67 




Date received 

Received from (name or symbol number) 


Received by 


Method of delivery (check appropriate blocks) 

I J in person 1 I fay telephone [XII by mail I I orally L_J recording device I Xwritten by Informant 

If orally furnished and reduced to writing by Agent: 


Date of Report 


Date(s) of activity 


by Informant 

Brief description of activity or material 

Visit to Erie, pa», Cleveland. Ohio, 

Pittsburgh, pa., wilklnsburg, Pa., 
Harrisburg, Pa„ , Newark, N.J. 


Identity need not be concealed; reliable; 
report follows s 

If not attached 

Cleveland (RM) 

Pittsburgh (RM) 

Newark (RM) 

Philadelphia (rm) 


[h/ ; - 1 00 -^ 2809 ) (John Birch Society) 

Cl - 100 - 1 (Militant Labor F orum) 

(l - 100 ) 

(1 - 100-7697 ) 

(1 - 100 - ) 

(1 - 100-15973) 

Block Stamjo 

'* 4 '. 



' . r „ 



JUN r ' V iiihV 



Plus by 


"Several downtown stores carried "Support your 
Local Police" stickers on the store front (SYLP is 
a front group for the John Birch Society.) Example 
"Records Bar" 917 State St. selling Radio, TV and 
records. The manager of store said that he did not 
know that sign was JBS but the sign was still on the 
door the next day. 

"Said that there was no market for the Oswald 
record. He would take some on assignment but would 
not buy. I told him I was not selling. 



"Let Freedom Ring is listed in telephone book 
but did not find any American Opinion Book store. 
One book store manager of the biggest book store in 
town did not know about American Opinion Books. 

"LET FREEDOM RING 814-455-7561 made reference 
to Consular Accord Treaty with Russia which was said 
to allow Russian spies. Etc into U.S. Is framed as 
an open letter to Senator. Places blame on Senatator 
and questions his motives. 


and Washington. Erie Pa, 

OQ Mnmpn a 

The small church had abont 


children attending. 

Sunday ni ght program Included 
who would tell how he 


tortured, sentenced to die, escaped the Communist firing 
Squad, and ChrTst became his Savior. Service in small 
church. Attending on mongolian 30 year old girl 
carrying a loll. Others with physical effects . Saw 
family of 6-2 children and mother had defects. Hand 
clapping- -fire brand--yelling preacher. *1 told you 
he is coming back.' 'I told You" etc. Confession at 
the rail. One brings Mother to Christ to be saved. 



"Went to Cleveland-- Arrived around 4 in the after noon. 

"NEAR 10,000 Euclid I picked up flyer of MESSENGER 
MUHAMMAD YUSUF, a splinter of BLACK MUSLIMS but says not 
taught by Elijah Mahammad 


• • 

BS 100-32899 

"SUBJECT 'The Lesson of Indonessia ' 

"This Is a re-hash of a leaflet called 'The catastroph_ 
in Indonesia' three£ articles on the Fatal Consequences 
of the Communist Party Policy' 

said 'This was half revolution which was caused 

by an attempt by PKI to join with Sukarno, nationalist, 
the Muslim groupings and other anti -Communist groups.' 

"I was questioned by young man after meeting. 

Later following by two youth loo king at my number plate. 

They drove Ohio car 



P.0. Box 7075 

"Inside are several markings in red ink 

"Front page — word — DERRICK 
Page 23 TE 2-2314 


"Is in the general area of riot. Cops are all 
over — Cold nite and not many people on street. Negro 




• # 

BS 100-32899 

"One break at 10,008 Euclid near meeting but no knowledge 
of connection known 'CLEANED OUT** This is the second 
time I've been hit, now I'm forced out.' These were / 
the words of a young Euclid Ave. businessman, Curtis 

10,145 Eureha parkway 
Cleveland, Ohio 

"Is the 20,000 dollar home of His 

wife was home aione--as protection she called her 
husband prior. to answering the door. The house has 
big picture window and she told me that she was on 
the phora I said that I was interested in selling 
Oswald r ecord and she put me on the phone with husband 
| He mad__ appointment to meet me at 
Lincoln- Jeffers on Book Store 1 1846 Lorai n Ave. Cleveland, 
Ohio 44111 the following right. | | workes for phone 

company. ■ ■ 

"Home phones 

10,315 Superior 231-9375 

Cleveland, Ohio 

"Was in the phone book with ad for Negro History Books, 
etc. There was no evidence that I could see 
was anything but that. 

"A few doors down was; 

10,345 Superior 
Cleveland Ohio 

"Store was not in telephone book. Windows were filled 
with art items and books on self defense. Also records 
of Malcolm X. Store manager was wearing crest and 
star on shirt and cap. Appeared to be a center of a 
Black Nationalist Group but not Black Muslim 


BS 100-32899 



! 202 Superior Ave. NE 621-5179 

Cleveland, Ohio 


| "Out of town papers, books (paper and hard cover) and 

j most of standard books and papers. Including 'American 

; Opinion* but nothing to imply any support of any radical 

! organization. 


! 11846 Lorain Ave. 

i Cleveland, Ohio 44111 


! "Arrived about 6 in the evenin g. I tol d them who I 

I was and they got in touch wlth | | by phone. He 

i said that he would be there about 5 so I had about 2 

i hours around the shop. There were four in the shop at 

! the time. Older man J.E. (55 or so), 36 year old man with 

! glasses ran the shop. Other man about 48. All wore 

| working clothing. The group is CHRESTIAN NATIONALIST 

i CRUSADE PO Box 27895* Los Angeles California, It claims 

to be headquarters for WALLACE FOR PRESIDENT. 

"Other material THE COUNCILOR (Citizens Council) 

North American Alliance of White People (local) 
! THUNDER BOLT (National States Rights parry) 

COMMON SENSE (Christian Education Assn) 

; SONS OF LIBERTY PO Box 1896 Hollywood 90028 

: "N0TE#**THE THUNDERBOLT has now moved to 

PO Box 6263 Savannah, Georgia 31405 

I "The group is in the process of trying to get George Wallace 

on the ballot for the Christian Conservative party. They 
i need so many signatures that it is doubtful that they 

| will be able to make it. On Sat. May 6 the brought SHERIFF 

! JIM CLARK of Selma, Alabama to speak on the GEORGE WALLACE. 

STORY at the Lakewood Civic Audit orium The telephone numb er 
given on the flyer is the home of | 

f ~| came in and said that he had hear the record and 
i would carry them if I sent them to him. 


BS 100-32899 

• I 

"Most of the talk was about Wallace and his 
chances in New Hampshire etc. I gather that this small 
group is a very dangerous organization. They are . 
willing to dlstrube any of the anti-Jewish and anti- 
Negro material. They are Rank and Raw Racist. Support 
Local Police plus Keep Red China out of UN Mich Plate 
DT 9^84 Support Local Police- -Christ and Anti -Christ. 

Ohio Plate AN 8772 


502 Ten-Ten Euclid Building 

Cleveland Ohio 44115 Established 1896 

"Talked with l ~1 

A good consertive organization. Mostly economic and 
political group. 

14,908 Lake Shore 531-1908 

Cleveland Ohio This was about 5 miles from the center 

of t own. Small book shop with American Opinion Material 
Plus | |etc. It is to be noted that they 

had tne juargis ^uswaia J record. Although most of the 
people said that the store was open at 10 PM. There was 
no one there at 12 noon — so I left for Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Wednesday April 26, 1967 
page 1 and 4 


"Formation of 'Western Pennsylvania citizens for Wallace 

members of the John- Birch 
Penn Hills housewares rilshrl- 
n Penn Mills JBS. | j 

Others who are also memoers 


• # 

BS 100-32899 


~W I^SHho-hiSHfiA klg.nV.^-1 r. l!ftT»]rS 


present at Hilton Hotel news conference) 

"Campaign headquarters will be established^ the 
Municipal Shopping Center at 12,244 Frankstown Rd. 
this proved to be a dance studio for children. 

UU WfcUCUlHi w*±iauu 

Seen in front or Btei 

Pittsburgh, Pa. 

"Attended the protest meeting against Wallace. Mixed 

crowd - Whites, Negroe,S nr»i PRt-.s hsonagpra slsiw^nha 

schoold age children. 


United Negro Protest Committee Took pictures in over-east 
weather — poor quality*. Several Negro figured me for / 
Police — THE MAN** Said F — that white man Kill him. 





"Wallace had 100$ police protection. There were two 
women and two women to welcolm h im hut they we re taken 
inside the hotel later. One was | ~] .That 

nlte I a ttended a special Youth picture for the| \ 

palled ‘For Pete's Sake ! 1 There were Negro ana ! 
wnne in the audance . And Negro and white youth were 
sitting behin5~me~. I asked a 15 year old boy and girl 
what they would do to keep Wallace from getting into 
power. The boy said 'I’d kill him.’ 

"Louis T. Byers, Western Pennsylvania coordinator 
for the John Birch Society. He said the Birch Society does 
not support any candidate or party and that JBS members , 
who have formed a Wallace for President committee did so 
as individuals. Byers said he was invited as a guest at 
Amen Corner dinner. 

"Most anti-WaHace pickets said Pittsburg would never 
be the same. They felt, that the town Fathers should have 
prevented Wallace from comming to town. 


BS 100-32899 


1202 Wood St. 241-9833 counter insergents 

Wilkinsburg, Pa. | 

"Was not open April 28 until 7 PM This was around 
noon. There was a Let Freedom Ring Number in the window. 
Regular number of J SB and bumper stickers. 

804 Pen. Ave. 

Wilkinsburg, Pa. 371-9498 

"I did not have time to check this one out. All action 
is North East of the city of Pittsburg. The JBS is the 
leader in what is known as Penn Hill section. A middle- 
class housing development. 

Material will explain all 
convention action, speeches 
and resolutations. 

25 Annual Spring Convention of the 
American Council of Christian Churches 

April 25-28, 1967 200 attended. be 

out leaflets about meeting at Zombo Temple him from radio 

| was to be the main speaker. 
Survival Kit program (local) 


"Saturday, April 29, 1967 
Newark, NJ 

Saw part of program on TV Channel #5 

Secretary Communist Party Marxist Leninists 

I did not see enough of the program to make a judgement 
of effect. 


BS 100-32899 

• # 

revised Verne p. Kaub’s book 

295 Huntington Ave. 

"speaker The Meany-Reuther Split 

"About 10 j40 Three cars left 


BS 100-32899 

• # 



It Is being left to the discretion of those offices 
receiving a copy of this report as to what lead^ if any, they 
may desire to cover and dissemination of this report in their 
office to pertinent files. 

All necessary action taken. 



DATE 01-Z6-Z01Z 

UNITED states government 

TO : SAC, NEW YORK (97-169) 

FROh ; SA 

ftObt R I-WE tcx INC 



SCLMONT mass 02178 2 

X s 

_ i 

S- 1 7-68-M3-W-D 


MAY 19 1967 

Date : . 

. b7D 

. . On 4/18/67, who has furnished reliable 

information in the past, furnished the current mailing list of 
the Weekend Edition of "The Worker." "The Worker" is an east 
coast Communist newspaper. 

The name and address of the individual shown above 
' was on this list. 



DATE 01-Z6-Z01Z 


^ 2 - 

FD-350 {Rev. 7-16-63) 

(Mount Clipping in Space Below) 

* Birchers Jog Cape Drivers 

WAREHAM— As that Cape 
Cod-bound tourist with va- 
cation fever passes through 
this town near the canal his 
thoughts may stray from the 
villainy of big government 
or who’s to blame for China 
falling to the Communists. 

So, John Birch Society 
members from nearby Ma- 
rion thought busy Rte. 28, 
the Cranberry Highway, 
would be a good place to 
open an American Opinion 

There are some 500 of 
these libraries in the United 
States,” says Frederic ; S. 
Bacon Jr., section leader of 
the society chapter in Marion 
an d a libra ry director, the 
new Wareham outlet is one 

of only two in New Eng- 
land, the other in, Stamford, 
Ct, There’s also a bookmo- 
bile that operates out of 

Bacon says Robert Welch, 
founder of the society, called 
for American Opinion 
Libraries to dot the country- 

Bacon, who operates an 
electrict equipment business. 
Said most of the library 
board members are society 
members.. “We order our 
books thrugh the society, 
thereby getting a savings 
through its bulk buying,” he 
adds. The society also pro- 
vides a suggested book list, 
followed closely by the 

Housed in a large, trim, 
colonial-style building nest- 
led amongest restaurants, 
! motels and gift shops, the 
library serves a dual purpose. 
Area chapters like to hold 

meetings there. “It does away 
with the false notion that so- 
ciety meetings are secret/’ 
says Bacon. 

j Besides Marion, nearby 
chapters include ones in New 
Bedford, Dartmouth, Fal- 
mouth and Acushnet. 

The selection ranges from 
books by conservative econ? 
omists to a series of Ameri- 
can history books for chil- 
dren with pop-up. figures., 
“We’ve had quite a call by 
area policemen for “The 
Communist Attack on U.S. 
Police’/’ says Joseph W. 
Wright, one of the board 

The library is manned by 
volunteers so there’s no pay- 
roll to meet. “We manage to 
do a little better than break 
even/’ says Bacon. He ad- 
mits that on some days there 
are no callers. Tops for a 
single day is about 15 visit- 
ors, he says. 

(Indicate page, name of 
newspaper, city and state.) 

Boston, Maes. 

Date: 8/14/67 


Author; ' \ 

Editor: Thomak W 
Titl< MJS0. «• BZM 


rjis jog 

Character: ‘ 


Submitting Office; 

| 1 Being Investigated 



AUG fb 1967 <T 


CC: Bureau 

Cover Shefet for Inform anf Report or Material 
FD-306 (3-21-58) 




ATE 01~Z6~Z01Z 

9 / 15/67 

Date received 

Received from (name or symbol number) 

Received by 



C23 in p,erson f ~ i by telephone 1 ~ 1 by mail FI 1 orally FZJ recording device CUD written by Informant 

If orally furnished and reduced to writing by Agents . 



Date of Report 


Transcribed _ 

by Informant 

Brief description of activity or material 

Six pieces of literature available to 
members Unit 3 .. UKA, Md. ; Information 
concerning various members UKA, Maryland, 

Date(s) of activity 

File where original is located if not attached 

»««,«*«■ enprsw. 
















100 - 

, JJG;lr . 

N( 20 ) jV 


UNIT #3-PA8AnmA 






PamnhletR are located in 

bf BA file , 


Block Stamp 

Baltimore, Maryland 

I b7D 

The following printed material was available 
to members of Unit 3 , UKA, Maryland: 

Pamphlet entitled, San Diego Patriotic Society, 

San Diego, California, containing reprint of article by 
PRAM A. ©APELL, Editor, The Herald of Freedom and the 
article is entitled. The Honorable DEAN RUSK; 

Pamphlet captioned. The Ugly Truth About Martin 
Luther King by SAM CROCKETT and bearing the address of 
the United Klans of America, Inc., Tuscaloosa, Alabama; 

Pamphlet entitled. New York^ Communist Terror in 
the Streets, by ALAN STANG, which contained reprints of 
articles by ALAN. STANG; 

Two flyers entitled. The Bullet that Killed Your 
Son and Why Do Communist Imports Flood American Markets 
While our Boys Die, : -from the Citizens Committee to Warn 
of Communist Imports, P. 0. Box 3263, Catonsville, Maryland; 

Intelligence report on the American Civil Liberties 
Union, published by the Educational Department, UKA, Inc., 
Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 

remarked that 


Nationalists as both knew 

I well an< 

il 1 

bers were talking against 

l\la r.i 


go to the 

travel in 196 1 light 
also to dim nn ana will fly. 
Klonvocation by train. 


blue Dodge. 

r 1 

will travel t 

scheduled to 

i- 11 



r members , of the 

Security 'uuara, were m uniform at the state-wide meeting of 
the UKA on 8/27/67. O 


g., . • w * 








| is the member who volunteered at 7 
the np anri who had been given Exit 32, 

hov;ever,| |backed out because he had no transportation 

and someone else wassupposed to take over his assignment. 

was heard to say that 

has remarked m une past thatl Ihas plenty of burlap for 

for Unit No 

is a member of the Security Guard 

ut murenai 

FD-306 (3-21-58). 

•: • ■ ■ 

TO : SA P . OH TP A 00 HOR. 





eer s m 

Date received 

Received frotn (name or symbol number) 

Received by 

9/11/67 I SA 

Method of delivery (check appropriate blocks) * ^ 

00 in person EZD by telephone [ 1 by mail EZ3 orally [HD recording device [xD written by Informant 

If orally furnished and reduced to writing by Agent:. 



by Informant 

Brief description of activity or material 

jDate of Report 


Date(s) of activity 


Info re report on Patriotic Party convention. 

(File where original is located if not attached 


Recommendation: Index: 

1 - Springfield (Info)(RM) I 

(1-105- . (Patriotic Parity) 

1 - Indianapolis (Info ) (RM) I _ 

(1-100- . (FNUf 1 

(7y~ Chicago r-i 

W (l-A I f 


v('l- 100-44073 

PR E/m h: MDW |j 

C 9 ) ' ■ 

j)~ Term & M) , >. 

Ci — (\obe^~T UJtLch ) 

Block Stamp 

- - Z)G 

, \ September 10, 1007 

Report on Patriotic Party Activity 

The meet 

ling, s 


at £ 





i son 


cd b 


thp "Olf* 


f la; 

g. 1 


bed for 


get - 

tii© Party c 

in the 




etc . 


C2;o f.Ti 


oard to 

to be eased cut ox any pesifric® where she can get her hands 
on money. She is costing. the Party too much money. 

did not have anything to say other 

than the Party has to get some money- in the coffers. The so- 
called surprise speak er was o nly the Regional Chairman' for 

Indiana. His name is The meeting was pretty sloppy 

and nothing worthwhile came from it. 

At the dinner, a .tape from 

was p laves 

On it lie said that four men in the right win g were to be hilled 
by communists. ' They are ECCiKWEblj, WELCH, and SHs&JKftl* 

He said that this information comes Train a high agent in 
Washington. He said that when h© is hilled, agents of the 
Minutesen have the names and are observing 25 top communists • 
in this country. Each and every on© of them . min Ti <a rfaistyn yed . . He has withdrawn his support from 

l and has just about lost faith in GSOUua wlu\ui&. People 
at the dinner were about 45 in number. People from the AMP: 


Birth Date 




CD Male 
I I F emale 

Exact Spelling 
All References 

Main Subversive Case Files Only 
Subversive References Only 


JMain Criminal Case Files Only 

] Criminal References Only 

]Main Subversive (If no Main, list all Subversive References) 
]Main Criminal (If no Main, list all Criminal References) 

Restrict to Locality of 

File & Serial Number 


File & Serial Number 


Lp 2 i v Q - 

/.m f/,c $ 

J i 

1 % sac, spswsrntLD 

FMK: SAC, CSICASQ (1S7-KO*) {*) 

KDinrO m mrmkwam a»/am n - — ' 

smsormo, iuuwoie, xWt/m, 

yi» amiritv Hi Hsnuti r 


nroBMATias eoB C sa m ra 

sb 10/10/iTj |roii*fclo t «fe» fcso 

towiBli* of tm « tM i«ni tali of tlio Batioaal 

MelKUst Villi ffM^M Pirty (SSWPP) tinai la * rritto* 
rtpwt MW«r«tfl| a sootiag SB at 1G/B/ST at Ttw 

Sasaia Xaa la fHiyyt»M. tiiiiwi*. Soar** lAviitl SB had 
boo» asks* to >ocoap*ay l [ actlvo i» soot rigbi-olaf 

affairs la Chlea«o area, mb also t*o BBtfS, to this sootls*. 

Soars* stated tho aocttaf , starts* at IStSS, 10/S/87 
m 4 broko ap shoot St SO la tk* «v«alag. S* sfvisod tk# 
Bootlac m for th* parpos* of #stabUahiag aa opswliy* 
eoaacll and filltig otfcor political off tears of a party (sot 
pot aaaof ) ia thoStat# of Illinois tor tko parposo of sottlag 
foroor jororiws MMt C. VALLACI of Alakasa ott tho atat* 

Btaaas Git? (InfoMHO 

Saraaaak (t*fo)(M) 


ik 1BT«9) 

- los-nea) 

8mic« asrlsod so Mit thos m pooaio att— dao asd oigat 

eMitlM Is Illisols wars r opart odly raprr— o a to* . Aftor 
Nl«eti«i, as mewtlTi eosscll act to —jag— fqrtfcsr f un iilfi m 

Soon* stato* ho rseogoiMMl j—rtM—K 
In— Ml ■ «■ *>»» lurty« 

yimai (m tlio Satlosal Stags* Sights —sty 

sumg mm***, *tomm t* Mi«r 

spa— aria— — fat— t to* so «a— Igaratio* Mgr so flvsa to posslfclo 
d lsso sl— tlo* at this Isforaati— . Xxpstflto — artllag oosii ho 

-v m 

JSit« \ 1 * 

anpK; ■"■•' 

1 ifc 

IwllS® liiwSI®^; 



(Indicate page, name of 
newspaper, city and state,) 

1 Herald Traveller 
Boo ton, Mass. 

'TRAIN' Derailed 


The John Birch Society’s 
“TRAIN” — a nationwide front 
organization “To Restore Amer- 
ican Independence Now” — has 
been derailed in Taunton. 

And the crash and cries of 
anguish from Birchers and non- 
Birchers alike in that community 
has already been heard in Bel- 

The furor over TRAIN has 
been building up in Taunton for 
several days, ever since a mass 
mailing identified a list of prom- 
inent citizens as “sponsors” of the 
“Taunton Area TRAIN Commit- 

Arhong the sponsors of the 
Birch front, as listed on the 
TRAIN letterhead, are Dr. 
Harold Goren, a member of the 
Taunton School Committee up for 
re-election Tuesday; Talbot T. 
Tweedy, president of the Taunton 
Bar Assn., Samuel Walkden, as- 
sistant treasurer of Taunton’s 
First-Machinist National Bank, 
and Thomas F. Walsh, news editor 
of WRLM, an FM station that 
carries a weekly John Birch So- 
ciety radio program. 

These “sponsors,” like others 
in the nearly two-dozen name list, 
claijji they were unaware the 
Birch Society was direct ly behind 

D Q te: 11 / 5/67 

Edition = Sunday 
Author: Tim Taylor 
Editor: John Herbert 
Title: Taunton Bircher 
♦Train* Derailed 



Classification: 100 * 

Submitting Office: Boston 

| | Being Investigated 

/ v j— -uj?# 

& ,rr>C 

I saraiD uiDSViD < 

i Sf'iAUiiD -JT-iD ! 


TRAIN. B L u t like a lmost jIIj d! 
the ^sponsors” contacted, they 
agreed with TRAIN'S “Win the 
war” proposals, and regarded 
tiie members of the TRAIN com- 
mittee as outstanding members 
of the community. 

The Taunton TRAIN commit- 
tee-headquartered in the near- 
by town of Rehoboth— has been 
( the most active of several 
TRAIN committees known to be 
operating in the Bay State. 

Similar fronts, collecting sig- 
natures on petitions urging Con- 
gress to end trade with Com- 
munist nations and “allow Am- 
erican forces to WIN in Viet- 
nam" are busy in Chestnut Hill, 
Lexington and Lincoln. 

But the apparently reckless 
enthusiasm of the Taunton 
Birchers — in which they vio- 
lated at least one Belmont-set 
ground rule — has jeopardized 
tiie whole project and made the 
society and the TRAIN commit- 
tee the target of some bitter 

Headed by Edward F. Mc- 
Bride of Rehoboth the five-mem- 
ber TRAIN committee sought 
out Taunton sponsors. They suc- 
ceeding in collecting the names 
of 23 prominent Tauntonians, 
many of them pillars of the com- 

Their big error came when 
they mass-mailed nearly 1,000 
letters and petitions. Many went 
to people unsympathetic to the 
Birch Society. Several of the let- 
ters were brought to the atten- 
tion of the local newspaper, The 
Taunton Daily Gazette. 

Without mentioning the names 
of the “sponsors," the Gazette 
ran a news story indicating that 
the TRAIN project was “Birch- 
flavored" jpd that some of the 
were jnnawarft^ of 
that fact when they Signed. 

T RAIN is more than jus t 
“i£rcn flavored," afcordmg "to 
a southeastern Massachusetts 
man who recently defected from 
the society’s headquarters staff. 

“It's e typical Birch front ef- 
fort to gather together promin- 
ent people supporting one phase 
of the Birch program. Later, 
these non-members may be 
brought into the society itself. 

“It is ba rd to believe than 

anvn ne who consented 10 being 

s ■ - — 

a sponsor* w as una ware of th e 
BirdT “associatioii of TRAIN. 
After all, these petitions were 
brought around by prominent 
. and well known Birchers. Surely 
anyone approached and asked 
to consent to being a ‘sponsor* 
must have— or certainly should 
have— asked if it was a Birch 
project,’* the former Bircher 

Gordon Hall, Boston’s stucfent 
of extremist movements of both 
the left and right, described 
TRAIN as “a typical Birch suck- 
er trap." 

“Who said America ever lost 
its independence?" Hall asked. 
“It's a silly notion. 

“The Taunton committee is 
about the only one that has 
really 'gotten off the ground. But 
the Taunton controversy ought 
to alert towns all over the com- 
monwealth that it is not only 
the Communists who establish 
high-sounding ‘fronts* but the 
Birch Society as well. 

the Birch Society, which pro- 
poses to be so patriotic, is em- 
ploying the front technique per- 
fected by the Communist 
Party?" HaH commented. 

Wallace “Chip" Wood of the 
John Birch Society’s Belmont 
home office is the first to admit 
and take credit for the Birch- 
TRAM relationship. 

Wood describes himself as the 
head of the “ad hoc committee 
program for the society" An- 
other prominent “ad hoc" op- 
j- : — ‘ i -f iW Support Your Lo- 
cal Police programs- ' 1 

“The fact that ffiiykjJSIrch 
s&erkjf project should be well 
known to anyone who reads our 
literature," he said. “And as a 
matter of fact, it is a matter of 
firm policy to tell our sponsors 
of this assoication. 

“We say to them ‘You’d better 
understand that the John Birch 
Sodcety got this started,* ” he 
said. “We make this a strong 

“The Taunton ‘sponsors* 
should have understood this. If 
they knew this and agreed to 
serve as sponsors-and are now 
backing out— I wouldn’t call 
them patriots at all." 

Wood said the society does not 
want its TRAIN committees to 
do any mass mailing. Instead, 
he said, it recommends that pe- 
titions be brought personally to 
friends and neigh bors. 

Had the Taunton TRAIN com- 
mittee Mowed his advice, its 
signature collecting drive might 
never have been bounced off 
the trade. - 

Taunton TRAIN chairman Mc- 
Bride, a Bircher, a member of 
the Catholic Traditionalist Move- 
ment and a close friend of Leo 
F. Kahian of Middleboro, the 
area’s high priest of Birehism; 
said he had “no comment" on 
the exploding situation. 

COAT of Taunton, secretary- 
treasurer of the committee, did. 

“TRAIN is not a front organ- 
ization," she said. “The people 
who agreed to be sponsors knew 
it was a John Birch Society 
sponsored project. It was made 
very plain to them." 

Chief seeker-outer of “spon- 
sors" was dairy operator Wil- 
liam R. Doel, TRAIN member * 
ship chairman. Various sponsors 
say he both made it plain and 
didn’t make it plain that TRAIN 
was a Birch connected operation. 

School committeeman Goren, 
a Republican and one of Con- 
gresswoman’s Margaret Heck- 
ler's key area workers, said he 
finally agreed to being a spon- 
sor after Doel had approached 
him on three different occa- 

"Ofr a me mber of ih e 
Birch Society: I don't want any- 

^ung w bo with it; Ldon/t^tsiit 
him (Doel) to come near my 
door again," Goren said. 

The optometrist said he be- 
lieved tiie society considered 
him a “good catch" since he is 
Jewish. “But the society has 
hurt itself as far as I’m concern- 
ed now," he said, worried at the 
possible effect his new found 
fame rnight have at the polls on 

Goren said he was 

nam£s of qft^^txiniinent spon- 
sor*, to such 

TTlAlN W5s as' endrfi^the Viet- 

American boy*. ’ * 

Banker San Warden de- 
scribed himself a* ■ * little bit 
disturb ed" at the situation 

- TM NOT A MEMBER of the 
Birch Society. I was never ap*> 
preached fc? be a sponsor. 
not interested in what theylw 
for or against. But people who i 
have been getting this letter 
have been coming into the bank 
all day asking "What’s the 
scoop? We didn’t know you were 
a Bircher.* ’* 

Attorney Tweedy, a former 
Republican member of the 
House of Representatives, de- 
scribed “Bill Doel" and his fel- 
low committee members as “a 
very sincere, honest but political- 
ly naive group.** 

Tweedy said he wasn’t told ha 
had become a sponsor of a Birch 
front until after he had signed 
on as a sponsor. 

“Bill Doel is running this John 
Birch thing. He’s trying to save 
the country. It’s a lot of baloney 
but I found nothing objectionable 
with it so I signed. 

“I think the U.S. should stop 
tr ading with the enemy," be 

inenOndustrialdst, said he didn't 
know anything about the John 
Birch Society but “I'm against 
the Americans selling stuff to the 

*Td stand up on the Common 
and say I signed it and that I'm 
a sponsor,” he said, before 
abruptly hanging up his phone. 

Dr. Malcolm C. Robbins, a 
dentist and manufacturer, said 
he was not a Bircher but agreed 
with the TRAIN proposals. He 
said he was never told TRAIN 
was a Birch Society project. 

William iT Vbweis, operator 
of an auto dealership, said he 
too was not a member of the 
Society but agreed with TRAIN’S 

NAIVE not to know about the 
Birch relationship,” he said. 
“But I don’t mind my name be- 
ing used as a sponsor. This end- 
ing of trade with the Communist 
nations isn't just a patriotic 
thing, it’s a necessary thing for 
the well being of our country 
and our soldiers.” 

Franck L. Frazi 
^fcpatholic layman in the com- 

TRAIN CREW— Three members of the John Birch Society-sponsored front or- 
D°h' Z fJ'° n TRAIN, chairmen Fdward F. McBride, left, publicity director John D. 
Robertson Jr., second from left, and membership chairman William R. Doel ot 
ng'ht, go over Taunton Area TRAIN petition with sponsor Francis L Frazier 

hs a |^ockgro P u r nd y d "** ^ ** had 

mimitv. dfisorihpr? Doel as “a 
pretty wonderful person who 
wouldn't get his friends into 
anything that wasn’t right. I 
want to see the war ended and 
generally support the TRAIN 

Frazier said he "probably 
would not have signed it” if he 
had known TRAIN was a Birch 

But auto dealer Lawrence 
Rose said he “didn’t sign” any 
spnosor agreement, didn’t want 
any part of TRAIN, and felt his 
name was being “misrepresent- 

"I am going to speak to my 
attorney/’ he said, 

Q$Nr Tau ntonians listed on 
the train letterhead include: 

Robert M. Barboaa— Ma^on 
Bloom, David B. and David R. 
Dean, Joseph F, Mozzone, Rev. 
A.D.C. Mcllroy, Charles Morey, 
Robert H, Park, Charles A. 
Peirce, Raymond H. Piourde, 
Douglas P. Rankin, George B. 
Stanford, John C. Shaw and Don- 
ald P. Tremblay. 

Other members of the five- 
member TRAIN committee in- 
cluded William A. Redmond, 
program chairman; and John 
D. Robertson Jr., publicity- 

To quote one Taunton old- 
timer on the TRAIN contro- 

"This is the biggest stink this 
town’s seen since the herring got 
stranded ashore along the Tgun- 

In Reply , Please, R 
File No. 



F €M€^4 U ^a.M|W VE STIGATI0N 

. ffomder £!» W8t 

cm hovedber a *m&m» contact witb »ho« Mb imm 

imu£XixsXi3nt to emlnate Pliability bat wm advised tm mm 
in attendance at ilia mtssp&tig roportea on >wreinafter # i&itliteu " 
toBttet with the Chicago <fct£ice of tm 3?Bi sm fldvistd .as £oIImb: 

tli the evening of 'MyovSmT 7 $ l&i?, a meeting of 
the -35th division, TMBaii ortfttiswi Company, UA Awy 8WMW 
was mid at the Armory located at Bryn tawr and ifedai* Avenue . ' 
lit Saaice advised the meeting was wspotto to have 

related to instruction on plot control* novever, iMlm stripe - 
pot out by the John Birch Society aero rntanmn instead, fierce 
advised that the films use apparently bnm^i to the nesting - 
by time unRuovn JUidividuals, one ifegro from the tforth -Star Hatted 
visionary iHliia> ofAaerloa and tm male lidttoi 

the latter too admitted isatodfers of the John Birc h fln*4« ty. . , 

< mtm& advisor the Compaq CeasaMsder m m one M. and the, ; b 7 c 

liret Bengeent one (First lima titfaioww ipsuBUs). 

Jbwto also advised that following ttm ineetjng, the faster ' - 
? lelgeant present stated that n tape msmrdlm of the 
■ aabeen confiscated. 

■ source farther related that the; motives expresseu By the 
ifegrci sale ' present soomed to relate to an allegation that the 
mmy spent to help the ifegro van beia , minified. ami tasted. 


mu illations U 

'ha described itirtia litthor aM an outsider who did not isnow 
the problems of Chicago mm suggested &iag got out of Chicago. • 

thin dmmmnt cant alas neither recomiaondatioa^ 
nor conclusions of tier FBI. it is the property of • 
the FBI and ie loaned to pour agency j it awl its . 7 

contents axe wit to lie* distributed outside ygMT-^V -£ 

agency. ■ ., 


mi J03H birch aocim 

*lm bm highly critical of StQkkf CafitfcfeMl 
tu iw mial XnhTlftlMit Coordinating Cttw<tt*a ihpi ft* 

dMNSYited jUt UTiMfthlliy Mti ftlid fiolAiSf* raiOKi 

thkt Oait*d Stain ftawnatat ofikHilt tnwrt Cttwlftim aad 
charge hi* with sedition. | |oi wat t fiat, mm ma eg md 

» l«tml investigation into ftixsgfKi aims* mi Federal poverty 
tmdm is the Lawndale trea mi Chicago** east aide. 


DATE 01-26-2012 





SAC, CHICAGO (100-36671) .(C) 



Iks1«m 4 temvitli to the Bureau le the original and 4 
copies of an LHX solatia* to captioned organisation. 1 copy of 
l&K la being enc lo se d for Boaton. 

2a vln of Bureau policy of act inreatigating captioned 
organisation, Chicago pill Bold la abeyance dlaeeat nation to 
Beg lea X, 113th XX 6mp, until 11/17/67 ao that coplea of 
i actant Lax will ha in Bureau's poccoaclon Mould iatuiry bo 
made hy military intelligence at the laehiugtoa level. BARS, 
a c opy of inctamt LHX pill ho furaiahed Be* ion I, 113th XI 
Croup on 11/17/67. 

toe kept confidential. 
Chicago Office and fi 

JtejLepoonXcally contacted the 
reported information. 


JjLr Bureau (KX) Otoe. 8) 

V- Booton (Boa. 1) (Info) (RX) 
2 - Chicago 

1 - 137-1868 


( 6 ) 

/ i, j r 

3? r 


‘ . 



Routing Slip 

FD-4 (Rev. 3-4-64 

T ° : 

□ Director 





CG 157*3 


□ Supv. . 

□ Agent 

□ SE — 

□ IC — 

□ CC — 

□ Steno . 

□ Clerk . 

national socialist white I 




□ Acknowledge 

□ Assign Reassign. 

□ Bring file 

□ .Call me 

□ Correct 

□ Deadline 

□ Open 
, □ Prepard 

□ Prepard 

□ Deadline passed 

□ Delinquent 

□ Discontinue 

□ Expedite 

□ File 

□ For information 

□ Initial & return 

□ Leads need attention 

□ Return with explanation 

□ Recharge seri 

□ Return 
, □ Returnlfile 

□ Return senaTs 

□ Search and return 

□ See me 

I I Send Serials 


□ Submit new charge out 

□ Submit report by 

□ Type 

or notation as to action taken. 


b 7 


Attached is a copy of a memo of SA| 
cbted and captioned as above , 

sac Ife % JOHNSON 


See reverse side 


>ped throng! 

'mat ion vas 

the pasl 

| (protect - 

have furnished reliable information in 

Arrangements .for . meet ing held on 10/8/67 at the Ramada 
Inn in Spriygf ield wm^» made by| 

Illinois® indicated to .samaaa inn management ne wanted 

no news releases and no notoriety connected with their meeting. 

He indicated it was an organisational meeting to form a "Wallace 

gmnn. This raH no-tnai sneaker at. the meeting ■wag 

represented the lanaee tor president neaaquarters. | | 

suggested the group call its elf the I ndependent American' Party or 
American Independent Party . 1 ~1 emphasized that this was 

only a suggestion and that the group should decide on whatever name 

they wished. 

October 8, 1967 


Report on Wallace Meeting 

_A±, six o'clock this morning 


Jin front of the ANP Headquarters. They drove 

to Springfield, Illinois, where they attended a meeting 
in the Ramada Inn. This meeting was for the purpose of 
establishing an Executive Council and filling other 
political offices of a party (not yet named) in the State 
of Illinois for the purpose of getting GEORGE C. WALLACE 
on the State Ballot, 

(not positive 

A man by the name of| 

as to the Spelling of named mac 

. n+h a r sn eakers were| 

| | This reporter estimates no more than eighty 

people at the meeting. 28 counties were represented. From 
this number people from 22 counties were selected to the 
Executive Council ,. People present who this reporter 
recognized were: 


re tip 

| it was found that 

members of the ku kiux Kian, nsrp, ana the John Birch 
Society were present, Names were taken of all who attended. 
The meeting started at 12*30 in the afternoon and broke up 
at 6:00 in the evening. 





- 1 - 


Indices Search Slip 

FD-160 (Rev. 10-1-59) 



Date x 

£ / £ ?. 



/ ' 

A r\ 

Birth Date Birthplace 


I I Male 
I I F emale 

Exact Spelling 
All References 

Main Subversive Case Files O 
Subversive References Only 

File & Serial Number 

I I Main Criminal Case Files Only □ Restrict to 

1 1 Criminal References Only 

nly l~ I Main Subversive (If no Main, list all Subversive References) 

I 1 Main Criminal (If no Main, list all Criminal References) 

Restrict to Locality of 

Consolidated by ^ f/ 


Reviewed by 


File Review Symbols 

I - Identical ? - Not identifiable 

NI - Not identical U - Unavailable reference 

GSA FPMR (41 CFR) 101-11.6 





DATE 01-Z6-Z01Z 



date: February 27, 1968 



SAC, OMAHA (62-0) 


Belmont, Massachusetts 

t^Enclosed is a post card bearing what is alleged to 
be a photograph of MARTIN LUTHER KING attending a "training 
school for communists/' which is being offered for sale by 

captioned organization. This card was received unsolicited 




The above is for your information. 

(%)- Boston 
1 - Omaha 




Buy U.S. Savings Bonds Regularly on the Payroll Savings Plan 


DATE 01-26-2012 

March 11, 1968 

\ I have received your letter of March 6th and appre- 
ciate the\oncern which prompted you to contact me . 

\ In response to your inquiry, I am unable to make " 
any statementYegarding the remarks you quoted since I do not, as 
a matter of polity, comment on material prepared by persons other 
than personnel oithis Bureau. 

Insofar as your comment with respect to putting 
"Locrieehio and Murder Inc out of business promptly'* is concerned, 

I would like to point\out the FBI is strictly an investigative agency 
of the Federal Government and, as such, does not determine whether 
prosecution will be instituted in any situation. Such decisions con- 
cerning violations of Federal law are within the province of the 
Attorney General. \ 

- YoU maylbe assured, however, that we in the FBI 
are aware of our responsibilities and that any information obtained 
which might indicate a violation of law over which this Bureau has 
investigative jurisdictionvwill be furnished to the United States. Depart- 
ment of Justice for prosecutive consideration. 

‘ Sincerely yours. 

. _ 0 - 3 

, li)'.'DExil 


Mr. J. Edgar Hoover, Chief 
Federal Bureau of Investigation 
Washington, D. C. 

Dear Mr. Hoover: 

Accustomed as~I am to the audacity of the criminal element 
in our nation today, I was nonetheless appalled to read 'the 
following in the February I 96 S bulletin of the John Birch Society, 
(p 17), Belmont, Mass (0.217$). 

"Quickly , without warning , one white " child - in each suburb 
will be shot. ‘And just 'as quickly as they came, the Negroes vri.ll 
move back to the inner city, hoping that white extremists will 
follow to seek revenge for the killing of their children. The 
bigness of next summer’s riot will be determined by the extent 
to .which these white extremists carry the fight to the Negro. 
Nothing* s going to change it. It’s all been planned in advance." 
This is part of a 'speech to a Human Relations Council in a” 
suburb of Detroit, by a ’’young theologian” named Locricchio who 
has served as a "race relations adviser” for Vice President 
Hubert H. Humphrey, Governor George W Romney, and Detroit Mayor 
Jerome P Cavanagh. Mr. Locricchio admitted that there were 
Communists within the movement he described : 

/This/ item was in the December 6 issue of The Macomb 
Daily of Mt Michigan.... ■ 

This Locricchio movement is the US version of the Mau Kau.' 

Is it possible that this individual is walking around freely 
planning the murder of our children? 

Our lav; officials are not doing their duty if they do not 
forcibly put Locricchio and Murder Inc out of business promptly.' 

I 'would appreciate a personal reply from you to this letter. 

I want to be sure that you get it. 

With great appreciation of the service you have rendered 
your nation and "fellow-citizens, I am 

DATE 01-26-2012 

SAC, Detroit 

Director, JPBI 


Enclosed please find one copy of a citizen's 
letter dated 3/6/68, Yonkers, New York, and one copy 
of Bureau letter dated 3/11/68 acknowledging same* 

You will note that the citizen's communication quotes 
from a “bulletin” of the John Birch Society* This 
article is supposedly a reprint of a December issue 
of "The Macomb Daily' 5 of Mt. Clemens, Michigan* 

Detroit should identify the "young theologian" 
named Locriechlo in an attempt to ascertain the source 
of this information. Following an identification of 
Locricchio, check established sources and furnish results 
to the Bureau in form suitable for dissemination* At 
that time Detroit should recommend as to whether additional 
investigation is warranted. Handle promptly. 

Enclosures - 2 

Q)~ Boston (Enclosures - 2) 

3/U/68 A 

[ \ 

DATE 01-26-2012 ' 

sac, smimrmLD ( 157 - 186 ) 


SAC, B03T0I 



fAiMia ow ri aw 

>V0vlSnJI JUEm 

as Spriagruia sirfcsx w Blstil©* datsd l§/n/68. 

Tba flits of th« Boa ton atfif i aontaia to 
X*dfp2HttlCttA idttislifllblf lllth rnmA *thm tmm mtaAn 

opinion soots*?* Bvuro&u is tss spwurerrSmrotu of . Hit 
John Blroh Socloty, Bolaont, Mft »>* c hu»o fct* » 

2 - SpringftoU (HR) 

^^<|^xS5^g^) UQHH siacH 


' / &&■ -* 3 % ^ ****" V 6 




DATE 01-26-2012 


date: 6/ 4/ 68 

from : SA 





letter dated 5/15/68 

Although write r has no recollection of conversation with 

he did recall she had been mentioned in local 

news or editorial items. 

Check of .morgue PORTLAND PRESS HERALD indica tes DAVID 0. WOODBURY. 
Harvard, 1918, Leland Stanford and MIT is free-lance writer. 


Article on in morgue is article defending herself in 

connection criticisim she apparently made of Senator MARGARET 
CHASE SMITH’S voting record on consular treaty. 

While the news articles do not militate against appearanc e of SAC 
before I group, the writer talked with USA| 

advised Mr. and 

Accordingly, no contact is being made with 
number of people who would attend. 



,<>' r 


lare avowed John Birchers 

as to 

? 9 < 

SEARCHED.... ........ JNDEXElt^.^' I 

sawuzeo .sfedk,B iFi?^^ 

Jllfc 7 j 

FBI — BOSTON^ 4 * 


y mrch society members 


Staff Correspondent 

.. The Mi of presidential electors from 
Massachusetts pledged to George C. 
Wallajste resembles a miniattEr^wKo^s 
^HSrof'John Birch Society members* 

According to Gordon D, Hall, an ex- 
pert on extremist groups of the left and 
right, all but a few of the 14 electors are 
members of the right-wing organization. 

The electors names appear on peti- 
tions being circulated statewide to place 
the former Alabama governor’s name on 
the Massachusetts ballot in November. 

1 The signatures of 61,236 qualified -voters 
are required. 

. l^Si^commented: “The involvement of 

Birchers in the Wallace presidential 
campaign is fairly obvious. 

“Laurence Bunj^^ for example, is a 
meffiB^F^oT^rlo^ty’s, national coun- 
cil. John Hobertsoa. has been active in 

tee, natlomviSe front^gfoup for the 
Birch Society, ' 

lQsssbsJEs4& . is a familiar figu^> in 
the Birch Society' and other far^Sfghtist 
causes, and Dr. Thoma s. •.DeBSa^'h as 
Birch literature allT^v^r^his^^^e: — » 

(Indicate page, name of 
newspaper, city and state.) 

Boston, Mass. 

Is !/• ^ ^ > n ih 


Date: 6/25/68 

Edition: ^Omlng 

Author: Bill Dickinson 
Editor: Thomas Winship 



Classification": 62= 

Sub Office: SOStOH 

1 1 Being Investigated 



^Ruth Wo od is thef/wife of a 
foll-time fiirch' Society offi- 

Colim^GMceste^s most 
^TiveSmember, AJton_Ca-^ 
£ j yeJ3o& active in , t!feMcf3[Ie^ i 
TSSro 7 chapter, Ajma_.Cu®K„ 
mmgs^ells literature aFsoci-"'' 
efy*r allies, and the 1 South 
Boston chapter meets- in 
Lau ra. Davidson's home /’ 
^'Electors a^e the original 
signers of the petitions for 
candidates. ‘ The electors’ 
names appear printed on the 
petitions, which are then cir- . 
culated among* the public. 

- "There are 14 electors — 
two' at large, and one each 
from the 12- congressional 
districts. They also would" 
vote in. the Electoral College 
if Wallace should win. 

Of those named, only 
Anna- Cummings flatly de- 
nied her membership in the 
glroup when asked, said Hall. 



■‘Three others, Fowler, 
Rbbertson and Caswell, re- 
fused to say. .whether they ■ 
are Birchers. Caswell said 
that he does receive Birch 
publications regularly, but 
he refused to confirm or 
deny his membership in the 
Society: “I don’t think this is - 
a;- proper question. No 

’ Fowler replied: “I am not 
going to . answer ■ that 

- Robertson, while he con- 
fir med he i s a member of 
the T.R.A.I.N. Committee, 

also refused to comment on 
his membership. 

’Those who admitted" their 
membership in the Birch So- 
ciety generally agreed that 
there is no direct connection 
between their Birch mem- 
berships and their Wallace 
activities. Rather, they felt 
-that they share a common 
philosophy with him . — 

■ what several called “real 
constitutional conservatism.” 

They all connected fear of 
a growing Federal govern- 
ment, states’ rights * ' and 
tough dealing with commu- 
nists at home, and . abroad 
with ' this “conservatism,” 
said Hall. 

Laura Davidson, who ad- 
mitted she is a member of 
the Society, said: “I feel that 
there is no other true .con- 
servative running” She 
added: “It was an honor” to 
be one of Wallace’s electors. 

For Harold Collins, who ■ 
also confirmed his member- 
ship in the society, Wallace 
offers “the only alternative.” 
He described the Republican 
and Democratic parties as 
“merely two wings on the 
same bird.” 


' ■ Laurence Bunker, the So- 
ciety council member on the 
slate, says there are a large 
number of Birchers involved 
in the campaign because 
“they are the ones who have 
the clearest idea of w^hat is 
going on in America today.” 

He said that Wallace is the 
only candidate who comes 
close to their views oh gov- 
ernment. communism and 

the domestic s ituation. JH e 
hastily added “The Society 
does not officially endorse 
any candidate, leaving that 
up. to the individual 

All those questioned de- 
nied that either they or Wal- 
lace are racists. 

Hall offered this explana- 
tion of the large percentage 
of Birchers involved in the 
Wallace campaign: “No one 
familiar with the tactics of 
the John Birch Society 
should be surprised at their 
domination of the Wallace- 
for-President slate in Massa- 
chusetts. Any outfit that 
falsely equates the civil 
. rights movement with com- 
munism is bound to be at- 
tracted' to a political dema- 
gogue who mouths similar" 

When contacted at Wal-« 
lace’s Massachusetts head- 
quarters at 75 State st., Bos- 
ton, the national camaign co- 
ordinator who screened all 
the electors denied any 
knowledge that there are 
Birchers among them. 

John P. DeCarlo of Bir- 
mingham, Ala., said: “I did 
not know that they were. 
John Birch Society members. 
I did know that they did not 
know that they paid their 
bills; I did know that they 
worked for a living; I did 
know that they were not 
communists and I did think 
that they were good Ameri- 
cans. Also, I did know that 
they were for Governor 

DeCarlo also said: their 
membership in the Birch So- 
ciety “makes no 

Efo &mtitummraltfr of JEanoarljioiptfa * 


qualified volers of the Commonwealth and of the electoral, districts or divisions for which 
tfw nominations are made, in accordance with the provisions of LcV, mcV the following nominations of candidates 
for Slate Offices to be voted for in the Comuior.weaflh oh the o;ii day of November, 1968., viz.; 

Forty or Political Principle I N 0 E P E N D E N T 



As United States leaders conti^^ their efforts t(yappease CommuA, Pueblo crew member 
Lee R. Hayes recalls his imprisonment and torture By Communis^ North Korea. In hopes 
that Americans wfll recognize the threats this country faces, he invites his countrymen to 






No man wins when freedom fails. 

-—The best men rot in fttthy jails, 

And those who cry “Xppease! Appease! 

Are hanged by those/ they tried to 




T w. the y eat 1968 could have been just a horrible memory. During 
r s ofihat year, he and his fellow crew members of the U.S.S. Pueblo 

eleven m 

suffered drn&tion, beatings, and mental anguish at the hands of the Communists in 
North Korea. But Lee Hayes doesn’t consider 1968 a loss, for it taught him the 
blessings of living in freedom. 

He describes himself as a former average American who didn’t appreciate his 
marvelous heritage until he temporarily lost it. Now, he wants all Americans to 
remember that the price of liberty is eternal vigilance. Much of this vigilance, he 
insists, must be directed at our leaders here at home. 

Lee Hayes is convinced that the steady decline of America’s world position is the 
result of a deliberate plan — a conspiracy by men who pretend to oppose 
Communism but whose policies and programs give “aid and comfort” to our 
enemies. He has dedicated his life “to a campaign to bring this truth to the 
attention of millions of good Americans.” 

Lee Hayes believes “my year of captivity will have been worth every minute, if 1 
can help restore Americanism in America, for then, there would be no more 
Pueblos, no more ‘no-win’ wars, no more betrayal of our friends.” Lee Hayes wants 
to talk to you, Mr. and Mrs. America. Won’t you take time to listen? 

Lee Hayes will speak at 

St. Ann’s School Hall 

243 Neponsett Ave, Dorchester Mass 1 

Friday, February 13th — 8:00 E M 

Donation $1.00 

Sponsored by - 

South Shore TRAIN Committees 

JAN 2 61970 


Braintree 843-5275 

Brockton 587-3957 

Dedham 326-1401 

Dorchester 825-0771 

for information call: j 

Milton /^tS§8JD712 

Norwell 878-5839 

Quincy 471-4060 

Randolph 963-0097 

Rockland 878-3153 

Stoughton 344-3460 

West Roxbury . 323 6657 

Weymouth 337-3551 


« i V 4 

^ The South Shore TRAIN Committees 

395 Commercial Street 
Braintree, Massachusetts 

Principles of The South Shore TRAIN Committees 

We pledge allegiance to the Constitution of the United States 
of America; we believe that the Constitutional Republic which 
it established is the most nearly perfect form of government 
yet devised. 

We believe that it is the solemn duty of every American to 
protect our heritage of freedom. We are determined that the 
legacy of liberty which we ourselves inherited will be defended 
.and .extended,' so that it .may serve as an inspiration for 
freedom-loving people everywhere. 

We believe that collectivism in any form, and especially 
Communism, its most terrible form, are always and inevitably 
destructive of freedom and liberty. 

We oppose the surrender of American sovereignty to any 
supra-national agency, alliance, or association, as contrary to 
pur purpose of preserving the freedoms guaranteed by our 

We pledge to inaugurate educational efforts examining the 
purposes and conduct of U. S. foreign policy, and where 
necessary, to recommend and initiate positive programs in 
pursuance of the principles listed above. 


(To Restore American Independence Now) 

is a local 0mmittee formed by local citizens who are convinced that we must reassert traditional American 
principles in America’s foreign policy if freedom is to survive. Our committee is part of a nationwide network of 
similar committees that are working together on these common goals: 

1. To demand that our government stop, promptly and completely, giving aid in any form, directly or 
indirectly, to our Communist enemies. 

2. To oppose the surrender of American sovereignty to any supranational agency, alliance, or 


3. To defend and extend our legacy of liberty, so that it may serve as an inspiration for freedom-loving 

people everywhere. 

If you would like to learn more about these vital issues, and our positive program for accomplishing these goals, 
please contact us. We hope you will join with us in this massive undertaking! 

to : 



GSAFPMR (41 CFR) 101-11.6 



DATE 01-26-2012 








* v a « 1 1 

JOHN 8(>; 

• N ! \ 

< t > AS TMEMT 
•A*r 03179 



On 1/13/69, who has furnished reliable 

information in the past, rurnisnea the current mailing list of 
the "Daily World". The "Daily World" is an East coast Communist 
newspaper . 


The name and address of the individual shown above was 
on this list. The Bureau by a letter to all offices dated 
3/24/60, entitled "Security Investigations of Individuals", 
instructed each office to search the names of the subscribers 
through its indices and determine, in the light of the added 
significance of the subscriptions, if additional investigation 
is warranted on those individuals whose names are not included 
in the Security Index. Each office should consider opening 
dead files when warranted on basis of subversive references 
found . 



Buy U.S. Savings Bonds Regularly on the Payroll Savings Plan 

(Indicate page, name of 
newspaper, city and state.) 

^ ederal PoUceYorce 

The great cities of Ameri- 
ca face a choice of curbing a 
rapidly rising crime rate or 
forcing the establishment of 
a Federal police force. 

i This was the warning 
|sounde'd yesterday in what 
; amounted to a sneak pre- 
view of the seventh anual 
^ew England God, Family 
ind Country Rally opening 
oday in Boston. 

Political conservatives 
rom all over the nation will 
foserve the Fourth of July \ 
t a weekend convention at 
■he Statler-Hilton. 

. The opening program will 
j.nclude three law enforce- 
Jnent presentations by a 
seminar panel headed by 
pordon Browning of the Los 
f Angeles p olice. ^ 

| T Bi'c#hing said yesterday 

the national crime rate is in- 
creasing nine times faster 
than the population of the 
U.k. and is expected to rise 
by about 14 percent again 
this year. • 

He said civil disobedience 
is probably the nation’s 
oiggest problem and pre- 
dicted that “eventually we 
will be faced with an armed 
revolt if things continue as 
they are now.” _____ 

r oreseen 

Browning said that, if 
local government cannot or 
will not move to cope j with 
the danger, the Federal 1 gov- 
ernment will be forcedJfLdo 
the job. — 

Boston, Mass* 

Boston, Mass* 


Boston, Mass* 

Date: 7 / 3/69 
Edition: Morning 

Editor-. Thomas Winship 


Classification: " 

Submitting Office: BOSfcOIl 

| | Being Investigated 

ss e e*{/ 

FD-350 (Rev. 7-16-63) 

4 ■ 


(Mount Clipping in Space Below) 

Radical Right Rallies: Expert’s Vj£W 

Gordon D. Hall , na- 
tionally prominent ex- 
pert on political extrem- 
ism , both Left and Right , 
is attending the seventh 
annual God , Family and 
Country Rally in Boston 
on special assignment for 
The Globe. 


It’s the far Right’s turn to 
train their big guns on the 
Establishment. Beginning 
this morning and running 
through Sunday, partici- 
pants in the annual “Rally 
for God, Family and Coun- 
try” will . raise the cry of 
“Communist betrayal” in 
high places with a ferocity 
equal to that of the student 
radical’s cry of “capitalist” - 

Under the watchful eye of 
the rally’s actual sponsors, a 
small group of John Birch 
Society officials, an esti- 
mated 2000 people will gath- 
er on the mezzanine floor of 
the Staler-Hilton for daily 
rounds of seminars, 
speeches, and “patriotic” ex- 
hibits. • 

Laurence E. Bunker of 
Wellesley, a member of the 
National C ouncil of the John 
BITCh society, is the chair- 

man of the July 4th week- 
end event. 

For the next four days the 
Statler’s mezzanine corridors 
will resemble at times, a 

midway at a Summer carni- 
val. More than 60 exhibitors 
will compete for the atten- 
tion of a continuous stream 
of visitors. The significance 
of such activity is not lost on 
the rally’s sponsors. They 
recognize the exhibits as the 
major drawing card. 

The exhibits are tightly 
controlled by John McKin- 
ney, operator of a John 
Birch Society bookstore in 
Dedham, and the son of Mrs, 
Anna McKinney, the rally’s 
executive secretary. Mrs. 
McKinney is also a Dedham 
Chapter Leader of the John 
Birch Society. 

Exhibitors are given VIP 
treatment. Though their 
numbers increase each year, 
the floor space, normally as 
scarce as an accurate foot- 
note in the rally’s literature, 
continues to be rent-free, 
and there is no requirement 
to share proceeds from the 
sales of literature and arti- 
facts. Exhibits open daily at 
9 a.m. and close at 10 p.m. 
There is usually little left to 
pack on closing night. 

The sponsors in turn, do 
not share gate receipts with 
the exhibitors. A single 
day’s admission to the rally is 
$3 per person. Daily identi- 
fication tags are different in, 

color to cut down gate 
crashing! , A four-day badge 
costs $10. 

At previous rallies most 
wore the special four- day 

The sponsors realize addi- 
tional income from the 
dozen exhibits they control. 
The T.R.A.I.N, (To Restore 
American Independence 
Now) T.A.C.T. (Truth About 
Civil Turmoil) and other ex- 
hibits are in reality, front 
organizations created and 
operated by the John Birch 

A number of exhibitors 
wear more than one hat. 
Edwin A. Walker for exam- 
ple, directs the Friends of 
General Walker and the 
American Eagle Publishing 
Company, both of Dallas. A 
former Army major general, 
Walker was relieved of his 
command in 1961 for at- 
tempting to indoctrinate his 
troops with John Birch Soci- 
ety philosophy. 

The wisdom of that move 
becomes increasingly evi- 
dent upon study of the liter- 
ature distributed by Walker 
at the rallies. Here is a cur- 
rent sample: 

“Present day preparedness 
and security, at home and 
abroad, by our armed forces 
and our police, are suffering 
from the same Eisenhower 
Rockefeller Republican dis- 
ease, summitry, prolifera- 
tion, Earl Warren and Eisen- 
hower’s completc^io.Lpt)ly 

(Indicate page, name of j 
newspaper, city and state*. ) 

Boston, Mass* 

Boston, Mass* 
Boston, Mass* 

Date: 7 / 3/69 

.Edition: Morning . 


Editor: Thotnas Winship 


° r inn 2^5?## 

Classification: J_UU™ f 

Submitting Office: TBOS'b.Ql'I 

\^} Being Investigated 

o£dsailifcai9&' ; advice, to Include 
the Bay of Pigs fiasco, the 
! Vietnam war, its escalation, L 
, and the Pueblo — all .the Ei- 
senhower folly — from the? 
day he stood on Lenin's 
tomb as the Soviet Allied 
Commander releasing all. 
spoils to the Soviet.” ' j ^ 

x Nord Davis Jr, of Hollis, 

N.H; is another doing double 

duty this weekend. A rising ■ 

star in . the extreme , right - 1 t /} 

wing firmament, Davis will' L&s® 

represent the West Coast 
Liberty Amendment Com- 
mittee (seeks' repeal of tfce , 
lBth Amendment which al- 
lows the income tax at one 
exhibit, and his “Pardon Me, 
But” newsletter at another. , 

Davis will be offering cop- 
ies of “The Brothers K,” a 
cruelly distorted “study ” of 
’ the assassination of the Ken- \ 
nedy brothers which begins: ' 
“With the possible exception 
of. the Brothers Walter and 
Victor Reuther, or the 
Brothers Milton and Dwight 
Eisenhower, . it would be , 
hard to find any two broth- ’ 
ers prominent in public life 
who have been more helpful ; 
to the Communist cause than ; 
the Brothers Kennedy.” ‘ t 

The materials of the 60 ' 
odd exhibits this year splen- 1 
didly ilustrate what former ; 
California Sen, Thomas' 1 Ku- *■ 
* cfiel'5 has so' v 'aptly^Mled^ 
“fright literature.”. . M 

One is tempted to ask both 
the sponsors and partici- ; 
pants in this year’s rally for 
“God, Family and Country” ; 
just where they have buried [ 
the commandment admon- • 
ishing those who bear false 
w itness, aga inst one^^igh-j 

DATE 01-2S-Z01Z 


TO; DIRECTOR, PBI (157-3-3^) 

PROM; SAC, * YORK (157-S9?)' 



■ ' oa R/7 /m, Detective Sergeant 

| Suffolk County Police Department (5CH>) 3 
liaup, auge Hew York 3 furnis hed s coot o f a letter dated 
7/25^9, addressed to "Pear l 1 This letter was 

furnished to a member of the SCPB, The addressee is Hegro 
and the writer., name not clear, is white according to 

The letter quotes fxpm b letter sent I , 

of the writer/ the latter In to the 

writer s | i not named ♦ rne letter 

refers to a ‘rally for God. familyand country in Boston of 
two conservative Christian patriots . The rally was attended 
by some of the ’* greatest ministers and states that the lid 
4ust may he blown off early in Septe?aber M , The letter goes 
on to stats that big trouble 1 is expected 00 Long Island 
during the early part of August, supposed to be the ninth 
and continues it will be blacks against whites and no 
holds barred" . 

2..~ Bureau 
(l/* Boston 
2 - Hew York 


( 5 ) 


i ns? 

/Ul°l ",^y 

— -l 31 -BOSTON I 

sr I5f-'892 

* T|he writer states this information wa* to. 

_ |by a former Ariny General (resigned) i#»se ease 

could not be ntf&t toned because he is in trouble with the 
government end the government has done everything humanly 
possible to alienee hi-; - it was indicated that a 

jlwas at the rally and further 

indicates that Is very active trying to get back 

to Const itutioiwi government * and further that he haa 
refused to pay his income feajc. 

Boston is requested to identify sponsor of rally 
so ?.c tine prior to ^/ 25 / 69 s and furnish any information 
oertiaint to possible disturbances on Long Island. Submit 
airtel #o that information can be "furnished to 6CHD. # 

: DATE 01-26-2012 



tO'.'.' $ DIRECTOR, ?HE ( 15 ?- 6 - 34 ) 

mm i SAC, BQOTOIf (100-32899} 


urn mum, vwiowl 


8 e Ham York airtel dated 8-7-69*. . 

The '’rally for God, family »wl country in Boston 
of two conaervatlve Christian patriot# *eet forth la 
referenced alrtel evidently refers to the rnmal H Bslly 
for God, Fwdly and Country in Boston" held for four days 
fceglnaiag m 7 - 3 - 69 * 

I I Source of laforsiatlon (Conceal), 

I reaarding the affair* 

I also attended the run four day# of the confe r e n ce. 

I [stated that] 

l ie m advocate cor sue extreme ragnfmd he : 
i# enable of firing cat any type of distorted story. 

I |#Ko stated that the foraer General is in 
all^robaira^yEWIH A* WAXXER, retired tmm the 8 * S. 
Arny 7 \ He stated that WAixer seems to he "nay oat” la his 
statements. - 



r\York. (157*892) (Hi) 

BS 100-32899 

| also stated that daring the four days of 
conference a* net hear anything regarding activity on 
Long Island or any reference of hlacta against shite* on 
long Island* 

teiMi i mm 

Belmont, Massachusetts 021J9\ 

■ , psetobor 1, 19$9 


Robert Wilch 
The Council 

N. E. Adamson, Jr., M.D, 
$. J. Agnew 
Thomas J. Anderson 
A. Clifford Barker 
Carlton Beal 
Frank Cullen Brophy 
John T. Brown 
Robert H. Buffington 
Laurence E. Bunker * 

F. Gano Chance 
Stillwell J. Conner 
Ralph E. Davis 
Rev. Francis E. Fenton 
Vm. J. Grede * 

A. G. Heinsohn, Jr. * 
Clyde R. Lewis 
Clarence Manion 
L. P. McDonald, M.D. 

. N. Floyd McGowin 
W, B. McMillan 
Robert H. Montgomery • 
Thomas Parker, M.D. 
Floyd Paxton 
Louts Ruthen burg 
J. Nelson Shepherd 
J. A. Siegel 
Robert W. Stoddard * 
Charles B. Stone, HI 
Cltde J. Watt* 

* Executive Committee 

Mr. J. Edgar Hoover, Director 
Federal Bureau of Investigation • 

Department of Justice 
Washington, D. C. 20535 

Dear Mr. Hoover: 

| As an educational organization striving to expose the 
subversive forces threatening the security of our nation 
and our constitution, The John Birch Society is engaged 
in a mail-out program in which we seek to alert our fellow 
Americans to these dangers* Your 1970 Appropriations 
Report issued July 17, 1969 has an excellent section dee- ' 
cribing the most active of these elements causing problems 
in our country. 

I understand that you have printed an excerpt from this 
report covering organizations such as theS.D.S., the 
Black Panther Party, RAMS, etc* Would you be able to 
isend me a quantity of these for distribution to all the 
'elected officials of our city, county and state*. I would - 
be glad to pay any costs involved* If available, we could 
use up to 15,000 for distribution in the Rocky Mountain 

If you are not able to fill my request, would you send me 
one or two copies of the excerpt and authorization to re- ' 
print them locally. Specifically, I am interested in pages 
51 to 75 inclusive, and pages 98 , 99, 100 and 101 of the 
jl970 Appropriations Report* 

We are ever grateful for all you are doing in law enforce- 
ment and internal security of the United States* May your 
efforts continue to be blessed, and best wishes for the 
holiday ^ 

'•* Respectfully^ \ 


DATE 01-26-2012 

Mr. Hoover received your letter of December 1st and 
asked me to thank you for yew kind remarks and Holiday Greetings. 

fe reply tt» your inquiry* there are enclosed tw copies 
of excerpts from Mr. Eoover's testimony on April 17, 1969, regarding 
Ceomnunist, Racial and E^remist Groups. For budgetary reasons 
reprints are not arailablem the quantity you requested aud since this 
testimony la a matter (rf|«bHc record permission is not required bo 
repi'Oduce it. ■ ■ ; :7 

Sincerely yours, . . 

Helen W. Gandy. 

Enclosures (2) 


9), fl7* 


/trH. /Mr/ 




7:30 ?.n 



' A 



iytt kiln CflfiMvl+d' 

s* »7<*/U' Iu fr^ 

^ ^ <f ^W. 



DATE 01-26-201Z 

John P. Kennedy Federal Office Building 
Boston, Massachusetts 02203 


DATE 01-26-2012 

SAC, Aj/ d/0 





-0-5-70-Mu- -0 A f LV 

On 6/26, 

(protect by T symbol), who 

has furnished reliable ini orma cion in the past, furnished the 
current mailing list of the "Daily World". The "Daily World" 
is an east coast communist newspaper. 

The name and address of the individual shown above 
was on this list. The Bureau, by letter to all offices, 
dated 3/24/60^ entitled "Security Investigations of Individuals 1 
instructed each office to search the names of the subscribers 
through its indices and determine, in the light of the added 
significance of the subscriptions, if additional investigation 
is warranted on those individuals whose names are not Included 
in the Security Index. Each office should consider opening 
dead files, when warranted, on, the basis of subversive 
references found. 4 

1 - BaSTd*) 






AUG 161970 

! — dOSftjy&L^ 

Buy U.S. Savings Bonds Regularly on the Payroll Savings Plan 


w T 'm 


Member Organizations 100% National Chartered 

JHaA, ^ K&weJu $uj^£JLc^ 


t*?7 o 

(Hu. cTu^ 

o^> tAt UjCtCau u ^vt^JT^ 

DATE 01-Z6-Z01Z 

OCT 6 1 P 7 ^ 

— FBI -BOS TON ^ , 

Paul J. Revere Post 88, G.A.R. • George F. Bryan Post 613, V.F.W. - Cyril P. Morrisette Post 294, A.L - Robert t . 
Nickerson Post 382, A.L. - Memorial Post 7, Amvets • Houghs Neck Post 380, A.L. - John A. Boyd Camp No. 2, U.S.W.V. 
Quincy Post 95, A.L. - Wollaston Post 295, A.L. - Quincy Chapter 79, D.A.V. - Charles J. Cavanagh Chapter 97, D.A.V. » 
World War I Barracks 458 ■ Jewish War Veterans Post 193 - Wm. Caddy Pet., M.C.L. 

John P. Kennedy Federal Office Building 
Boston, Massachusetts 02203 

, October 16, 1970 

This will acknowledge receipt of your letter 
dated October 2, 1970 concerning the John Birth Society* 

The function of the 5BI as a fact -gathering 
agency does not extend to furnishing evaluations or 
comments concerning the character or integrity of any 
individual, organization or publication. However, you 
may obtain a list of organizations designated under 
Executive Order 10450 by directing a request to the 
Department of Justice, Washington* D. C. , attention 
of Subversive Organizations Section, Internal Security 

Your interest in communicating with this Bureau 
is greatly appreciated. 

Very truly yours. 

Special Agent in Charge 

/maj> i 
( 2 ) = ' 




/aU-Jpfff- -y n 

Cover Sheet for Informant Report or Menial 

FD-306 (Rev. 9-30-69) A 

a . w 

DATE 01-26-201Z 

Date prepared 

Date received 

Received from ( name or symbol number ) 


Received by 

5/14/71 | 

Method of delivery (check appropriate blocks ) 

XXl in person Q by telephone □ by mail Q orally 

If orally furnished and reduced to writing by Agent: 


Dictated to r 

Transcribed : 


by Infor mant 

Brief description of activity or material 


| | recording device yyi written by Informant 

File where original is located if not attached 


1 | Information recorded on a card index by on date . 


OBvrdusLY_ARE‘l)ra the'Tnf6rMt".™WIT' 


THEREIN Y *“ “ *' " * 


1 - 157- 926 | 

1 - 157 -900 (MINUTE MENJ 

BS (RM) 


i - 157- ^(TanrRT~~w&LQ H) ; _ 

CG ( RM). 

1 - 157- 

1 - 157- (MINUTE MEN) 

1 - 157- (NEW MINUTE MEN) 


RWC: Idb 

^ 4 - INDEXED-. 


JUN 1-1971 


Block Stamp 




D N (RM ) b 7 d 


1 - 157- r~ 

1 - 157- 


KC (RM) 

1 - 157- | 1 

LA (RM) 

1 - 157 
1 - 157 
1 - 157 
1 - 157 
1 - 157 






.American Volunteer Groups 

Jlu It he told 

many things too numerous to list here, much of it of great 




importance concerning the AVG, its new affiliate, the National 
Justice Foundation of America and the Patriotic Action L egion . 

Many other thing s were discussed including . the fact that 
I ~T i s a member of the gove rning committee o 

National Justice Foundation . D ue to the[ 
and variety of information the 





contained Draining Phase if 2 of the AVG . It requires members to 
become expert with a a pistol of. 32 caliber or larger. Phase g-2 
also requires a book report on one of several books listed [see 
enclosed report). This report must contain not less than 1,200 
words. Phase #2 also requires a complete background report on a 
local- leftist' or communist . The packet also contained a brochure 
and application blank on the National Justice Foundation plus 
a photocopy of a news article on the NJF. 




to join the NJF. (p$ket enclosed ) . 


A new Right Wing organization has appered on the scene. It is b7c 
called the United Anti-Communist League of America . It puts out 
a petition to Congress calling for punishment of all of the Left 
Wing groups which are listed on the petition. The address is listed 
as P.0. Box 257 . Englewood. Colorado 80110. This could be a new 

movement by 
mi ght also 


Boldiers of the Cross. It 

an old America Firs ter 

l copy of petition enclosed) . 

heard from one of the leaders of the ''New" Minutemen. 


It was the man who had called himself 
I ~l In this one he calls himself 

mailing address as 



states that this box is - a 
is coming out the first " On Target " 
will be 20 pages both side 
distribute, -re aien asked for a copy oil 

in a previous 
land lists 


one. he states that the group 
of the new group 

He want-s t 

n Irnnu hnw m fin 

The John Bircn Goclety is getting pretty desperate. It is sending 
out letters and application blanks for renewal of membership to 
people who wult - the J3S several years ago. (letter & app. enclosed) . 

ir-rcestlon that the' 

send mail . 

was. very valual 

lot to 

I He said tha t he fe lt thaT 
to the movement and that I could 

mo vement. He said that could 

to home address ana that if 



le nhone number is Area Codel 

lie says that| 

and a good patriot 

)ut he 

langerous anc 

more trouble than an enemy agent. In an organ! zatio 

with security it would be better to not bother with 

is sincere 

probably cause 
io n concer ned 
th at 

He discussed the AVG training program in full and explained 
that Phase #3, 4, 3 are no longer sent out from AVG Hq . and 
that all traii^ n after Phase #2 is now on the ioh trains- on 
local basis. He said that as f 

He said that AVG is basicly a guerrilla warfare organization. 

He feels that guerrilla warfare is all that is left for the 
Patriotic movement to use. All other methods of defeating the 
enemy within the U.S.A. are useless. He went into deatail 
to describe the irrtlonal Justice Foundation and said that it 
was the right wing's answer to the left wing's A . 0 , L . U . plus 
other things and was long past due to help protect the right 

He says that the AVG works through other organizations that 
are acceptable and through fron$ groups organized by AVG . There 
are also support wings of AVG in many fields of guerrilla war- 
fare and counter-guerrilla warfare. 

He says that the Rational Justice Foundation has already won 
several battles in court. - — — 

He says to organize under the front called Council for Responsi 
Government to start the AVG It is to be politic 

&ncl that a guerrilla warfare avcj unit should be in the back- 
ground and unknown to the ORG and NJF groups. The AVG is to be 
the enforcer behind the other two rrroups. 

; 17/ w 

Anaheim Bulletin Saturday, January 2, I. 

New Legal 
Group Ploys 
Role in Veto 

1 FULLERTON-Evidenee de- 
veloped this week that a rela- 
tively new, nationwide legal 
foundation played a major role 
in Governor Ronald Reagan's 
Dec. 26 decision to veto $1.8 
'million in federal funds slated 
for the California Rural Legal 
^Assistance (CRLA) organiza- 

v The National Justice Founda- 
tion (NJF) based in Fullerton 
(and in Sacramento, appeared in 
federal district court, Sacra- 
mento, in the role of Amicus 
ijCurae Dec. 23 in an action 
involving CRLA activity in the 
Stanislaus County (Modesto) 

This court hearing was direct- 
. ly related to Reagan's decision 
I to veto the funds on grounds 
that federal Office of Economic 
, Opportunity (OEO) money was 
being used by CRAL through 
“gross and deliberate violations 
of federal antipoverty program 

Don Harris, national president 
of the NJF, announced this 
week that NJF attorney John 
Rakus has been in contact with 
state OEO head Lewis Uhler 
concerning the money being 
funneled into CRLA, and the 
NJF action was credited, at 
least in part, with creating the 
climate that led to Reagan's 

The CRLA had gone into court 
in order to secure a restraining 
order from Judge Howard Mc- 
Bride which would prevent the 
Stanislaus County grand jury 
from investigating their activi- 
ties in the Modesto area. 

After the NJF appearance as 
amicus curae, and after hearing 
testimony from both sides of the 
dispute, including the Stanislaus 
District Attorney’s office, the 
judge ruled against the CRLA. 

Reagan's veto of the grant 
followed just two days later. 

The veto was carried out, the 
governor’s office reported, on 
the strong recommendation of 
Uhler, who had alleged that 
federal tax money was being 
funneled into fomenting revolu- 
tionary strife in rural areas of 
the state instead of being used 
to help the poor with their legit- 
imate legal problems. 

When Reagan vetoed the $1.8 
million federal grant to the 
CRLA— over the loud protests of 
CRLA attorneys-4ie stated that 
future legal representation for 
the poor will be taken care of 
through “a privately financed 
alternative to CRLA which 
holds enormous promise for tru- 
ly serving the rural pi v." 

At the same time, ti<e CRLA 
has attacked Uhler for his stand 
and (has sought to rally attor- 
neys throughout the state on 
their behalf. 

Attorney Rakus, representing 
NJF, said Tuesday that the 
foundation will continue its ac- 
tivities on a stepped up scale, in 
" an attempt to “return this na- 
tion to a constitutional repub- 

In that regard, the NJF will 
sponsor a cocktail party for 
attorneys just admitted to the 
bar in a Sacramento hotel on 
Jan. 9. 

The purpose of the affair is to 
acquaint new attorneys with the 
activities of the NJF and to 
enlist their support in combat- 
ing activities by left minded 
attorneys and legal groups. 

The national chairman of the 
NJF is James Townsend, Ana- 
heim, and the national vice 
president is Anaheim Bulletin 
newsman John Steinbacher. 

THE NJF and its affiliate, the 
California Justice Foundation, 
(CJF), came into existence 
about six months ago, pledging 
to “hold bureaucrats accounta- 
ble to the constitution of state 
and nation.” 

Since that initial Fresno 
meeting, a national board has 
been selected and the NJF has 
moved forward to recruit attor- 
neys to beef up its legal staff as 
well as to recruit members. 



Help the National Justice Foundation make the govern- 
ment live up to its end of the bargain. 

Help us restore law and order by using the Supreme 
Law of the Land, our Constitution, to force the lawmakersi 
to respect and obey the "law" themselves. 

In our society the people are the final constitutional: 
authority. The National Justice Foundation is dedicated toi 
preventing the bureaucrats from circumventing constitutional! 
law. ! 

When you came into this world, the only thing you had 
was a guarantee of liberty! No matter how much money and 
property you have accumulated as a direct result of that 
liberty, when you leave this world, the only thing you will 
leave behind of lasting value will be the MEMORY of what 
YOU did to help preserve that liberty for ALL our children. 

The National Justice Foundation is the ONLY organiza- 
tion with the legal know-how to force the subdivisions of gov- 
ernment to abide by the law and the Constitution. 

Our legal staff is donating its services, but even with 
that great dedication to freedom, the expenses for filing, 
transcripts, depositions, research, travel, and coordinating! 
these activities are many and almost limitless. 

The National Justice Foundation is a legitimate non- 
profit, corporation to which you can donate contributions 
[with the same tax deductability as to the "notorious" FORD 
FOUNDATION or the A.C.L.U. !!!! 

You can donate cash, stamps, property, stocks, bonds,) 
|etc., at full market value. 


Send $10, $25, $100 or whatever you can. It is ta^ 
deductible — both Federal and State! 

The time is short, the issues are many. National Justice 
Foundation action will only be limited by the amount of 
•financial help it receives!!! 

We have a legal STAFF ready to challenge ALL un 
constitutional activities of the bureaucratic Socialists. HELP( 

Mail your contribution to: 

Secretary, National Justice Foundation 
1110 S. Pomona Avenue 
Fullerton, California 92632 

{Clip this ad and show it to friends who may also wish to 
contribute. This fight belongs to YOU!!) 


***LegaJ assistance in the Chavez drive appears to he furnished 
largely through the California Rural Legal Assistance Organiza- 
tion (CRLA), a group that was at one time heavily funded by 
the federal Office of Economic Opportunity. Louis Lucas, an 
Earlimart grape grower, charged recently that Chavez has seven 
attorneys in the Delano area who work for him on a more or 
less full time basis. Spokesmen for the Chavez forces in the 
Coachella and Imperial Valleys are also attorneys, and they 
seem to be on full time retainers. 

See other side for the part your foundation played in this 
fight. Send $10. TODAY, become a metaber! 




Part two of your Phase #2 training requires that you write a hook report. Be- 
low is a list of books. Choose one of the mentioned books to read and write a 
report on. Your report must contain a minimum of 1,000 words and at least a 
200 word synthesis, (total of 1, 200 words minimum. ) 

1. Report Of The Senate Factfinding Subcommittee On Un-American Activities, 
Published by the SENATE Of The. State Of California. 

2. THE OCHRANA By A. T. Vassilyev, Published by J. B. Lippincott Co. , Phil- 
adelphia and London, Copywrite — 1930 

3. THE LABYRINTH By Walter Shellenberg, Published by Harper and Bros. 

49 East 33rd St. New York ( N, Y, , Copywrite--1956 

4. BACKGROUND TO BETRAYAL By Hilaire du Berrier, Published by West- 
ern Islands, 395 Concord Ave, Belmont Mas3. 

5. MARTIN BORMANN By James McGovern Published by Grosset & Dunlap, 

Inc. 51 Madison Ave. New York, N. Y. 10010. 

Choose one of the above mentioned books to write your report on. 

NOTE: It is most important that you include your own synthesis at the end of your 
book report. 


Part three of your Phase #2 training requires that you through the means of re- 
search and direct physical espionage, document the .activities, associates and 
background of a LOCA L leftist or communist in your local community. 

You must get the following information: 

Date of birth. Place of birth. Full name plus any other name the person may 
use. A list of organisations he or she may belong to or belonged to in the past. 
A chronological listing of their leftist activities. An outline of the methods the 
person may employ. Where that person is employed. The license number of 
their automobile. 
















Recommended by J 

u #. 





I hereby apply for Associate membership in the NATIONAL JUSTICE 
FOUNDATION OF AMERICA. I have read the Statement of Purposes of the Foundation and I 
agree with the Statement of Purposes and swear that I do not advocate nor am I a. member of any 
organization which advocates the violent or "subversive" overthrow of the United States and/or the 
Constitution of the United States. - , 


Applicant's Signature 


Date Rec’d . 





In a free society of men, the citizens of a State have a moral 
obligation to insist that their government abide by the will of the ! 

people; for, government is the servant and not the master of the j 

people. I 

The National Justice Foundation believes — that in America — 
free men do not lose their right to free choice by establishing govern- 
ments; but rather, the peoples’ right to freedom of choice must 
remain inviolate from interference. 

In America, we believe that the inalienable right to life, liberty, 
and the pursuit of happiness, includes the individual's right to free- 
dom of belief and association without government interference. f~" 

promote, and maintain these natural rights of free men, the National 
Justice Foundation of America was founded. 

■ In a free society of men, the citizens of a |J 
State have a moral obligation to insist that their' | 
government abide by the will of the people; for, || 
government is the servant and not the master | 
of th^ople. | 

. The National Justice Foundation of America seeks 
to promote, protect and encourage, individual freedom 
as stated in the Bill of Rights and the Constitution of 
the United States of America. ' : 

V Chartered under the laws of the State of California 
and in conformance with the regulations of the Internal ! 
Revenue Service, the National Justice Foundation of 
, America, is a tax exempt, non-profit organization. :/. 



, . The National Justice Foundation of America, in part, 
will seek through its legal arm to challenge and correct 
-.these Constitutional violations wherever they may occur. 

■ To carry our these purposes, the NJF will need 
■broad support from the general public - and the legal 
profession. :■ . ' / . 

The National Justice Foundation believes - I; 
that in America - free men do not lose their | 
rights to free choice by establishing govern- | 
ments; but rather, the people’s right to freedom 1 
of choice must remain inviolate from inter- | 
ference. /■" I 

In America, we believe that the inalienable $ 

riglAlife, liberty,- and the pursuit of happi- | 

ness^ludes the individual’s right of freedom f. 

• • • • i 

of belief and association without government § 

interference. ■ • | 

The Foundation believes that Americans have the ;. The Foundation expects to derive its financial sup- 

? ridit to determine what their moral standards should be. i r 1 

, ... , port from businessmen, organizations and individuals 

: But there are those who think that the. traditional . ;. . ' 

. authority of the family should be abrogated by govern- : . . . ; who not only believe in Constitutional law and order, 

ment decree; resulting 'in. a . total .disenfranchisement otA; /^JbuLdemand it."' ../■;./'/ 

/ the family unit. As you know, the “new moralists’’ .;''. / ’. • : . > ''■/■’/';/ , •. • 

: freely promote sexual deviation,./ drug abuse,, por-ft; ’;/ //;-//. / . ■ .. '■/ ,. v ■./ v •"/ 

U: nography, and. the worship of hedonism, on .our cam--; -, -'f 1 , - ’ . ; ' , : . : 

■/.puses.- / . .. . ' V '. ;.:' - . //; Individuals, interested in active membership in this 

' . . : - : " ; /. - , - // • Foundation may apply by contacting the Foundation’s 

./;• . ; Secretary at 1110 South. Pomona Avenue, Fullerton, 

£ RELIGION / : • : /o} /! ; K i ; ^ ; //^'TXaHfornia 92632. : -v ' 

Tlie phrase “God is. dead” is a slogan. But it isalso ; ' /.';• %’[■( ];. ■■ 

the symbol of a nilhilistic culture battling for the minds / 

/•.of men and the destruction of our religious traditions./ 1 /. Attorneys interested in serving on the.NJF legal staff, 

// The idea of liberal secularism today is obliterating our V , , n t . „ A ' 

. ... ' .. „ . ' ..should contact JohnRakus at P.O. Boxl9102, Sacra- 

/' -/nght .to religious belief as was originally guaranteed to /.;/:; , : ■ / 

. us by the first amendment to our Constitution,. . ; / . ! / ' mento , California 95819 for further information. •; 

ClPLEjS, and to foster, promote, and maintain I 
these natural rights of free men, the National | 
Justice Foundation of America was founded. I 

.EDUCATION . ;; .;//.', /■ • ;/'• V; 'T'. v ?: ; 

. Academicians have forgotten their primary responsi- • v 
bility. Liberal educators have allowed revolutionary • • X 
• struggle to predominate/on our campuses. Parents are.'.' 
.being falsely blamed, when in reality it is the' bureau- 
cratic judges’ ringing the- bells, of anarchy for radical/-./. ‘ ’ 
teachers, causing the; destruction.' 'of our. educational . 

.. Applications for membership must be accompaniec 
by $10.00 initiation fee (which is tax deductible) anc 
this $10.00 will also cover membership' dues for the 
balance of the Foundation’s fiscal year (June 30). There 
after, members will pay $5,00 per year. ' . : :V 

. . ************************** 



WHEREAS, Treason is defined in Article III, Section 3 of the Constitution of the United States as follows: 


“TREASON against the United States consists only in levying wars against them, and in adhering to their 
enemies, giving them aid and comfort'*, and 

WHEREAS, the courts of the United States have declared the following acts to be treasonable whether com- 
mitted in the United States or not: 

“The use or attempted use of any force or violence against the government of the United States, or its 
military or naval forces;’’ 

“The acquisition, use or disposal of any property with knowledge that is to be used, or with intent, 
that it shall be of assistance to the enemy in the hostilities against the United States; 

“The performance of an/ account or the publication of statements or information which will give or 
supply in any way, aid and comfort to the enemies of the United States;’’ 

“Such acts to be treasonable, whether committed in the United States or elsewhere,” 

AND WHEREAS, according to valid testimony adduced before the committee or the judiciary of the United 
States Senate, many acts of treason have been committed by citizens, organizations of citizens, and 
elements of the news media of the United States;” 

NOW THEREFORE, be it resolved by the undersigned citizens of the United States, that we respectfully 
petition the Congress of the United States to exert, assert its right and perform its duty to search out and 
legally punish those citizens engaged in the acts of treason and to outlaw such organizations which are 
promoting and advocating these acts of treason. 

That according to statements published in the press, the following organizations are suspects of acts of 
. treason, and shot id be investigated and punished and outlawed: LARGO (Liberation Army Revolutionary 

Government Organization), The Socialist Workers Party, Black Panther Party, Americans for N L F Victory, 
Chicago Area Draft Resisters, Congress of Racial, Equality, The Communist Party of the United States, 

The Du Bois Clubs, Socialist Scholars, Students for Democratic Society, The Young Socialist League, and 
numerous others. 


After filling this petition, rush it immediately to the United Anti-Communist League of America, 
P. 0. Box 257, Englewood, Colorado 00110. 


Belmont, Massachusetts 02178 

April 15, 1971 

To Some Who Arc Alarmed , 

And Others Who Ought To Be: 

Since June of 1968 Canada has had as Prime Minister a Communist named Pierre-Elliott 
Trudeau, with a known record more blatant than that of Fidel Castro. And he is now 
moving rapidly and ruthlessly to make of our great northern neighbor another Cuba. 

On October 24, 1970, a known and admitted Communist named Salvadore Allende was 
elected President of Chile. Already, through “agrarian reform” and other Communist 
tactics, Sehor Allende is driving ahead to sovietize his country, and to make slaves of its 
people, with himself as the regional commissar of the international tyranny. 

. Since October 21, 1969 an inveterate liar, crook, traitor to his country, and lifelong 
Communist, named Herbert Karl Frahm, who now calls himself Willi Brandt, has been 
Chancellor of West Germany. And that once great bulwark of anti-Communism is now being 
pushed by Herr Brandt into a far-reaching collaboration with the Communists as rapidly as 
the mood of the German people will possibly permit. 

This parade could continue for many pages. The Insiders , and all the arms of their 
gigantic Conspiracy, are now closing in on every side for the final suffocation of all freedom, 
the absorption of all governments, and the suppression of all resistance. The whole 
population of the earth is on the very edge of a greater reign of terror, and a more 
widespread blood bath, than the world has ever known. And the Insiders within our own 
government, my friends, are in the very vanguard of the forces that are combining and 
conspiring to make this holocaust a reality. 

There is still at least one more election for them to hurdle. If enough brakes can be put 
on the bandwagon in the meantime, there will be more. And the American people have not 
yet reached quite such a depth of confusion, cowardice, and despair as to make it safe for 
the present Administration to start implementing its openly avowed Revolution with 
“committees of public safety” to guillotine its enemies; nor with a national police force to 
terrorize its opposition. But please appraise correctly the whole panorama of moves which 
are advancing the Revolution towards its ultimate goal. 

Here are a few examples: Constantly higher “welfare” payments to more millions of the 
population; the spending of more tens of billions of dollars, on every conceivable excuse that 
can be found, to speed up the effects of inflation; a cute “revenue sharing” scheme to deprive 
state and local governments of their taxing power and make them dependent on handouts from 
Washington a reaffirm a tion-ol—execu t ive- orders- al ready,on the boo.ks,.and_of„the righfjof tbe_ 
President to use these tools of tyranny on a simple declaration that an emergency exists. Other 
illustrations are: Almost daily gestures by high officials of our government to glorify as heroes 
many men, now dead, who spent their lives in working for the Conspiracy; the continuing 
surrender, or attempted surrender, of United States sovereignty and of the rights of United 

Of course, through over optimism or incorrect information, we may have put on this list 
the names of some people who simply cannot afford the three thousand dollars. Or who, 
through the Continuing Support Clubs or other procedures, arc already doing their fill! share 
— or much more — in support of our activities. If so, and you arc one of them, please do not 
be mad. Just ignore this request altogether, or help us out to whatever extent you are able 
and really wish to do so — which is all we want from anybody at any time. But we never 
forget anything we were taught in Sunday school, especially Matthew VII, 7: “Ask, and it 
shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find.” 

Also, we are not making this plea on the basis that money and property are going out of style. 
It is true that, unless we win the struggle, neither your money nor your property will be 
worth any more in just a very few years than the bonds of the last Tsar’s government of 
Russia are worth in the Soviet Union today. But our whole endeavor is to save a country 
and a system in which your property will have value, so we are certainly not predicating our 
appeal on the expectation of failure. 

And we are not fooling. We never have been. We have no interest in running an 
organization like this one for fun or profit or glory. Many of us have given up for this 
struggle all that we wanted to do with our lives, as well as all that we owned or might have 
owned. We have lived through a decade of more vicious smears, more clever undermining 
tactics, and more massive attacks than those which destroyed the truly great but 
singlehanded Joe McCarthy in five years. We have done so in order to build up The John 
Birch Society for just this present need and purpose. That purpose is fully recognized by our 
Communist enemies, who will be governed accordingly. But so shall we. 

We never give up, and we never let up — not even in asking for the financial support that 
we need! (Even at the wrong time of the year, because there never is a right time; and this is 
the right time for what we have to do.) Also, we do not change. It is our unswerving policy 
to tell the truth, always with restraint and compassion and common sense, but without 
compromise; and with a firm faith that the truth, if widely enough known and understood, 
will inspire and determine actions that will keep us free. Today the whole revolutionary 
power structure rests on a vast false foundation built over powder kegs of lies. Truth can 
supply the fuses that will start those kegs exploding in series until the whole Conspiracy 
goes up in a gigantic cloud of smoke, which the fresh winds of returning sanity and freedom 
will sweep off the face of the earth. 

Most of you good friends who receive this letter, like tens of thousands of other 
wonderful Birchers, are investing a great deal of your lives in the prospect of bringing this to 
pass. We hope that you are willing to “invest” some more of your money as well for that 
same unwavering purpose. Somewhere, sometime, the conclusive turn from so much cruelty 
and falsehood is bound to come. And a feeling of almost incredible happiness and relief will 
start spreading over the whole earth, such as once pulsed through France with the news that 
Robespierre had been executed and the reign of terror was over. Please help us to hasten the 


Robert Welch 

Application For 
Renewal Of Membership 


The John Birch Society 
Belmont, Massachusetts 02178 


Please reinstate my membership in the Society. 

n I would prefer to belong to a local chapter, and hope 
that you can assign me to one without delay. A check .for one 
month’s dues, on that basis, is enclosed. 

D 1 prefer to belong to the Home Chapter, and my 
check for a year’s dues, on that basis, is enclosed. 

If my application is accepted, I agree that my membership may be 
revoked at any time, by a duly appointed officer of the Society, 
without the reason being stated, on refund of the pro rata, part of 
any dues paid in advance. (This refund provision does not apply to 
any part of life memberships.) 




Date Approved By 

Dues Received Title 

Minimum Duos, Local Chapter.’ $2.00 per month for men, $1.00 for women. 
Minimum Dues, Home Chapter; $24.00 per year lor men, $12.00 for wo men. 
Life Membership; One thousand dollars, in all cases. 


It’s Time To Come Home 

There are more than fifty thousand people who joined The John Birch 
Society at some time during the past twelve years who are no longer members. 

An appreciable percentage of this number, of course, have simply died. And 
we can no longer carry anything except memories of their labor and loyalty in 
our records. About one thousand did not prove to be desirable members. They 
were asked to resign, and their names have been removed from our dormant list. 

But this still leaves a very sizable number of former members who dropped 
out for quite a variety of reasons: (1) They felt that they could not afford the 
time and money required to be good Birchcrs; (2) they had never really 
acquired a sufficient understanding of the Conspiracy we oppose, nor of The 
John Birch Society itself; (3) they got mad, usually over some relatively trivial 
matter, with our local Coordinator or Section Leader or with other members, 
and “settled” the argument by simply resigning from the Society; (4) becoming 
victims of the greatest neutralizing influence which the Communists have been 
able to turn on those who should be the most aggressive enemies of atheistic 
Communism, they decided that prayer alone was the only answer to this scourge 
of Communism which God had imposed on the human race; or (5), they were 
swept off their feet by what seemed to them to be some quicker or more 
effective means of opposing or escaping the Communist menace. 

We do not believe that any of these reasons have sufficient substance, under 
the circumstances which prevail today. The Conspirators are repeatedly showing 
that they have more fear of The John Birch Society (and its allies) than of any 
other form of opposition they now face, anywhere in the world. We are turning 
out literally millions of pieces of literature every month , which are having a 
visible and powerful effect in awakening the American people. Our total 
educational program is not only creating the understanding which can be 
transformed into political action, but that transformation began to show up in 
many successful campaigns last fall. And the influence of this gigantic job of 
education is being widely and visibly demonstrated in many other ways than 
through direct political activity. 

We have summarized some few of our accomplishments and plans in the 
current “finance appeal” which is enclosed. We have been encouraged to send 
you both that message and this one by the fact that about one thousand of our 
former members returned to the fold last year on their own initiative. We should 
like to have a great many more come back in to help us. To make it easy for you 
to do so - and since we cannot use a separate sheet without doubling our 
postage cost - the back of this sheet has been printed as a renewal application 
blank. And we should be glad to welcome you home. ' 


/tob/lf" /Lh/cJt 

FD-350 (Rev. 7-I6-S3) 

(Mount Clipping In Space Below) 

(i i^ouiitry participants-see 

By Michael Kenney 
Globe Staff 


The Vietnam expert had 
an embassy tea air, graying 
mustache, striped jacket., 
tie and shirt, bristly eye- ; 
brows above horn -rimmed 
glasses. . ! 

Yesterday, as the Ninth, 
New England Rally for 
God, Family and Country 
opened at the Statler- 
Hilton he W3JS 

j prised” th^press hadn’t 
j “jumped on^the out-; 
j standing things” in the 
| Pentagon papers. 

Hilaire du Berrier puts 
out, from Monte Carlo, a 
conservatively 'oriented 
foreign affairs newsletter 
“HduB Reports” and is the 
author of “Background to 
Betrayal,” a conservative 
analysis of the Vietnam 
war. • 

At the opening day press 

conference, duBerrier; Col. 
Laurence E. Butijer of 
Wellesley, rally chairman; 
and Frank A. Capell, a 
writer for American Opin- 
ion, the John Birch publi- 
cation, offered a conspira- 
torial view of the Pentagon 

DuBerrier "^*3e^ciibed 
Leslie Gelb, the director of 
the Pentagon study, and 
Daniel Ellsberg, the man 
who admits leaking it to 

(Indicate page, name of 
newspaper, city and state.) 

the press, boys 

feeding information into 
the computers. 

“The answers you get 
out'” he said, “are only as 
good as what you put in. 
When you see how un- 
balanced they’ve been, you 
shouldn’t be surprised.” 

He noted that the docu- 
ments refer to reports 
written before 196 i as 

“heirii? either Inst, nr mV 1 - 

promine ql, con tributor to 
Democratic campaigns. 
“The FBI,” he said, “told 
me to stay away from him 
when I came back to New 
York with Mac Arthur 

DuBerrier continued his 
analysis. ■* r ““ * 

j The Pentagon papers, he 
thought, were “a follow-up 
to My Lai, something more 
to stir up the^ American 

xru:ut iu favor or a puiioui.’ 

“NoWjihsVwes the peri- 
od when (Gen, Edward) 
Lansdale was creating a 
power vacuum in Vietnam 
. . eliminating the political 
infrastructure . . . and 
Ellsberg was later a 
Lansdale man,” 

-Capelip^lS^as written 
on Central Intelligence 
Agency operations for 
American Opinion, joined 
the conversation to de- 
scribe Elkberg^as “actually 
a GIA man.’L 

“There’s only one-and-, 
a-half lines in his State 
Department biography,” 
Capell said, catching du- 
Berrier’s eye, “and you 
know what that means,” 

Bunker ^a Bosto n lawyer 
who was a longtime aide to 
Gen. Douglas MacArihur, 
mentioned that Ellsberg’s 
father-in-law, toy manu- 
facturer Louis Marx, was a 




DQ ' e: 7 / 2/71 

Edition*. x . 

Author* Morning 

Editor:' Nichael Kenney 

Title* Thomas W inship 

Character AND COUNTRY 
er IS 

Classification: | no . 0 9 o q q 

Submitting Office: ^^DoSxOtl 

I I Being Investigated ^ 

jul 2 * 1971 


This letter is one grain of sand, in j 

a mighty barricade built out of 
millions of similar wains, to form 


President Richard M. Nixon 

The White House , ^ 

Washington, D.C. 20500 

Dear President Nixon: 

Please do not go! The Communist regime in Peking, which you plan to vjsit, is not even recog- 
nized by, our State Department as a legitimate government. ; 

Mint' ;ii v many reasons lor om plea. Basically, we lliink if would he unwise on your pail, and 
Unfaithful lo (he American people, for you lo engage in ‘such Irateruizal ion wilh Ihe most vicious, 
deadly, and determined enemies our nation has ever laced. But more specific reasons follow. 

You will not be showing friendship with the people of Mainland China. On such a visit yop will 
be doing just the opposite. You will be giving your moral support, and (he prestige o \ de facto 
American recognition, to the most cruel tyrants in history. These brazen mass murderers are so 
justly haled by their enslaved victims that hundreds of thousands of these victims Ipse their lives, 
every year, in attempts to revolt against, or escape from, the incredibly foul imprisonment to which 
they arc subjected. ^ ' 

Technically, we arc still al war, in Korea, with this Red Chinese Regime. Np treaty of peace fjas 
ever been signed. There are still over three hundred of our captured soldiers, neither returned noj* 
accounted for, who have died or who still remain in the filthy prisons of these savage beasts. For 
they abide by no international conventions of civilized nations, nor by any of the practices at home 
which would entitle them’to be considered a legal government. They are nothing more than a clique 
of Communist criminals who keep themselves enthroned by tenor,; torture, and other forms of 
utterly ruthless suppression. Why does a President of the United States wapt to associate with suph 
outcasts of the political world? f ^ *. ■ fr’ b’ 1 

Actually,. -we are mow at war in South Vietnam Syillriiiesc same Communist giJingsters..2111|ey,n|>t 
only-supply food, arms, equipment and money to on r "North Vietnamese enemies,’ and to I the Viet 2. 
Copg guerrillas, but they direct, and their agents actively participate in, many of the most foul and 
murderous operations against the civilian population of our South Vietnamese allies. And these Red 
Chinese bosses of the Communist activities in Southeast Asia have openly boasted that t|iey would 
supply our North Vietnamese enemies with more troops to light us, if needed. How can yqmso 
belittle by your actions the very cause for which nearly fifty thousand ypung Americans have 
already given theii lives? , ■ 1 ’ ' 

And these international criminals are most certainly engaged in war with ps right now, right here 
on American soil. It is a Communist-style war, of course: But, as Congressman John G, Schmitz* so 
fully documented in a 'Speech {hat filled forty-four pages of the April 21, 1971 Congressional 
Record , the Viet Cong front ip the United States, constantly proclaiming its glorification of Mao 
Tse-tung, now constitutes a wljote. army (of active revolutionary guerrillas ip our very mjdst.fTHey 
seek to win this war for the subjugation of the American people by the usual fcommunist strategyioF 
breaking down our will to resist. Their most important weapqns in this destruction of Ainerican 
character and undermining? of American institutions are also the only exports which the Peking 

butchers can offer to the world - namely lies, dope, and revolution. What on earth do we have to 
gain by making it easier for them to flood us with all three? 

There are now more than one billion human beings throughout the world who are living under 
Communist slavery. Because of our country’s once glorious history as the protagonist of freedom, 
these pitiful victims of massacre and betrayal have hoped and prayed that some day the great 
United States of America would take a sincere and earnest stand against the brutal tyranny of 
Communism. Tor any such stand would soon provide these captive peoples with the opportunity 
and the courage to rise and throw off their chains. But the significance of the visit you have planped 
will be such that all hope of freedom among the already conquered serfs of Communism will be 
turned into darkness and despair. For what purpose, Mr. President? 

In aiming at peace, you may be accomplishing only surrender. As Louis Budenz pointed out 
many years ago, in his penetrating book, The Cry Is P^ctce^ based >on his personal knowledge Uom 
high* within 'the Communist 'ranks, the Communists counti on' the appeal of .peace as tie most 
important ideological weapon! for herding all the natiqns and all the peoples of the earjh! intcj the 
corral of Communism. It is partly for this reason that the Insiders, of the Great Conspiracy, and 
their Communist-controlled instrumentality called the United Nations, have managed to foment so 
many wars, big and little since the United Nations was established in 1945 fiy Alger tiiss, V.M. 
Molotov, and (primarily) by seventeen other men of whom all but one have since been proved to 
have been outright Communist agents. ' ■ ; " ‘ ! 

Ail of this is well known tq you, Mr. President. You are bound to be well aware that the war in 
Vietnam, which you inherited, was originally planned, and has been conducted under political 
controls and restrictions, sq that it would damage the United States, and help the Communists, in 
many ways. It may be that you would have found; .it too difficult to reverse this sinister plan. Bbt 
why should you go further, and have even the peace for which the Communists have been clamoring 
arrived at in such a manner as so beautifully to serve Comnumist aims, ' 1 

1 ; t . * t 

ibis forthcoming peace will dearly betray our South Vietnamese allies — whom we promised to 
protect and defend — into Communist hands. The developments now under way will clearly jietray 
into ruin and ultimate slavery our longtime friends and allies, the Nationalist Chinese oh Formosa, 
where Chiang Kai-shek has created such a showplacc of human freedom ami relative prosperity' right 
off against the horrible cage, not even fit for the lower animals, which Mao Tse-tung and Chou 
En-lai have made of Mainland China. But the course obviously foreshadowed, unless the American 
people have the understanding and the 1 courage to Reverse it, will just as clearly lead in due course to 
our accepting the same kind of peace which the Communist bosses have in mind; ; 

I i ; - " 

Peace is very easy for any nation and any people to obtain, Mr. President, on Communist tprms. 
Peace has already been imposed, beyond any practicable hope of resistance, , on the people of 
Russia, of Roumania, of Hungary, of Cuba, of Nortjv Korea and of twoscore other countries. 1 But 
this kind of peace has many faces. There’ is the ipqrhing peace of the grave, for those who during the 
night have died of hunger and ’despair. 'The ire is t;he evening peace of the slaughter house, when the 
day’s slaughtering is done. And the cold, deadly, timeless peace of the escapeless prison, after a 
hopeless revolt hqs been subdued. The Communist peace is always, everywhere, compounded of all 
three. Is this to be the fate pf ‘‘the (and of the free and the home of the brave” which our fathers 
bequeathed to us? This is certainly the erid towqrds ylhjch your present steps - as guided by your 
un-American evil genius named ;K!issinger — appear to bedij^etecj, . L 

-* ; M .. , ^ . ; , -•■ ■■ . ; ‘v* v • 

bci 4 fi look ;il some. of the history of your newfound friends. In 1927 iiie Chinese Communists, 
acting ds guerrillas, took advantage of Chiang Kai-shek v s “northern campaign” to put their 
machinery of terror, torture, and death into high gear. They have followed that procedure, through 
many ups and downs, and through all expedient twistings and turnings, ever since. In 1932 the 
London Morning Host quoted an eye-witness. missionary- as follows: “'The outrages committed by 
the Red Bandits in several provinces of China during the past few years are without equal in any 
agd . . . .“ And froih a regular army officer: “All the horrible, most horrible particulars that could 
be told. about this would never give a complete idea of the reality; bodies flayed, hearts torn out, 
insides scattered about, victims burned alive , . . not to mention the atrocities against the women. 1 ’ 
And the Shanghai Journal gave the record of these outrages, within two years, in Hupeh Province 
alone: “Persons put to heath, 164*551; persons disappeared, 946,000; persons kidnapped, 78,000; 
homes burned, 300, 000." 

It ( is worth noting that these figures, far from being mere guesses, could have been surprisingly 
accurate. For the only reason you Hay a man, strip off his skin and let him die in horrible agony, 
instead of shooting him or chopping off hisTead, is that you want to make widely known to other 
people what will happen lo them if they, do not fall in line. And the Chinese Communists have 
always made ll a practice to publicize, with names and delajls, Ihoir exeeulions, mass murders, and 
other atrocities, in cider lo make terror a more. effective weapon in their program. 

* : . , . t . , i. U . 

i So information of this kind has always been available, for those who would take the pains to 
put it 'together. Arid the American Federation of Labor did so in 1952. According to its careful 
study, within two years after the Chinese Reds had finished taking over the mainland at the- end 
of 1949, they . had delibernlely murdered fourteen million people in order lo demoralize all 
opposition, arid; consolidate I heir power. The best estimates are Dial since then they have 
murdered in cold 1 blood at least twenty million more. It is also known that they have invented, 
arid regularly used, sdnie seventy new kinds of horrible torture, as a means of making their terror 
more effective 'in 'eliminating even potential resistance. Altogether, with an extremely small 
percentage of the population to act as executioners, terrorists, slavedrivers, wardens, and 
bureailcrat ic’o ntliii ihist f ators of their gigantic prison, these tyrants hav t e, imposed. on Ihclnihdreds of 
millions of Chinese) people a. combination of such ceaseless labor, famine, destitution, regimen- 
tjatiori^ r ,n^Lseny ! aifd f tear as has never been equalled for so large a number over so long a period of 
time* in- the- -history of the human race. - - - - 

t Regardless of all the early permutations of committees, positions, and titles, Mao Tse-tung lias 
tjeen tHe boss of this clique of cutthroats since 1927. He has been formally and undisputably so 
since 1931 . At that* time General Clui Teh, in charge of Mao’s “army,” might have been considered 
the second in command. Chou Fndai was third, but next to Mao himself in all political power anil 
controls. Within three or four years (lion had become second in all respects. Twenty-two years ago 
he became both Premier and. Minister of Foreign Affairs in this ‘‘government 11 hy force and terror, 
and has remained its No. 2 man ever since-. The record shows conclusively that during all of the 
thirty-five years from 1927 until the present time, Mao Tse-tung and Chou Fn-lai have been two of 
the most unceasingly brazen liars, viciously cruel murderers, and ruthlessly coldblooded monsters 
who have ever appeared in human form. Yet it is these two men with whom you are planning, as the 
highest official of our nation, to break bread, exchange presents, bestow honors on each other, and 
issue joint communiques of friendship and mutual regard. While hundreds of millions of the Chinese 
people writhe in agony at this bitterly foreboding spectacle. Mr. President, we ask you, respectfully 
and sincerely: How can you do it? 

» f 

Finally, let us touch on thy most important point of all. U seems to us that the proposed trip 
would be morally wrong. And therefore that it would be wrong from any point of view. For there 
are many millions of Americans who still believe that “morality sees further than intellect,” and 
that moral considerations are not to be flouted for expediency. We think this visit would be wrong 
on your part because il would completely repudiate both (lie principles and the promises on which 
you were elected. We think it would he wrong because you would be catering to the ambitions and 
serving the purposes of men who have done their utmost to destroy all loyally to God, to country, 
and to family. They are a part of a worldwide Conspiracy which allows no ultimate loyalty to 
anything except international Communism, and to the goal of a ’one-world Communist empire into 
which our country would be absorbed. They seek to destroy the entire old order of civilizatjop, so 
painfully built up by our ancestors over many centuries, in order to fasten on its ruins, the ‘‘new 
order” of their absolute, atheistic, amoral, and merciless tyranny. Why help them ip any way? 
Especially since you were so emphatic throughout all of 1968 in your promises not to do so. We beg 
of you, Mr. President, with ail the earnestness of which we are capable, to reconsidenthis ‘decision 
-ind « . 'M i' 1 " 1 ' ,1 ■;? r<!,!. 

Please do not go! 


Sincerely and respectfully, 


5 . 

A Note To Patriotic Americans 
Am soon as you have live signatures, with the corresponding 
addresses, on this letter, we suggest that you mail it at once to President 
Richard M. Nixon, The White House, Washington, D.C, 20500. 

As a public service during the fall months of 1971 we are making 
additional copies of A ^Protest To The President available at less than 
nm Mtj-V bn ppithused. in (|niint it jus of any ;;i a( lil'ly 

i l'<t| lUiiii dnliai, lYpin apy /puir/on/ Otdnion |)r»u|; t sinrv ( <*> Py 
mail postpaid from * ’ !i 


Belmont, Massachusetts f 02178' ' San Marino, California 91108 

! ' I . : ; ' rl f ; i i L’> • t ' : 







William. E. Dunham 


ITEM: From remarks by a State Department spokesman on June 30, 1971: 

So far as we are aware , opium is nor grown legally in the People ’s Republic 
of China and none is exported by the Chinese Communist authorities. 

Correction: The author of that remark, William D. Blair Jr, Acting 
Assist aat Secretary of Public Affairs, simply is not telling the truth. Consider: 

As early as December 13 .1961 , Mr. Lawrence Sullivan, Coordinator of Informa- 
tion for the United States House of Representatives, revealed that "for the first 
time in human history,- the systematic production and distribution of narcotic' 
drugs has become an organized government monopoly in Red China. In 10 years, 
Mao Tse-tung has built up a virtual mo nopoly. in opium, heroin and morphine.” 

Mr. Henry Anslinger, for- .many years director of the Federal Bureau of 
Narcotics, has reported that the Chinese. Communists have maintained a Cabinet 
Officer in charge of their worldwide illegal drug operation, giving him the 
euphemistic title of Chief of Special Trade. Furthermore, noted Mr. Anslinger. 
“Spreading narcotic addiction and obtaining funds for political purposes through 
the sale of heroin and opium' is nor just the policy of one man in the Communist 
regime. It is the policy of the entire Communist regime in mainland China.” 

Even as our government officials have grown increasingly vague about this 
dangerous situation, it has become progressively worse. For example, the 1966 
edition of Encyclopedia Americana notes that "there is only fragmentary 
evidence available concerning the situation in the mainland of China . . . but it is 
to be assumed that even if the production of opium is forbidden, that country is 
still by far the most important producer." As we know, such production in Red 
China is in fact encouraged as a government monopoly. 

On May 14, 1969, nationally syndicated columnist Phyllis Battelle discussed 
an interview she conducted with Ed Reid, the Pulitzer Prize-winning author and 
crime researcher. Miss Battelle quoted Reid as follows: "There is no question but 
that the youth of this country are the victims of a conspiracy. The object is to 
get the kids on drugs, and effectively destroy the next generation of adults.” 
Miss Battelle went on to note: “Reid believes that Red China’s Mao Tse-tung is 
‘financing cells to push the drug influence around America - and using the 
established transportation system of the Mafia* to distribute them effectively.” 
The alarming rate of drug addiction among G.t;s in Vietnam is also a part of 
this problem. Political reporter Kevin Phillips observed in his syndicated column 

August 11, 1971 



The Review Of The NEWS 

of Men 5, 1971: “Perhaps the Red Chinese are now smiling at us. across the 
pine-pens table because they have successfully intervened in Vietnam. There is 
"evidence that Peking's probable weapon - a recent massive infusion of high 
grade heroin to 'blow the minds of Gls' - has had devastating etiects .... Pure 
heroic. ... is beine sold throughout Vietnam at prices far below what our well 
paid G!s could well afford. The motive, therefore, is not protit but addiction ot 
Gls. Philadelphia's assistant district attorney, John Steinberg, who probed the 
druc trene last October as a special consultant to the Senate subcommittee to 
invesumie juvenile delinquency, has little doubt about the source: {Commu- 
nist} China.” But this has not in the least slowed the Nixon Administration as it 
races : : embrace Red China, apparently the biggest drug pusher in ail history. 

The magnitude of Mao's illicit drug traffic can be better understood when 
viewed ,n terms of its monetary value. In 1952. Red China’s opium production 
was vmued at SI 50 million. On September 21. 1964, syndicated columnist 
Victor Rjesel reported that Communist China’s annual income from illegal drugs 
had risen to $500 million. That same month the Russian Communists published 
an article in Pravda which said: “The Mao regime is the biggest producer of 
opium, morphine and heroin in the world .... About half a billion dollars every 
year come into the hands of the recent leaders of China' from th* sale ‘of illicit 
drugs." By 1970, according to the authoritative British Intelligence Digest , 
Communist China’s annual opium crop was valued at S800 million. 

Nationally syndicated journalist Paul’Scottmoted on June If},. 197 ’ ■ tat drug 
production in Red China had been escalated so rapidly over the last ye&r that at 
the present time various intelligence 'estimates, “including one circulated in 
Eastern Europe by the Soviet Union, put the worth of Communist China’s 
yearlv opium production in the billions ol dollars. This ‘death traded as it is 
known among U.S. narcotics officials, is believed to be Peking’s most profitable 
export. Earnings from these opium snles are now being used by Communist 
China to purchase Western goods, especially heavy machinery, aircraft, trans- 
porta::;:! equipment 2 nd food grains” 1- a "death trade” encouraged, of course, - " 
by the fact that the Nixon Administration has eased trade restrictions with Red. 
China I Mao gets his currency to “buy American by selling heroin to our kids for 
American dollars . . .ail. alas, courtesy o;f Richard Nixon! 

There can be no question but that; the State Department, is conspiring to 
conceal the truth about Red China as the source of the growing drug traffic as it 
runs interference for President Nixon’s announced visit to meet with the Maoist 
Cabinet in Peking. We wonder if Mr. Nixon will shake the hand of Mao’s Chief of 
Special Trade, whose job it is to export-heroin for the purpose of addicting our 
-sons and daughters. — W.E.D. ■ ; 

Reprints of this copyrighted article, ‘ Red Chins Pushes Drugs,” are available 

at filiy for one dollar from The Review Of The News. Belmont, Massachusetts 02 1 78 

August 11, 1971 

-The Review Of The NEWS 

. r 



DATE 01-Z6-2012 

John F. Rendedy Federal Office Building 
Boston* Massachusetts 02203 

October 4» 1971 

Dear Sirs 

Reference is made to your recent comuni cat ion 
to this Office. 

The FBI is strictly an investigative agency 
and information in our files is confidential and available 
for official use only. The FBI makes no evaluations or 
recommendations concerning the character or integrity of 
any organization* individual or publication. 

Your interest in furnishing this information to 
the FBI is greatly appreciated. 

Very truly youjs. 

/ma j 

Special Agent in Charge 


snsiura - 



KD-3S0 (Rev. 7-1G-63) 


(Mount Clipping in Space- Below) 

» ft, . ■wi n i— ir Z* *■ (\ ii i. — . m A 

1 ' Under yards of red- 
v/h i te - and - bl ue ’• b un t in g 
and 'Crystal chandeliers in 
the Statler Hilton Hotel, 
the 10th Annual New Eng- . 
land Hally for God, Fami- 
ly, and Country concluded 
last night with a dinner 

■ ..honoring Ezra -Taft- Benson- 
■ ;v :--U ■■ as -Man of tbAYearh - 

* -.V— 1- 

' A member of ‘the Na- 
■' tibnarl 'Advisory '.Council: of 
the Boy Scouts of America 
and the Council of Twelve 
of the Church of Jesus 
Christ -of Latter-Day 
Saints, Benson was Secre- 
tary of Agriculture under 
the Eisenhower Adminis- 

He .received the award 
flanked by Kobert Welch, 
founder' of the John Birch 
. Society, and Col. Laurence 
E. Bunker, chief sponsor of 
the rally and an executive 
committee member- of the 
rJohn Birch Society, 
f IrTBiT acceptance speech, 

\ Benson said, “I am humble - 
£and honored to be singled 
:cut by this group of people 
£ who are doing a great ser- 
fvicc of educating the pub- 
; lie ... I am afraid we are 
ttraveiing down a road 
* rleading so -socialism, and 
it he information booths at 
■ this rally are very educa- 
tional about the subject.” 

" Among those booths was 
^the ‘Committee for a Free 
;Chlna that distributed lit-’ 
‘-erature under a hand- 
1 drawn poster of Mao Tse- 
Jtung spewing Communist 
l agents. in a red foam la- 

*. 1 5: ... V- . 

bell ed ‘‘Heroin, Sabotage^ ■ 
/Guerillas, Subversion? 7 13 

The Christian Freedom 
Foundation displayed ,a 
banner reading "So-called? 
Sex Education is academic J 
pornography, keep it out of 
Your Schools.” . . ; 

'Meanwhile, 700 persons 
from 40 states and several 
foreign countries, in dud- 
■ ing ’England ■and ’Australia, 

* attended the dihn^r-dancei "‘ ,v * 
in the hotel baliToom. Most [ 
of . theb-\vnrnen : '-v;o-re -long-- 
evening gowns ^md jewelry 
with the ‘men attired, in 
tuxedos and dress suits. 

Earlier, they heard Gary 
Alien, author of None Dare 
Call It Conspiracy, de- 
scribe what he calls "an 
International-" Conspiracy, ■ 
headed by the Rockefellers 
and Rothschilds, to estab- 
lish a One World Socialist 
Government through 
which a small clique for 
the super-rich would gain ’ 
control over the world's" 
natural resources, the *, 
banking industry, com- ‘ 
merce and transportation.” 

Following Allen, Fr. : 
Francis E. Fento n of tl\e ‘ 
Catholic Diocese m 
Bridgeport, Conn, said "By 
and large, the churches, 
both in America and . 
.throughout most of the" 
world, are today one of the 
most effective instruments 
of the Communist con- 
spiracy.”' ’ ' 

"The Roman Catholic 
Church is collaborating 
with Communists and fur- 
thering its advance, even 
on the level of the Vatican,” 
Fenton said. y 

(Indicate page, name of 
newspaper, city and state.) 

BOSTON,. ..MASS. . . . 

Date: 7 / 5 / 7 ? 

Edition: Morning 
Author: Bruce Kimball 
Editor: xhomas winship 

Title: 10TH ANNUAJj 

,£§8*. .FAMILY, «• COUNTRY 
„ IS 7 / 4/71 

Classification: 3^ff 

Submitting Office: JJOS^ON 

{ 1 Being Investigated 

7?rp f 

Indices Search Slip 
FD-160 (Rev. 3-23-71) 


■Address . 

Birth Date 



r I Exact Spelling I i Main Criminal Case Files Only □ Restrict to 

r 1 All References I 1 Criminal References Only 

1 1 M a i n Subversive Case Files Only f~ i Main Subversive (If no Main, list all Subversive References) 

□ subversive References Only 1 , iMain Criminal (If no Main, list all Criminal References) 

~ File & Serial Number | Remarks 1 File <£ Serial Number j ” 

?</■ 3 0,2 ' 3C,t j.-/ /-y 

Restrict to Locality of 

Requested by 
Searched by 


Consolidated by 
Reviewed by 

Extension File No. 

f (date) 

File Review Symbols 

I - Identical ? - Not identifiable 

NI - Not identical U - Unavailable reference 

GPO c43 — 16 — 81471-1 450-401 


Indices Search Slip 
FD-160 (Rev. 3-23-71) 

Birth Date (Birthplace 

Race Sex 

CD Male 
.□ r ema le 

Exact Soellina I i Matn Criminal Case Files Onlv □ Restrict to 

All References t " i Criminal References Only 

Main Subversive Case Files Only □ Main Subversive (If no Main, list all Subversive References) 
Subversive References Only L — — { Main Criminal (If no Main, list all Criminal References) 

Restrict to Locality of 

Requested by 

Extension File Na 

Searched by 

Consolidated by 

Reviewed by 

f / <£/y*3_ 

(date) ' 

File Review Symbols 

I - Identical 
NI - Not identical 

? - Not identifiable 
U * Unavailable reference 

OPO - 043—16— 81471-1 450-401 


-Mr. Charles S. Weeks, Special Agent in Charge, 

Federal Bureau of Investigation, 

P. 0. Box 1890, 

770 Chapel Street, 

New Haven, Conn, O65O8 

Dear 'Mr. Weeks, - - ------ ■ -- 

Thank you for your June 12th letter, advising me that a 
supply of Mr. Hoover’s article, "A Morality for Violence" 
is being sent to the above address. 

At the suggestion of your office in a phone conversation 
today, I am clarifying a new request; July 1 - 4, at 
the Statler Hilton Hotel in Boston, Massachusetts, will 
be held the 10th Annual "New England Rally for God, Family, 
and Country." Three thousand conferees are expected. 

On the evening of July 2nd, in the West Ballroom, will be 
held a tribute to Mr. J. Edgar Hoover, 7-10 P.M. The 
participants will be Dan Smoot and W. Cleon Skousen, both 
former F.B.I. agents, also General Robert Scott and the 
Rev. W. 0. H. Garman. 

Tn talking with the Executive Secretary, J 

one of my suggestions was that reprints or some 
of Mr. Hoover’ s articles be made available to the conferees. 
The Rally committee wo.uld very much appreciate the opportun- 
ity to distribute Mr. Hoover’s reprints to those present. 

the following in 

K c 



quantities of 1500 per reprint: 

"The Interval Between" (Christianity Today - Dec. 19,^1^64) 
"An Analysis of the New Left - A Gospel of Nihilism""’" 

(Christianity Today -Aug. 18, 1967) 
"The Sunday School Can Lead Us Back" - (Christian Life - May 
"Forward to Chaos - or the New Left In Action" - 

(The Prosecutor - June 1969) 

"A Study in Marxist Revolutionary -'Violence - Students for 
a Democratic Society (Eordham Law Review - 1969) 

"The 3DS and the High Schools - (The P.T.A. Magaz ine- - Jan.- 

Feb. 197(0 searches^ -J indexed!- 

"A Morality for Violence" I serialized^ .F ILED—- 

Also four or five others that may be on hand. 
(2\ t r I 

'0-0 -/ <r .?3 







-2- June 13th, 1972 

Mr. Charles E. Weeks, Special Agent in Charge, 
Federal Bureau of Investigation 

Only today did I receive by mail the Massachusetts address 
to which the reprints should be delivered. 

Thank you for perusing this lengthy communication. 

Mr. Hoover's concepts will continue to inspire thoughtful 
Americans, as we make his thoughts available. 






| - 

DATE 01-26-2012 




Subject : 


Director, FBI • -Attention: Oriae Records Division 

SAC, New Hav< 


Be New Haven let 5/22/72 captioned as above and Bureau 
routing slip entitled ’’New reprint entitled 'A Morality lor Vio* 
lence*" which stated that 2000 copies of "A Mo rality for Violence" 
were attached for forwarding to |ln response to his 

request. - — — 

Enclosed letter froal I dated 6/13/72 sets out 

request for many more reprints for distribution at the New England 
Bally for God, Family, and country f which i« gcriedhilad to be held 
in Boston from July 1 to July 4. 1972. I I requests that 

Teienhoaie indices check with Boston this date revealed 
that has been active in John Birch Society activities 

in tne Boston area. 


is being informed that his request has been 
carters. . 

2 - Bureau (Enel . -1 ) 0 
O - Boston (Bncl.-l) 

1 - New Haven 


( 5 ) 





(Mount CMpptng in Space Below) 

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|i5 S&x h P %j/ - k II h Y:?X 

H % '’ksd -1 I % ' i 1 %J$> 1 ' } hi 

(Indicate page, 
newspaper, ci! 

y and state,} 

^ BY GORDON D* HALL : „„ _ 

The tr u* believers of America’s radical Right wvi!J begin' 
registering at Boston’s Statler-Hiiton hotel next Friday, for 
the tenth consecutive “God, Family and Country,” Julv 4 
weekend rally. 

From 9 a.m. to 10 p,m. each day over the four-day weekend, 
an estimated 2,u00 registrants will gather on the mezzanine ■ 
floor to listen to “name” speakers/ watch film strips and 
purchase “patriotic” literature at 60 rally exhibit booths/ 

Anned with “proof” that America is virtually “controlled” 
t by Communists in the highest councils of the federal govern- 
j morn, the registrants will then return to cities and hamlets 
1 across the nation for 12 months of “patriotic educational and 
political wonc,” before returning to Boston a year from now 
to repeat the cycle. 

It is both tempting and easy to ignore this year’s rally. ■ 

Based on the advance publicity, it appears that it, will 
be identical to the rallies held at the same .location for the 
past nine years. 

l.n.FRE IS iTITLF chance too, that many New England 
newspaper readers will be taken in by the rally’s high-sounding 

m It is generally known that the annual gathering is radical ■ 
Rightist in composition, having been organized and dominated 
from its inception by the John Birch Society (JBS). 

■ Legitimate conservative groups here like the Conservative 
Party of Massachusetts and the Young Americans For ’Free- 
dom are. not involved in any y/av. 

It is generally known, too, that the JBS and allied move- 
ments, powerful enough eight years ago to have made ex- 
tremism an issue in a presidential campaign, have been in • 
serious deciine in recent years. 

• There are many reasons for that decline, but lbs maim- : 
one was the virulence and irresponsibility of the unproven • 
cnarges hurled by the radical Right against a number of ' 
d'.stir.guisned and loyal Americans, including the late Presi- 
. dents Eisenhower and Kennedy.- 

There are, however, a number of disturbing aspects about 
this year’s rally. . ’ 

There is, for example, the special ‘‘tribule^being paid 
to the late FBI director J. Edgar Hoover.' 

RADICAL RIGHTISTS would not have dared attempt ex- 



,c " ,: Sunday 

Gordon. Kail 
° r; John C, ^cLean 


or IS 

Classification: 1,00” 

Submitting Office; nneT-wi 
b JC) I Lk l 

[/Zl Being Investigated 

SEARCH ED . N 0 EX ED . . 


• JUN 26 1972 


Because the "tribute" next weekend, coming. wsxit does •’ 
on the tfeelTof savage criticism of HdcveT'lufd the I : BI, 
is certain to be exploited and distorted by the revolutionary 
Communist Left, it is worth quoting at length here, a typical 
example of Hoover’s outspoken criticism of the radical Right. - 
Appearing May 14, 1964 before the President’s Commission’ 
on the Assassination of President Kennedy (the Warren Com-; 
mission), .Hoover was asked if he was aw are of a IBS maga- . 
zine article alleging that the slain President was “a Com- 
munist agent.” 

. Hoover said he had read the article, men added: 

“My comment on it is this in general I think the extreme 
Right is just as much a danger to the freedom of this country 
as the extreme Left. 

‘‘There are groups, organizations, and individuals on the . 
extreme Right who make these very violent statements, 
allegations that General Eisenhower was a Communist, 
disparaging references to the Chief Justice, 

. . " . Now, I have felt, and I have said publicly in speeches, " 
that they are just as much a danger at either end of the • 
spectrum. They don’t deal with facts. Anybody who will allege ■ 
that General Eisenhower was a Communist agent, has 

something wrong with him, ,, y . 

“i have known General Eisenhower quite well myself and 
l have found him to be a sound; level-headed man.” 

THE ADVANCE publicity on two California Congressmen, 

both Republicans, scheduled to address rally, Is 

also disturbing. * — 

■ Photos of John H. Rousselot and John G; Schmitz grace 
the slickiy printed 16-page rally program, but the accompany- 
ing biographies of both Congressmen fail to mention their 
intimate relationship to the radical Right, and to the JBS 
in particular. 

Rousselot, presently representing California’s 24th Con- 
gressional District, was, throughout much of the sixties, an 
active member and the full-time 'public relations director of 
the JBS. 

Congressman Schmitz, who serves, of all places, on the 
. House Committee on Internal Security, formerly the Commit- 
tee on Un-American Activities, is an active, dues paving JBS 

He delivered the main address, at the group’s 3.3th birthday 
party held in the Grand Ballroom of the New York Hilton 
Hotel last December 3. 

He also wrote the foreword to the new JBS “best-seller” 
tailed “Nixon Dare Call It Conspiracy,” written, by fellow- 
Californian and JBS activist Gary 7 Allen. 

Too book is aimed primarily at President ‘Nixon whom 
Allen believes is a tool of an “international conspiracy.” 

Writing in the current issue of i he Bulletin, a 32-page 
monthly circulated to the entire membership, JBS founder- 
director Robert Welch stated that his organization has already 

Welch is hopeful that a mass circulation of the book will 
sold a million and a half copies of the Allen book. 

The President is certain to be the rally scapegoat this 
damage the President’s chalices next fall 

Despised by the extreme Right from the outset of his Presi- 
dency, Nixon has brought that entire orbit close to apoplexy 
following lis^yNifRto Communist China and Soviet Union. 

Their baiting’ of him is now at fever pitch and will be 
most apparent at the v.eekend. 

Here are a few samples of Nixon -phobia from this month's 
JBS Bulletin: ■ . . 

“Richard Nixon, Henry Kissinger, and alk-CdLUiei^ fel low... 
Insiders rapidly taking drastic steps to merge 

the American people with the Russian people, the Cuban pern 
' pie, the Chinese people, and hundreds of millions more, into 
abject slavery under a worldwide tyranny exactly like-' the 
one which already prevails in the countries mentioned.” 

' “While within this oligarchy, eternally scheming, politicking 
- among Communist viceroys and ■ other Insiders ail over the 
planet, and driving with almost infinite cunning, ntfhlsssness, 1 
arid determination, in order to emerge as the first dictator 
of the whole human race, are Richard Nixon and heaven 
only knows who else." 

Some of the 14 J.BS members running as candidates for 
Congressional seats next fall are planning to attend the rally 
to shake hands and drum up campaign support. 

AIRS LITERATURE is plugging these campaign efforts, and ‘ 
is encouraging support for Governor Wallace's, efforts “to 
■tell the American people the truth about the Conspiracy.” 

“Name” speakers this, year in addition to Rousselot and 
Schmitz, include best-selling novelist Taylor Caldwell, Georgia ’ 

Lt .-Governor Lester 'Maddox, and Ezra Taft Benson, Secretary 
of Agriculture under Persident Eisenhower. 

All three have long been closely identified with the JBS. 

The radical Right may presently he little more than a 
politically futile and curious amalgam of crank economic 
theorists, a ceding number of retired military figures, bizarre f 
and -rigid religious fundamentalists, and otherwise well- 
intentioned but utterly naive little ladies in tennis shoes willing 
to beelieve anything as long as it is cloaked in anticommunism. 

But any extremist movement- capable of filling a large 
hotel over a long holiday weekend with speeches from two 
Congressmen, a former Cabinet member, a - Georgia official, 
and a famous, best-selling novelist, cannot be ignored entirely, 
however advanced and desperanr’Its own pathology. 



of B’nai B’rith 



Statl er-Hilton Hotel, Boston, Mass., July 1-4, 1972 

PROM: Iz Zack, Civil Rights Director, New Higland Regional Office 

Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith 

~ ’ TBe~10th~annual~°God--&--Gountry^Rally^held^at^the_S tatl er-Hilton Hotel i n Boston July 1-4 
failed- to attain -the goals set-by its sponsors-despite-major. support from^the^ofin3BtrOhz~~: 
Society. Advance releases issued by the rally committee predicted a turn-out of 3000 
delegates but only about 1000 registered over the four-day period. Attendance was down at 
all the major speaking sessions; the annual awards dinner which this year honored Ezra Taft 
Benson and side events promoted by the rally such as youth rallies, film previews, rap 
sessions with featured rally speakers and entertainment events. 

The only one of the 60 exhibitors which sold literature in any noticeable quantity was 
The John Birch Society which had a massive exhibit in the Stanbro Room covering all of the 
major publications produced by JBS and its Western Island and American Opinion publishers. 

Out of state representation far outnumbered New England delegates with New Jersey, 
Indiana, Florida and Illinois leading the way. Fifteen of the 60 exhibitors are tied to the 
John Birch Society. Despite a disclaimer byColjI^^^^eEj^^^^OTof Wellesley, the rally 
chairman, that the rally was not run by Thel^^^S^F'sfe^ff^^^list of 40 sponsors have 
been identified as members of JBS; key speakers were either officials or members of the JBS 
and the staff of the Belmont, Mass., national headquarters of the Society were very much in 
evidence during- the rally led by Robert Welch, founder of the JBS. : . . 

As part of our counteraction, the Anti-Defamation League and Jewish Community Council 
of Boston planned an expose' release which would inform the public that the rally was a 
gathering of political extremists and not a meeting of legitimate, patriotic organizations. 
Our strategy was to show that some of the key participants used the weapon of bigotry in an 
attempt -to destroy- the -institutions- of -democracy.- The- Jewish agencies released- a stat ement 
to press, radio and TIT news outlets for publication on July 2 charging that "None Dare Call 
It Conspiracy", an anti-Semitic book, was being sold at the rally. The paperback book by 

a contributing editor of the Birch-sponsored American Opinion magazine, has been 
analyzed by the Anti-Defamation League as a 141-page political polemic that parades as 
"history", and that seeks to "prove" the "conspiracy theory'!. of American history promulgated 
by Robert Welch. The statement charged that the book is saturated with anti-Semitism -of the 
kind disseminated by Jew-baiting propagandists for more than $0 years. In the book Allen 
revives outworn and long-discredited charges taken from anti-Semitic tracts whose major 
targets were Jewish "international bankers" and Jews prominent in the mass communications 
media. . . . . 

In one of his chapters Allen talks about "Money Manipulators" and blames wars and 
depressions on the deliberate manipulations of the "international bankers." The Rothschilds, 
Schiffs and Warburgs, and the firm of Kuhn, Loeb and Co. are among the Jewish bankers 
depicted as some of the most powerful and prominent of the alleged evil-doers. 


In still another chapter, Allen exhumes old anti-Semitic charges-that the Federal Reserve 
System, established in 1913, was a scheme of international bankers, led by Paul Warburg of 
Kuhn, Loeb and Co., to gain control of the nation's economy. The ADL, in a recent analysis 
of the Allen book, pointed out that it is the view of many Jew-baiting propagandists of 
five decades, dating back to the Dearborn Independent, that this scheme is part of the all- 
eged Jewish plan for world control said to be "documented" by the spurious Protocols of the 
Elders of Zion. 

There was immediate denial from the rally sponsors led by Col. Bunker who claimed that 
the Jewish agencies were making the charge of anti-Semitism "just to get publicity." As 
more and more newspapers and radio reports quoted the release from the Jewish agencies, 

Bunker produced a member of the Jewish Right who told the press that the charges against 
"None Dare Call It Conspiracy" were "absurd." (Note: The ADL identified the Jewish Right 

as a small and ineffective group of Jewish conservatives with less than 100 members nation- 
ally. They are an off-shoot of the Jewish Society of Americanists originally sponsored by 
The John Birch Society. Their booth at the rally was manned by Stanley Chatkin of Forest 
Hills, New York). 

Later on ' in th e-rally, Congressman John G. -Schmitz of California, who wrote the foreword 
to the book, spoke out against the charge of anti-Semitism and read excerpts from a letter 
he had written to the ADL in Los Angeles denouncing the attack. Gary Allen, the author, had 
the feature spot on the four-day program speaking at the closing afternoon session and 
although his subject was "None Dare Call It Conspiracy", Allen, who spoke for 90 minutes, 
did not spend any time at all in outlining or expanding on the themes of his book. He used 
the platform to laud certain leaders of the radical right movement, to attack his enemies 
and those who had called his book anti-Semitic and to call for a massive distribution of his 
book. Allen indicated that the attack on his book came from 3 sources — the New York Times, 
the ADL and Tass, the Communist News Agency. During the course of his remarks, Allen 
revealed that 125,000 copies of "None Dare Call It Conspiracy" were distributed in New 
Hampshire previous to the primary there through the efforts of The John Birch Society, 

Observers who made a careful study of the literature being sold by the various exhibitors 
at the rally noted that "None Dare Call It Conspiracy" was not the only anti-Semitic book on 
display. At the Liberty Lobby booth two pamphlets written by Joe Kamp of New Fairfield, 
Connecticut, a notorious anti-Semite, were on display in large quantities. Another anti- 
Semitic book on sale was "Karl Marx Capitalist" by June Grem and published by Enterprise 
Publications, Inc., of Oak Park, Illinois. 

A show of Birch strength and participation at the rally was obvious at the opening 
session which featured a panel by "The Right Journalists" for which the Birchers produced 17 
major contributors and editors of American Opinion magazine and the Review of the News, two 

major Birch publications. - Included in -this -opening -blast -from, right wing journalists were 

such well known individuals as Dan Smoot, Gary Allen, Frank A. Capell, Congressman John G. 
Schmitz, and Taylor Caldwell. Among the 17 panelists was one black, George S. Schuyler, an 
important right wing voice in the black community, and Alan Stang, a prominent Birch 
author who is Jewish. These 17 spokesmen covered the entire list of subjects of interest 
to the right wing community discussing the ills in American society and the evidence of an 
int ernational conspiracy : 

United Nations. . .developing into a world Socialist dictatorship with control 
resting in the hands of international communism. 

Fluoridation. . .the purpose of fluoridation is not to improve teeth but to improve 
obedience to the government. 

War on poverty. . .Smoot charged that the anti-poverty program lawyers are radical 
left activists who want to destroy the country. 


"Spending on Human Resource^^.Congressman John H. Rousselot^^ California, former 

Birch Society Public Relations director, called for 
abolishment of the huge budget allotted to H.E.W. 

Heroin. . .Rep. John G. Schmitz of California charged that Red China is the primary 
heroin source and that Kissinger advised President Nixon not to talk about 
the heroin problem when he visited Red China. 

State Dept. . .riddled by Communist agents, according to Frank A. Capell. 

Civil Rights... a Communist conspiracy, according to Charles Smith of Santa Barbara, 
California, a black man who lectures for the Birch dominated American 
Opinion Speakers Bureau. 

Death penalty. . .urged support of it. 

Gun control . . . against it . 

Federal revenue sharing. . .against it. 

DDT... urged continued use of it. 

Other highlights of the rally include a tribute to the late J. Edgar Hoover of the 
FBI which was carried out despite the fact that Hoover had spoken out against right wing 
extremists when he was alive. Gov. Lester Maddox of Georgia failed to appear for his 
scheduled July 3rd appearance because of "illness in the family" and he was replaced by a 
black speaker, Charles Smith of Santa Barbara, California, publisher of the Watts News- 
letter in Los Angeles. He talked as though there was no press in the hall as he referred 
to John Kennedy, Robert Kennedy and Rev. Martin Luther King as "bleeding heart liberals" 
and "three of the most vicious thugs whoever lived." This remark brought thunderous applause 
from the audience which enjoyed t his evaluation coming from a black man who went on to 
propose "the Charlie Smith solution for the Unit ed Nations" which he described as follows: 
"Get ten sticks of dynamite and start digging under the East River; then the U.N. building 
will fall down and smash the National Council of Churches building, too." Smith also 
suggested that Pres. Nixon "should be President of Communist China" and Sen, George 
McGovern "ought to be queen." 

In previous years, retired military figures played a major role at the rally but this 
year only one important spokesman appeared in the person of Gen. Clyde J. Watts of Oklahoma 
speaking on "Turmoil in Asia". Gen. Watts said that America's "credibility in Asia has 
suffered as a result of the TJ. S . policies in the Far East and South East Asia." Several 
hours after delivering his address to the rally, Gen. Watts was served with a civil writ 
—and summons charging- him with assault and-battery-in connection- with ~a fracas -at ULast^y ear 's ' — 
rally when a black WNAC-TV cameraman working at the rally was assaulted. 

Robert Welch of Belmont, Mass., continues to be the most important symbol and leader of 
the radical right movement. His brief appearance at the rally where he introduced Congre_ss- 
man John G. Schmitz, who spoke on July 2, brought him a standing ovation and wild applause. 

He made the important announcanent of the appointment of Congressman Schmitz to the National 
Council of The John Birch Society. The John Birch Society rushed publication of its July 
1972 Bulletin so that it could be sold at the rally. It contains an open letter from Welch 
to Congressman Schmitz and supplies the reader with Welch's opinions on why Congressman 
Schmitz was defeated for reelection in the recent California primary. Another important 
Birch publication which was produced on time for mass sale at this rally was the Scoreboard 
Issue for 1972 of American Opinion magazine, the annual analysis by the Birch Society on 
the growth of Communist influence in the world. 


'~T** CSA FPMR (41 CFR) 101-11.6 




TO : SAC (100-32899) (C) 


from : SUFV. 

DATE 01-26-2012 

date: 12/7/73 



. | John Birch 

Society, Concord, Ave., Cambridge, Mass., telephone 489-0600, 
telephonically advised writ er 6n 12/3/73 that he w as in 
receipt of Information from ! J to a news 

clipping which appeared in the B rooks County C urrier Times 
of Pa. on 12/2/73. According to | | located in 

Section D, Page 9 of this newspaper was an article relat ive 
to "Support Your Local Police Program", 
quoted a statement from this article which allegedly 
"It is ironic that the John Birch Society now figures 
prominently on the FBI's list of subversive groups". 

m art 

egedly read. 

was advised by writer that the FBI does 
not maintain a — irst of subversive groups "j however , it was 
a function of the Department of Justice to maintain a list 
of recognized subversive organizations, and any information 
from this list would have t o obtained fro m the Department of 
Justice in Washington, DC. I further advised 

that it would be presumptuous for any representative of the 
FBI to comment on any article appearing in a newspaper, not 
having had an opport unity to review such an article before 
hand. ladvised that he would obtain this article 

and gladly forward it to the Boston Office of the FBI for 

XEB/mo i»k 

( 2 ) if 



REC 61973 


M -3Zb9?- 

Buy U.S. Savings Bonds Regularly on the Payroll Savings Plan 

BS 100-32899 

! The above memo is being submitted in the event 

that recontacts this office and speaks to someone 

other tnan writer . 

It should be mentioned that I I approach 

was a friendly one, and that he offered his own opinion 
that he did not believe that such a statement was correct 
since he felt the FBI would not issue such a statement, 
that is, the John Birch Society is listed among the 
subversive groups in the nation. 

~ 2 -* 





' & 

DATE 01-26-2012 


date: 8/28/74 


SAC, SACRAMENTO (100-144) 




Although it is recognized that the Bureau does 
not Investigate captioned group, the following information 
was received from Sheriff MIKE CANLIS (NA), Saa^oaquin 
County Sheriff's Office, Stockton, California, which may 
be of interest to the Boston and New York Offices: 

He was recently contacted bv a 
who identified 

“The Review 

ot the News" magazine! She was accompanied by an alleged 
former New York City Detective, age abo ut 45, 6' 5", 



300 pounds, who 

and who. used the 

name of 

]said she also was employed as a 

in New York City. 

The article has now appeared in the above magazine, 
and the thrust of the article is critical of the Sheriff's 
Office in claiming that CANLIS* department is too liberal, 

CANLIS noted the above magazine, published by 
Correctio n Pleasel ,,.Inc g ^S^ ^ 

shares the same address and phone number of the John Birch 
Society, according to the telephone information operator. 

Above being furnished for information of Boston 
and New York City. 

- Boston 

- New York City 
1 - Sacramento 


Buy U.S. Savings Bonds Regularly on the Payroll Savings Plan 



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